State of Acre - Poverty alleviation and environmental conservation

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State of Acre - Poverty alleviation and environmental conservation

  1. 1. State of Acre Poverty alleviation andenvironmental conservation 732.793 inhabitants 164.221 km2 87 % forest cover 47 % Natural Protected Areas
  2. 2. Urban Rural Smallholders in Settlement areas Indigenous Extractivist Large, Med Ribeirinhos and Small r producersnhabited Forest
  3. 3. Provision of Environmental Services Economic development EnvironmentImproving the livelihood of the population in Acre Sustainable Development Strategy
  4. 4. Deforestation Rate in Acre 0.80 0.74 0.70 0.66 0.60 0.54Annual rate of deforestation (%) 0.50 0.44 0.40 0.38 0.36 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.29 0.29 0.30 0.27 0.26 0.26 0.24 0.24 0.23 0.22 0.20 0.17 0.14 0.14 0.15 0.11 0.09 0.10 0.00 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 Acre 0.38 0.33 0.33 0.23 0.24 0.29 0.29 0.74 0.26 0.22 0.33 0.27 0.33 0.26 0.54 0.66 0.44 0.36 0.24 0.11 0.14 0.09 0.14 0.15 0.17 Fonte: INPE (2012)
  5. 5. SISA’s Timeline 2003- 2001 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2006Zoning I First studies First action to Policies to Start the Finish the Institutional CDES created regarding ES mitigate Value the desing of a consultation framework Indigenous climate environmental REDD project process criated by Working change (GTZ) assets in Acre Reforestation SISA Law was Group created Zoning II Studies to through a Program established work plan First Law of the understand SISA Law Carbon Transaction of Zoning the potencial Start the approved in Program the Carbon of REDD in consultation November designed Program Acre porocess according to the Law and with consultation procecss
  6. 6. Consultation Process• Consultation involving different segments of society in meetings and workshops totaling 174 persons: – Indigenous: 30 – Small households and extractivist communities: 50 – Civil Society Organizations and technical staff: 85 – Representatives from Class organizations: 9• Result: A total of 357 recommendations received. Main groups: – Structural Actions: 70 – Incentives for Environmental Services: 63 – Regarding the Project’s Concept: 39 – Priority areas: 36 – Governance: 29 Consultation Process: Analysis of the 9 months recommendations: 357 recommendations 2 months
  7. 7. Results of Consultation Process 2009 - 2010 • 357 Recomendations. Main Concerns: – Land tenure – Include all stakeholders (indigenous, private landowners, smallholders, extractivist communities, etc) – Indigenous people’s rights – Consider all environmental services (not limited carbon) – Governance – Benefit sharing/distribution – Consider it as a statewide public policy – Consider other types of benefits not exclusively money – Relationship between REDD and sustainable land-usesPrinciples stated by SISA Law in 2010
  8. 8. Institutional FrameworkNational Strategy Acre - Subnational Strategy OMBUDSMAN CCTMA Company for the Institute of Climate Development of CFE CEVA Change Environmental Services CDRFS SCIENTIFIC WORKING GROUPS COMMITTEE INVESTORS PROVIDERS PROGRAM A Sub-program A Sub-program B Sub-program A P-A P-B P-A P-B P-A P-B
  9. 9. NestedApproach Subprogram A Subprogram B Project Project Project Project A B A B Project Project Project Project C n C n Subprogram C Subprogram n Project Project Project Project A B A B Project Project Project Project C n C n
  10. 10. Acre’s Reference Level Official Deforestation Data from PRODES/INPE Minimum area mapped: 6 ha Historical data: 1996 – 2005 Projected to 93,7 Mi TCO2 2020 Carbon stock: 123 tons/ha (131 ton/ha) Emission factor: 367 tCO2e/ha
  11. 11. REDD+SES Initiative applied in Acre Public Consultation ofindicatorsPublished on State and Federalthe Internet GovernmentIn-Hand official Local NGOs andinvitations Grassroot initiativesOpen Invitation(Newspaper) 3 CouncilsSectorialmeetings Indigenous peopleWorkshops and Rural Producers andtrainings Extractivist CommunitiesHow to be effective and have CEVA reviewed andenough indicators to show approvedcompliance?
  12. 12. Local Capacity building Technical Team Indigenous Smallholders Councils Comission of Validation and Monitoring
  13. 13. Challenges• Being a pioneer: establish a compliance market and alternative markets• Demonstrate that states can contribute to the achievement of the federal government targets: The Amazon region is responsible for almost all Brazilian emissions reduction targets• Validate a statewide Reference Level (RL) when the federal government does not have a registered RL.• Maintain the state interested in investing in this program• Are poverty alleviation and environmental conservation possible?

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