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Achievementsof ICARDAin supporting
ResultsBased Monitoringand Evaluation
systemsand knowledgesharing activities
across the MENARIDprogram
Hugo Remaury, Social, Economic and Policy Research
Program, Project coordinator, ICARDA
MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
About the GEF MENARID program
• 10 national investments projects in 6 countries: Algeria, Iran, Jordan,
Morocco, Tunisia, Yemen
• Global Environment Facility executing agencies: IFAD, UNDP, UNIDO,
UNEP, World Bank
• Executing partners: Ministries of Agriculture, Water, Environment,
Sahara and Sahel Observatory, ADA/ANDZOA
• Two objectives:
1. To promote Integrated Natural Resource Management (INRM) in
the production landscapes of the MENA region;
2. To improve the economic and social well-being of the targeted
communities through the restoration and maintenance of
ecosystem functions and productivity.
MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
2
List of MENARID projects (1)
• IFAD:
• Jordan: Mainstreaming Sustainable Land and Water Management
• Morocco: Participatory Control of Desertification and Poverty Reduction in
the Arid and Semi Arid High Plateau Ecosystems of Eastern Morocco
• Tunisia: Support to Sustainable Land Management in the Siliana Governorate
• Regional: Cross-cutting Medium Size Project on Monitoring and Evaluation
and Knowledge Management for Integrated Natural Resources Management
• UNDP:
• Algeria : Conservation of Globally Significant Biodiversity and Sustainable Use
of Ecosystem Services in Algeria’s Cultural Parks
• Iran: Institutional Strengthening and Coherence for Sustainable Land
Management
• Morocco : A circular Economy Approach to Agro-biodiversity Conservation in
the Souss Massa Draa region of Morocco 3
MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
List of MENARID projects (2)
• UNEP:
• Algeria, Tunisia & Libya: Reducing risks to the sustainable
management of the North West Saharan Aquifer System
• World Bank:
• Tunisia: Second Natural Resources Management Project - Land
and Water Optimization Project
• Tunisia: Ecotourism and Conservation of Desert Biodiversity
• Yemen: Adaptation to Climate Change Using Agro-biodiversity
Resources in the Rain-fed Highlands of Yemen
• For more information : http://menarid.icarda.org/ 4
MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
MENARID projects in numbers
Country Area Targeted communities
Algeria 850,670,000 ha 200,000 people
Iran 49,230 ha 10,000 people
Jordan 18,000 ha 9,000 people
Morocco E. Plateaus 120,000 ha 61,018 people
Morocco Circular
Economy
3,000,000 ha (730,000
argan trees)
129,000 people
Regional (Algeria,
Tunisia, Libya)
1,000,000,000 ha 4,000,000 people in the
basin
Tunisia Siliana 28,000 ha 12,000 families
Tunisia PGRN2 70,000 ha 14,000 farmers
Tunisia Ecotourism 175,000 ha 40,000 people
Yemen Not available Not available
5
MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
A few Pictures from MENARID
6
MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
Role of ICARDA in MENARID
• Implement an IFAD-funded MENARID project : « Cross-cutting
Medium Size Project on Monitoring and Evaluation and
Knowledge Management for Integrated Natural Resource
Management »
• Focus on Knowledge Management across MENARID and
harmonization of Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) systems
• Two objectives:
1. to generate tools for systematic cross cutting and aligned M&E
functions throughout the MENARID framework;
2. to develop a user-friendly knowledge management (KM)
platform promoting information dissemination, harmonization,
and dissemination mechanisms of INRM best practices.
7
MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
ICARDA outputs in MENARID (M&E)
• Concepts of Results Based Management M&E systems:
• Presentation during writeshop in March 2013
• Discussion during field visits in Sep. 2013
• Presentation & discussion during learning workshop in Dec. 2013
• Definition of “A la carte” cross-cutting indicators cross-cutting
Results Based Management indicators through the program:
• Brainstorming sessions with representatives of MENARID projects
during workshops (Rabat-June 2012, Amman-December 2012),
“Writeshop in March 2013”.
