Explain how and why it helps-Explain the sub conscious part of it- The success and effect it has on people
Art therapy first came about over one hundred years ago in England. European writers and psychologist studying mental patients would use art to communicate and see what they were feeling. They would help them with there problems that they found out threw the art the patients created. It eventually became art therapy the American Art Therapy Association was found in 1969. After that it quickly spread threw England and the fist degree rewarded was in 1970. It is now today commonly known in the US and England.
Art therapy is practiced in many different varieties. Such as mental hospitals it is a big part there because it is hard to see what a mental person is feeling so threw art you can see what they are feeling. Also if they are having suicidal thoughts which I will get to in a couple slides. Rehabilitation is another huge thing because it helps people get over a lot of stuff it gives them a way to vent there feelings and build confidence in themselves. Educational it is now used a lot threw Americas such as Florida state being one of the manger colleges that teach this practice. It is used in medical hospitals to keep people off there illness and focused on what they create.
You can use pretty much anything you want when you create your art. You can use the simple art supplies or anything you would like to create on. For example like wood to build, rope, you can paint on any service you would like. You can create just a drawing or a sculpture made out of anything you wont to express your self.
Group art therapy is one of the most effective ways. It can help young children with social problems help them react with other children.Also in family sessions. Families can create art work all together or separately and then combined them together. This helps see what's wrong and also can bring a family together. In some cases the group you are working with to create a piece you can not communicate with so it is your true feelings you are expressing.
This was made by a women's art therapy group. They had this circle canvas and and they each and too draw something with out communicating at all with each other and then combined them together to create this piece of art. This helps them connect to them in an emotional level threw the art instead of communicate and never really knowing the person. As you can see all different things but at the same time all fits together because this helps build trust and loyalty for people that have problems wit that because they all combined together create this beautiful piece. (http://www.changingimages.org/)
Art therapy is a great way to communicate and see what is wrong with a young child. As a young child you just don’t have the words to communicate and say what is wrong or what happen. By creating art it is a way to communicate to your young child. Certain colors and shapes can mean anger or even a simple drawing of a house can show a lot. They are sometimes very shy and don’t speak to others. Some don’t know how to show emotion. If they draw a house with no roof they don’t feel safe or securer in there house hold. If they draw it with no windows they feel unclosed and trapped in their home like someone is forcing them to stay.
As you can see here this child was ask to draw his house. His parents noticed his behavior has changed he has been getting very mad and sad lately. He drew his house but with his house he drew his dad fishing because his dad is a fisherman and is out everyday all day and doesn't come home till late. He drew himself upstairs in his room all alone. This is showing why he is so sad he misses his dad also he drew himself upstairs because he feels alone because his dad is gone all the time. He drew the fish so big because he feels the fish come first before him thats why he is back in the background.(Couric, Katie. Childhood Revealed Art expressing Pain, Discovery and Hope. Ed. Ruth A Peltason. New York City: New York Universty Child Study Center, 1999. Print. )
Little children are known to not tell about there abuse or just not know its bad. Child abuse is underreported because it is mostly on young kids that are scared to talk or just don’t know any better. So a young child who creates art is a very effective way to determine child abuse. Also away to determine child abuse threw art is if the child draws a house with windows and has one window up high that looks different from the others is a sing, they feel different and alone so they separate themselves. If the child uses a heart as a body that is a sing of incest.
Here is a example of a child who has been sexually abused this is what they created. As you can see there is no hands and the body isn't all connected it is all almost dashed lines witch is a sign of sexual abuse. The child who drew this feels different and is broken apart in side witch is why her body is not solid and it is all apart. Also no ears were drawing on the body meaning dosent want to here something or wish she couldn’t. Also she drew a bruise below her eye showing the abuse. There is no feet on the girl either because when you are being sexually abused you feel there is no one you can go to you are stuck by yourself. (www.epnet.com)
Isomorphism: a match of the style of the therapeutic intervention to the style of the problematic pattern manifest in PTSD; both involved imagery and distancing processes. **Explain what this means!PTSD is usually caused by abuse. Sucks your self esteem right out. Art therapy is used to cure this by the client drawing or expressing the past thing that had happen to cause this. This allows them to express it with out having to talk about it because with PSTD victims this can stir it up. By expressing this it bring closer and they build self esteem over the art they have built. Also build trust in them selves and others.
