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Lesson 9 Virginia Plan Pp

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Lesson 9 Virginia Plan Pp

  1. 1. By: Matt , Carl , Grant
  2. 2. <ul><li>Held in Philadelphia. Also known as Philadelphia Convention </li></ul><ul><li>Held From May to September 1787 </li></ul><ul><li>Where Constitution was written </li></ul>
  3. 3. Main Idea <ul><li>The Constitutional Convention tried to write a document that would address the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation and make compromises between large and small states and between the North and South </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Constitutional Convention <ul><li>Many were frustrated with the Articles of Confederation: farmers, veterans, merchants doing business between states, and creditors of the Continental Congress who had not been paid. </li></ul><ul><li>Congress called all the states to meet in Philadelphia in May 1787 to revise the Articles of Confederation. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>55 Delegates </li></ul><ul><li>Often called “Framers of Constitution” </li></ul><ul><li>George Washington, James Madison, Ben Franklin, Gouveneuor Morris, Roger Sherman, Edmund Randolph, Alexander Hamilton, and James Wilson </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Thomas Jefferson </li></ul><ul><li>John Adams </li></ul><ul><li>Patrick Henry, John Hancock, Samuel Adams, and Richard Henry Lee </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>George Washington elected President at Convention </li></ul><ul><li>Delegates from at least 7 states had to attend </li></ul><ul><li>If a delegates absence would leave a state without representation, then he had to get permission to be absent </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>When rising to speak, a delegate had to address the President </li></ul><ul><li>A member was not allowed to speak more than twice on the same question until every other member had the chance to speak on the subject </li></ul><ul><li>Comities can be appointed as necessary </li></ul>
  9. 9. Even More Rules <ul><li>Any decision made by the convention can be changed until the entire plan was completed </li></ul><ul><li>The conventions proceedings were to be kept secret </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Discourse- just as important to listen to others as it is to speak and everybody has the opportunity to voice their ideas </li></ul>
  10. 10. Constitutional Convention <ul><li>12 states attended some or all of the meetings. </li></ul><ul><li>Politicians in Rhode Island were opposed to a stronger government; they chose not to take part in the convention. </li></ul><ul><li>James Madison kept a detailed account of the convention in his diary. </li></ul><ul><li>Controversial plans </li></ul><ul><li>Congress had to find a balance between the large and small states and northern and southern interests </li></ul>
  11. 11. James Madison <ul><li>When he arrived at the Convention, he had with him a detailed proposal for a new form of Government.This proposal was known as the Virginia Plan. </li></ul>
  12. 12. James Madison <ul><li>With some significant changes, it became the basis for the Convention's final product. This is why Madison is called the Father of the Constitution . </li></ul>
  13. 13. Virginia Plan <ul><li>Proposed a strong national government </li></ul><ul><li>Each citizen would be governed under the authority of two governments </li></ul><ul><li>Bicameral legislature </li></ul><ul><li>Small states objected </li></ul>
  14. 14. Proportional Representation <ul><li>Proportional Representation- states with larger would have more representation in the legislature than smaller states </li></ul>
  15. 15. Federalism
  16. 16. Critical Thinking <ul><li>Get into groups of 3 or 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Answer questions </li></ul><ul><li>Agree on one answer for each </li></ul><ul><li>question </li></ul><ul><li>You will have 5 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>until we go over them </li></ul>

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