• Discussed with projects during field visits in September 2013
• Finalized by a short term consultancy in Dec. 2013 (see M&E
matrix)
8
MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
Example of cross-cutting
indicators for SLM (1)
9
Proportion of project participants who are living below the
locally-accepted poverty line %
Total number of beneficiaries of the project Number
Natural Resources productivity in the project area t/ha/yr
Land coverage - Normalized Difference Vegetation Index %
Area on which INRM techniques are implemented Hectares
Allocation of financial investments leading to socio-economic
improvement in local communities livelihoods USD
MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
10
Soil quality evolution
Quantitative data
(time series data)
Number of farmers reporting production/yield increase Number
Land under Sustainable Land Management techniques Hectares
Number of farmers adopting Sustainable Land Management
techniques Number
Number of relevant policies harmonized and/or national land
use policies for SLM mainstreaming adopted Number
Percentage increase of national/local institutions that use SLM %
Number of staff, persons and institutions trained to sustainably
promote SLM techniques Number
Example of cross-cutting
indicators for SLM (2)
MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
ICARDA outputs in MENARID (M&E)
• Implementation of a cross-cutting online facility:
• Created in December 2013
• Presented to projects during learning workshop in Dec. 2013
• Projects trained in March/April 2014
• Data entry form:
https://menarid.icarda.org/MAE/_layouts/me/Manage-Project-
Indicators.aspx
• Search database feature:
• https://menarid.icarda.org/MAE/SitePages/SearchDatabase.aspx?C=
5||&P=7||&I=18||&Y=2009||2010||2011||2012||2013||2014||
• Schedule automatic reports:
https://menarid.icarda.org/MAE/_layouts/me/Manage-Scheduled-
Reports.aspx
• IFAD Project Implementation Report feature recently added
• https://menarid.icarda.org/MAE/_layouts/me/Project-
Implementation-Report.aspx?ProjectId=3&PIR_Year=2013
11
MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
ICARDAoutputsin MENARID(M&E)(cont’d)
• Targeted support – bringing research expertise to
development:
• Baseline in Morocco (Dr. Bendaoud - session VI on Wednesday);
• Gender study in Jordan (Dr. Najjar – session II today);
• Impact study in Iran (Dr. Mighasemi – session V on Tuesday);
• Impact study in Jordan (Mr. Al Adaileh – session V on Tuesday).
• Guidelines/Handbook for RBM, RBB and M&E systems
(currently being finalized)
12
MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
Lessons learned – M&E (1)
13
• Insufficient capacities for M&E systems:
• Projects strive for implementing cheap, effective and efficient M&E
systems. MENARID decided to emphasize its efforts not only on
programmatic level, but at projects’ level.
• Quite often, there are too many indicators to monitor. Importance of
using “SMART” RBM indicators (no more than 15) that can be tracked.
• Difficulties in creating cross-cutting indicators that are widely accepted
but necessary if program-level assessment is needed.
• External support:
• Existing opportunity: support projects in their M&E-related tasks
(baseline study in MENARID Tunisia ecotourism), but also mid-term
evaluations.
• Running impact studies to identify and document activities (positive as
important as negative) is crucial.
• An opportunity would be gather all reporting requirements in a unique
online system (GEF executing agencies + GEF + ministries).
MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
Lessons learned – M&E (2)
14
• Rigor of M&E methods:
• Challenge to evaluate the socioeconomic benefits of activities of natural
resources management. However tools are available (example of the
impact study in Iran).
• A tool that could precisely evaluate the NRM technologies that are
applied would be very useful for increasing the activities’ impacts.
• M&E has to start from the very beginning (example of baselines).
MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
ICARDA outputs in MENARID (KM)
• Organization of a knowledge exchange workshop “writeshop”
• 19 knowledge fact sheets analyzing INRM activities across the MENARID program are
available online
• ICARDA working paper #18 “Capturing and disseminating lessons learned from INRM project
in the MENA”
• Stories of success brochure
• 4 learning workshops in collaboration with UNESCO IHP and GEF IW:Learn:
1. Applying traditional knowledge in water resources management, February 2012, Yazd,
Iran;
2. Opportunities for Managed Aquifer Recharge, December 2012, Amman, Jordan;
3. Groundwater economics, December 2013, Agadir, Morocco.
4. Closing workshop, June 2014, Beirut, Lebanon.
• Dissemination of best practices through an online platform
• Possibility for MENARID projects to create their own knowledge fact sheet
https://menarid.icarda.org/FR/Pages/Promote-activities.aspx
• Communication of results through the website (https://menarid.icarda.org/ ) and Youtube
(http://www.youtube.com/user/menarid) 15
MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
ICARDAoutputsin MENARID(KM)(cont’d)
• Organization of a knowledge exchange workshop “writeshop”
• 19 knowledge fact sheets analyzing INRM activities across the MENARID program are
available online
• ICARDA working paper #18 “Capturing and disseminating lessons learned from INRM project
in the MENA”
• Stories of success brochure
• 4 learning workshops in collaboration with UNESCO IHP and GEF IW:Learn:
1. Applying traditional knowledge in water resources management, February 2012, Yazd,
Iran;
