James fiske g4 c presentation


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The future of Carbon: The tools and skills that will be required by the next generation

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James fiske g4 c presentation

  1. 1. James Fiske – Head of the Mott MacDonald Economics Research Unit The future of Carbon: The tools and skills that will be required by the next generation
  2. 2. Presentation Content • Introduction • Drivers • Terminology • Our Tools: CapIT • Our Tools: LifeCYCLE • Benefits and differentiators
  3. 3. Introduction • We are under pressure to evaluate and reduce carbon emissions • We are under pressure to reduce costs • Currently two different teams measure carbon and cost • Availability and understanding data
  4. 4. Drivers - environmental • Climate change and global warming has been attributed to increased levels of carbon and greenhouse gas emissions • Association of British Insurers predicts an 8%, 14% and 25% increase respectively for inland flooding for a 2, 4 and 6 centigrade increase in temperature • The Thames barrier was raised on average three times a year until 2001, a year in which it was raised 15 times. By 2030, the environment agency expect that it will need to be raised 30 times per year
  5. 5. Drivers - environmental • As well as the more obvious strain on existing infrastructure and flood defences, climate change is expected to impact on health and workforce productivity to name but two areas • Increased temperatures are also expected to increase building subsidence, water shortages, dangers of wildfires, and major agricultural and ecological implications • Believe the research or not but the ‘do nothing’ option is not supportable – nor is it reversible • If we act now we can still make a difference
  6. 6. Drivers – energy availability • Recent Times headlines: – “demand for energy could outstrip supply by almost one quarter within eight years” – “Britain faces blackouts within ten years as power stations go out of service” – “In 2005, the UK became a net importer of gas. By 2010, imports could account for 40 per cent of British gas needs; by 2020, 80 per cent to 90 per cent” • With a continual growing demand outstripping supply, prices will continue to rise
  7. 7. Drivers – current legislation Legislation in place NOW: • Climate Change Act 2008 • CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme • The UK Low Carbon Transition Plan • Part L Building Regs • Government policy statements set targets for Zero carbon homes, schools and other non domestic buildings
  8. 8. Drivers – future legislation Legislation for the future: • Current legislation will not address the levels of reduction that we have signed up to deliver (26% by 2020, 80% by 2050) • By 2019, embodied carbon should make up 100% of a buildings carbon footprint • A recent government report recommends the inclusion of whole life carbon appraisals into the Treasury’s Green Book • CEN TC350
  9. 9. Drivers – financial • The ‘cost’ of carbon in the future is going to be much higher as legislation tightens and trading becomes more important • What you are ‘building’ now sets what you will be subjected to in the future. • The initial footprint is only a small part of the totals over the life e.g. 1:5:200 • Grants and feed in tariffs for renewable technologies • Tax relief through higher capital allowances for renewables • CRC charges are currently small, but associated PR damage may be more significant to the bottom line
  10. 10. Terminology Boundaries: • Embodied / direct CO2 emissions • Cradle to gate / Cradle to site / Cradle to grave / Cradle to Cradle? Calculation Considerations: • Quantify and calculate weight of each material used • Get CO2 data for construction products • Don’t forget to quantify the waste and its disposal • Calculate direct carbon from transporting materials from gate to site • Quantify direct emissions from running any Plant • What about Labour?
  11. 11. Terminology
  12. 12. Terminology (Defined by BS ISO 15686-5) Whole Life Cost (WLC) Non-Construction Costs Life Cycle Cost (LCC) Income Externalities Construction End of LifeOccupancyOperationMaintenance
  13. 13. Our Tools • Capital cost and CO2 online estimating system • Includes buildings and civils data • Allows users to view and change build- ups from library • Allows users to add their own data – securely • Allows users to export data • Report as cost, CO2 or both
  14. 14. • Subscription based licences – For buildings database = £350/user/annum – For civil engineering database = £350/user/annum – For both = £600/user/annum • Discounts for multiple user licences – For 1- 5 = 0% discount – For 6-10 = 20% discount – For 11-20 = 30% discount – For 20+ = 40% discount Our Tools:
  15. 15. • Internet based model that calculates Capital and LCC for Buildings • Quantifies direct and indirect carbon for capital works, maintenance and occupancy • Calculates resource requirements and waste, for each year of the buildings life • Reports to compare different building designs • Delivered as part of MM service Our Tools:
  16. 16. Benefits and Differentiators • Efficiencies and speed – Measure once, output Cost and Carbon • Accuracy • Auditability • A fast start (until own data is available) • Future-proofing for legislation • All to the highest International Standards
  17. 17. www.franklinandrews.com