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Trends in studies developed in Europe focused on the gender gap in STEM

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García-Holgado, A., Verdugo-Castro, S., Sánchez-Gómez, M. C., & García-Peñalvo, F. J. (2019). Trends in studies developed in Europe focused on the gender gap in STEM. In Proceedings of the XX International Conference on Human Computer Interaction. New York, NY, USA: ACM.

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Trends in studies developed in Europe focused on the gender gap in STEM

  1. 1. Trends in studies developed in Europe focused on the gender gap in STEM Alicia García-Holgado GRIAL Research Group, Computer Science Department Research Institute for Educational Sciences University of Salamanca, Spain aliciagh@usal.es Sonia Verdugo-Castro, Mª Cruz Sánchez-Gómez, Francisco J. García-Peñalvo GRIAL Research Group, University of Salamanca
  2. 2. Index 1. Context 2. Methodology 3. Research questions 4. Selection criteria 5. Sources 6. Data extraction 7. Results 8. Conclusions GRIAL - University of Salamanca - Interacción 2019
  3. 3. Context (I) Diversity lack and gender inequality is a global problem in different sectors but is especially latent in the context of the STEM areas We are worried about attracting representative people from all sectors of society, different cultures, disabilities, ethnic groups, gender or sexual orientation Woman are one of the groups with less representation in STEM, although they represent 50% of society GRIAL - University of Salamanca - Interacción 2019
  4. 4. Context (II) • The low female participation in STEM has been identified as a priority in the European Union • The gender gap is faced from early stages to professional contexts GRIAL - University of Salamanca - Interacción 2019 • This work aims to analysis the research projects in Europe focused on this topic in order to have an overview of the progress working on the gender gap in the STEM sector
  5. 5. Methodology (I) • there is no established methodology that allows carrying out a systematic analysis of the studies and progress made through research projects in a specific area • The high number of projects that are developed annually makes it impossible to analyse all of them • The systematic literature review proposed by Kitchenham and Charters was adapted to the systematic research projects review GRIAL - University of Salamanca - Interacción 2019
  6. 6. Methodology (II) SLR • Publications • Databases prepared to support searches and metadata • Review process focused on reading GRIAL - University of Salamanca - Interacción 2019 SRPR • Research projects • Databases are not always available and are heterogeneous with no support to search or metadatasometimes • Review process focused on searching resources, documents, publications
  7. 7. Research questions GRIAL - University of Salamanca - Interacción 2019 MQ1: What are the trends in Europe on the study about the gender gap in STEM? MQ2: What types of institutions are involved in the project? MQ3: In which countries the project was implemented? MQ4: Which calls fund this kind of research projects? MQ5: Which years cover the projects? MQ6: How much money was invested in these projects? MQ7: In which context is carried out the study? MQ8: Which kind of studies – diagnosis or intervention - are developed? MQ9: Which kind of outcomes are provided by the projects?
  8. 8. Selection criteria The website of the project is available? The outputs of the project are available? Is there more information in English or Spanish available about the project than the project summary? Are there scientific publications associated with the project? Does the main focus of the project in gender gap? Was the study carried out in different countries? Does the project carry out any evaluation process focused on the gender gap? Does the project provide a toolkit, framework, materials focused on STEM? Does the activity of the project continue (or is planned to continue) after the funding period? GRIAL - University of Salamanca - Interacción 2019
  9. 9. Sources • There is no a unique database that collect all the European projects • No databases related to regional projects in Europe • CORDIS https://cordis.europa.eu • Erasmus+ Project Results Platform • CORDIS cover from 1990 to the present, while Erasmus+ database covers 2007 • KEEP for cross-border projects GRIAL - University of Salamanca - Interacción 2019 Photo by Bradley Hook from Pexels https://goo.gl/VbUxCx
  10. 10. Data Extraction • The search terms: “gender gap”, “gender”, “diversity”, “woman”, “women”, “STEM” and “Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics” GRIAL - University of Salamanca - Interacción 2019
