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Embedded Metadata and VRA         Greg Reser    UC, San Diego Library
Accessibility & Searching:   Machines   HumansSharing:   Museum-wide   Greater museum communityPublishing:    Museum ...
DYNAMIC collection, “Art In Bloom”
Why? Well documented, incorporated into most photo tools Great guidelines, user support; frequently and  consistently up...
Why just Core? IPTC Extension, VRA, and PLUS panels not supported  “out of box” Media Bin Exploring additional EM possib...
Institutional Databases Collect metadata    Faculty                              flickr user: mosesxan    Students    O...
Cataloging ToolOut of necessity   Little IT support   Malfunctioning central database   MS Excel inadequate   Can expo...
Interoperabilityvery well known schemas specialized schemas
Interoperability      IPTC Core      IPTC Extension      PLUS      Dublin Core      Other Native XMP      VRA Core 4.0
Reliable
Specialized
http://www.loc.gov/standards/vracore/
Collection   Work   Image
Work          Work           Imagesculpture   glass negative    TIFFca. 1930        1934          2012
Collection        Work              Imageagent             agent             agentculturalContext   culturalContext   cult...
ExtensionArtwork or Object in the Image Creator Title Date Created Source Source Inventory Number Copyright Notice
Extension Artwork or Object in the Image   Date Created      single calendar date      no BCE“built 1298 – 1310, restored ...
Location of a Work               Sculpture                 Painting       Wikimedia Commons: Jim CHampion   Metropolitan M...
Location of a Work               Sculpture                 Painting       Wikimedia Commons: Jim CHampion   Metropolitan M...
Image SourceIPTC Sourceoriginal owner of the copyright forthe drawingcould be either the artist or thepublisher
Image SourceVRA Image Sourcebook the image was taken fromA bibliographic citation
Qualifying IPTC Ext. with VRA <                    Extension                         Artwork or Object in the Image       ...
Qualifying IPTC Ext. with VRA  <                      Extension                           Artwork or Object in the Image  ...
Using Both IPTC Ext. and VRA   <               Extension                        Artwork or Object in the Image  </  <     ...
Connecting VRA to IPTC Ext. <Iptc4xmpExt:ArtworkOrObject>          <vra:work>    <Bag>                                 <Se...
Connecting VRA to IPTC Ext. <Iptc4xmpExt:ArtworkOrObject>          <vra:work>    <Bag>                                 <Se...
VRA Info Panel Compromise          IPTC Core            Dublin Core            Photoshop            XMP Rights            ...
Work                  Image agent                   agent culturalContext         date date                    descript...
WorkCustom info panel
Image       (mostly)Custom info panel
Work + ImageCustom info panel
Basic DescriptionCreating interoperable metadata from specialized metadata
Concatenating                                            VRA Work:                                            Creator     ...
Adding More Details
http://iconclass.org/help/lod
71F37
Real-time Iconclass web data
Iconclass web data
Iconclass JSONhttp://iconclass.org/json/71F37 {"p": ["7", "71", "71F", "71F3"], "c": ["71F37(+0)", "71F37(+1)", "71F37(+2)...
Iconclass RDFhttp://iconclass.org/rdf/71F37
Iconclass Keywords
Real-time Iconclass web data
Iconclass Keywords
Iconclass XMP data
Retrieve Complex DataFilling Creator data with linked data
getty.edu/research/tools/vocabularies/cona/
plusregistry.org
Name AuthoritiesAvailable now   ISNI   VIAF   Library of Congress   Plus RegistryAvailable in the future (hopefully)  ...
Subject VocabulariesAvailable now   IPTC NewsCodes   Deutsche National Bibliothek   Kungliga Biblioteket   Bibliothèqu...
Work RegistriesUsable Now      ?Usable Later (hopefully)     Getty CONA     PLUS
VRA’s Goal     Avoid property overpopulation     Avoid conflicting property labels and definitions     Make mapping eas...
VRA’s Goal                             Both:Basic Description                 URIs    Most applications                L...
VRA’s Goal                             Both:Basic Description                 Structured Data    Most applications       ...
VRA’s Goal                    Both:Basic Description    Structured Data                         Which Schema?            ...
Possible FieldsArtwork/Object                Image/Photo   Work ID (linked)              View Description   Creator (linke...
Embedded Metadata working group          metadatadeluxe.pbworks.com          vraweb.org/projects/vracore4http://metadatade...
Embedded Metadata working group            Marta Bustillo, National College of Art and Design (Ireland)            Jen Cwi...
Embedded Metadata and VRA [CEPIC]
Embedded Metadata and VRA [CEPIC]
Embedded Metadata and VRA [CEPIC]
Embedded Metadata and VRA [CEPIC]
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Embedded Metadata and VRA [CEPIC]

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An explanation of the Visual Resources Association Embedded Metadata working group project to develop a custom info panel for cultural heritage metadata.

