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BLOCKCHAIN
PATENT LANDSCAPE REPORT
-- PATSEER PRO --
PATENTING TRENDS
TECHNOLOGY LANDSCAPE
COMPANY ANALYSIS
This patent la...
Page 2 of 20
© 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved.
BLOCKCHAIN - OVERVIEW
A blockchain is a type of distributed ledger, c...
Page 3 of 20
© 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved.
BLOCKCHAIN – KEY EVENTS
2009
An anonymous
developer launches
Bitcoin ...
Page 4 of 20
© 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved.
PATENT SEARCH STRATEGY
Using PatSeer, we searched individual publicat...
Page 5 of 20
© 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved.
TECHNICAL SEGMENTATION (PATENT
CATEGORIZATION)
Page 6 of 20
© 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved.
FILING TREND
The chart below shows number of filings for Blockchain d...
Page 7 of 20
© 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved.
TOP COMPANIES
The chart below represents top companies active in bloc...
Page 8 of 20
© 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved.
RESEARCH ACTIVITY AROUND THE WORLD
The below map represents the geogr...
Page 9 of 20
© 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved.
COMPANIES ACTIVITY ACROSS APPLICATIONS
 The table below shows resear...
Page 10 of 20
© 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved.
APPLICATIONS ACROSS DIFFERENT CONSTRUCTIVE
TECHNOLOGIES
 The Heat M...
Page 11 of 20
© 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved.
APPLICATIONS ACROSS DIFFERENT CRYPTOGRAPHIC
METHODS
 The matrix bel...
Page 12 of 20
© 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved.
APPLICATIONS ACROSS DIFFERENT CRYPTOGRAPHIC
METHODS
 The chart belo...
Page 13 of 20
© 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved.
TECHNOLOGY LANDSCAPE FOR BLOCKCHAIN
The landscape map below represen...
Page 14 of 20
© 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved.
CORRELATION MAP FOR TOP COMPANIES ACROSS
DIFFERENT THEMES
In the map...
Page 15 of 20
© 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved.
INVENTOR GROUPS OF KEY COMPANIES IN
BLOCKCHAIN
The generated map bel...
Page 16 of 20
© 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved.
CITATIONS FOR BITCOIN
Bitcoin is a decentralized digital currency th...
Page 17 of 20
© 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved.
KEY COMPANY ANALYSIS
The key companies considered for analysis are:
...
Page 18 of 20
© 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved.
TRENDS ACROSS APPLICATION AREAS
 The heat map below shows research ...
Page 19 of 20
© 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved.
SUMMARY
This report analyzes research trends of blockchain with a fo...
Page 20 of 20
© 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved.
ABOUT PATSEER PRO
PatSeer Pro is a powerful and flexible web-based P...
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Patent Landscape Report on Blockchain by PatSeer Pro

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This patent landscape report on Blockchain takes a look at the Intellectual property trends and filings being done by companies and institutions active in this technology area. All charts and analysis in this report have been prepared using PatSeer Pro.

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Patent Landscape Report on Blockchain by PatSeer Pro

  1. 1. BLOCKCHAIN PATENT LANDSCAPE REPORT -- PATSEER PRO -- PATENTING TRENDS TECHNOLOGY LANDSCAPE COMPANY ANALYSIS This patent landscape report on Blockchain takes a look at the Intellectual property trends and filings being done by companies and institutions active in this technology area. All charts and analysis in this report have been prepared using PatSeer Pro.
