The Sunni-Shiite conflict

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  • عرض كله أغاليط و معلومات مضروبة لا أساس لها من الصحة، أراد صاحبها الطعن في الإسلام بصورة أساسية ثم التعرض لأهل السنة و الجماعة بشكل خاص. و في هذا العرض يبدو واضحا الميل للتشيع و لا ريب أن يكون صاحب هذا العرض إما مواليا للشيعة أو مدعيا موالاتهم و هو نصراني حاقد . لا بارك الله فيك على عملك هذا و أسأل الله أن تجده في صفحتك يوم القيامة ليسود أعمالك. عليك من الله ما تستحق.
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  • The most erroneous and confused slide I have ever read about what is so-called Sunni-Shiite conflict. No wonder westerners are mocking us, because of such distortions and misconceptions revealed through the net. Uploader of this slide : You are completely wrong and misleaded!
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  • thank you for the slideshow! much appreciated!
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  • Your slide is very good.
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  • http://www.theonion.com/content/news_briefs/area_man_guesses_hell_learn

    PORTLAND, OR—Nearly four years into the war in Iraq, local sales representative Howard Morrison finally conceded that it was probably time to just pick up a newspaper and figure out what distinguishes Sunni Muslims from Shiite Muslims.
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The Sunni-Shiite conflict

  1. 1. The Sunni-Shiite Conflict By Adam Fay
  2. 2. The Sunni Muslims <ul><li>Largest denomination of Islam </li></ul><ul><li>They are referred to as Ahl ul-Sunna </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Means “People of Tradition” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sunni Comes from Arabic word Sunna </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Means the tradition of Muhammad </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Sunni Beliefs <ul><li>Sunni 5 Pillars of Islam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shahadah- Profession of faith </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Salat- Prayer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zakat- Paying of alms (giving to the poor) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Swam- Fasting during Ramadan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hajj- Pilgrimage to Mecca </li></ul></ul><ul><li>6 Articles of Belief </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Belief in God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Belief in all prophets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Belief in all the books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Belief in the Angels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Belief in the day of Judgment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Belief in destiny </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Shiite Muslims <ul><li>Second largest denomination of Islam </li></ul><ul><li>Follows strictly family of Muhammad’s teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Sunnis believe Shiites deviate from Muhammad’s teachings </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Roots of Religion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tawid - The oneness of God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adalah - The justice of God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nubuwwah- God’s prophets and messengers are perfect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Imamah- God appointed specific leaders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Qiyama- God will judge the world </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Branches of Religion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Salat- 5 daily prayers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Swam- Fasting during the month of Ramadan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hajj- The pilgrimage to Mecca </li></ul></ul>Shiite Beliefs
  6. 6. <ul><ul><li>Zakaat- Paying money to the poor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Khums- Paying 20% tax </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jihad- Struggle to please God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amr-Bil-Ma’ruf- Enjoy the look </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nahi-Anil-Munkar- Forbid the evil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tawalla- To love the holy family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tabarra- To not associate with enemies of holy family </li></ul></ul>Shiite Beliefs cont.
  7. 7. Main Differences <ul><li>Leading After Muhammad </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sunni belief in the first 4 Caliphs rightful succession to Muhammad </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shiite believe that heirs of 4 th Caliph only rightful successors of Muhammad </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The next Caliph leader </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sunni- Next Caliphate yet to be seen in history </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shiite- Caliphate has been seen and will return </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Why Is There A Conflict? <ul><li>Divide between Sunni and Shiite happened after Muhammad’s death </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sunni want to elect most capable of followers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shiite wanted leader to stay within Muhammad’s family </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shiites don’t follow elected leaders of Islam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow self elected Imams said to be chosen by God </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sunnis are more democratic and Shiites are religiously run </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Conflict <ul><li>How did the violence start? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In 656, Ali’s supporters (Shiites) killed the third Caliph. Soon after, the Sunnis killed Ali’s son Husain. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Violence Broke out </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sunnis and Shiites fought- Sunnis won </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After defeat Shiites focused on developing religious beliefs through Imams (descendents of Ali) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ironic because both sects are considered religious brethren </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Founded on same principles and follow many of same laws </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. The Conflict Today <ul><li>Been escalating since U.S.-Iraq war started in 2003 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Got worse when new Iraq gov’t and constitution ratified </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sunnis committing mass killings of Shiites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suicide bombers, car bombings, death squad killings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shiite leaders urged people to stay calm even if mass killings occurred </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Calmness ended after Sunni bombing of Shiite shrine in Samara </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The Conflict Today <ul><li>United Nations labels Sunni-Shiite conflict in 2006 civil-war. </li></ul><ul><li>Recent study estimates 601,000 Iraqi deaths caused by conflict </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less than 1/3 of deaths from coalition forces </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many murders and killings committed by Iraqi police </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More loyal to Shiite militias then the government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shiite militias have massive power in Baghdad </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Won’t investigate because police are ones committing crimes </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Timeline of Recent Conflict <ul><li>2003: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>August 29 th , suicide car bombing of Imam Mali mosque </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2004: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>February 28 th , twin suicide bombing killed 117 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>April 21 st , suicide bombing kills 73 people including 17 children </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2005: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>February 28 th , suicide car bomb kills 125 in Shiite town of Hilla, deadliest single blast in Iraq history </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>September 14 th , bombing kills 114 and Sunni leader wages all out war against Shiites </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2006: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dozens of bombings increase as violence escalates heavily </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curfew in place to help stop violence </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Documentary on Conflict http://youtube.com/watch?v=R67LmwFQRHQ

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