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it is about plagiarism, its factors and solution to it.

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  1. 1. Your Attention is Desired<br />The title of Discussion<br />Is<br />Culture of Plagiarism in Journalism: Origin and Factors maintaining the trouble<br />
  2. 2. What Is Plagiarism? <br />The wrongful appropriation, close imitation, or purloining and publication, of another author's language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions, and the representation of them as one's own original work<br /> (Wikipedia)<br />plagiarism is claiming someone else's work as one’s own without adequate attribution or credit to the original author. (Tony Rogers, 2010)<br />In journalism, plagiarism can take several forms:<br />Information<br />Writing <br />Ideas<br />
  3. 3. Two Dimensions of Plagiarism<br />
  4. 4. Types of Plagiarism<br />Verbatim or Cutting & Pasting Plagiarism<br />copying word by word<br />Rewording or Paraphrased Plagiarism<br />copying of idea or concept and rewriting in one’s own style <br />Self Plagiarism<br />reusing or manipulating one’s own ideas to claim the credit for more than once<br />
  5. 5. Who indulge in Plagiarism?<br />
  6. 6. Philosophical roots of Plagiarism?<br />“Cogito ergo sum”, = <br />“I think, therefore I am.” Rene Descartes<br />Anything put forward contradictory to this spirit is Plagiarism<br />Rene Descartes<br />
  7. 7. InformationAcquiring Behavior<br />Willamson (1998) Ecological model modified by Williamson & Mc Gregor (2006)<br />
  8. 8. Information Acquiring Behavior (contd.) <br />
  9. 9. Culture of Plagiarism<br />McGrew suggests that we view culture as a process. He lists six steps in the process:<br />A new pattern of behavior is invented, or an existing one is modified. <br />The innovator transmits this pattern to another. <br /> The form of the pattern is consistent within and across performers, perhaps even in terms of recognizable <br /> stylistic features. <br />The one who acquires the pattern retains the ability to perform it long after having acquired it. <br />The pattern spreads across social units in a population. <br />The pattern endures across generations. <br />
  10. 10. Culture of Plagiarism (contd.)<br />
  11. 11. Factors which are maintaining the trouble?<br />Personal factors<br />Short-term benefits out of plagiaristic adventures <br />To win admirations/advancement, <br />Avoid embarrassment, punishment, or other “harms”<br />Fear of failure & criticism<br />Personal pride of the journalist<br />It’s easier to copy<br />Advantage of saving time & money<br />Not understanding the ethical issues<br />
  12. 12. Personal factors (contd.)<br />Ignorance about<br />Copy right and copy left,<br /> patents, <br />authentic style of crediting, <br />laws against plagiarism,<br /> plagiarism detecting mechanisms, and<br /> concerns about plagiarism in journalism. <br />
  13. 13. Intellectual factors<br />Inability to feel pleasure of originality & creativity.<br />Easy access to open sources in the form of web pages.<br />Acceptance and encouragement to plagiarism in academic circles, specially in teaching learning process.<br />Absence of organized supervision mechanism of maintaining intellectual integrity.<br />
  14. 14. Professional factors<br />Corporate culture and High stakes for the organization.<br /> Common industry practices.<br />Not thinking through the consequences.<br />Lack of sensitivity towards others hard work.<br />Notion of first and fast as winning combination in media industry.<br />
  15. 15. What is the way-out?<br />Developing non plagiaristic values at personal and social levels resulting in Plagiarism free culture. Remembering it won’t be easy<br />
  16. 16. Ideal conditions<br />
  17. 17. “Neither journalism nor public life will move forward until we actually rethink, re describe, and reinterpret what journalism is; not the science of information of our culture but its poetry and conversation.”—James Carey, Kettering Review, 1992<br /><br />
  18. 18. REFERENCES:<br />Brian Hansen(2003) Combating Plagiarism. C Q Researcher, Sept.19,2003, volume 13, No.32.<br />SetionoSugiharto (2010) A culture of plagiarism. Retrieved on Aug.1,2010.<br />Stanley Fish (Aug. 9,2010) Plagiarism Is Not a Big Moral Deal, In New York Times, Aug.13, 2010.<br />Tony Roger (2010) Avoiding plagiarism in journalism. Retrieved on Aug.1,2010.<br /><br />Blame it on the French, or How did we get here? :, retrieved on Jul. 27, 2010<br />Williamson, K. (1998). Discovered by chance: the role of incidental learning acquisition in an ecological model of information use. Library & Information Science Research, 20(1), 23-40. <br />Williamson, K. & McGregor, J.H. (2006). "Information use and secondary school students: a model for understanding plagiarism" Information Research, 12(1) paper 288. [Available at]<br />Culture: retrieved on Jul. 27, 2010<br />
  19. 19.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  20. 20. Thanks For Listening<br />Grover Vijay K<br />D A V College of Education<br /> <br />