Monaco‟s Culture Presented in the Following Order: Nonverbal use of clothing – Steph Zimmerman Formal and informal – Lisa Thai Linguistics and Etiquette – Nayung Yim Rituals – Catherine Walker Gender Roles – Cheyanne Webster Goal of this presentation is to introduce the culture of Monaco bylooking at the different traditions and elemental lifestyle the people of Monaco live in.
Nonverbal Use of Clothing Image from: By: Steph Zimmerman http://alexrister1.files.wor dpress.com/2011/12/clot hing.jpg
Clothing and Attire The people of Monaco known as Monegasques are usually of high wealth, their clothing and styles reflect this. Monaco has a mild climate so they are able to dress accordingly with casual clothing. Monegasques wear modern western styled clothing. Those who are wealthy wear the latest of high fashion. Designer clothing and „glitz and glam‟ is worn much of the time. Luxury fashion boutiques are all over Monaco along with jewelry stores. (Mapxl, 2009) Along the many beaches it is common for topless bathing to be seen. Beach wear is strictly only for the beach. It is forbidden to walk about in bathing suits or without shoes. (Mapxl, 2009) Appropriate clothing is to be worn in public places and especially in religious buildings. (Mapxl, 2009)
Formal Wear Formal clothing is worn in the evenings, at restaurants, casinos, and entertainment events. (Mapxl, 2009) At the casinos a jacket and tie should be worn for men and formal dresses for women. (Mapxl, 2009) At gala events a black tie and dinner jacket is worn, and gown and jewelry for women. (Mapxl, 2009) Images from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QTgTaWlETNk&feature=player_embedded#!
Formal and Informal By: Lisa Thai Image from: http://www.monaco-communication.mc/image/LOGO%20MCCOM_OK.gif
Monaco‟s Communication There are three main groups of Monaco‟s language; French, Italian and English. The literacy rate in Monaco is 99% with many people speaking French, Italian and English. However, French is the official language of Monaco. The majority of the population speaks more French because 47% of the population is of French origin. Italian is the second widely spoken language in Monaco. Reason being that many of the citizens were from Italy and preserved their language. It was previously the official language of Monaco until later replaced by French. English is the third spoken language by citizens of English origin in Monaco. (King, 2010)
Least spoken language: Occitan is also a Romance language that is spoken in Monaco. Most of the people speak Occitan as their first language, but is losing its popularity due to time. Monegasque is also another language spoken, but not so popular. However, the national athem of Monaco is written in that language. (King, 2010)
Informal Communication When greeting a visitor or stranger, it may be inappropriate to kiss them on the cheeks. They may find if offense. Choosing the wrong word to greet a person in Monaco can lead to miscommunication. Do not greet yourself by only name (see formal communication). (King, 2010)
Formal Communication People in Monaco communicate in ways similar with the sophisticated cities worldwide. Men and women greet each other with handshakes. If they know each other fairly well, they kiss each other on both cheeks. When greeting them or introducing one self, it is best to address them as Madame, Monsieur, or Mademoiselle followed by their name. (King, 2010)
Linguistics and Etiquette By: Nayung Yim Tourist Etiquette in Monaco Image from: http://farm6.staticflickr.com/5263/5687404415_e86ff67058_z.jpg
Linguistic Affiliation French is the official language, but Italian and English are also spoken frequently. Monegasque, a language derived from both French and Italian, is spoken by native residents of Monaco, although only about 22 percent of the population claims direct Monegasque descent (“Everyculture,” 2012) Image from: http://www.celtnet.org.uk/images/monaco.gif
Etiquette Etiquette in Monaco is influenced by the country‟s unusual blending of roles as an international tax haven, exclusive resort destination in combination with the Monegasque traditions. The rules of etiquette are much like those found in France with an emphasis on respect for privacy. (“Everyculture,” 2012) Image from: http://www.state.gov/cms_images/france_eiffeltower_2001_07_122.j pg
The Monegasque are proud of the country‟s history and residents strive to maintain the quality of life that exists there. The principality attracts people from a variety of nationalities who are nevertheless united by a high level of personal wealth. The royal family of Monaco, the Grimaldi, frequently attract the attention of the press. Monaco‟s royal family became a popular subject of tabloid journalism when the American actress Grace Kelly married Prince Rainier III. Discretion and privacy was still emphasized in Monaco.Image from: http://images.polkadotbride.com/wp- (“Everyculture,” 2012)content/uploads/2011/04/Grace-Kelly-to-Prince-Rainier-III.jpg
Rituals and Holy Places There are several traditional festivals and rituals in monaco. Saint Devote, the patron saint of Monaco, is venerated in a ritual held on Janurary 27 every year. A torchlight procession, a religious ceremony and blessing, mark the day thathttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/2/20/2004_Monaco_5_euro_Saint_Devote_back.j Saint Devoe is believed to have pg arrived in Monaco.(“Everyculture,” 2012)