  2. 2. Page 2 of 20 © 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved. BLOCKCHAIN - OVERVIEW A blockchain is a type of distributed ledger, comprised of unchangeable, digitally recorded data in packages called blocks. A novel solution accomplishes this without any trusted central authority: maintenance of the blockchain is performed by a network of communicating nodes running bitcoin software. Transactions of the form payer X sends Y bitcoins to payee Z are broadcast to this network using readily available software applications. Network nodes can validate transactions, add them to their copy of the ledger, and then broadcast these ledger additions to other nodes. The blockchain is a distributed database – to achieve independent verification of the chain of ownership of any and every bitcoin (amount), each network node stores its own copy of the blockchain. Approximately six times per hour, a new group of accepted transactions, a block, is created, added to the blockchain, and quickly published to all nodes. This allows bitcoin software to determine when a particular bitcoin amount has been spent, which is necessary in order to prevent double-spending in an environment without central oversight. Whereas a conventional ledger records the transfers of actual bills or promissory notes that exist apart from it, the blockchain is the only place that bitcoins can be said to exist in the form of unspent outputs of transactions. Blockchain, the technology behind bitcoin could profoundly alter the way banks do business worldwide, lowering their operating costs and making financial services securer and more accessible, a World Economic Forum report finds Technology could lead to lower fees for consumers, better regulatory oversight and better preparedness against financial bubbles, but impact is likely to be mostly limited to the back-end of banking operations, with major disruption through innovations such as bitcoin less likely to transform the industry
  3. 3. Page 3 of 20 © 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved. BLOCKCHAIN – KEY EVENTS 2009 An anonymous developer launches Bitcoin under the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto 2010 Mt. Gox, one of the best known BTC exchanges, is established in Tokyo 2011 Namecoin (a cryptocurrency that also acts as an alternative decentralized DNS) launches Time publishes an article on Bitcoin Litecoin launches, enabling faster transaction confirmations (2.5 minutes vs. 10minutes for BTC)) 2012 TradeHill, the 2nd largest BTCexchange in the world, shuts down citing regulatory problems PPCoin launches, providing for annual inflation of about 1% (rather than a circulation max) 2013 BTC payment processor CoinBase raises $5M Series A – the biggest round of funding for a BTC startup up to the date Adam Draper’s BoostVC incubator’s second class launches with a focus on BTC startups FBI shuts down Silk Road, seizing $3.6M in BTC Virgin Galactic announces it will accept BTC. CoinBase raises $25M Series B 2014 Overstock.com becomes the first online retailer to accept BTC DogeCoin community sends Jamaican Bobsled team to the Winter Olympics Leading BTC exchange Mt Gox suspends trading and closes its website 2015 Megabank Joins Coinbase's Record $75 Million Funding Round Bitcoin Startup 21 Announces $116 Million All-Star Backing Former JP Morgan Exec Blythe Masters Swaps Wall Street for Bitcoin Nasdaq Becomes Latest Firm to Trial Blockchain Technology Visa, Capital One Back $30 Million Round for Blockchain Startup Chain Amazon Starts Shipping 21 Bitcoin Computers European Court of Justice announced its decision to exempt bitcoin transactions from value- added tax (VAT)
  4. 4. Page 4 of 20 © 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved. PATENT SEARCH STRATEGY Using PatSeer, we searched individual publications and then collapsed them to one member per Family (Simple Families). Patent families are a group of one or more patent applications in multiple countries which represent the same invention. The publications included in the report are updated as of 30th Jan 2017.  We started with a set of 2015 records (unique families)  We browsed through some records to remove all the records relating to chemical combinations  We flagged/rated each individual record using Search Recall™ option present in PatSeer  We then filtered, analyzed and came across some unwanted terms/Keywords  These records were then removed from the project NOTE: All analysis in this report has been done on Simple Family (one member per family) and so the data in the charts should be construed accordingly. (TAC:(blockchain OR block_chain or distributed ledger OR digital ledger OR Bitcoin_ledger OR bitcoin* OR (decentralized wd2 digital wd2 currenc* ) OR HashCash) NOT ( DOM:(MECHANICAL ENGINEERING) OR ((IC: C01* OR C02* OR C03* OR C04* OR C05* OR C06*OR C07* OR C08* OR C09* OR C10* OR C11* OR C12* OR C13* OR C14* OR C21* OR C22* OR C23* OR C24* OR C25* OR C30* OR C40* OR C99* OR A23K1/10 OR B01D21/24 OR B01F15/02 OR B01F7/16 