2. Opportunities for Managed Aquifer Recharge, December 2012, Amman, Jordan;
3. Groundwater economics, December 2013, Agadir, Morocco.
4. Closing workshop, June 2014, Beirut, Lebanon.
• Dissemination of best practices through an online platform
• Possibility for MENARID projects to create their own knowledge fact sheet
https://menarid.icarda.org/FR/Pages/Promote-activities.aspx
• Communication of results through the website (https://menarid.icarda.org/ ) and Youtube
(http://www.youtube.com/user/menarid) 16
MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
Lessons learned – KM (1)
17
• Rooms for improvements:
• Gaps between PMUs and field level activities. Importance of including
civil society and field actors in the discussion and knowledge sharing
process.
• Insufficient capacities of KM systems (not mandatory for MENARID
projects).
• External support:
• Opportunities in linking with research for development - Experience of
ICARDA in performing research in rangelands rehabilitation (including
Vallerani) and socioeconomic analysis.
• To support MENARID projects in creating knowledge products.
MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
Lessons learned – KM (2)
18
• Effective KM processes:
• « Dynamic » workshops are more effective and produce more results
than « passive » workshops. Example the “Knowledge exchange
writeshop” (outputs: 19 knowledge products produced, one working
paper, one success story booklet).
• Confirmed usefulness of a single platform gathering events, news,
contacts, database, document repository related to projects’ activities.
• Create ownership, involve partners in the conception, the design of the
platform.
• IT infrastructures:
• The online system should cope with weak IT infrastructures.
MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
MENARID impacts
• Promoting knowledge sharing:
• Water harvesting activity (Vallerani plough) replicated from
Morocco to Jordan (1,000 ha of rangelands and 600 of cereals by
June 2015).
• Collaboration between the Land Degradation Assessment in
Drylands (FAO) approach with the PGRN2 project in Tunisia.
• 18,000 pageviews and 3,500 visitors for the MENARID website.
• Strengthening M&E systems:
• Support in establishing a M&E baseline in Morocco, impact
studies in Iran and Jordan, and a gender analysis in Jordan.
• Reporting facilities available online.
19
MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
Thanks for your attention!
Your ideas and suggestions are more than welcome !
MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014

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Remaury achievements-of-icarda

  • 1. Achievementsof ICARDAin supporting ResultsBased Monitoringand Evaluation systemsand knowledgesharing activities across the MENARIDprogram Hugo Remaury, Social, Economic and Policy Research Program, Project coordinator, ICARDA MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
  • 2. About the GEF MENARID program • 10 national investments projects in 6 countries: Algeria, Iran, Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia, Yemen • Global Environment Facility executing agencies: IFAD, UNDP, UNIDO, UNEP, World Bank • Executing partners: Ministries of Agriculture, Water, Environment, Sahara and Sahel Observatory, ADA/ANDZOA • Two objectives: 1. To promote Integrated Natural Resource Management (INRM) in the production landscapes of the MENA region; 2. To improve the economic and social well-being of the targeted communities through the restoration and maintenance of ecosystem functions and productivity. MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014 2
  • 3. List of MENARID projects (1) • IFAD: • Jordan: Mainstreaming Sustainable Land and Water Management • Morocco: Participatory Control of Desertification and Poverty Reduction in the Arid and Semi Arid High Plateau Ecosystems of Eastern Morocco • Tunisia: Support to Sustainable Land Management in the Siliana Governorate • Regional: Cross-cutting Medium Size Project on Monitoring and Evaluation and Knowledge Management for Integrated Natural Resources Management • UNDP: • Algeria : Conservation of Globally Significant Biodiversity and Sustainable Use of Ecosystem Services in Algeria’s Cultural Parks • Iran: Institutional Strengthening and Coherence for Sustainable Land Management • Morocco : A circular Economy Approach to Agro-biodiversity Conservation in the Souss Massa Draa region of Morocco 3 MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
  • 4. List of MENARID projects (2) • UNEP: • Algeria, Tunisia & Libya: Reducing risks to the sustainable management of the North West Saharan Aquifer System • World Bank: • Tunisia: Second Natural Resources Management Project - Land and Water Optimization Project • Tunisia: Ecotourism and Conservation of Desert Biodiversity • Yemen: Adaptation to Climate Change Using Agro-biodiversity Resources in the Rain-fed Highlands of Yemen • For more information : http://menarid.icarda.org/ 4 MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
