Lesson 8

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Lesson 8

  1. 1. Lesson 8: The Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Achievements, disagreements, and weaknesses of The Articles of Confederation. </li></ul><ul><li>Shay’s rebellion </li></ul>
  2. 3. A New National Government <ul><li>The Articles of Confederation </li></ul><ul><li>Established a confederation—an association of independent sovereign states with certain common goals </li></ul><ul><li>Formally adopted the Articles of Confederation in November 1777 </li></ul><ul><li>Powers of the new government </li></ul><ul><li>The states retained most of their powers. </li></ul><ul><li>Weak national government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislative branch, Continental Congress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each state had only one vote, regardless of population. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. Achievements <ul><li>Created executive departments to administer finance, foreign relations, and military affairs. </li></ul><ul><li>Northwest Ordinance of 1787. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Defined the Northwest territory; created a plan for its government. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Created first federal courts. </li></ul>
  4. 5. The Articles of Confederation allowed Congress to <ul><li>Establish national policies and conduct foreign relations, including relations with Native American nations </li></ul><ul><li>Coin money and set up post offices </li></ul><ul><li>Establish an army </li></ul><ul><li>Declare war </li></ul>
  5. 6. The new government’s major problems involved money. <ul><ul><ul><li>Large war debts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No power to impose or collect taxes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Could not afford an army or navy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Could not repay money it borrowed from foreign governments and from individual Americans during the war </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 7. A New National Government <ul><li>Problems with the states </li></ul><ul><li>Congress had very little power over the individual states. </li></ul><ul><li>It could not settle disputes between states because there was no national court system. </li></ul><ul><li>Problems with foreign nations </li></ul><ul><li>Because it was so weak, Congress had trouble taking advantage of the territory that the United States had won in the Treaty of Paris. </li></ul><ul><li>The British did not leave their forts in the Great Lakes region. </li></ul><ul><li>The British and their Native American allies kept American settlers out of the Northwest Territory. </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiating with Spain about uses of the Mississippi and port of New Orleans was difficult. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Weaknesses <ul><li>Congress had no power to tax. </li></ul><ul><li>Congress could negotiate with other nations, but it had no power to force state governments to honor these agreements. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Shays’ Rebellion <ul><li>Occurred in 1786 </li></ul><ul><li>Several hundred farmers, led by Daniel Shays, rebelled because of economic troubles. </li></ul><ul><li>Governor called in the state militia to put the rebellion down. </li></ul><ul><li>Motivated George Washington to write to James Madison about changing the government. </li></ul>
  9. 11. Tasks <ul><li>Michael - Powerpoint </li></ul><ul><li>Connor - Information </li></ul><ul><li>Ben - Helped with info, and questions. </li></ul>

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