Use of ICT to Improve Education and Research Networks


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Presented at Quality Assurance in Higher Education Conference, Kempton Park, South Africa, 25 April 2013.

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  • New Media Consortium (NMC) – international community of educational technology experts – research looks at impact of educational technology globally in next 5 yearsOpenness – without barrier to access or interaction, remixableMOOCs – High profileSkills – communication, critical thinking – self-directed related to personal goalsAnalytics – monitor progressResources – always connected, who is expertModels – using technology
  • Training – rare in skills and techniques, more about thinkingApplying citation based metrics to social mediaLimit – seen as outside role of researcher or educator to experiment with technologiesPractice- more of one-size fits all, but very earlyLack training, time, expectation
  • Data processing - Increases in bandwidth and computing power available have made it possible to conduct complex calculations on large data sets Link researchers globally - Greater access to academic resources, greatly enriching research possibilities, Link researchers globallyDigital searching - online full text databases and digital research libraries + Google, Wikipedia Virtual Learning Environments (VLEs) - Content dissemination and student support, Online AssessmentGrowing interest in the social networking in education working sites, wikis, communication tools and folksonomiesEarly uptake included systems for: admission and records, examination and transcripts, finance and management informationBetter and increased access to services and informationMIS to support strategic decision-making and policy implementation;
  • Access - Publish cheaply and quickly onlineAlso Open Data
  • Keeping in contact with colleagues and collaboratorsResearch needs to be found to be readIncrease citations
  • Communities/Groups – engagement in communitiesIdentify/Presence – identify you as a scholar, your visibilityReputation – standing and extent of influenceConnections – relevance and appeal of your work for othersConversations – engaging with others and others with youSharing – allow others to exchange and distribute your information
  • Assessment services – search for publicationsBookmarks in mendeley etc
  • Profile – present scholarship, research interests, publications, teaching resources and achievementsImportant to keep up to date
  • Linked in professional asite – jobs, groups, discussion, connections
  • aimed specifically at Academics. Your can find papers on the web associated with your name. Add CV, presentations, resources, blogs, websites.
  • Many social media toolsTwitter – link to articles, conferences, follow academic tweetersFacebook – combine personal and professional, beware of privacy
  • No longer just articles to share – various formats, think about copyright
  • Open Access – visibility, opportunity to useMetadata – locate information, describe – makes it easier to find, adding tags, keywords etc
  • Build staff capacity in the areas of ICT procurement and contracting
  • Sharing pages and bookmarksDiigo – bookmark pages, highlight, annotateDelicious – save the links you want to go to later – not have to struggle through bookmarksBitlyScoopit – share in magazine format
  • Cite – stores papers and citations not links
  • Use of ICT to Improve Education and Research Networks