Other religious rituals and ceremonies are held during Holy Week before Easter, and on the feast days of Saint Roman, 9 August, Saint John, 23 June and Saint Blaise. Death and the Afterlife: Monegasque beliefs about death and the afterlife are in accordance with the teachings of the Roman Catholic church. (“Everyculture,” 2012)
The cultural life in Monaco is largely influenced by Monaco religion. As such, the Church in Monaco is found to play a very important role in all aspects of life. Traditional ceremonies and rituals are found to be observed in the church during special occasions like Feast Days. Some of the festivals that are observed in Monaco include Easter, Feast Days of Saint Roman, Saint John and Saint Blaise. Besides, every year in January the people in Monaco hold a ritual. This ritual is marked by torchlight processions and other religious ceremonies. This day is believed to mark the occasion of Saint Devotes arrival to Monaco.(“Everyculture,” 2012)
Fête National Monegasque For several days the whole country, decked out with the red-and- white flag of the Principality, takes part in a range of festivities, culminati ng in a music and fireworks spectacular on the evening of the 18th at Port Hercules.Image from: http://www.cityoutmonaco.com/userfiles/images/MND2.jpg (Cityout, 2011)
Gender Statistics Sex Ratio: At birth: 1.06 males(s)/female Under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.974 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.688 male(s)/female Total population: 0.912 male(s)/female [2007 estimate] Age Structure: 0-14 years: 15% (male 2,514, female 2,394) 15-64 years: 62.3% (male 10,047, female 10,312) 65 years and over: 22.7% (male 3,019, female 4,385) [2007 estimate] http://www.ilovemontecarlo.com/monaco-monte-carlo/monaco-demographics/
Gender Roles in Monaco Princess Caroline Monaco has a Mediterranean, Roman Catholic culture emphasizing the family Men are seen as “head of the household”, however women are not treated as inferior In the home women are in charge of preparing the children for a life in society Though men are head of the household, women have risen to top posts in politics, business and sports Monaco has generally been able to count on women tohttp://theroyalcorrespondent.files.w prosper economically and politically.ordpress.com/2011/01/princesscar http://www.unhchr.ch/huricane/huricane.nsf/0/87527FAD91olineprincealbertiibegins9sggfuaec 41E57FC1256A8B0025723B?opendocumentzbl.jpg (Porter, 2010)
Gender Roles in Monaco Less than half of the workforce is made up of women Woman in Business are, “Supported by Prince Albert II who regard them as „endowed with a will and an ambition to none.‟” (Deviras) “The Principality is also working to encourage the emancipation of women in countries where they are often forced to stay home” (Deviras) Fewer women than men are employed, however women work in a variety of fields and are politically active. (United Nations, 2001) Women were awarded the right to vote in 1962. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Monaco_City_001.jpg
Conclusion Monaco‟s culture was presented with the main points: Nonverbal use of clothing – Steph Zimmerman Formal and informal – Lisa Thai Linguistics and Etiquette – Nayung Yim Rituals – Catherine Walker Gender Roles – Cheyanne Webster The goal of our presentation was to introduce the culture of Monaco by looking at the different traditions and elemental lifestyle the people of Monaco live in.
Questions If you were a woman traveling to Monaco how would you be expected to act socially? Women are socially equal to men in Monaco, whereas in some countries they are treated as a lessor equal and expected to speak only when spoken to. How does this affect Monaco‟s culture and society? How do nationals of other countries residing in Monaco affect Monaco‟s society economically, socially, and government? How does Monaco‟s traditions and religious affiliations influence the culture and way of communication?
ReferencesBureau of European and Eurasian Affairs. (2011, November 16). U.s. department of state. Retrieved fromhttp://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3397.htmCityout. (2011, November 11). Fête nationale monégasque 2011 . Retrieved fromhttp://www.cityoutmonaco.com/monaco-events/articles/fete-nationale-monegasque-monaco-national-day-2011Everyculture. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.everyculture.com/Ma-Ni/Monaco.htmlKing, D. C. (2010). Monaco. Tarrytown,NY: Marshall Cavendish Childrens Books.Mapxl. (2009). Monaco people, culture, festivals. Retrieved from http://www.mapsofworld.com/monaco/people-culture-festivals/Porter, L. (2010, march 8). Women in monaco. Retrieved from http://www.monaco-iq.com/Women-in-MonacoUnited Nations. (2001, July 13). Human rights committee starts examination of monacos report on civil and politicalrights. Retrieved fromhttp://www.unhchr.ch/huricane/huricane.nsf/0/87527FAD9141E57FC1256A8B0025723B?opendocumentWikipedia contributors. (n.d.). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MonacoReferenced Websiteshttp://theroyalcorrespondent.files.wordpress.com/2011/01/610x-6.jpghttp://www.state.gov/cms_images/france_eiffeltower_2001_07_122.jpghttp://images.polkadotbride.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/Grace-Kelly-to-Prince-Rainier-III.jpghttp://farm6.staticflickr.com/5263/5687404415_e86ff67058_z.jpghttp://www.monaco-communication.mc/image/LOGO%20MCCOM_OK.gifhttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/2/20/2004_Monaco_5_euro_Saint_Devote_back.jpg