  • 5. MENARID projects in numbers Country Area Targeted communities Algeria 850,670,000 ha 200,000 people Iran 49,230 ha 10,000 people Jordan 18,000 ha 9,000 people Morocco E. Plateaus 120,000 ha 61,018 people Morocco Circular Economy 3,000,000 ha (730,000 argan trees) 129,000 people Regional (Algeria, Tunisia, Libya) 1,000,000,000 ha 4,000,000 people in the basin Tunisia Siliana 28,000 ha 12,000 families Tunisia PGRN2 70,000 ha 14,000 farmers Tunisia Ecotourism 175,000 ha 40,000 people Yemen Not available Not available 5 MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
  • 6. A few Pictures from MENARID 6 MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
  • 7. Role of ICARDA in MENARID • Implement an IFAD-funded MENARID project : « Cross-cutting Medium Size Project on Monitoring and Evaluation and Knowledge Management for Integrated Natural Resource Management » • Focus on Knowledge Management across MENARID and harmonization of Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) systems • Two objectives: 1. to generate tools for systematic cross cutting and aligned M&E functions throughout the MENARID framework; 2. to develop a user-friendly knowledge management (KM) platform promoting information dissemination, harmonization, and dissemination mechanisms of INRM best practices. 7 MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
  • 8. ICARDA outputs in MENARID (M&E) • Concepts of Results Based Management M&E systems: • Presentation during writeshop in March 2013 • Discussion during field visits in Sep. 2013 • Presentation & discussion during learning workshop in Dec. 2013 • Definition of “A la carte” cross-cutting indicators cross-cutting Results Based Management indicators through the program: • Brainstorming sessions with representatives of MENARID projects during workshops (Rabat-June 2012, Amman-December 2012), “Writeshop in March 2013”. • Discussed with projects during field visits in September 2013 • Finalized by a short term consultancy in Dec. 2013 (see M&E matrix) 8 MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
  • 9. Example of cross-cutting indicators for SLM (1) 9 Proportion of project participants who are living below the locally-accepted poverty line % Total number of beneficiaries of the project Number Natural Resources productivity in the project area t/ha/yr Land coverage - Normalized Difference Vegetation Index % Area on which INRM techniques are implemented Hectares Allocation of financial investments leading to socio-economic improvement in local communities livelihoods USD MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
  • 10. 10 Soil quality evolution Quantitative data (time series data) Number of farmers reporting production/yield increase Number Land under Sustainable Land Management techniques Hectares Number of farmers adopting Sustainable Land Management techniques Number Number of relevant policies harmonized and/or national land use policies for SLM mainstreaming adopted Number Percentage increase of national/local institutions that use SLM % Number of staff, persons and institutions trained to sustainably promote SLM techniques Number Example of cross-cutting indicators for SLM (2) MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
  • 11. ICARDA outputs in MENARID (M&E) • Implementation of a cross-cutting online facility: • Created in December 2013 • Presented to projects during learning workshop in Dec. 2013 • Projects trained in March/April 2014 • Data entry form: https://menarid.icarda.org/MAE/_layouts/me/Manage-Project- Indicators.aspx • Search database feature: • https://menarid.icarda.org/MAE/SitePages/SearchDatabase.aspx?C= 5||&P=7||&I=18||&Y=2009||2010||2011||2012||2013||2014|| • Schedule automatic reports: https://menarid.icarda.org/MAE/_layouts/me/Manage-Scheduled- Reports.aspx • IFAD Project Implementation Report feature recently added • https://menarid.icarda.org/MAE/_layouts/me/Project- Implementation-Report.aspx?ProjectId=3&PIR_Year=2013 11 MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
  • 12. ICARDAoutputsin MENARID(M&E)(cont’d) • Targeted support – bringing research expertise to development: • Baseline in Morocco (Dr. Bendaoud - session VI on Wednesday); • Gender study in Jordan (Dr. Najjar – session II today); • Impact study in Iran (Dr. Mighasemi – session V on Tuesday); • Impact study in Jordan (Mr. Al Adaileh – session V on Tuesday). • Guidelines/Handbook for RBM, RBB and M&E systems (currently being finalized) 12 MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
  • 13. Lessons learned – M&E (1) 13 • Insufficient capacities for M&E systems: • Projects strive for implementing cheap, effective and efficient M&E systems. MENARID decided to emphasize its efforts not only on programmatic level, but at projects’ level. • Quite often, there are too many indicators to monitor. Importance of using “SMART” RBM indicators (no more than 15) that can be tracked. • Difficulties in creating cross-cutting indicators that are widely accepted but necessary if program-level assessment is needed. • External support: • Existing opportunity: support projects in their M&E-related tasks (baseline study in MENARID Tunisia ecotourism), but also mid-term evaluations. • Running impact studies to identify and document activities (positive as important as negative) is crucial. • An opportunity would be gather all reporting requirements in a unique online system (GEF executing agencies + GEF + ministries). MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
