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5.1 Les futures applications de GMES pour la coopération interrégionale


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5.1 Les futures applications de GMES pour la coopération interrégionale

  1. 1. ORFEO Global Monitoring for Environment and Security André HUSSON CNES DSP/OT 3rd Seminar GRISI Capitalisation 24- 25 June 2008
  2. 2. GMES <ul><li>What is GMES ? </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Observation systems </li></ul><ul><li>Services and applications </li></ul>
  3. 3. GMES: a multi purpose tool in support of European policies <ul><li>Joint initiative EC - ESA - MS to establish a European capacity of acquiring, processing, interpreting and distributing useful information to support: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>European policies, such as environment, CAP, security (Common Foreign and security Policy)… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Europe’ international commitments (Kyoto protocol) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for implementation at European, national and regional, levels. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>by providing the users with pertinent information. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Implementation <ul><li>GMES is a complex system of systems involving: </li></ul><ul><li>- space-borne and in situ observation systems, </li></ul><ul><li>- provision of user-tailored services. </li></ul><ul><li>GMES is an EU-led initiative, in which: </li></ul><ul><li>- ESA will implement the space component </li></ul><ul><li>- the Commission will manage actions for identifying and developing services relying both on in-situ and space remote sensing data. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Implementation <ul><li>GMES is an user-driven initiative based on existing capacities: </li></ul><ul><li>- gradual implementation based on the maximum use of existing EO and in situ systems </li></ul><ul><li>- harmonisation of currents initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>- support of the development of new capacities, if and where needed. </li></ul>
  6. 6. GMES on tracks <ul><li>After several years of R&D under the support of EC/FP and ESA/GSE, and also of national contributions, we have now a better idea of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the priorities (fast tracks services concept) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the space component </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the GMES governance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ten years later this initiative is becoming concrete with: </li></ul><ul><li>the set up of the sentinels space segment, </li></ul><ul><li>the initiation of the Fast Track Services. </li></ul><ul><li>the study of the overall GMES architecture. </li></ul>
  7. 7. GMES services <ul><li>The European Commission has identified a set of three Fast-track GMES core services: </li></ul><ul><li>Land </li></ul><ul><li>Marine </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>and two additional pilot services: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Atmospheric composition </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The current call (2008) foresees the development of downstream services. The projects are expected : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to make the best use of the products the FST will provide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to be strongly user driven </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. observation systems I n order to deliver operational services on a sustainable basis, GMES needs to have access to the data that underpin them. This means that the adequate infrastructure has to be constantly available, - be it specific to GMES or shared - be it space based or in situ
  9. 9. Data access <ul><li>The EC and the ESA have signed a grant that will allow the ESA to ensure the coordinated and timely supply of satellite based Earth Observation data for the preoperational phase of GMES from 2008 to 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Through this grant, the GMES services being developed will benefit from free of charge access to their required space data. </li></ul><ul><li>The GMES in-situ infrastructure is an asset of the Member States (and of their local or regional authorities ) </li></ul>
  10. 10. The services The “output” of GMES will be user-oriented, sustainable and operational services. These can be seen as divided in two groups: - core services (the first of which – the Fast-Track services – will start their operational phase in 2008) - Downstream services
  11. 11. The services <ul><li>Core services: </li></ul><ul><li>are common multi purpose information capacities that serve European public purposes </li></ul><ul><li>therefore are selected and financed by public institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>  EU is directly involved in the implementation of CS </li></ul><ul><li>Downstream services </li></ul><ul><li>serve more specific needs (e.g. local or regional, specific thematic areas etc) </li></ul><ul><li>could involve the participation and financing of the private sector </li></ul><ul><li> DS fall out the perimeter of the overall GMES governance scheme </li></ul>
  12. 12. Space Infrastructures GMES  SERVICES Users GMES Core Services Service Provider DOWNSTREAM SECTOR Land planning OBSERVATION INFRASTRUCTURE Atmosphere Security … Air quality Coast. pl. In situ Observations and Products Infrastructures Land Marine Emergency Data Non GMES Information GMES information Copyright DVM Overall GMES architecture
  13. 13. Fast track emergency SAFER Observation infrastructure
  14. 14. Core / Downstream services Core services:  Linked to EU information needs (EU policies and international commitments) or to decisions to share capacities at EU level  Geographic extension: (cross-border) European or global  Sustained public funding (EU & Member States) Downstream services:  Tailored for specific applications at local / regional / national (public good or private use)  Using core services as input (together with other information sources)  Often limited in geographic or timely extent  Independent funding sources
  15. 15. GMES information <ul><li>New geo information is </li></ul><ul><ul><li>up to date </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cross border covering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>reliable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>affordable </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. up to date information
  17. 17. Cross border information
  18. 18. Reliable information
  19. 19. Reliable information
  20. 20. Reliable information
  21. 21. Reliable information
  22. 22. GMES <ul><li>GMES will enable and secure the access to geo information: </li></ul><ul><li> - using the advantages of space borne remote sensing data </li></ul><ul><li> - securing availability of high quality geo information </li></ul><ul><li> - guarantying sustainable access to new geo information </li></ul><ul><li> - strengthening European service industry in the global geo information market </li></ul>
  23. 23. En guise de conclusion <ul><li>«L'Europe ne se fera pas d'un coup ni dans une construction d'ensemble: </li></ul><ul><li>elle se fera par des réalisations concrètes – créant d'abord une solidarité de fait .» </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Schuman, 9 mai 1950 </li></ul>