Goals and Objectives:
Our goal is to increase awareness about eating disorders.
By the end of this presentation you will be able to:
List 3 common eating disorders.
List 3 disordered eating behaviors.
Identify an eating disorder from a case study.
What’s the difference?
Abnormal eating habits
Insufficient or excessive food
Eating is object of
Eating habits disturbs health
Irregular eating habits
Cannot be diagnosed as an eating
Physical hunger and satiety ignored
May include behaviors such as:
Excluding entire food groups
Eating foods only of a specific
Not eating foods of a specific
Not eating certain foods together
Not eating certain foods from the
Eating Disorder Disordered eating
Unrealistic fear of gaining
Conspicuous distortion of
Ideal body weight drops
2 types: Restricting and
Dieting despite being thin
Obsession with calories, fat
grams, and nutrition
Preoccupation with food
Strange or secretive food
Binge eating followed by a
laxatives, diuretics, enemas,
Scars on fingers or hands
Leaving the room after
Refusing to eat in front of
Binge Eating Disorder
Characterized by periods of
uncontrolled, impulsive, or
Eating to the point of feeling
Eating large amounts of food when
one is not hungry
Embarrassed about the amount
of food eaten
Secretive about what is eaten
and the amount
A feeling of disgust, depression
and/or guilt about overeating
Eating disorders not otherwise
Unhealthy obsession with eating healthy
Adjusting caloric intake to account for planned binge drinking
The person no longer enjoys exercising, but feels obligated to do
Low food intake with compulsive exercise behavior
Which eating disorder is depicted in the case study?
Which characteristics of the eating disorder can you
How would you approach the situation if this was your friend?
What would you say?
Would you tell someone else about the problem
Case study 1
Seventeen-year-old Maria has been on one diet or another
since she was in junior high. She recently lost 10 pounds
from an already slender frame after becoming a strict
vegetarian. Her parents are concerned about the weight loss,
but Maria insists that she’s just under stress at school.
Meanwhile, her vegetarian diet is becoming stricter by the
Maria obsessively counts calories, measures food portions,
and weighs herself at least twice a day. She refuses to eat at
restaurants, in the school cafeteria, or anywhere else in
public, and she lives on salad dressed with vinegar, rice
cakes, and sugar-free Jell-O. Maria also has a large stash of
fat-free candy in her room. She allows herself to indulge as
long as she goes for a run right afterwards.
Case Study 2
Alan has always liked food and his family tends to feast at
every occasion, birthdays, weddings, holidays and funerals.
Recently, he has been eating a large amount of food within a
small amount of time. After eating, you notice that he goes to
the bathroom for a long period of time. As time goes on,
scars begin to appear on his knuckles and he is starting to
eat alone in his room, away from other people. He has also
been found with laxatives in his book bag.
Case Study 3
Harry was an avid athlete in high school and college and was
always able to eat whatever he wanted and not see any
changes in his weight or appearance. Following graduation
from college, Harry noticed that he was still often eating
large amounts of food and that this, coupled with his lack of
physical activity, was beginning to contribute to an
expanding of his waistline. Feeling unhappy about his
appearance and other aspects of his life, Harry sought solace
in eating. He started to experience a loss of control in the
amount of food that he ate. Harry felt very ashamed of his
eating habits, particularly as his weight was beginning to
concern others. Harry professed to being on a diet while at
work and consumed only salads and healthy vegetable
sandwiches. At night he would regularly stay home and eat
large amounts of food by himself.
Case Study 4
Stephanie is a friend of yours who you have noticed has been
losing some weight lately. Her clothes are beginning to look
baggy but she looks to be in great shape. When you hang
out with her, she is constantly talking about her weight and is
always unhappy with her appearance. She makes the
comment that if she eats that cookie then she will have to run
an extra mile just to burn off all the calories she gained from
it. You begin to worry that something is going on with her.
When you question her about it, she denies everything.
After several weeks of this, you notice that Stephanie insists
on working out at least 3 hours a day and sometimes twice a
day. She begins to skip out on hanging out with you and her
other friends to go to the gym. You noticed that she never
misses a day without working out and she exercises even
while sick or injured.
National Eating Disorders Association
Information and Referral Helpline
CalU Counseling Center