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Three worlds collide

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Three worlds collide

  1. 1. Three Worlds Collide Europe as the Catalyst, 1500
  2. 2. Europe in 1500 <ul><li>Five Major Developments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Demographic Change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Expansion of Capitalism, Trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. The Renaissance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. The Protestant Reformation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5. Exploration </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. 1. Demographic Change <ul><li>Recovery From the Impact of the Plague </li></ul><ul><li>Improved Farming Methods </li></ul><ul><li>Improvements in Sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges of Population Growth </li></ul>
  4. 4. 2. Expansion of Capitalism, Trade <ul><li>Defining Capitalism </li></ul><ul><li>Feudalism </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of Cities </li></ul><ul><li>Mercantilism </li></ul>
  5. 5. Mercantilism <ul><li>There is a finite amount of wealth in the world </li></ul><ul><li>A Country’s Wealth is determined by the amount of gold and silver in its treasury </li></ul><ul><li>Countries sought a favorable balance of trade-More exports than imports </li></ul><ul><li>Colonies support the mother country </li></ul>
  6. 6. 3. The Renaissance 1300-1600 <ul><li>Humanists </li></ul><ul><li>Secularism </li></ul><ul><li>Individualism </li></ul><ul><li>Moveable Type and the European Printing Press, 1454 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Johann Gutenberg </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Renaissance Art <ul><li>Leonardo Da Vinci </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1452-1519 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mona Lisa, 1503 </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Renaissance Art <ul><li>Michelangelo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1475-1564 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>David </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Renaissance Thought <ul><li>Niccolo Machiavelli </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1469-1527 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Prince (1513) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. 4. The Protestant Reformation <ul><li>Martin Luther </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1483-1546 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>95 Theses, 1517 </li></ul><ul><li>Wittenberg Castle </li></ul>
  11. 11. 5. Exploration <ul><li>European Motives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Economic Motives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Spread Christianity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technological Improvements </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prince Henry the Navigator (1394-1460) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Spain <ul><ul><li>725: Most of the Iberian Peninsula Falls Under the Control of Muslims </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reconquista </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Castille and Aragon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ferdinand of Aragon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Isabella of Castille, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marriage of Ferdinand and Isabella, 1469 </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Spain and the Centralized State <ul><li>Ferdinand and </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Isabella </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Victory at Granada, 1/6/1492 </li></ul><ul><li>Poor Boabdil! </li></ul>
  14. 14. Christopher Columbus <ul><li>Voyages on behalf of Spain, 1492, 1493, 1498, 1502 </li></ul>
  15. 15. Spanish Exploration <ul><li>Vasco de Balboa, 1513 </li></ul><ul><li>Ponce De Leon, 1513 </li></ul><ul><li>Hernando Cortes, 1518 </li></ul><ul><li>Ferdinand Magellan, 1519-1522 </li></ul><ul><li>Francisco Pizzaro, 1532 </li></ul><ul><li>Hernando De Soto, 1539 </li></ul><ul><li>Francisco Coronado, 1540 </li></ul>
  16. 16. St. Augustine, 1565 <ul><li>First Permanent European Settlement in North America </li></ul>
  17. 17. Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, 1542 <ul><li>Left Guatemala, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>June 1542 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Discovered “San Miguel” 1542 </li></ul><ul><li>(Later San Diego) </li></ul><ul><li>Cabrillo National Monument, San Diego </li></ul>

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