OR B02C13/00 OR B02C13/282 OR B07B1/28 OR B07B1/46 OR B08B1/02 OR B08B3/02 OR B08B5/04 OR B08B7/02 OR B22D41/00 OR D06B1/02 OR E04B1/86 OR E21D11/38 OR B01D33/067 OR B01D33/35 OR B05B13/02 OR B05B15/06 OR B22D11/08 OR B22D11/14 OR D06C3/04 OR E01F8/00 OR F26B13/10 OR F26B21/00 OR F26B23/10 OR F26B25/00 OR B22D11/00 OR B22D11/128 OR B22D11/12B22D11/126* OR B22D11/12* OR B22D11/12 OR B22D11/06 OR B22D11/126) OR CPC: (C01* OR C02* OR C03* OR C04* OR C05* OR C06*OR C07* OR C08* OR C09* OR C10* OR C11* OR C12* OR C13* OR C14* OR C21* OR C22* OR C23* OR C24* OR C25* OR C30* OR C40* OR C99* OR A23K1/10 OR B01D21/24 OR B01F15/02 OR B01F7/16 OR B02C13/00 OR B02C13/282 OR B07B1/28 OR B07B1/46 OR B08B1/02 OR B08B3/02 OR B08B5/04 OR B08B7/02 OR B22D41/00 OR D06B1/02 OR E04B1/86 OR E21D11/38 OR B01D33/067 OR B01D33/35 OR B05B13/02 OR B05B15/06 OR B22D11/08 OR B22D11/14 OR D06C3/04 OR E01F8/00 OR F26B13/10 OR F26B21/00 OR F26B23/10 OR F26B25/00 OR B22D11/00 OR B22D11/128 OR B22D11/12B22D11/126* OR B22D11/12* OR B22D11/12 OR B22D11/06 OR B22D11/126)) OR (TACD: (electrode OR polymer* OR co_polymer* OR electrolyte OR ionically OR conductive or homogeneity OR crystallizes OR ionic OR cathode OR intercalat* OR crystalliz* OR hermodynamic OR rheological* OR glycol OR methoxy OR crystallograph* OR medic* OR inject* OR polymer OR co_polymer OR health_care OR health)) ) )
  5. 5. Page 5 of 20 © 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved. TECHNICAL SEGMENTATION (PATENT CATEGORIZATION)
  6. 6. Page 6 of 20 © 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved. FILING TREND The chart below shows number of filings for Blockchain during the last 10 years. Trend analysis based on filing of priority application indicates a gradual increase in number of applications being filed. Maximum number of patent applications (191) taking/having priority were filed during 2014. A sudden rise in patent filing activity in the domain of blockchain during years 2013-14 indicates widespread interest in the given technology domain. It’s clear the current activity around these technologies is likely to continue seeing more innovation in the near future. How we did it? Once the patents were added to PatSeer Project, application trend chart was generated within Quick Stats. The generated chart was then converted to Earliest Priority Year.
  7. 7. Page 7 of 20 © 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved. TOP COMPANIES The chart below represents top companies active in blockchain technology, with a single representation from each family. It is evident that IBM leads the patent count for blockchain followed by Coinplug and Bank of America. How we did it? Once the patents were added to PatSeer Projects, top assignees chart was generated within the Quick Stats Tab. Note: Assignees used for all the charts below were generated with the help of custom fields, i.e. similar assignees with name variations were filtered, and then these were assigned to a particular custom field (assignee).This was repeated for the top assignees
  8. 8. Page 8 of 20 © 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved. RESEARCH ACTIVITY AROUND THE WORLD The below map represents the geographical filing relating to Blockchain. The map helps provide an indication of where innovation in this area is originating. United States is the leading country in this field with 409 families followed by China (251) and Korea (120). The strength of the coloring represents the proportion of patent applications. Country Total US 409 CN 251 KR 120 GB 74 JP 41 How we did it? The map was generated using the Priority country tab under the Quick Stats option.
  9. 9. Page 9 of 20 © 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved. COMPANIES ACTIVITY ACROSS APPLICATIONS  The table below shows research activity of companies across different applications of blockchain  Coinplug has the most number of records for Private Records and Intangible assets, it leads companies like IBM and Qualcomm  21 Inc, founded in 2013 makes its way into the top companies for blockchain with publications in Intangible assets and Private Records How we did it? First records were classified under different application areas. These were then compared using the co- occurrence tool with the companies. The resulted matrix was the exported to a CSV format
  10. 10. Page 10 of 20 © 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved. APPLICATIONS ACROSS DIFFERENT CONSTRUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES  The Heat Map below shows the different constructive technologies used for various applications  Private Records used Hashes as a major constructive technology  Peer-to-Peer is the only constructive technology used for validation of electronic coupons How we did it? First records were classified under different application areas and constructive technologies, and then a co-occurrence matrix for the same was generated using the co-occurrence tool. The resulted matrix was then converted to Row Heat Map and exported.
