Ppt athens ioc_unesco_icam_07_may2014_aiglesiascampos_1


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third groundwater integration dialogue

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  • In Europe there are five countries that can be considered water-stressed based on the Eurostat data available for the period 1998-2007 (Cyprus, Belgium, Spain, Italy and Malta), representing about 19.5% of Europe's population. Based on the 2007 available data Cyprus (64%) and Belgium (32%) have the highest WEI. However, it is necessary to take into account the high water abstraction for non-consumptive uses (cooling water) in Belgium which results in its high WEI. Most of the water abstracted in the remaining three water-stressed countries (Spain, Italy and Malta) is for consumptive uses (especially irrigation) and there is therefore higher pressure on water resources in these three countries.
  • All economic sectors need water for their development. Agriculture, industry and most forms of energy production are not possible if water is not available. In Europe as a whole, 37 % of freshwater abstraction is for cooling in energy production, followed by agriculture, 33 %; public water supply, 20 %; and industry, 10 % (Fig. 2). In southern Europe agriculture accounts for more than half of total national abstraction, rising to more than 80 % in some countries, while in Western Europe more than half of water abstracted is used for cooling in energy production
    These sectors differ significantly in their consumptive use of water. Almost all water used as cooling water in energy production is returned. In contrast, the consumption of water through crop growth and evaporation typically means that only about 30 % of the amount abstracted for agriculture is returned.
  • Ppt athens ioc_unesco_icam_07_may2014_aiglesiascampos_1

    1. 1. Integrated Coastal Area Management Gestion Intégrée des Aires Côtières Gestión Integrada de Áreas Costeras Alejandro Iglesias-Campos 7 May 2014 – Athens, GR III UNESCO-GEF IW:LEARN Groundwater integration Dialogue “Managing Groundwater in Coastal Areas and SIDS” IOC-UNESCO: Integrated Coastal Area Management and Transboundary Groundwater Ecosystems
    2. 2. Total abstraction per year 2Source: European Environment Agency, 2012
    3. 3. Abstractions per sector (Mio m3/year) Source: European Environment Agency, 2012 3
    4. 4. Source: Groundwater forum 44
    5. 5. From traditional agriculture…
    6. 6. … to “global-industrial” agriculture 6
    7. 7. Summer products 365 days/year! (in all latitutes). Consumers’ consciousness? 7
    8. 8. … but collateral effects at local scale! Source: Environmental Information Network of Andalusia, Spain, 2014 Campo de Dalías, Almería, Spain 8
    9. 9. Tourists’ consciousness
    10. 10. Tourists’ consciousness?
    11. 11. Exponential development of infrastructures
    12. 12. “Industrial (coastal) water”
    13. 13. In addition to other coastal risks…
    14. 14. 14 Land: I.Drinking Water II.Groundwater Land/Coastal -Marine I.Nitrate II.Bathing waters III.Urban Waste IV.Floods Overlapping EU Policy Framework
    15. 15. i. Developing and codifying the ICAM process, particularly from a scientific perspective, ii. Defining scientific requirements/inputs in various phases of the coastal management cycle. iii. Development of a set of tools and guidelines for addressing specific ICAM issues iv.Bridging natural and socio economic sciences v. Coupled with Training component IOC/ICAM Assisting Member States since 1997 15
    16. 16. i. Environmental information ii. Indicators iii. Decision support tools iv. Capacity development, consciousness and public participation. v. Dissemination of good practices and lessons learnt. Pillars of ICAM 16
    17. 17. i. Increase collective capacity to respond to change and challenges in coastal and marine environments through further development of science based management tools such as Integrated Coastal Area Management, Marine Spatial Planning, and Large Marine Ecosystem Approach; ii. Build on IOC’s and UNESCO’s other coastal programmes in developing Member States’ capacity for the application of ecosystem-based management tools; and iii. Promote the integration of climate change adaptation and coastal hazards preparedness into the application of area- based management approaches. IOC-ICAM: Objectives 17
    18. 18. Our governance approach 18
    19. 19. ICAM help! Building a strong system of alliances for a new institutional policy (at local, regional, national and/or transboundary level) Having appropriate tools to know the status and improve the integrated coastal management model by considering the specific risks of coastal groundwater. Achieving the necessary resources to implement a credible integrated management plan. 19
    20. 20. Goals We need to regulate the uses and activities for the coastal areas from an approach of sustainability and participation… …in order to enforce the environmental quality, the monitoring processes and the evaluation. 20
    21. 21. How to do it? • Increase coordination between different administrations on the coast and implement collaborative Decision Support Systems. • Incorporate participatory processes in coastal management in order to open the debate on problems and finding solutions to all civil society. • Increase public awareness on issues affecting communication campaigns, creation and maintenance of communication platforms (web, forums, etc.). For citizens, stakeholders and politicians!! 21
    22. 22. •Inventory of Aquifers •Inventory of Springs & wells •Levels in wells network Detailed information on: •Permeability •Vulnerability •Vulnerable areas to nitrate pollution from agricultural sources •Status and quality monitoring information network No data, no knowledge, no action… Source: Environmental Information Network of Andalusia, Spain, 2014 22
    23. 23. 23 SIDS: To be or not to be!
    24. 24. SMALL 374 km2 1.865 km2 SIDS: To be or not to be! 24
    25. 25. 25 DEVELOPING?? (GDP per capita) 14.400 USD 25.800 USD SIDS: To be or not to be!
    26. 26. 26 SIDS: To be or not to be! STATUS & Location Canadá Venezuela
    27. 27. SIDS and coastal water threats 27 SIDS’ needs IOC contribution Degradation of coastal marine environment How to manage extreme events and climate variabililty Sustain and improve the Global Ocean Observing System to ensure nations have access to data and information for adaptation and local DSS. Need to address transboundary issues Promote the use of transboundary marine assessments (TWAP) Coastal water management Promote the use of integrated management tools such MSP and ICAM
    28. 28. SIDS and coastal water threats 28 Main questions IOC answers Reduce the rate of biodiversity loss and increase coastal/marine protected areas Identify most vulnerable species and habitats in need of protection through the collection of marine biodiversity data (OBIS) Baseline coastal/marine research and mapping Support the development of coastal/ marine information systems and atlases. Data management Support the development of national oceanographic data centers
    29. 29. 29 A “water” future is (still) possible
    30. 30. Ευχαριστώ πολύ! ¡Muchas gracias! Merci beaucoup! Thank you! ‫ر ا‬ً‫ ا‬ ‫ك‬ْ‫ًر‬ ‫ش‬ُ Спасибо 谢谢 http://ioc.unesco.org Biosphere Reserve of Doñana, Spain