By the 1950. the US and the USSR were the two most powerful nations in the world. The conflicting ideologies and goals of these rival nations to led to the worldwide struggle for influence. The policies followed by the two superpowers helped shape the modern history of much the world, from Latin America to the middle east.
The Space Race was a mid-to-late 20th century competition between the Soviet Union (USSR) and the United States (US) for supremacy in space exploration. Between 1957 and 1975, Cold War rivalry between the two nations focused on attaining firsts in space exploration, which were seen as necessary for national security and symbolic of technological and ideological advantage.
The Space Race had its origins in the missile- based arms race that occurred just after the end of the World War II, when both the Soviet Union and the United States captured advanced German rocket technology and workers.
1. attaining firsts in space exploration, which were seen as necessary for save the nation and a symbol of technological and ideological power.2. To see which nation that have more technology and the ability to explore the space.3. explore outer space with artificial satellites, to send humans into space, and to land them on the Moon.
First,, the USSR sent a satellite to the space that called Sputnik 1. then they sent a dog that called Laika, but the dog didn’t reach the earth again, so it died in orbit and they didn’t see it ..
The launches shocked many Americans, they wanted to make something to beat the Russians. so they spent $1 billion to produce more scientists and teachers of science. They sent a group of men to the moon..
On October the 4th 1961, the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite to enter orbit. This started the Space Race.
One part of the space race was the race to put a man into space. This first was won by the Soviet Union when Major Yuri Gagarin orbited the earth on April the 12th 1961.
On May the 25th 1961, in a speech to a joint sitting of congress, President John F Kennedy of the United States of America set the impossible sounding goal of landing a man on the Moon by the end of the decade. This also implied a challenge to the Russians to try to do it first. The Americans won this part of the race in 1969 when Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin Jr landed on the moon and returned safely to the earth.
The long term effects of the space race on Nebraska and other regions of the country came in the way the space race changed the educational system and the imaginations of our people. Shortly after Sputnik, lawmakers and the public began calling for a greater emphasis on math and science in the nations schools. Governments put in more money, and the educational system responded. Students began to get more math and science courses.