Margins group 2 parts 1 and 3


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Group presentation for The Global City, Northwestern University, MPPA program, Summer 2011.

Parts 1 and 3 of 3. Part 2 in a separate file.

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Margins group 2 parts 1 and 3

  1. 1. Margins - Group 2Detroit/MUMBAI/Washington D.C.<br />Hana Greenberg<br />Nathan Jaco<br />Ashwini Kantak<br />
  2. 2. Inequalities<br />Affordable Housing Options<br />Political Representation<br />Class Struggles<br />
  3. 3. LIVING AT THE MARGINS - HOUSING <br />Mumbai–55% of population housed in slums<br />Detroit– 2.5% of<br /> population homeless<br />Washington D.C. -<br />1.6% of population homeless<br />Joel Newell<br />
  4. 4. AFFORDABLE HOUSING - Barriers<br />Detroit and D.C.<br />Mumbai<br />
  5. 5. BARRIERS – DETROIT AND D.C.<br />Public Policies <br />Racial Discrimination<br />Community Opposition<br />
  6. 6. BARRIERS - MUMBAI<br />Unmanageable Migrant Population <br />Scarce Land <br />Astronomical Land Values<br />Competing Political Parties<br />Corruption<br />Lack of Citizen Involvement<br />
  7. 7. CONSEQUENCES - DETROIT AND D.C.<br />Residential Segregation<br />Decaying Inner Cities<br />Robin Buckson, The Detroit News<br />
  8. 8. CONSEQUENCES - MUMBAI<br />Nine Million in Slums<br />Lack of Adequate <br /> Infrastructure<br />Rampant Disease <br />Google Images<br />
  9. 9. AFFORDABLE HOUSING - CONCLUSIONS <br />Detroit and Washington D.C.<br />Residential Desegregation<br />Education and Assistance against Discriminatory Practices<br />Mumbai<br />Public Policies and Public Private Partnerships<br />Vigilant Law Enforcement; Infrastructure Investment<br />Citizen Engagement for Political Accountability<br />
  10. 10. GO TO PART 2, THEN RETURN.<br />(PART 3 follows)<br />
  11. 11. Class Struggle Defined<br />Class struggle is best understood in a mereological sense. <br />Class struggle is about the relationship between at least two different classes of people in the same environment over the same period of time. <br />Class struggle may be realized in different arenas. This is related to the form of the class struggle.<br />
  12. 12. Class Struggle Defined<br />While the living conditions of the lower classes may be dramatically different from place to place and over time, it is the relative disparity endemic to a particular milieu, the outcomes of such, and the strategies used to cope that makes a class struggle. <br />
  13. 13. Forms of Class Struggle<br />Mumbai: Access to Spaces to Live and Work<br />Washington DC: Access to Education and Political Representation<br />Detroit: Access to Living-Wage Earning Work in the Industrial Economy<br />
  14. 14. Mumbai and Space<br />Migrants and the poor struggle to find places to live and work with hospitable infrastructure.<br />Market prices concentrate them in slums.<br />Government policy, specifically land use regulation, causes elevated rents which lead to hyperdensity in the slums and this leads to some of the great suffering which is found there. <br />
  15. 15. Washington DC and Mind Matters<br />School reform as a tool of class power.<br />Education is the key to opportunity and political access.<br />Political inequality leads to further divergence in educational attainment.<br />
  16. 16. Detroit and Post-Industrial Deja Vu<br />Detroit’s marginal group now consists almost entirely of black Americans and is part of a long history of race and class struggle.<br />Structural change: technological innovation, capital flight, and de-industrialization. <br />Archetypal post-industrial dystopia?<br />
  17. 17. Class Struggle Conclusions<br />The established powers (government and private sector) conspire to perpetuate the pattern of relations. <br />In Detroit and Washington DC the disadvantaged part of the population is not arbitrarily demarcated, but is instead based on a history of race relations. <br />
  18. 18. Margins: Concluding remarks<br />Inequalities<br />Political Representation<br />Class Struggles<br />Affordable Housing Options<br />