  11. 11. Results (I) MQ2: What types of institutions are involved in the project? GRIAL - University of Salamanca - Interacción 2019 Country Institutions (N=236) Italy 32 Spain 21 United Kingdom 19 Germany 16 Belgium 14 Netherlands 11 Turkey 10 Austria 9 Poland 9 Portugal 8 Finland 7 Sweden, France 6 Ireland, Denmark, Slovenia 5 Estonia, Cyprus, Greece, Romania 4 Czechia, Norway, Hungary, Switzerland 3 Slovakia, Chile, Bulgaria, Ecuador, Colombia, Costa Rica, Lithuania, Mexico 2 Iceland, Croatia, Ukraine, German, Luxembourg, Liechtenstein, Latvia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Israel 1
  12. 12. Results (II) MQ3: In which countries the project was implemented? Projects coordinators of the selected projects GRIAL - University of Salamanca - Interacción 2019
  13. 13. Results (III) MQ4: Which calls fund this kind of research projects? 18 Erasmus+ 10 H2020 3 FP7 GRIAL - University of Salamanca - Interacción 2019
  14. 14. Results (IV) MQ5: Which years cover the projects? MQ6: How much money was invested in these projects? GRIAL - University of Salamanca - Interacción 2019 Programme Investment Projects (N=31) 2014 6.101.001,04€ 7 2015 7.158.948,25€ 4 2016 12.721.942,25€ 10 2017 3.597.756€ 7 2018 1.092.634€ 2 2019 153.640€ 1
  15. 15. Results (V) MQ7: In which context is carried out the study? • The context has a strong relationship with the programme in which the project is funded • Erasmus+ are focused on educational context, from childhood education to VET and higher education • H2020 and FP7 develop their work in research institutions or Research Performing Organisations (RPO) and Research Funding Organisations (RFO) GRIAL - University of Salamanca - Interacción 2019
  16. 16. Results (VI) • Most of the projects carried out interventions to increase the number of women in STEM and achieve gender equality or gender balance in STEM contexts • Only one project is focused on diagnosis to asses Gender Equality Plans • A set of projects (7) combines a first diagnosis phase followed by a intervention GRIAL - University of Salamanca - Interacción 2019 MQ8: Which kind of studies – diagnosis or intervention - are developed?
  17. 17. Results (VI) MQ9: Which kind of outcomes are provided by the projects? • Most of the projects provide toolkits to support gender equality or to promote STEM with a focus on diversity • There are several projects with a strong focus on identifying good practices and educational materials to be used in educational contexts • H2020 selected projects are focused on Gender Equality Plans GRIAL - University of Salamanca - Interacción 2019 Type of outcome Projects that produce it toolkit 10 good practices 8 educational materials 6 Gender Equality Plans 5 framework 4 online course 4 software 4 guidelines 2 graduate degree curriculum 1 gender equaility plans 1 learning activities 1 STEM curriculum 1 instrument inventory 1 case studies 1 books 1 training programme 1 online platform 1 model 1 online communty 1
  18. 18. Conclusions (I) • Gender gap in STEM is one of the priorities of institutions and organizations in Europe • There is a large number of initiatives developed during the last years and, but there is a lot of work to do yet • This study provides an overview of the trends in this topic • The results allow to identify the lacks and opportunities to continue the research to reduce the gender gap in STEM sector • The results identified in the selected projects can be used in other projects. There are toolkits, good practices, frameworks, guidelines and educational materials that can be used in different contexts such as schools, universities or labour market GRIAL - University of Salamanca - Interacción 2019
  19. 19. Conclusions (II) • The mapping study provides relevant information about the countries working actively on this topic • The analysis of the coordinators’ countries shows than Spain, United Kingdom, Italy and Germany have a strong commitment to reduce the gender gap in STEM • Finally, highlight that several projects have continue their work in some way after the funding period GRIAL - University of Salamanca - Interacción 2019
  20. 20. Trends in studies developed in Europe focused on the gender gap in STEM Alicia García-Holgado GRIAL Research Group, Computer Science Department Research Institute for Educational Sciences University of Salamanca, Spain aliciagh@usal.es Sonia Verdugo-Castro, Mª Cruz Sánchez-Gómez, Francisco J. García-Peñalvo GRIAL Research Group, University of Salamanca

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