Analytical Essay

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Analytical Essay

  1. 1. The Analytical Essay “ The thing is, to put a motor in yourself.” Frank Zappa, Postmodern Composer DeCubellis
  2. 2. BENEFITS <ul><li>Is extremely thorough and nearly fool-proof in “on-demand” testing situations. </li></ul><ul><li>Equips you with a ready-made, universally recognized, analytical structure that helps you to communicate your ideas clearly in an academic setting. </li></ul><ul><li>Allows for creative expression (e.g. in the title, introduction, and conclusion). </li></ul>
  3. 3. Snappy Title <ul><li>One clever — but not cute— clause that includes the essay’s </li></ul><ul><li>TOPIC , </li></ul><ul><li>AUTHOR , </li></ul><ul><li>and TITLE of work you will be examining. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Helpful Devices to Make Your Titles “Pop” </li></ul><ul><li>Alliteration </li></ul><ul><li>Consonance </li></ul><ul><li>Assonance </li></ul><ul><li>Chiasmus </li></ul><ul><li>Paradox </li></ul><ul><li>Pun </li></ul><ul><li>Irony </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphor </li></ul><ul><li>Simile </li></ul><ul><li>Oxymoron </li></ul><ul><li>Understatement . </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>EXAMPLE: </li></ul><ul><li>Prejudice, Paternalism, and Pride </li></ul><ul><li>in Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice </li></ul>
  6. 6. Snappy Title <ul><li>P rejudice, P aternalism, and P ride in </li></ul><ul><li>Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice </li></ul><ul><li>Alliteration </li></ul>Author Title of work
  7. 7. Snappy Title <ul><li>NOTE: Never underline your essay’s title. Do, however, underline the titles of longer works. Surround shorter works in quotation marks. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Snappy Title <ul><li>Memory Hint: Use the mnemonic SPACE to remember which works belong in quotation marks: </li></ul><ul><li>S hort story titles </li></ul><ul><li>P oem titles </li></ul><ul><li>A rticle titles </li></ul><ul><li>C hapter titles </li></ul><ul><li>E ssay titles. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Snappy Title <ul><li>Memory Hint: Use the mnemonic New England (NE) Map to “guide” you toward the works which belong in quotation marks: </li></ul><ul><li>N ovel and Newspaper titles </li></ul><ul><li>E pic poem titles </li></ul><ul><li>M agazine and movie titles </li></ul><ul><li>A lbum titles </li></ul><ul><li>P lay and Periodical titles </li></ul>
  10. 10. Your title MUST be Aligned with your Thesis
  11. 11. INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPH Contains… Hook (Stinger) Thesis Pivot-Point Projected Organization Occa$ion
  12. 12. The INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPH is <ul><li>FUNNEL SHAPED </li></ul>
  13. 13. The INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPH <ul><li>Starts BROADLY by connecting with the audience. </li></ul><ul><li>Finishes NARROWLY by stating the essay’s thesis and upcoming “proofs.” </li></ul>
  14. 14. A Hook is… <ul><li>One to three sentences that cleverly captures your reader’s attention. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Helpful Devices for Crafting Hooks </li></ul><ul><li>Question </li></ul><ul><li>Alliteration </li></ul><ul><li>Consonance </li></ul><ul><li>Assonance </li></ul><ul><li>Chiasmus </li></ul><ul><li>Paradox </li></ul><ul><li>Pun </li></ul><ul><li>Irony </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphor </li></ul><ul><li>Simile </li></ul><ul><li>Oxymoron </li></ul><ul><li>Understatement </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid false drama! </li></ul>
  16. 16. An Occa$ion consists of… <ul><li>Several sentences that establish a relevant CONTEXT which hints at the potential personal payoff for reading your essay. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><li>Anecdote </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrity appeal </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural commentary </li></ul><ul><li>Historical context </li></ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Helpful Devices: </li></ul><ul><li>Baby-steps </li></ul><ul><li>Slo-mo </li></ul><ul><li>Dialog </li></ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul>
