5 IGARSS_Riishojgaard July 25 2011_rev2.ppt


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5 IGARSS_Riishojgaard July 25 2011_rev2.ppt

  1. 1. Use Of NPP Data In The Joint Center For Satellite Data Assimilation Lars Peter Riishojgaard, JCSDA Director IGARSS 2011 July 25 2011
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Introduction to JCSDA </li></ul><ul><li>Weather prediction and satellite data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivation for R2O, NPP </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Preparation for new sensors </li></ul><ul><li>NPP-related activities </li></ul><ul><li>Summary </li></ul>IGARSS 2011 July 25 2011
  3. 3. JCSDA History IGARSS 2011 July 25 2011
  4. 4. Mission: … to accelerate and improve the quantitative use of research and operational satellite data in weather, ocean, climate and environmental analysis and prediction models. Vision: An interagency partnership working to become a world leader in applying satellite data and research to operational goals in environmental analysis and prediction JCSDA Partners, Vision, Mission IGARSS 2011 July 25 2011 NASA/Earth Science Division US Navy/Oceanographer and Navigator of the Navy and NRL NOAA/NESDIS NOAA/NWS NOAA/OAR US Air Force/Director of Weather
  5. 5. JCSDA Science Priorities <ul><li>Radiative Transfer Modeling (CRTM) </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation for assimilation of data from new instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Clouds and precipitation </li></ul><ul><li>Assimilation of land surface observations </li></ul><ul><li>Assimilation of ocean surface observations </li></ul><ul><li>Atmospheric composition; chemistry and aerosol </li></ul>IGARSS 2011 Driving the activities of the Joint Center since 2001, approved by the Science Steering Committee Overarching goal: Help the operational services improve the quality of their prediction products via improved and accelerated use of satellite data and related research July 25 2011
  6. 6. Satellite data now account for most of the skill Impact of GOS components on 24-h ECMWF Global Forecast skill (courtesy of Erik Andersson, ECMWF)
  7. 7. 500 hPa geopotential height anomaly correction from 01/09/2008-02/22/2008 1000 hPa geopotential height anomaly correction from 01/09/2008-02/22/2008
  8. 8. Weather Prediction and the US Economy; A Macroscopic View <ul><li>Department of Commerce: “20% of overall US economy is weather sensitive”: ~$3 trillion/year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact to air and surface transportation, agriculture, construction, energy production and distribution, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Assume that half of this is “forecast sensitive” : $1.5 trillion/year </li></ul><ul><li>Assume that the potential savings due to weather forecasting amount to 5% of the “forecast sensitive total”: ~$75B/year </li></ul>IGARSS 2011 July 25 2011
  9. 9. … a Macroscopic View … (II) <ul><li>Define now </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ No forecast information” = 0 h useful forecast range </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Perfect forecast” = 336 h useful forecast forecast range (two weeks traditonally used as limit of predictability) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Next, assume that the potential savings up to the maximum of $75B are distributed linearly over the achieved forecast range for the global NWP system: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$75B/336h = $223M/hr </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This implies that the value to the United States economy of weather observations, dissemination, forecast products and services is >200M per hour of forecast range per year ! </li></ul>IGARSS 2011 July 25 2011
  10. 10. NPP-related efforts in the Joint Center July 25 2011 IGARSS 2011
  11. 11. Improved use of NPP precursor data; IR <ul><li>AIRS/IASI water vapor channel improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Use of cloudy radiances </li></ul><ul><li>Surface emissivity (land) </li></ul><ul><li>Assimilation methodology studies </li></ul><ul><li>Additional channels </li></ul>July 25 2011 IGARSS 2011
  12. 12. Forecast impact of assimilation of AIRS cloud-cleared radiances July 25 2011 IGARSS 2011
  13. 13. Improved use of NPP precursor data; Microwave <ul><li>Ongoing CRTM improvements </li></ul><ul><li>Surface emissivity, especially over snow, ice,… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emissivity models </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Databases </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Measurements affected by precipitation </li></ul>July 25 2011 IGARSS 2011
  14. 14. July 25 2011 IGARSS 2011 Example of MW emissivity study (courtesy of Fuzhong Weng, NESDIS/STAR)
  15. 15. NPP Proxy Data <ul><li>CrIS and ATMS proxy data generated by NESDIS on a routine basis (Barnet) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on GFS model output, SARTA radiative transfer model applied to model profiles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Streamed to JCSDA, ready for testing </li></ul></ul>July 25 2011 IGARSS 2011
  16. 16. CRTM status <ul><li>CRTM ready for NPP sensors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CrIS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ATMS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VIIRS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CRTM v. 2.1 released earlier this year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional sensors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computational efficiency </li></ul></ul>July 25 2011 IGARSS 2011
  17. 17. 500 hPa geopotential height anomaly correction from 01/09/2008-02/22/2008 1000 hPa geopotential height anomaly correction from 01/09/2008-02/22/2008
  18. 18. Observing System Simulation Experiments for NPP <ul><li>Level 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiments with simulated (proxy) data from CrIS, ATMS along with existing data used in operations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Purpose here is to test data flow and data ingest rather than data impact </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Level 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Using the Joint OSSE system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All data simulated; purpose is to assess and optimize data impact </li></ul></ul>July 25 2011 IGARSS 2011
  19. 19. Post-launch activities <ul><li>Passive monitoring </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Observation minus forecast residuals monitored </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This effectively validates NPP data against the rest of the Global Observing System </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Active assimilation, off-line mode, impact assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Operational assimilation </li></ul>July 25 2011 IGARSS 2011
  20. 20. Summary <ul><li>The economic impact of Numerical Weather Prediction and related activities are estimated to range in the tens of $B/year for the US alone </li></ul><ul><li>Satellite data are critical for NWP </li></ul><ul><li>Upcoming launch of NPP marks the entry of a new generation of operational meteorological satellites for the US </li></ul><ul><li>The Joint Center is heavily involved in preparing US operational users to benefit from these new data as soon as possible after launch </li></ul>IGARSS 2011 July 25 2011