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Why do researchers share, and how should publishers respond?

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Slides from my NFAIS talk, 25 May 2017, as part of a webinar entitled "How Social Should Social Collaborative Networks (SCNs) Be?". Abstract: In this session, Rapple shares data and insight from a recent study of 7,500 researchers and their sharing behaviors. She discusses the driving factors for SCN use, how frequently researchers accessed them, and for what underlying purposes. She also addresses researcher perceptions on copyright and sharing, the real value researchers receive from SCNs, and how changes in researcher behavior might affect publishers and libraries.

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Why do researchers share, and how should publishers respond?

  1. 1. Why do researchers share, and how should publishers respond? @charlierapple NFAIS May 2017
  2. 2. @charlierapple Co-founder of Kudos • Helping publishers benefit from author sharing Passionate about increasing reach and impact of research through copyright-compliant sharing (among other things) Recent survey of over 7,500 researchers – opinions and behaviours around content sharing
  3. 3. The rise and rise of Scholarly Collaboration Networks Platforms to share and discover research, get stats, ask questions, and make connections. Platforms to monetize author data and publisher content, regardless of copyright. @charlierapple
  4. 4. 2017 survey on SCN usage Publishing @charlierapple
  5. 5. 7,500+ respondents Weighted towards early career STEM European / North American 2017 survey on SCN usage
  6. 6. SCNs are (increasingly) frequently used ResearchGate n = 6,213 Academia.edu n = 4,629 MyScienceWork n = 261 Mendeley n = 3,168 Humanities Commons n = 142 Social Science Research Network n = 812 Profology n = 22 Trellis n = 92 Daily Weekly Monthly Quarterly 1-2 x year Never @charlierapple
  7. 7. SCNs are (increasingly) used for accessing / uploading content To access copies of articles / books / chapters that I cannot access elsewhere 66% To find and connect with other researchers 61% To check metrics for my publications 59% To upload copies of my publications (articles / books / chapters etc) 57% Figures taken from survey by Kudos and 10 publisher partners; April 2017; n = 6,293 @charlierapple
  8. 8. moral high ground “We want to bring transparency to science so it can be even more useful for all. There’s a lot wrong with the current system; it’s confusing at best. Researchers waste a lot of time because they don’t share what doesn’t work … We’re fixing these problems …” Ijad Madisch, CEO and cofounder, ResearchGate
  9. 9. powerful friends
  10. 10. tick tock
  11. 11. So far, journal publishers don’t seem to have lost much revenue because of scholarly networks. But publishers will have to adopt new strategies now to avoid substantial losses in the near future Quote taken from Schiermeier, Quirin. Science publishers try new tack to combat unauthorized paper sharing. Nature. 2017:145-146. doi:10.1038/545145a Joe Esposito
  12. 12. 83%agreed or strongly agreed that copyright should be respected C Figure taken from survey by Kudos and 10 publisher partners; April 2017; n = 5,513 @charlierapple
  13. 13. @charlierapple didn’t realise publisher policies apply to sharing 21% don’t have time or thought it too complicated to check copyright 37% would find it useful to have a single place to check copyright 87% n = 5,513 n = 5,513 n = 5,942 Copyright is hard to navigate
  14. 14. @charlierapple
  15. 15. 51%of non OA articles taken from a sample of 500 on ResearchGate infringed copyright Hamid Jamali, Charles Sturt University doi:10.1007/s11192-017-2291-4 Figure taken from Jamali, Hamid R. Copyright compliance and infringement in ResearchGate full-text journal articles. Scientometrics. 2017:1-14.
  16. 16. 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 Requesting a copy from the author via email Googling for a free copy “Request a copy” buttons in repositories Requesting a copy from the publisher via email Requesting / providing a free copy via SciHub #icanhazpdf requests via Twitter I access other people's work this way I share my own work this way @charlierapple
  17. 17. Innate tension: conscience vs convenience Copyright should be respected I should be entitled to upload my work @charlierapple 83% 60% n = 5,513
  18. 18. Solution: don’t compete – leverage @charlierapple

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