Thus is a sample as you can see it is very clustered and is a bunch of scribbling and a bunch of different colors. This is how most people feel with PTSD. They are always clustered in there minds always worrying about something. Or not even knowing what they are thinking. This helps them take out their anger and also slows the mind down in creating what the want. This is how they fee they are fine one minute and next they can be freaking out. (Malchiodi, Cathy A. Handbook Of Art Therapy. London: The Guilford Press, 2003.) Print.
Subconscious: concerning the part of the mind of which one is not fully aware but which influences one's actions and feelingsDepression is very common in the clients that go to art therapy. Art therapy helps threw letting them create what they want to express themselves if they cant talk to someone. Can take there sadness or anger threw the art and not on themselves or others. Also art therapy is a great way to subconsciously find out what is going on with the client. Something can be bothering them but they just don’t know or cant figure it out but when they create their art it can help them cope with whatever it is.
This person was suffering deep depression as you can see through this picture the flower is sad and it is covered in dark colors. They drew a flower representing that they try to hide there depression threw looking great and happy like a flower. Also the flower is growing threw rocks representing that the person has been threw a lot of hard times (Hutson, Matthew. "The Healing Arts." ebsco host. N.p., June 2007. Web. 1 Dec. 2009. <http://ebscohost.com>. )
Threw the art a client makes you can see hopelessness, helplessness, isolation, anger and a sense of failure or guilt they are the signs of suicide they might hide from others that show threw their art work. Images of anything relating death like a cross or the reaper are sings of suicide. Also less obvious things would be if they draw themselves alone or isolated. Images of a jail cell or even a clock is a sign because they are counting down the days till they committee it.
This is a picture of a person who was thinking of suicide but didn’t tell anyone but through her art she didn’t realize how obvious she made it. It has most of the signs she is isolated all alone leaning on a desk looking angry Also the art therapist told here to draw her self in school. She drew her self alone on her desk she looks like she has failed a test or something and falior is another sign of suicide.(http://www.arttherapy.org)
Eating disorders are very serious and common in young kids. Art therapy can detect this occurring. Therapist of seen threw years of study if the client draws an empty bowl or broken mirrors in their picture they are showing how they don’t eat and hate their bodies threw the broken mirror in their picture. Also if the picture is very dark but the body it self is light or detailed it is showing they are very focused on what their body looks like and will stop eating to looses weight or get skinny. Art can show this so what the art therapist does is assign the parents some thing to do to fix this problem witch is eat as a family every night to make sure she or he is eating. The therapist can help build the confidence in the client wit the disorder
This is a piece of art drawing by a person with an eating disorder. She was asked to make her self and people with eating disorders often never draw them selves or even use pictures of them selves. As you can see she cut pieces out of magiziens. This is what she wants to look like.(http://wf2dnvr6.webfeat.org/4Lx5N12328/url=http://web.ebsco...)
Kids with a learning disorder usually are very stressed and have a lot of depression because they don’t feel as good as others. There painting or drawling are usually very clustered and colorful because that how they feel. When it comes to school or learning they feel like they have so much to do. Art therapy is a way for them to just do what they want and let go. Not have to feel pressure and build confidence witch will help them do better in school.
This is how art helps with a learning disorder. The person who drew this express their emotions strongly. It really isn't a set thing if you look at it it looks very confusing witch is how the person feels in school. And at the top of the page you see a smile face witch is kind of cut off from the other cluster showing he is happy out of school. So the big clustered part is how he feels in school and the smile represents his relief and happiness he is out.(Google images)
Art slows down the mind giving it an emotional out let which people with ADHD need. Gives children and adults time for there minds to slow down and heal because a person with ADHD their minds are constantly thinking they cant stay still and concentrate so this gives them a way to slow down. Mihály Csíkszentmihályi wrote extensively about “flow" which he describes as “a state concentration or complete absorption with the activity at hand and the situation. The idea of flow is identical to the feeling of being in the zone or in the groove. The flow state is an optimal state of intrinsic motivation, where the person is fully immersed in what he or she is doing. (http://www.winmentalhealth.com)
This is a sample of a kid who drew a picture about his ADHD. He said that this is his parents and they never know what to do with him that’s why he titled it confused. He drew his parents looking confused because he feels like they cant stand him because of his ADHD. Kids with this disorder feel very alone sometimes. The parents didn’t realize he felt this way s by him drawing this and expressing his feelings him and his parents have really talked about his disorder and he has been making improvements.
