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“Back it up & simplify” | Wearable activity trackers for adults 50+ living with chronic illness
K Mercer, K Grindrod, L Gi...
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Wearables poster nov 2014


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Wearables poster nov 2014

  1. 1. “Back it up & simplify” | Wearable activity trackers for adults 50+ living with chronic illness K Mercer, K Grindrod, L Giangregorio, P Chilana, E Schneider Results More information. @kgrindrod @vivalakt Thank you. Our Project was funded by the University of Waterloo Chronic Disease Prevention Initiative. We do not have any conflicts of interest to declare. You can read more about our work at Figure. Mean participant acceptance scores compared to the pedometer (*p<0.05) Objective & Research Question Objective. To explore how adults aged 50+ and living with chronic disease adopt wearable activity trackers into their daily lives. Research Question. How acceptable and adoptable are wearable activity trackers for adults 50+ living with chronic illness? Mio/ Sportline Fitbit Zip Jawbone Up 24 Misfit Shine Withings Pulse Cost ($CAD) $25 $60 $150 $130 $100 Pedometer ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ Altimeter ✔ Heart rate ✔ Waterproof ✔ Activity unit Steps Steps Points Steps Activity display ✔ ✔ ✔ Progress display ✔ ✔ Progress alerts ✔ Compatibility Apple iOS ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ Android* ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ Computer ✔ Table 2. Characteristics of Physical Activity Trackers Take Home “I think the issue is always how do you motivate yourself to do things you know are good for you…I've been in a really heavy workload so I've been sitting a lot so it actually shocked me to know I only do 2000 steps a day, so that was very motivating for me.” [Female, 67, Group 1] “It reminded me but didn't get me moving. I was working on a computer, and it would buzz, lying down watching a program. I think I had it set for every 20min to vibrate so it lets you know that you're inactive, but what I did after the reminder to move was up to me.” [Male, 62, Group 2]” “This winter has been hard, for walking outside. I used to be able to walk, or I used to be a swimmer, and now I've become a couch person. I've done the track in the house, I run up and down the stairs, down to the basement and I walk my driveway a couple of times cause it's long. I try and I compete with myself and I know that I sit or lie down much too long” [Female, 85, Group 1] Table 1. Participant characteristics (N=32) Female 23 (72%) Education Age 64 (52-84) High School 6 (19%) Chronic Illness 32 (100%) Post-secondary 21 (81%) Mobile Device Household Income Daily Use 22 (69%) <$20,000 2 (6%) Weekly Use 0 (0%) $20,000-49,999 6 (19%) Monthly Use 0 (0%) >$50,000 22 (69%) Never Use 4 (12%) Prefer not to say 2 (6%) ! How did it feel to try the trackers? For older adults with chronic illness, wearable activity trackers are perceived as useful and acceptable. Participants did not know about the trackers and wanted healthcare providers to recommend/sell them. This would enable trackers to be sold tax free. New users will likely need support to set-up the device and to learn how to interpret their own activity data. Selected Quotations We asked 32 adults aged 50+ to try a basic pedometer and 4 wearable fitness trackers over 3 weeks. Participants began with a simple pedometer (Sportline or Mio) followed by 4 wearable activity trackers in random order. Devices were selected to represent the range of wearable products and features on the Canadian market. Participants wore each device in daily life for at least 3 days and evaluated it using a questionnaire based on the Technology Acceptance Model. We used focus groups to explore participant experiences at the end. Methods Wearable Activity Trackers Sample We recruited participants at local libraries, community centres and primary care clinics. We continued to recruit until data saturation was reached. Participants were living with hypertension, high cholesterol, heart disease, diabetes, osteoarthritis or osteoporosis. Fun   Instruc*ve   Informa*ve   Mo*va*onal   Educa*onal   Exci*ng   Interes*ng   Experien*al   Comfortable   Learning  Experience   Life     Annoying   Frustra*ng   Stressful   Hard   Challenging     0   20   40   60   80   100   Pedometer   Fitbit   Jawbone   Misfit   Withings   Sportline   Fitbit   Jawbone   Misfit   Withings   * ***