  11. 11. Page 11 of 20 © 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved. APPLICATIONS ACROSS DIFFERENT CRYPTOGRAPHIC METHODS  The matrix below shows different Cryptographic Methods used for various applications  Public Keys are used the most for analyzing private records Cryptographic Methods Total Private Key Public Key Applications Intangible Assets 431 70 149 Private Records 362 109 211 Financial 169 38 70 Escrow Transactions 48 12 28 Identification 48 19 29 Remittance 31 4 13 Securities Transactions 31 7 14 Attestation 25 10 18 Smart Contracts 23 6 15 Loyalty Point 19 2 5 Public Records 9 5 7 Physical Asset Keys 6 2 Electronic Coupons 3 2 Third Party Arbitration 2 1 The below map is a 2 dimensional tree map which represents the above matrix. The application areas are considered as group heads and within application areas there are cryptographic methods and their respective counts. How we did it? First records were classified under different application areas and cryptographic methods and then a co- occurrence matrix for the same was generated using the co-occurrence tool. The resulted matrix was exported as a CSV and then the same matrix was converted to a Tree Map and exported as an image.
  12. 12. Page 12 of 20 © 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved. APPLICATIONS ACROSS DIFFERENT CRYPTOGRAPHIC METHODS  The chart below shows the different Cryptographic methods used for various applications  Transaction Verification and signatures are widely used across all the applications How we did it? First records were classified under different application areas and cryptographic methods and then a co- occurrence matrix for the same was generated using the co-occurrence tool. The resulted matrix was then converted to a column chart and exported.
  13. 13. Page 13 of 20 © 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved. TECHNOLOGY LANDSCAPE FOR BLOCKCHAIN The landscape map below represents key concepts for different companies across generated across title, abstract and claims. Themes are collection of prominent topics extracted from the patent data and grouped under relevant parent tags. Clusters for Signature, Public Key, Private Key and Card Purchase Structure are close to each other as there is high degree of relevance between the records present in those types of methods. How we did it? The VizMAP tool in PatSeer Pro was used for this analysis. First the clusters were generated on title, abstract and claims using the Advanced Clustering option. Once the clusters were generated these were loaded using the Landscape mode and then the themes were colored by assignee.
  14. 14. Page 14 of 20 © 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved. CORRELATION MAP FOR TOP COMPANIES ACROSS DIFFERENT THEMES In the map, each company is connected to particular application area through links whose thickness and color intensity is directly proportional to the number of records relating them. The number next to each line represents the number of records for various companies present in a particular technology area. It can be seen that Bank of America focuses more on Cards, Purchase and Structures. Most of the top companies focus on Signature, Public Key and Private Key. How we did it? The co-relation mode within VizMAP was used to correlate already generated clusters (themes) with top assignees. The resulting map was downloaded as an image.
  15. 15. Page 15 of 20 © 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved. INVENTOR GROUPS OF KEY COMPANIES IN BLOCKCHAIN The generated map below highlight the key inventor groups of companies. In map below the groups are created using network relationships and the records are positioned on the map based on their relationship to the Assignee (Pink dots) and to the inventors listed on the graph. Also groups of inventors who file together will appear clustered together. How we did it? Using the VizMAP tool, patents of custom defined companies were loaded from the option in the network mode. These were then expanded by their respective inventor names. The VizShade option was used to shade the inventors and assignees with potential overlapping patents between them. Color by Assignees option was used to differentiate records for different assignees
  16. 16. Page 16 of 20 © 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved. CITATIONS FOR BITCOIN Bitcoin is a decentralized digital currency that enables instant payments to anyone, anywhere in the world. Bitcoin uses peer-to-peer technology to operate with no central authority: transaction management and money issuance are carried out collectively by the network. The blockchain format was first used for bitcoin, as a solution to the problem of making a database both secure and not requiring a trusted administrator. The citation map below represents backward (g-1) and forward (g+1) citation set for bitcoin and the assignee names represent top 20 current assignees. How we did it? For citation analysis, first a group was created for the bitcoin technology. The created group was selected and analyzed using the Citation Analysis option.
  17. 17. Page 17 of 20 © 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved. KEY COMPANY ANALYSIS The key companies considered for analysis are: 1. Coinplug 2. 21 Inc 3. Bubi Beijing Networks 4. Modernity 5. Visa FILING TREND The chart below shows the filing trend for key assignees in blockchain. Visa had its first filing in the year 2010, but the activity has reduced in the subsequent years. Coinplug leads the records count followed by Bubi Beijing Network and 21 Inc (founded in 2013). How we did it? First key companies in blockchain were identified by online research. Using the Chart Layer option in Quick Stats, layers for those key companies were added on application year chart and the resulting chart was exported as image.