Anxiety, over-stimulation, sensitivity,these are regular feelings for many people who have autism. Many families are learning about art therapy as an outlet for kids with autism to speak in other ways. “Art tends to play to their natural strengths and interests,” said Martin. “They are very visual-spatial and sensory oriented.” Art is one of the best ways to understand people with autism. It is hard to understand a person with autism so this is a way to express them selves and communicate with others. Also it calms down there mind gives them one thing to focus on their Art.
This might just look like a bunch of paint thrown on a board but it is way more than that. This was made by a person with autism and the time and effort this person put in helped them very much by focusing and expressing. The colors the person used are very calm showing that with their autism they were very calm and happy doing this type of work.
Art therapy is a great way to help people with brain injuries because they loose memory or even motor or verbal skills. So if they loose verbal this is a way to express themselves. With the lose of intelligence it is easier to remember stuff when it is in front of you layer out in an orderly fashion which art can do with pictures. It can help repair the brain by thinking and creating what you want with out to much at once. It allows the use of motor skills that you can regain from art therapy.
In Katrina there are many victims that have lost there houses and homes and many young kids lost there families. They cant communicate with the younger children so art therapy is away for them to see what they feeling and help them deal with there problems. All the young kids drew there houses as just a triangle symbolize no house, but just a roof. Therapists has concluded that his means the children no longer feel safe.
Art therapy week is just a week of art shows and therapist and clients holding activities at high schools spreading the power of healing it has threw ones art work. The nights of art therapy consist of art galliers and lesson on different material like pastels and clay. Also there are therapist that guess speak about the education you need for art therapy and how it has changed their lives. There are many colleges that run this week like Florida State and Lesley University
For my application me and my family put together art projects for family art therapy. We worked on these every session we had. We would go once every other week. It helped us get stronger as a family and help each other with the problems we faced. My family has been threw a lot together and we only love each other more and more art therapy has changed us all.
H Senior Project
Art Therapy<br />Glenn Reinert<br />Mrs. Oren<br />Period: 9<br />
Audience <br />Art therapy is a very effective way of helping others. I want to let everyone know it is out there and hopefully get people to express their feelings instead of keeping them inside.<br />
Overview<br />What it is <br />Materials <br />History <br />Practiced <br />All different ways it can help <br />
Thesis<br />Art therapy is a way to express oneself through the art that one creates, which can help a single person or family deal with problems they might have. <br />
What is Art Therapy?<br />“A human service profession that uses art media, images, the creative process, and patient/client responses to the created products as reflections of an individual's development, abilities, personality, interests, concerns, and conflicts.” (http://www.nccata.org/art_therapy.htm)<br />A way to express your feeling, problems or personality through the art you create. <br />
How Art Therapy Came About<br />Over a hundred years ago<br />Common in US and England<br />European Writers <br />Founded in 1969<br />First degree rewarded in 1970<br />(www.AATA.com)<br />
Where Art Therapy is Practiced <br />Mental Hospitals <br />Rehabilitation Centers<br />Medical Centers<br />Schools<br />Forensic Institutions<br />(http://www.nccata.org/art_therapy.htm)<br />
Materials <br />Any material can be used for art therapy for example…<br />Clay<br />Paint<br />Pencil<br />Pastel<br />Doesn't have to be art supplies can be anything you want to build with or create something on<br />
Group Art Therapy<br />Aimed for young children<br />Helps with social problems<br />Used with family sessions <br />Sometimes cannot communicate with your group<br />Make an art piece all together or combine <br />( www.darknesstolight.org )<br />
