UrmiaLake Disasters
becauseof Lack of
IntegratedNarturalResource
ManagementStrategyin Iran
Seyed Abolfazl Mirghasemi
Lesso...
2
In the past, Urmia Lake was rich in biodiversity and full of life
(migration of birds like Flamingo and Pelicans)
There ...
3
Photo from Ashk
island in Urmia lake
Upper photo in: 2002
Lower photo in: 2009
4
5
6
7
Manmade Disasters
Although the region is affected by climate change issue but
most of the problems are caused because of m...
Urmia Lake Basin(more than 5 million hectares)
Location
of under
operatio
n dams in
upstream
of Lake
Agriculturalactivitiesinneighborhoodoflake,overuseofwater
11
12
13
14
Area would be under salt storm disaster and
5 million people will be on danger (migration,
health care, DISEASE and ….)
Salt Storm
Map of the area under danger of salt tsunami
Wind direction
17
Poor Artemia in the dried Urmia lake (Salt)
18
Poor Artemia in the dried Urmia lake (Salt)
19
20
21
22
I hope we do something before it becomes too late
because common sense says:
PREVENTION is better than CURE
Thanks a lot
for your attention!
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Mirghasemi urmia lake disasters 17062014

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Mirghasemi urmia lake disasters 17062014

  1. 1. UrmiaLake Disasters becauseof Lack of IntegratedNarturalResource ManagementStrategyin Iran Seyed Abolfazl Mirghasemi Lessons learnt: Knowledge sharing, M&E systems strengthening, and groundwater management in the GEF MENARID program” 16-18 June 2014, Beirut, Lebanon
  2. 2. 2 In the past, Urmia Lake was rich in biodiversity and full of life (migration of birds like Flamingo and Pelicans) There was active ecotourism industry in the region especially for using hyper Saline water for medical uses. But how is it nowadays ….
  3. 3. 3 Photo from Ashk island in Urmia lake Upper photo in: 2002 Lower photo in: 2009
  4. 4. 4
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. Manmade Disasters Although the region is affected by climate change issue but most of the problems are caused because of manmade factors like: • Sectoral planning • Wrong policies (agricultural development in area with water scarcity region from 150000 ha to 450000 ha) • Changing crop pattern from low water requirement (Grape) to high one (like apple & sugar beet) • Construction and of 72 under-operation dams in upstream (20 extra dams are under study and execution) • Overexploitation of GW by drilling illegal wells (farmers are using 53000 wells for iirigation without government permission) • Disturbing ecological system of the lake by contracting a bridge in its middle part
  9. 9. Urmia Lake Basin(more than 5 million hectares) Location of under operatio n dams in upstream of Lake
  10. 10. Agriculturalactivitiesinneighborhoodoflake,overuseofwater
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. 12
  13. 13. 13
  14. 14. 14 Area would be under salt storm disaster and 5 million people will be on danger (migration, health care, DISEASE and ….)
  15. 15. Salt Storm
  16. 16. Map of the area under danger of salt tsunami Wind direction
  17. 17. 17 Poor Artemia in the dried Urmia lake (Salt)
  18. 18. 18 Poor Artemia in the dried Urmia lake (Salt)
  19. 19. 19
  20. 20. 20
  21. 21. 21
  22. 22. 22 I hope we do something before it becomes too late because common sense says: PREVENTION is better than CURE
  23. 23. Thanks a lot for your attention!

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