  18. 18. Page 18 of 20 © 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved. TRENDS ACROSS APPLICATION AREAS  The heat map below shows research activity of key companies across different applications of blockchain  Coinplug has the most number of records for Intangible assets and Private Records  Modernity has filings covering in almost all the application areas FOCUS ACROSS COMMON STANDARDS  The map below shows research activity of key companies across common standards How we did it? First key companies in blockchain were identified by online review and these were analyzed with respect to the already created application and common standards using the co-occurrence tool. The matrix was converted to a heat map and Tree Map respectively and exported.
  19. 19. Page 19 of 20 © 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved. SUMMARY This report analyzes research trends of blockchain with a focus on Constructive Technologies, Common Standards, Protocols, Cryptographic Methods and Applications and also highlights the key companies involved in this space. Blockchain, the technology behind bitcoin could profoundly alter the way banks do business worldwide, lowering their operating costs and making financial services securer and more accessible, a World Economic Forum report finds. Technology could lead to lower fees for consumers, better regulatory oversight and better preparedness against financial bubbles, but impact is likely to be mostly limited to the back-end of banking operations, with major disruption through innovations such as bitcoin less likely to transform the industry. Collaboration between competing financial institutions will be required to overcome early challenges associated with the technology and ensure that full economic and social benefits are realized. Not long ago, BitX, a well-known cryptocurrency exchange in Africa and Southeast Asia, released its code for switching between fiat currencies and bitcoin. Soon after, the startup noticed Bank of America filed a patent for a similar technology, said Marcus Swanepoel, BitX’s chief executive. That put BitX in a bind. If the patent is granted, the bank could theoretically go after BitX or some of its users, or try to charge royalties. BitX’s lawyers concluded the patent would be hard to enforce and the company ultimately decided against going to court. Looking at the pace at which records are being file in Blockchain, we can predict drastic changes to how we transact virtually in the near future and could bridge the gap between Traditional Finances And The Cryptocurrency Market.
  20. 20. Page 20 of 20 © 2017 Gridlogics. All Rights Reserved. ABOUT PATSEER PRO PatSeer Pro is a powerful and flexible web-based Patent Search, Analytics and Landscaping Platform. It includes a comprehensive set of analytical tools needed for precise technology landscaping and competitive intelligence projects such as Assignee cleanup tools, Co-occurrence Matrices, configurable Chart Dashboards, multi-generation Citation Analysis, Text Clustering and VizMAP – a spatial exploration and contour mapping visualization engine. PatSeer Pro is developed by Gridlogics, a leading provider of products and custom software solutions for patent research, management, data analysis and project management. For more information: Visit us at: www.patseer.com/pro- edition/  Create and configure dashboards as per your business charting requirements  A large set of powerful visualizations  Share dashboards across the organization  Render multiple visualizations in a single view  Add interactive filters to your dashboard  Collaborative decision making experience via sharable dashboards  Advanced 2D spatial visualizations for semantic exploration  Fully HTML5 compliant SaaS that works across all browsers  Powerful Customization Options  Normalize Assignees as per your business context  Competitor Trend Analysis  Natural Language / Similarity Searching  Out-licensing Research beyond citations  Powerful web based co- occurrence matrix with integrated real-time filters  Generate heat-maps on the fly  A variety of Matrix Export options  Leverage custom data points (Custom Fields, Categories) in Matrix  Automated Cleanup and Grouping using Fuzzy, Regex, Thesaurus Matching  Clustering / Topic Identification  Multi-generation Citation Analyzer  Thesaurus Creation/Edit and taxonomy management  Analyze networks of relationships between Companies, inventors and technologies using VizMAP  Contour Maps that highlights the peaks and troughs of the technology landscape  Co-Citation and Self/Non-Self Citation Analysis  Map the landscape around your hierarchical categories (buckets)  Powerful slide-dice options giving full-flexibility to the analyst  Fast response times even for large set of records  Multi-generation Citation Analyzer  Thesaurus Creation/Edit and taxonomy management One-stop platform for Technology Mining, White Space Analysis, Tech/Economic Forecasting and Competitive Intelligence Powerful and flexible analytics tools required for precision analysis Seamless collaboration and workflow capabilities allow for creating and sharing dashboards and analytical outputs Integrated Global Patent Content of PatSeer Database PatSeer Pro PATSEER PRO CAPABILITIES AT-A-GLANCE…

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