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Unece convention&groundwater paris

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Unece convention&groundwater paris

  1. 1. Selected activities under the UNECE Water Convention and possible cooperation in the GEF Syr Darya groundwater project Dr. Annukka Lipponen UNECE Water Convention Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
  2. 2. UNECE/Helsinki Water Convention (signed in 1992) • Entered into force in 1996 • Protocols: Water and Health, Civil Liability • Amended in 2003 to allow accession to countries beyond pan-Europe • Amendment entered into force on 6 Feb.2013 => countries outside ECE expected to be able to accede 2014- Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
  3. 3. Diverse activities to support countries • Projects to support countries in transboundary monitoring cooperation, negotiating agreements, setting up joint bodies, developing the legal basis and policy • Assessments • Guidelines and other soft-law instruments (e.g. Model Provisions on Transboundary Groundwaters • Trainings and capacity building activities, e.g. UNECE-UNESCOUNDP-OSCE workshop on legal, institutional & technical issues on transboundary groundwaters (Almaty, 2012) Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
  4. 4. Pan-European regional assessment of transboundary waters >140 rivers, 25 lakes, about 200 groundwaters and 25 Ramsar Sites/wetlands of transboundary importance covered EU, South-Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe, Caucasus, Central Asia Information collected: •Inventory •Location, extent and delineations •Quantity and quality status •Pressure factors (abstractions, pollution sources) •Transboundary impacts •Management response •Transboundary cooperation Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
  5. 5. Central Asia Transboundary waters 35 transboundary aquifers Maps: Zoi, IGRAC
  6. 6. Assessment of the Water-FoodEnergy-Ecosystems Nexus • Part of the Water Convention’s Work Programme 2013-2015 • Work overseen and guided by the Task Force on the WaterFood-Energy-Ecosystems Nexus; Working Group on IWRM • Some 6-8 basins to be assessed; different nexus settings, climate, resource scarcity... • Syr Darya also to be assessed in cooperation with the national administrations of KZ, KG, TJ, UZ; workshop in November 2014 • Key partners: Finland (lead)/Finnish Environment Institute SYKE, FAO, Royal Institute of Technology (Stockholm) • Basin assessments 2013-2015; final report in August 2015 • Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
  7. 7. EUWI National Policy Dialogues: work plan of IWRM component (UNECE) • Kazakhstan: Analysis of the usefulness of joining the Protocol on Water and Health; Preparing for target setting (Protocol); Preparing and implementing projects on 1) strengthening of the existing intergovernmental committees and working groups on transboundary rivers & 2) improving management capacity at the basin level • Kyrgyzstan: continue support to the Chu river basin council: support for meetings, capacity building; developing the Chu basin management plan; assistance to process of drafting National Water Strategy • Tajikistan: supporting the work of legal working group: analysis on changes needed in various laws and bylaws in order to fully apply the National Water Sector Reform Strategy and the IWRM principles. Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
  8. 8. Protocol on Water Health & links to groundwater • 1st international agreement to attain an adequate supply of safe drinking water and adequate sanitation for everyone • In Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan projects on target setting, the baseline analysis included the overview of groundwater sources for drinking purposes, their quality and contamination issues. In KG one of the targets included the elaboration of technical regulations to protect groundwater sources used as sources from drinking water from contamination - sanitary zoning… • Score-card for monitoring progress has been published Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
  9. 9. UNECE Guidelines of relevance to Transboundary Groundwaters • UNECE Task Force on Monitoring and Assessment: Guidelines on Monitoring and Assessment of Transboundary Groundwater, 2000 (March 2000) • Strategies for monitoring and assessment of transboundary rivers, lakes and groundwaters (October 2006) • Good Practice for Monitoring and Assessment of Transboundary Rivers, Lakes and Groundwaters (2006) • UNECE Guidance on Water and Adaptation to Climate change (2009) Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
  10. 10. Model Provisions on Transboundary Groundwaters • • • • • Non-binding guidance adopted by Meeting of the Parties in 2012 Build on the ILC Draft Articles Active participation of UNESCO and IAH in their development To be used by Parties and non-Parties when entering into or reviewing bilateral or multilateral agreements on transboundary groundwaters (in the form of an additional protocol to an existing agreement or a new and separate specific agreement on groundwaters) • Accompanied by commentaries with references to international commitments and existing State practice Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
  11. 11. Possible inputs/cooperation contributing to the GEF Syr Darya groundwater project • Data on transboundary groundwaters from assessments of available • Guidelines on monitoring etc. available in Russian • Organisation of trainings • Capacity building activities on international water law in particular • Provision of platforms for dissemination and intersectoral discussion about the findings (NPD Steering Committee meetings, Nexus Assessment of Syr Darya) • … Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
  12. 12. Thank you! More information including guidelines, publications and information on activities under the Convention can be found at http://unece.org/env/water water.convention@unece.org Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

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