  • 14. Lessons learned – M&E (2) 14 • Rigor of M&E methods: • Challenge to evaluate the socioeconomic benefits of activities of natural resources management. However tools are available (example of the impact study in Iran). • A tool that could precisely evaluate the NRM technologies that are applied would be very useful for increasing the activities’ impacts. • M&E has to start from the very beginning (example of baselines). MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
  • 15. ICARDA outputs in MENARID (KM) • Organization of a knowledge exchange workshop “writeshop” • 19 knowledge fact sheets analyzing INRM activities across the MENARID program are available online • ICARDA working paper #18 “Capturing and disseminating lessons learned from INRM project in the MENA” • Stories of success brochure • 4 learning workshops in collaboration with UNESCO IHP and GEF IW:Learn: 1. Applying traditional knowledge in water resources management, February 2012, Yazd, Iran; 2. Opportunities for Managed Aquifer Recharge, December 2012, Amman, Jordan; 3. Groundwater economics, December 2013, Agadir, Morocco. 4. Closing workshop, June 2014, Beirut, Lebanon. • Dissemination of best practices through an online platform • Possibility for MENARID projects to create their own knowledge fact sheet https://menarid.icarda.org/FR/Pages/Promote-activities.aspx • Communication of results through the website (https://menarid.icarda.org/ ) and Youtube (http://www.youtube.com/user/menarid) 15 MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
  • 16. ICARDAoutputsin MENARID(KM)(cont’d) • Organization of a knowledge exchange workshop “writeshop” • 19 knowledge fact sheets analyzing INRM activities across the MENARID program are available online • ICARDA working paper #18 “Capturing and disseminating lessons learned from INRM project in the MENA” • Stories of success brochure • 4 learning workshops in collaboration with UNESCO IHP and GEF IW:Learn: 1. Applying traditional knowledge in water resources management, February 2012, Yazd, Iran; 2. Opportunities for Managed Aquifer Recharge, December 2012, Amman, Jordan; 3. Groundwater economics, December 2013, Agadir, Morocco. 4. Closing workshop, June 2014, Beirut, Lebanon. • Dissemination of best practices through an online platform • Possibility for MENARID projects to create their own knowledge fact sheet https://menarid.icarda.org/FR/Pages/Promote-activities.aspx • Communication of results through the website (https://menarid.icarda.org/ ) and Youtube (http://www.youtube.com/user/menarid) 16 MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
  • 17. Lessons learned – KM (1) 17 • Rooms for improvements: • Gaps between PMUs and field level activities. Importance of including civil society and field actors in the discussion and knowledge sharing process. • Insufficient capacities of KM systems (not mandatory for MENARID projects). • External support: • Opportunities in linking with research for development - Experience of ICARDA in performing research in rangelands rehabilitation (including Vallerani) and socioeconomic analysis. • To support MENARID projects in creating knowledge products. MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
  • 18. Lessons learned – KM (2) 18 • Effective KM processes: • « Dynamic » workshops are more effective and produce more results than « passive » workshops. Example the “Knowledge exchange writeshop” (outputs: 19 knowledge products produced, one working paper, one success story booklet). • Confirmed usefulness of a single platform gathering events, news, contacts, database, document repository related to projects’ activities. • Create ownership, involve partners in the conception, the design of the platform. • IT infrastructures: • The online system should cope with weak IT infrastructures. MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
  • 19. MENARID impacts • Promoting knowledge sharing: • Water harvesting activity (Vallerani plough) replicated from Morocco to Jordan (1,000 ha of rangelands and 600 of cereals by June 2015). • Collaboration between the Land Degradation Assessment in Drylands (FAO) approach with the PGRN2 project in Tunisia. • 18,000 pageviews and 3,500 visitors for the MENARID website. • Strengthening M&E systems: • Support in establishing a M&E baseline in Morocco, impact studies in Iran and Jordan, and a gender analysis in Jordan. • Reporting facilities available online. 19 MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014
  • 20. Thanks for your attention! Your ideas and suggestions are more than welcome ! MENARIDclosingworkshop,Beirut,16thto18thofJune2014