    1. 1. ICT to Improve Research andEducation NetworksGreig KrullSaideQuality Assurance in Higher Education25 April 2013
    2. 2. Agenda• New modalities of teaching, learning and research• Accessibility of local research content• A differently skilled generation of scholars• Impact of ICT on global higher education and research• Alignment of ICT strategy with institutional strategy• ICT Research Networks in Africa
    3. 3. Value of Openness (open content, data, andresources), Transparency, Easy Access to Data and InformationMassively open online courses are being widely explored as alternativesand supplements to traditional university coursesWorkforce demands skills from graduates that are more often acquiredfrom informal learning experiences than in universitiesInterest in using new sources of data for personalizing the learningexperience and for performance measurementRole of educators continues to change due to the vast resources that areaccessible to students via the InternetEducation paradigms are shifting to include online learning, hybridlearning, and collaborative modelsKey Trends in Higher EducationThe NMC Horizon Report: 2013 Higher Education Edition
    4. 4. Staff training lags behind while digital media literacy continues its riseas a key skill in every discipline and professionEmergence of new scholarly forms of authoring, publishing, andresearching outpace sufficient and scalable modes of assessmentToo often it is education’s own processes and practices that limitbroader uptake of new technologiesDemand for personalized learning is not adequately supported bycurrent technology or practicesAcademics not using technologies for teaching and learning ororganising researchSignificant ChallengesJohnson et al (2013)
    5. 5. ICTs in Higher Education AreasResearch TeachingAdministration
    6. 6. The Charge of Openness• Open Courses• Open Research• Open Educational Resources• Open Access publishingOpen EducationBased on digitalcontent, which can includedebates, video, text, audio, forums etcResources are shared via aglobal network, bothtechnical and socialWeller (2011: 98)
    7. 7. Impacts of ICT in Research Networks• Gain recognition• Communicate your research to a wider audience• Increase the visibility of your work• Grow your networksGoodier and Czerniewicz (2012:2)
    8. 8. ContextCommunitiesand GroupsIdentity andPresenceReputation ConnectionsConversationsGoodier and Czerniewicz (2012:2)Kietzmann et al (2011)
    9. 9.
    10. 10. Access and Impact of ResearchAccess PointsWeb searchingCitation TrackingAssessment ServicesAlternative Metrics- Bookmarks, blogs, tweets etcExamples of Knowledge; Scopus (subscription)Altmetric (subscription); Impact Story(free); ReaderMeterGoodier andCzerniewicz(2012)
    11. 11. Personal or Institutional Profiles• Staff Profile• Department Profile• Personal Website• Blogs
    12. 12. Professional / Academic Site Profiles• LinkedIn (• (• ResearchGate ( – mainly Sciences• Google Scholar (• Slide Share ( and Czerniewicz (2012)
    13. 13. Think about…• What professional / academic profile services are you using?• Which do you actually use and why?• What are your colleagues at your institution or otherinstitutions using?• Do you have an easily accessible, comprehensive list of yourpublications online?
    14. 14. Social Networking
    15. 15. Openness for your mediaMedia ExamplesVideo YouTubeVimeoImage FlickrPicasaPresentations SlidesharePreziGoodier and Czerniewicz (2012)
    16. 16. Improving availability of your outputs• Create or maintain your online presence• Use your university repository or website• Archive – put online what you can• Use discipline-specific repositories–• Change the way you publish, move to open access– Directory of Open Access Journals• Become “open”• Take metadata seriouslyGoodier and Czerniewicz (2012)
    17. 17. Self-archiving• Put online all your outputs that you can• Placing an article or version thereof on your own website orinstitutional repository• Check publisher copyright agreement– Sherpa Romeo ( and Czerniewicz (2012)
    18. 18. Curation• (• Delicious (• BitLy (• Scoopit ( and Czerniewicz (2012)
    19. 19. Manage and Share Research• CiteULike (• Mendeley (• Dropbox• Google DriveGoodier and Czerniewicz (2012)
    20. 20. Research and Education Networks• Promote and advance continuous communication,collaboration, knowledge creation and exchange• Obtain cheaper and more bandwidth and share researchfacilities• National Level (NRENs) e.g. SANReN,
    21. 21. SANReN• South African National Research Network (SANReN)• Government approach to cyberinfrastructure• Ensure successful participation of South Africanresearchers in global knowledge production• High-speed network dedicated to research traffic andresearch into research networking and
    22. 22.
    23. 23. African Networks
    24. 24. ICT Strategy• Must link to Institutional Strategy• Vision and commitment of the leadership to deploying ICTs• Require strong institutional policy (resource allocation)• Major financial investment neededChallenges• Lack of institutionalised incentives for academic staff to engagewith technology• Limited ICT infrastructure remains a major barrier• Actual implementation of the strategy
    25. 25. DiscussionWhat does this mean for our quality assuranceprocesses and systems?
    26. 26. Conclusions• Consider your digital literacy skills• Continuous professional development (lifelong learning)• Maintain your online presence• Promote Sharing!!!!!• Make your outputs available• Communicate and Connect• Make use of networks
    27. 27. Acknowledgements• Johnson, L., Adams Becker, S., Cummins, M., Estrada, V., Freeman, A., andLudgate, H. (2013). NMC Horizon Report: 2013 Higher Education Edition.Austin, Texas: The New Media Consortium.• Goodier, S. and Czerniewicz, L. (2013). Academics online presenceguidelines: A four-step guide to taking control of your visibility. OpenUCTInitiative.• Kietzmann, J., Hermkens, K., McCarthy, I. and Silvestre, B. (2011). Socialmedia? Get serious! Understanding the functional building blocks of socialmedia. Business Horizons. Pages 241-251• Weller, M. (2011). The Digital Scholar: How Technology is TransformingScholarly Practice. London: Bloomsbury.• SANREN
    28. 28. Thank work is licensed under aCreative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.