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Jatropha Presentation

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Jatropha Presentation

  1. 1. PADAMU NEGERI KAMI BERJANJI PADAMU NEGERI KAMI BERBAKTI PADAMU NEGERI KAMI MENGABDI BAGIMU NEGERI JIWARAGA KAMI
  2. 2. PENGALAMAN EKA TJIPTA FOUNDATION MEMBANGUN KEBUN INDUK & KEBUN RISET JARAK PAGAR Disampaikan di : Lokakarya Nasional Jarak Pagar IV BALITTAS, MALANG 6 November 2008
  3. 3. Menanam kebaikan Menuai kesejahteraan ” “ good deeds create good seeds ” VISI
  4. 4. Merangkul, mengangkat harkat, dan melindungi kehidupan lingkungan Visualisasi Benih-Benih Kebaikan Upaya menyebar benih tidak di satu titik, tapi dikembangkan , Menyebar makin banyak, tumbuh semakin besar secara berkelanjutan
  5. 6. Kegiatan lain ETF terkait alternatif energi adalah pembangunan Deltamas Bioenergy Research Center yang memanfaatkan areal seluas 500 ha. Areal itu akan dijadikan pusat penelitian alternatif energi tidak hanya jarak pagar tetapi juga komoditas penghasil BBN lain
  6. 7. Lokasi Research Center
  7. 9. +/- 50 Ha
  8. 12. Jalan desa Jalan kebun
  9. 13. KEBUN INDUK IP2P IP2M DEMOPLOT KEBUN INDUK DEMOPLOT/KEBUN RISET PLASMA NUFTAH HASIL SELEKSI IP2P PERUNTUKKAN LAHAN : DELTAMAS BIOENERGI RESEARCH CENTER
  10. 14. Agustus 2008
  11. 16. Road Map Pemuliaan Jatropha KB IP-2 (30 Ha ) IP=25% Waktu  Select KB IP-3 IP (35%) Nursery Kebun Benih IP-Plus IP =40% Select Select Aksesi Aksesi Reject Benih 1P-3 Benih 1P+ Reject Varietas Unggul Hibridisasi Galur 2008 2009 2010 . . . . . . . . . . 2012 Reject Target Produktivitas  8 ton/Ha 9 ton/Ha 10 ton/Ha > 10 ton/Ha Aksesi DN LN Select Expl. Luas  IP-2P 20 Ha IP-2A 10 Ha IP-3 10 Ha Benih 1P-2
  12. 17. China Honghe, Yunnan Malaysia Kuala Pilla
  13. 18. Yunnan Jatropha Research Center 16-20 Agustus 2008 Shao Tu Long Mengzi, Yunnan
  14. 19. Tamil Nadu dan Rajasthan Desember 2005-Januari 2006
  15. 20. India India Tamil Nadu and Rajasthan January 2006 [email_address] , [email_address] , [email_address] http://www.jatrophaworld.org, http://www.jatrophabiodiesel.org Klon RNI - Jatitujuh Maret 07
  16. 22. Bos-2 Puslitbangbun
  17. 23. MASALAH
  18. 24. Oleh : Roy Hendroko Setyobudi Disampaikan di ”Lokakarya Nasional Jarak Pagar III” BALITTAS Malang, 5 November 2007 TANGGAPAN MAKALAH “ PENGADAAN BAHAN TANAMAN JARAK PAGAR DI INDONESIA; DESA MANDIRI ENERGI SERTA STRATEGI PENELITIAN DIMASA DATANG”
  19. 25. Permasalahan <ul><ul><li>Varietas </li></ul></ul>PG Jatitujuh April 2006 Jarak lanang
  20. 26. S/d Oktober 2008 : 3 tanaman IP-2P “lanang” di petak 8
  21. 27. Ada 6 tan IP-2P “mutasi” <ul><li>petak 2 </li></ul><ul><li>petak 4 </li></ul><ul><li>petak 8 </li></ul><ul><li>petak 9 </li></ul><ul><li>petak 11 : 2 tanaman </li></ul>
  22. 28. IP-2P Varigata ?? Bangka, Sept 08
  23. 29. jerami kulit buah Retak-2
  24. 30. Klon Introduksi Galur mutan BATAN, dan lain-lain Juni 08 Okt 08
  25. 31. Kualalumpur Jatropha Summit, Agustus 2008
  26. 32. BREEDING PROGRAMME JATROPHA CURCAS EKA TJIPTA FOUNDATION IN INDONESIA *) Henky Luntungan 1 ), Roy Hendroko 2 ) dan Praptiningsih G.A. 3 ) ABSTRACT The economic value of jatropha curcas depend on productivity, that way Eka Tjipta Foundation (ETF) manage Jatropha Curcas Research Center at Deltamas Cikarang, West Java, Indonesia The purpose of the research center is to get Jatropha curcas variety with high yielding, early flowering, high oil content, tolerant pest disease and homogeny mature First steps of this programmed is germplasm collection. ETF have five source : (a) from seed garden that selected 20 accession numbers from 22,000 plants base on more than 100 capsules/ plant after four months planted, (b) collected from drought area in Gorontalo, Indonesia have 3 accessions, (c) from drought area in Timor Island have 6 accessions, (d) collected from drought area in Sumba Island 10 accessions and last is (e) collected from mutation breeding have 7 mutant lines. Second steps are breeding programmed. ETF use material of seed less than 0.8 gram, rate of germination less than 6 days, selection of plant base vigority, and planting plants for high yielding 30 plants per row. The program has been doing for a year and hope that can make superior varieties of Jatropha curcas with productivity more than 10 ton and 35 % yield will get at 2009 ---------------------------------------- *) Presented in poster at Kualalumpur Jatropha Summit, 12 th – 14 th Agust 2008 1) Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan (ICERD) Bogor, Indonesia 2) Sinar Mas Alternative Energy, Jakarta, Indonesia 3) Universitas Merdeka Madiun, East Java, Indonesia
  27. 33. Mei 2007 Agust 07
  28. 34. Kemarau 07 September 08 Masalah
  29. 35. Sungai Cibeet 10x10x2,3 m
  30. 36. I. mulsa jerami Retak-2 Jamur merang
  31. 37. II. Mulsa kulit buah dan pangkasan pucuk Retak-2
  32. 38. Tanam April 08 Penuh air Masalah
  33. 39. Solusi : Biopori ???
  34. 40. Minggu ke-2 Okt 08
  35. 41. Mei 2008 Umur 1-2 bulan Masalah
  36. 42. Ralstonia solanacearum
  37. 43. Ralstonia solanacearum Agustus 08
  38. 44. Ralstonia solanacearum
  39. 45. THE ATTACK OF DISEASE OCCURRED at ETF JATROPHA SEED GARDEN, CIKARANG - INDONESIA *) Roy Hendroko 1 ), Elna Karmawati 2 ), Zainal Mahmud 2 ) and Soekamto 2 ) ABSTRACT The attack of certain disease had been occurred at Eka Tjipta Foundation Jatropa Seed Garden, