3rd GEF IW LEARN – UNESCO
INTEGRATION DIALOGUE
Managing Groundwater in Coastal Areas
and SIDS
Mediterranean information of...
Jordan in words Challenges and Opportunities
Area: 89,000km²
Population 6.4 million in 2010 and now is 9:9 million
 70%...
Jordan in words Challenges and Opportunities
 Annual per capita share of
water around143m3,projected
to be 90 m3 by 2025
...
Challenges facing water sector in Jordan
 Climatic change (rainfall reduction and fluctuation,
increasing temperature )
...
Challenges and Opportunities
Population growth (natural and immigration )
Climate change
Drought and rainfall variability
...
Population growth projection in Jordan
Year Total population Recent situation 2014
2012 6,338,000
2014 9.9 million
2025 8,...
Average Annual Rainfall
Average annual rainfall water = 8.5
billion CM
Jordan Valley 50-300 mm (5.7%)
• High Land 400 – 58...
Jordan water situation ( supply, demand, deficit)
YEAR RAINFALL MCM DEMAND MCM SUPPLY MCM DEFICIT MCM
2004 8500 1300 866 5...
RENEWABLE , (800- 850 ) MCM / YEAR
• Surface Water Sources 505MCM/yr
• Groundwater Sources 275 MCM/yr
• Treated Wastewater...
Municipal = 290 MCM Irrigation 558 MCM Industrial = 39 MCM
Water Uses by Sector
Domestic
24%
Agriculture
70%
Industrial
5%...
Groundwater in Jordan
• GW resources are limited the safe yield 275 MCM
• GW resources are over exploited
• Decline in the...
SAYF YIELD
Basin Safe yield Abstracted Balance % Abstracted
Yarmok 40 43.3 -3.3 108
Said valleys 15 25 -10 172
Jordan vall...
Aquifer DISINon Renewable
• Aquifer is zero recharge
• Jordan pumps 82.1 MCM, Saudi Arabia 600-700 MCM
• Aqaba pumps 17 MC...
Brackish Groundwater
• Jordan has a number of brackish water
springs with limited use.
• Salinity places restrictions on c...
Groundwater law
• Groundwater By-law 85 of 2002
• Land ownership doesn't include the ground water
• control drilling Licen...
Action taken to protect ground water
• Ministry of Water and Irrigation damage 224 illegal wells out of 1400 drains
more t...
• Workers in water entities considered as judicial police .
• Considering the money belonging to the companies owned by
th...
II‫هةحمثة‬
Project implemented by :
SWIM – SM focus
WP 1
WP 2
WP 3
WP 4
WP 5
WP 6
Non-
conventional
water resources
Economic
Valuation of
water resources
No-r...
SWIM-Sustain Water MED project is funded
by the EU and the German Federal Ministry of Economic
Cooperation and Development...
Goal
Contribute to the sustainable
integrated management of non-
conventional water resources in the
southern Mediterranea...
.
DEMONSTRATE:
Effective and cost-efficient wastewater
treatment and reuse technologies through
pilot projects.
ASSESS:
En...
.
TRAIN:
Policy-makers and targeted water users in
the management, operation and
maintenance of these technologies.
REACH ...
.
Approach:
Demonstration Projects
In Morocco,
Implementing a comprehensive strategy for
eco-sanitation and rainwater mana...
.
Technology: Source separation,
decentralized treatment, effective reuse of
sanitary by-products, rainwater
management.
B...
.
In Tunisia:
Implementing a wastewater quality
surveillance system as well as an
accompanying governance structure
betwee...
Beneficiary/Location: The local
wastewater authority and surrounding
farmers of the Ouljet El Khoder
wastewater treatment ...
.
In Egypt,
Establishing a decentralized wastewater
treatment unit and reuse plan at village
level in a rural area. Techno...
.
In Jordan,
Establishing a decentralized wastewater
treatment unit and reuse plan at a
building level in a semi-urban are...
.
Implementing Partner:
AL-Balqa Applied University (BAU),
International Union for the Conservation
of Nature (IUCN),
Wate...
.
Regional Level:
For learning & comparison of best
practices, the project establish a regional
benchmarking and networkin...
• A common framework for baseline
assessments as well as socio-economic
and environmental impact assessments.
• A compendi...
.
• Regional knowledge exchange
meetings, including site visits
• Regional training courses for relevant
policymakers as w...
.
Implementing Partners at regional level :
Adelphi Research gGmbH, Italian
National Agency for New Technologies,
Energy a...