Young Art Therapy<br />Way to express feelings without communicating verbally<br />Can see why a young child is acting the way he or she is<br />What they draw expresses different feeling or situations that might be occurring <br />( Childhood Reveled, Kopewicz and Goodman )<br />
Art Therapy to Detect Child Sexual Abuse<br />Hands and fingers are missing<br />Heads without bodies<br />Heart made into figure: heart head, heart body<br />Disorganization of body parts<br /> (www.epnet.com)<br />
Art Therapy Helping with PTSD<br />Used as an isomorphic intervention<br />Used to bring out the feelings from the past that might have caused the PTSD<br />Builds self esteem because of the art the client has created <br /> (American Journal of Art Therapy)<br />
Art Therapy Helping with Depression<br />Most common diagnosis<br />A way to find out what is bothering the client subconsciously <br />Can take anger out on creation and not on themselves or others<br />Helps to finding away to cope with feelings<br /> (www.epnet.com)<br />
Art Therapy Stopping Suicide<br />Signs of suicide…<br />Death related imagery<br />Hopelessness<br />Isolation<br />Anger<br />Failure or guilt <br /> (The American Journal of Art Therapy Vol.27)<br />
Art Therapy to Dealing with an Eating Disorder<br />Drawings of empty bowls<br />Mirrors broken or cracked in pictures<br />Dark but very detailed body<br />People without bodies<br /> (http://www.arttherapy.org/)<br />
Art Therapy Helping with Learning Disorders<br />Can do at their own pace<br />No pressure <br />Can have fun and not have to worry about what they say or do<br />Usually very clustered and colored<br /> (http://medicalcenter.osu.edu/patientcare/healthcare_services/int...)<br />
A.T. helping with ADHD<br />One of the most single most effective therapies for ADHD<br />Helps children and adults concentrate, slow down and stabilize <br />Also can show symptoms of ADHD<br />Used as a mood stabilizer <br />
A.T. Helping With Autism<br />Feelings many of them can’t express vocally.<br />Outlet for kids with autism to speak in other ways.<br />“Art tends to play to their natural strengths and interests,” said Martin. “They are very visual-spatial and sensory oriented.”<br />http://www.arttherapyblog.com/autism/art-therapy-autism-creating-new-hues/#ixzz0ivQsrGQT<br />
A.T. Helping With Brain Injuries<br />Allows the use of motor skills, cognitive functions, and psychosocial skills<br />Art allows retraining of the brain functions <br />Details are more easily remembered when put in an organized for.<br />Induce personal expression with out raising defenses<br /> (http://journals.lww.com/)<br />
How A.T. Helped Hurricane Katrina<br />Communicate with young victims who cannot speak<br />Help therapists understand how they were feeling<br />“ They weren't draw the house as a place of safety they were drawing the roof.” (Karla Leopold)<br /> (www.nytimes.com)<br />
Celebration of Art Therapy<br />A week celebration<br />Spreading the word of how it heals through one’s creative art<br />Many locations<br />Many art shows <br /> (http://www.arttherapyblog.com/ )<br />
Work Cited Cont.<br />Couric, Katie. Childhood Revealed Art expressing Pain, Discovery and Hope. Ed. Ruth A Peltason. New York City: New York Universty Child Study Center, 1999. Print. <br />Howard, Rosemarie. "Art Therapy As An isomorphic Intervention in the treatment of a client with post-traumatic stress disorder." Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection. N.p., Feb. 1990. Web. 19 Nov. 2009. <http://web26.epnet.com>. <br />Hutson, Matthew. "The Healing Arts." ebsco host. N.p., June 2007. Web. 1 Dec. 2009. <http://ebscohost.com>. <br />Malchiodi, Cathy A. Handbook Of Art Therapy. London: The Guilford Press, 2003. Print. <br />Peacock, Mary Ellen. "A Personal construct approach to art therapy in the treatment of post sexual abuse trauma." Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection. N.p., May 1991. Web. 19 Nov. 2009. <http://Search.epnet.com>. <br />
Work Cited Cont.<br />Rees, Mair. Drawing on Difference . Ed. Mair Rees. London and New york: Mair Rees, 1998. Questia Online Library. Web. 2 Dec. 2009. <br />Sadowski, Patricia M., and Larry C Loesch. "Using Children's Drawings to detect potential child sexual abuse." Academic Search Premier. N.p., 1 Dec. 1993. Web. 19 Nov. 2009. <http://web26.epnet.com>. <br />Sappington, John. "Trauma Indications In Patient Artwork." Child Development and Adolescent Studies. N.p., 2008. Web. 2 Dec. 2009. <br />