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Embedded Metadata and VRA [CEPIC]

  1. 1. Embedded Metadata and VRA Greg Reser UC, San Diego Library
  2. 2. Accessibility & Searching:  Machines  HumansSharing:  Museum-wide  Greater museum communityPublishing:  Museum catalogues  Rights management  Image licensing
  3. 3. DYNAMIC collection, “Art In Bloom”
  4. 4. Why? Well documented, incorporated into most photo tools Great guidelines, user support; frequently and consistently updated Widespread cross-disciplinary use Currently supported in Media Bin database
  5. 5. Why just Core? IPTC Extension, VRA, and PLUS panels not supported “out of box” Media Bin Exploring additional EM possibilities will require coding
  6. 6. Institutional Databases Collect metadata  Faculty flickr user: mosesxan  Students  Office assistants (pre-cataloging)  Partner institutions
  7. 7. Cataloging ToolOut of necessity  Little IT support  Malfunctioning central database  MS Excel inadequate  Can export to database later
  8. 8. Interoperabilityvery well known schemas specialized schemas
  9. 9. Interoperability IPTC Core IPTC Extension PLUS Dublin Core Other Native XMP VRA Core 4.0
  10. 10. Reliable
  11. 11. Specialized
  12. 12. http://www.loc.gov/standards/vracore/
  13. 13. Collection Work Image
  14. 14. Work Work Imagesculpture glass negative TIFFca. 1930 1934 2012
  15. 15. Collection Work Imageagent agent agentculturalContext culturalContext culturalContextdate date datedescription description descriptioninscription inscription inscriptionlocation location locationmaterial material materialmeasurements measurements measurementsrelation relation relationrights rights rightssource source sourcestateEdition stateEdition stateEditionstylePeriod stylePeriod stylePeriodsubject subject subjecttechnique technique techniquetextref textref textreftitle title titleworktype worktype worktype
  16. 16. ExtensionArtwork or Object in the Image Creator Title Date Created Source Source Inventory Number Copyright Notice
  17. 17. Extension Artwork or Object in the Image Date Created single calendar date no BCE“built 1298 – 1310, restored 1872”
  18. 18. Location of a Work Sculpture Painting Wikimedia Commons: Jim CHampion Metropolitan Museum of ArtIPTC Ext. Location Shown VRA Work Location <site> + details
  19. 19. Location of a Work Sculpture Painting Wikimedia Commons: Jim CHampion Metropolitan Museum of ArtIPTC Ext. Location Shown VRA Work Subject + details IPTC Ext. AO Source VRA Work Location <repository> no details
  20. 20. Image SourceIPTC Sourceoriginal owner of the copyright forthe drawingcould be either the artist or thepublisher
  21. 21. Image SourceVRA Image Sourcebook the image was taken fromA bibliographic citation
  22. 22. Qualifying IPTC Ext. with VRA < Extension Artwork or Object in the Image Core 4.0 Work </XMP allows qualifying one namespace with another
  23. 23. Qualifying IPTC Ext. with VRA < Extension Artwork or Object in the Image gone </Some info panels delete qualifiers
  24. 24. Using Both IPTC Ext. and VRA < Extension Artwork or Object in the Image </ < Core 4.0 Work </Using several namespace is common in XMP
  25. 25. Connecting VRA to IPTC Ext. <Iptc4xmpExt:ArtworkOrObject> <vra:work> <Bag> <Seq> [1] Work 1 [1] Work 1 [2] Work 2 [2] Work 2 [3] Work 3 [3] Work 3 </Bag> </Seq> </Iptc4xmpExt:ArtworkOrObject> <vra:work>unordered list (bag) order can change
  26. 26. Connecting VRA to IPTC Ext. <Iptc4xmpExt:ArtworkOrObject> <vra:work> <Bag> <Seq> [1] Work 3 [1] Work 1 [2] Work 1 [2] Work 2 [3] Work 2 [3] Work 3 </Bag> </Seq> </Iptc4xmpExt:ArtworkOrObject> <vra:work> XMP does not allow linking via rdf:aboutunordered list (bag) order can change
  27. 27. VRA Info Panel Compromise IPTC Core Dublin Core Photoshop XMP Rights PLUS VRA Core 4.0 All work properties Display values (flat)
  28. 28. Work Image agent  agent culturalContext  date date  description description  location inscription  material location (by type)  measurements material relation measurements  rights relation source rights  subject source textref stateEdition title stylePeriod  worktype subject technique textref title worktype
  29. 29. WorkCustom info panel
  30. 30. Image (mostly)Custom info panel
  31. 31. Work + ImageCustom info panel