Thank you
Athine  conferance groundwater jordan presentation
Athine  conferance groundwater jordan presentation
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Athine conferance groundwater jordan presentation

  1. 1. 3rd GEF IW LEARN – UNESCO INTEGRATION DIALOGUE Managing Groundwater in Coastal Areas and SIDS Mediterranean information office Athena ,Greece 6-7 May 2014 Jordan Groundwater PRESENTED BY SAMEEH AL NUIMAT / IUCN
  2. 2. Jordan in words Challenges and Opportunities Area: 89,000km² Population 6.4 million in 2010 and now is 9:9 million  70% of the population (less than 30 year) Mediterranean climatic zoon to arid  Rainfall range from 30mm - 600m/year More than 80% is desert, less than 100 mm/year  4% receive more than 300mm/year 92.5% of the water lost by evaporation
  3. 3. Jordan in words Challenges and Opportunities  Annual per capita share of water around143m3,projected to be 90 m3 by 2025  low recharge of Groundwater  Very limited Energy resources  High opportunity for renewable energy
  4. 4. Challenges facing water sector in Jordan  Climatic change (rainfall reduction and fluctuation, increasing temperature )  Limited water Resources  high Population growth rate 2.6%  Waves of refugees from the region .  97% of the area receive less than 300mm/a  90% of the population staled in areas higher than 400mm/A rainfall  low GWR because of topographical features and urbanization infrastructures  Water losses about 50% (leakages and illegal uses)
  5. 5. Challenges and Opportunities Population growth (natural and immigration ) Climate change Drought and rainfall variability High potential evapotranspiration Surface water and ground water pollution Ground water depletion and salinization (over pumping) Jordan is the 4th water deprived countries Worldwide ! Non-conventional water resources? TWW is not conceder waste , but part of water budget Reuse Treated wastewater for agriculture is an option?
  6. 6. Population growth projection in Jordan Year Total population Recent situation 2014 2012 6,338,000 2014 9.9 million 2025 8,507,131 2035 9,902,325 Jordan is a water scarce country water scarce country is the one with per capita less than 1000m³/ year/ fresh water (FAO 1997), Jordan 120 m/c/y USA = 1550 m³/c/year allocation of per capita water supply is as follows: - Amman 120 1 pcd - Other Cities 100 1 pcd - Suburban's 80 1 pcd - Remote Villages 80 1 pcd -(W.H.O standard for hygiene =50lpcd
  7. 7. Average Annual Rainfall Average annual rainfall water = 8.5 billion CM Jordan Valley 50-300 mm (5.7%) • High Land 400 – 580 mm (2.9%) • Desert Area (Badia) 50 – 200 mm (91.4%) Annual quantities (MCM): • Wet Years 11000 • Dry years 5800 • Annual average 8300
  8. 8. Jordan water situation ( supply, demand, deficit) YEAR RAINFALL MCM DEMAND MCM SUPPLY MCM DEFICIT MCM 2004 8500 1300 866 500 2007 8500 1500 866 630 2020 8500 1600 1000 734 Annual Per-capita shear of water decreased as result of increased demand and population YEAR PER CAPITA M³ 1946 3600 M ³ 2008 160 M ³ 2025 90 M ³
  9. 9. RENEWABLE , (800- 850 ) MCM / YEAR • Surface Water Sources 505MCM/yr • Groundwater Sources 275 MCM/yr • Treated Wastewater 110 MCM ( 2012 ) • Peace treaty water 25- 50 MCM NONRENEWABLE - * Fossil Water 140 MCM/yr. - Brackish Water 50 MCM/yr. Jordan water resources
  10. 10. Municipal = 290 MCM Irrigation 558 MCM Industrial = 39 MCM Water Uses by Sector Domestic 24% Agriculture 70% Industrial 5% Other 1% Water consumption 866 million (cu.m.) Jordan (2004)
  11. 11. Groundwater in Jordan • GW resources are limited the safe yield 275 MCM • GW resources are over exploited • Decline in the quality • Over application of fertilizer and pesticides • Illegal drilling wells ¼ of the total pore hall • Decreasing water level about 1 meter /year • Spring stop flowing • Shallow wells abounded , and degraded quality • Lack of management of trans-boundary water aquifers • Government start to reduce the over extraction (action taken )
  12. 12. SAYF YIELD Basin Safe yield Abstracted Balance % Abstracted Yarmok 40 43.3 -3.3 108 Said valleys 15 25 -10 172 Jordan valley 21 27.9 -6.9 133 Azraq 24 59.3 -35.3 247 Amman zarqa 87.5 138.7 -51.2 158 Srhan 5 3,8 1.2 76 Hammad 8 0.9 +7.1 11 Dead sea 57 89.3 -32.3 157 Disi 0 82.1 42.9 North Araba 3.5 6,7 -3.2 193 Red sea 5.5 17.4 -11.9 316 Jafer 9 24.8 -15.8 276 Total 275.5 520.1 170.805
  13. 13. Aquifer DISINon Renewable • Aquifer is zero recharge • Jordan pumps 82.1 MCM, Saudi Arabia 600-700 MCM • Aqaba pumps 17 MCM projected to go up 35 MCM • Connect aquifer to Amman with a 325 Km pipeline. • Aquifer will provide 100 MCM/year over 100 years. • Price of water = JD 0.820 (Expensive water!)