  19. 19. A Pivot-Point is… <ul><li>ONE sentence that echoes back to the occasion and signals forward toward the thesis. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Pivot-Point <ul><li>EXAMPLE: </li></ul><ul><li>Today’s comedians often cover their pain with humor, and similarly Stevie Smith’s poetry explores such contradictions between feelings and behaviors. </li></ul>
  21. 21. A Thesis is… <ul><li>ONE sentence that “powers” your entire essay. It’s the essay’s motor. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s the point you are trying to prove. </li></ul><ul><li>In a thematic essay, your essay’s thesis is the literature’s theme. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Thesis <ul><li>EXAMPLE: </li></ul><ul><li>Smith creates a paradox of a living death in “Not Waving But Drowning.” </li></ul>
  23. 23. Projected Organization (PO) <ul><li>ONE sentence that enumerates-- in the exact order you will later present them-- the “PROOFS” that support your thesis. Typically, you should use three proofs. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Projected Organization (PO) <ul><li>NOTE: Your PO MUST be written in grammatically parallel form. </li></ul>THESIS PROOF 1 PROOF 2 PROOF 3
  25. 25. Projected Organization (PO) <ul><li>Hamlet’s indecision causes his apparently contradictory thoughts , emotions , and actions . </li></ul>Parallel form: This PO is in the form of a string of nouns. EXAMPLE
  26. 26. Projected Organization (PO) <ul><li>Your PO may also be a string of phrases tacked to the beginning or end of your thesis sentence. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Projected Organization (PO) <ul><li>Be ing promoted , earn ing an advanced college degree , and winn ing the lottery ironically leads to Lumpy’s suicide. </li></ul>This PO is in the form of a string of gerund phrases.
  28. 28. Projected Organization (PO) <ul><li>Three characters </li></ul><ul><li>Three stanzas </li></ul><ul><li>Three symbols </li></ul><ul><li>Three aspects of the literature’s theme </li></ul><ul><li>A character’s attire, behavior, and feelings </li></ul><ul><li>The setting, dialog, and imagery </li></ul>Samples of proofs you could use in your PO:
  29. 29. INTRO HOOK OCCASION PIVOT POINT THESIS PO PROOF 1 PROOF 2 PROOF 3
  30. 30. BODY SECTION 1 SECTION 2 SECTION 3
  31. 31. BODY <ul><li>Usually consists of three SECTIONS. </li></ul><ul><li>Sections are presented in the exact order stated in the PROJECTED ORGANIZATION. </li></ul><ul><li>Each section contains a TOPIC SENTENCE at its beginning which ties back to one segment of the PO. </li></ul><ul><li>Sections may contain more than one paragraph depending on how much supporting evidence you need to prove your point. </li></ul>
  32. 32. BODY PARAGRAPHS <ul><li>Set up the quotation by providing a CONTEXT which contains only the 5W,H essential to clarifying the quotation. </li></ul><ul><li>You should assume your reader only has a passing familiarity with the text.) </li></ul>
  33. 33. BODY SECTION #1 <ul><li>Use additional, similarly structured paragraphs as needed by each body section. </li></ul>PROOF 1 TOPIC SENTENCE CONTEXT SET-UP CLINCHER QUOTE TRANSITION word, phrase, clause, or sentence ANALYSIS OF QUOTE
  34. 34. BODY SECTION #2 <ul><li>Use additional, similarly structured paragraphs as needed by each body section. </li></ul>PROOF 2 TOPIC SENTENCE CONTEXT SET-UP CLINCHER QUOTE TRANSITION word, phrase, clause, or sentence ANALYSIS OF QUOTE
  35. 35. BODY SECTION #3 <ul><li>Use additional, similarly structured paragraphs as needed by each body section. </li></ul>PROOF 3 TOPIC SENTENCE CONTEXT SET-UP CLINCHER QUOTE TRANSITION word, phrase, clause, or sentence ANALYSIS OF QUOTE
  36. 36. The CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH
  37. 37. The CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH <ul><li>Starts NARROWLY by REPHRASING the essay’s thesis and “proofs.” </li></ul><ul><li>REVERSES the introduction’s PIVOT-POINT sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>States the PAYOFF by revisiting and completing the introduction’s OCCASION. </li></ul><ul><li>Finishes BROADLY by leaving the reader something profound to think about. </li></ul>
  38. 38. CONCLUSION THESIS REPHRASED PIVOT POINT REVERSED OCCASION COMPLETED FINAL CLINCHER PO
  39. 39. The CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH <ul><li>PowerPoint ™ Presentation by Greg DeCubellis </li></ul>

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