  32. 32. Basic DescriptionCreating interoperable metadata from specialized metadata
  33. 33. Concatenating VRA Work: Creator Title Description Date Work Type Location Acc. Number RightsCreating interoperable metadata from specialized metadata
  34. 34. Adding More Details
  35. 35. http://iconclass.org/help/lod
  36. 36. 71F37
  37. 37. Real-time Iconclass web data
  38. 38. Iconclass web data
  39. 39. Iconclass JSONhttp://iconclass.org/json/71F37 {"p": ["7", "71", "71F", "71F3"], "c": ["71F37(+0)", "71F37(+1)", "71F37(+2)", "71F37(+3)", "71F37(+4)", "71F37(+5)", "71F371", "71F372", "71F373", "71F374", "71F375", "71F376", "71F377", "71F378", "71F379"], "txt": {"fr": "histoire de Samson et Dalila (Juges 16:4-21)", "en": "story of Samson and Delilah (Judges 16:4-21)", "cn": "story of Samson and Delilah (Judges 16:4-21)", "de": "die Geschichte von Samson und Delila (Richter 16:4-21)", "it": "Sansone e Dalila", "fi": "kertomus Simsonista ja Delilasta (Tuomarien kirja 16:4-21)"}, "kw": {"fr": ["Ancien Testament", "Dalila", "Israu00e9lites", "Juges", "Juges 16", "Philistins", "Samson", "bible", "juge"], "en": ["Delilah", "Israelites", "Judges", "Judges 16", "Old Testament", "Philistines", "Samson", "bible", "judge"], "cn": ["Delilah", "Israelites", "Judges", "Judges 16", "Old Testament", "Philistines", "Samson", "bible", "judge"], "de": ["Altes Testament", "Bibel", "Delila", "Israeliten", "Philister", "Richter", "Richter 16", "Samson"], "it": ["Antico Testamento", "Dalila", "Filistei", "Giudici", "Giudici 16", "Israeliti", "Sansone", "Vecchio Testamento", "bibbia", "giudice"], "fi": ["Delila", "Simson", "Tuomarien kirja", "Tuomarien kirja 16", "Vanha testamentti", "filistealaiset", "israelilaiset", "raamattu", "tuomari"]}, "n": "71F37"}
  40. 40. Iconclass RDFhttp://iconclass.org/rdf/71F37
  41. 41. Iconclass Keywords
  42. 42. Real-time Iconclass web data
  43. 43. Iconclass Keywords
  44. 44. Iconclass XMP data
  45. 45. Retrieve Complex DataFilling Creator data with linked data
  46. 46. getty.edu/research/tools/vocabularies/cona/
  47. 47. plusregistry.org
  48. 48. Name AuthoritiesAvailable now  ISNI  VIAF  Library of Congress  Plus RegistryAvailable in the future (hopefully)  Getty ULAN
  49. 49. Subject VocabulariesAvailable now  IPTC NewsCodes  Deutsche National Bibliothek  Kungliga Biblioteket  Bibliothèque nationale de France  Library of Congress  Iconclass  BIC  UDCAvailable in the future (hopefully)  Getty AAT
  50. 50. Work RegistriesUsable Now ?Usable Later (hopefully) Getty CONA PLUS
  51. 51. VRA’s Goal  Avoid property overpopulation  Avoid conflicting property labels and definitions  Make mapping easy  Use linked data  InteroperabilityInteroperable heritage properties
  52. 52. VRA’s Goal Both:Basic Description URIs  Most applications  Link to structured data  No special effort required  Always current  Simple identification  More relationships  Simple searching
  53. 53. VRA’s Goal Both:Basic Description Structured Data  Most applications  For aggregators  No special effort required  For collection managers  Simple identification  Full identification  Simple searching  Advanced searching
  54. 54. VRA’s Goal Both:Basic Description Structured Data  Which Schema?  Core properties? Description Subject  All properties? AO Copyright  Written to XMP?  URI linked to authority?
  55. 55. Possible FieldsArtwork/Object Image/Photo Work ID (linked) View Description Creator (linked) View Type (controlled) Creator Role (linked) View Subject (linked) Work Type (linked) Measurements Materials and Techniques Date (free text) Earliest Date Latest Date Current Location Subject (linked)
  56. 56. Embedded Metadata working group metadatadeluxe.pbworks.com vraweb.org/projects/vracore4http://metadatadeluxe.pbworks.com
  57. 57. Embedded Metadata working group Marta Bustillo, National College of Art and Design (Ireland) Jen Cwiok, American Museum of Natural History Sheryl Frisch, Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo Jesse Henderson, Colgate University Josh Lynn, Minneapolis Institute of Arts Heidi Raatz, Minneapolis Institute of Arts Greg Reser, UCSD Steve Tatum, Virginia Techhttp://metadatadeluxe.pbworks.com

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