  14. 14. Brackish Groundwater • Jordan has a number of brackish water springs with limited use. • Salinity places restrictions on crop selection • Plans for more desalination plants Current desalination 30MCM
  15. 15. Groundwater law • Groundwater By-law 85 of 2002 • Land ownership doesn't include the ground water • control drilling Licence ( licence to extract water ) • Area of drilling, depth , well development and • Abstracting quantity , quality • Metering and Pricing tariff for private legal and illegal well • Illegal well • Water extracting licence
  16. 16. Action taken to protect ground water • Ministry of Water and Irrigation damage 224 illegal wells out of 1400 drains more than 25 million cubic meters , • Confiscation of more than 145 drilling machine • Convert more than 1000 adjust to the courts , • Cabinet approved legislation to stop attacks on sources of water , dig wells offense • Measures to reduce these irregularities including: • Stop deliver electrical current to the abuse and not allow the import of water pumps for wells , but after receiving a approval of the Water Authority to keep track of sold and installed, • Stop work permits for foreign workers in offense farms , which owns the illegal wells ) • Alray newspaper VOL. 15886 4 /may/2014
  17. 17. • Workers in water entities considered as judicial police . • Considering the money belonging to the companies owned by the water authority as public funds . • Approved new tariff for the amount of water extracted illegally • Toughening the penalties for attacks along the water sources and lines tanker terminals pumping water , dig wells without a license is imprisonment for not less than one year nor more than five years price of water extracted from illegal wells QUANTITY IN 1000 M³ PRICE IN FILLES 0- 10 150 10- 30 250 ABOVE 30 500
  18. 18. II‫هةحمثة‬ Project implemented by :
  19. 19. SWIM – SM focus WP 1 WP 2 WP 3 WP 4 WP 5 WP 6 Non- conventional water resources Economic Valuation of water resources No-regret actions for Climate Change adaptation Local Governance with focus on Water Users Associations Water governance & mainstreaming Capacity Building Application of water management plans Promotion of lessons learnt & good practices Development of a Communication Strategy Support Demonstration Projects
  20. 20. SWIM-Sustain Water MED project is funded by the EU and the German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development. It is one of the demonstration projects within the SWIM umbrella1 and addresses sustainable wastewater and sanitation management in the MENA region. the project is implemented in a period of 3 years from 2012-2014 by a consortium of 8 project partners with the GIZ Jordan in the lead. It operates in four countries, implementing demonstration projects in Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt and Jordan. Each of the demonstration projects addresses a different aspect related to wastewater treatment and reuse as well as rainwater management
  21. 21. Goal Contribute to the sustainable integrated management of non- conventional water resources in the southern Mediterranean region.
  22. 22. . DEMONSTRATE: Effective and cost-efficient wastewater treatment and reuse technologies through pilot projects. ASSESS: Environmental and socio-economic impacts and translate these into policy recommendations. .
  23. 23. . TRAIN: Policy-makers and targeted water users in the management, operation and maintenance of these technologies. REACH OUT: To water users through targeted events and information centres. REPLICATE: Through regional networking and benchmarking as well as policy advice.
  24. 24. . Approach: Demonstration Projects In Morocco, Implementing a comprehensive strategy for eco-sanitation and rainwater management, demonstrating the benefits of locally adapted technologies. .
  25. 25. . Technology: Source separation, decentralized treatment, effective reuse of sanitary by-products, rainwater management. Beneficiary / Location: the village of Ait Idir, in the Souss-Massa-Drâa region in the south of Morocco. Implementing Partner: National Water Agency of the Souss-Massa-Drâa region (ABH SMD).
  26. 26. . In Tunisia: Implementing a wastewater quality surveillance system as well as an accompanying governance structure between water users and providers, in order to promote the safe usage of treated wastewater for agricultural purposes.
  27. 27. Beneficiary/Location: The local wastewater authority and surrounding farmers of the Ouljet El Khoder wastewater treatment plant in Medenine, in south-eastern Tunisia. Implementing Partner: National Sanitation Utility (ONAS), General Direction for Rural Engineering and Water Exploitation (DGGREE).
  28. 28. . In Egypt, Establishing a decentralized wastewater treatment unit and reuse plan at village level in a rural area. Technology: To be defined. Beneficiary/Location: Village in the Ismailia Governorate (northeast Egypt). Implementing Partner: Holding Company for Water and Wastewater (HCWW).).
  29. 29. . In Jordan, Establishing a decentralized wastewater treatment unit and reuse plan at a building level in a semi-urban area. Technology: Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR) Beneficiary/Location: Head Quarter of the Public Security Directorate (PSD) near Amman
  30. 30. . Implementing Partner: AL-Balqa Applied University (BAU), International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Water Authority of Jordan (WAJ).
  31. 31. . Regional Level: For learning & comparison of best practices, the project establish a regional benchmarking and networking system, including the following activities and deliverables:
  32. 32. • A common framework for baseline assessments as well as socio-economic and environmental impact assessments. • A compendium that provides information on the pilot projects (from planning to evaluation) as well as general lessons learned. • A website with regular updates on events and project progress. http://swim- sustain-water.eu.
  33. 33. . • Regional knowledge exchange meetings, including site visits • Regional training courses for relevant policymakers as well as representatives from related civil society organizations and academia.
  34. 34. . Implementing Partners at regional level : Adelphi Research gGmbH, Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, German International Cooperation (GIZ) based in Jordan.
  35. 35. Thank you

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