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  1. 1. + Eating Disorders Amber Gach Denise Kuechenmeister Kelsey Todd PlayPlay
  2. 2. + Goals and Objectives:  Our goal is to increase awareness about eating disorders.   Objectives:  By the end of this presentation you will be able to:  List 3 common eating disorders.  List 3 disordered eating behaviors.  Identify an eating disorder from a case study.
  3. 3. + What’s the difference?  Abnormal eating habits  Insufficient or excessive food intake  Eating is object of dependency  Eating habits disturbs health  Irregular eating habits  Cannot be diagnosed as an eating disorder  Physical hunger and satiety ignored  May include behaviors such as:  Excluding entire food groups  Eating foods only of a specific color/ texture  Not eating foods of a specific color/ texture  Not eating certain foods together  Not eating certain foods from the same plate Eating Disorder Disordered eating
  4. 4. + Stats
  5. 5. + Anorexia Nervosa  Unrealistic fear of gaining weight  Self-starvation  Conspicuous distortion of body image  Ideal body weight drops below 85%  2 types:    Restricting and binge eating-purging   Signs:      Dieting despite being thin      Obsession with calories, fat grams, and nutrition      Preoccupation with food    Strange or secretive food rituals
  6. 6. + Bulimia  Binge eating followed by a purging behavior   Self-induced vomiting, laxatives, diuretics, enemas, etc  Signs:  Scars on fingers or hands  Leaving the room after meals  Refusing to eat in front of others  May cause:  Dental erosion  Dehydration  Cardiac arrest   Esophagitis
  7. 7. + Binge Eating Disorder  Characterized by periods of uncontrolled, impulsive, or continuous eating.   Eating to the point of feeling uncomfortable  Eating large amounts of food when one is not hungry  Embarrassed about the amount of food eaten   Secretive about what is eaten and the amount  A feeling of disgust, depression and/or guilt about overeating
  8. 8. + Eating disorders not otherwise specified  Orthorexia   Unhealthy obsession with eating healthy  Drunkorexia  Adjusting caloric intake to account for planned binge drinking  Anorexia Athletica   The person no longer enjoys exercising, but feels obligated to do so.  Exercise anorexia  Low food intake with compulsive exercise behavior
  9. 9. +  Depression  Loss  Abuse  Loneliness  Anger  Low self esteem  Relationship conflicts  Perfectionism  Amenorrhea  Enamel erosion  Heart problems  Muscle atrophy  Digestion problems  Emaciation  Relationship problems Cause Effect
  10. 10. + Discussion Questions  Which eating disorder is depicted in the case study?  Which characteristics of the eating disorder can you identify?  How would you approach the situation if this was your friend?  What would you say?  Would you tell someone else about the problem
  11. 11. Case study 1  Seventeen-year-old Maria has been on one diet or another since she was in junior high. She recently lost 10 pounds from an already slender frame after becoming a strict vegetarian. Her parents are concerned about the weight loss, but Maria insists that she’s just under stress at school. Meanwhile, her vegetarian diet is becoming stricter by the day.  Maria obsessively counts calories, measures food portions, and weighs herself at least twice a day. She refuses to eat at restaurants, in the school cafeteria, or anywhere else in public, and she lives on salad dressed with vinegar, rice cakes, and sugar-free Jell-O. Maria also has a large stash of fat-free candy in her room. She allows herself to indulge as long as she goes for a run right afterwards.
  12. 12. Case Study 2  Alan has always liked food and his family tends to feast at every occasion, birthdays, weddings, holidays and funerals.  Recently, he has been eating a large amount of food within a small amount of time.  After eating, you notice that he goes to the bathroom for a long period of time.  As time goes on, scars begin to appear on his knuckles and he is starting to eat alone in his room, away from other people.  He has also been found with laxatives in his book bag.   
  13. 13. Case Study 3  Harry was an avid athlete in high school and college and was always able to eat whatever he wanted and not see any changes in his weight or appearance. Following graduation from college, Harry noticed that he was still often eating large amounts of food and that this, coupled with his lack of physical activity, was beginning to contribute to an expanding of his waistline. Feeling unhappy about his appearance and other aspects of his life, Harry sought solace in eating. He started to experience a loss of control in the amount of food that he ate. Harry felt very ashamed of his eating habits, particularly as his weight was beginning to concern others. Harry professed to being on a diet while at work and consumed only salads and healthy vegetable sandwiches. At night he would regularly stay home and eat large amounts of food by himself.
  14. 14. Case Study 4  Stephanie is a friend of yours who you have noticed has been losing some weight lately.  Her clothes are beginning to look baggy but she looks to be in great shape.  When you hang out with her, she is constantly talking about her weight and is always unhappy with her appearance.  She makes the comment that if she eats that cookie then she will have to run an extra mile just to burn off all the calories she gained from it.  You begin to worry that something is going on with her.  When you question her about it, she denies everything.  After several weeks of this, you notice that Stephanie insists on working out at least 3 hours a day and sometimes twice a day.  She begins to skip out on hanging out with you and her other friends to go to the gym. You noticed that she never misses a day without working out and she exercises even while sick or injured.
  15. 15. + Counseling  National Eating Disorders Association  Information and Referral Helpline  1-800-931-2237  CalU Counseling Center  Carter Hall  8am-4pm Monday-Friday  (724) 938-4056 Play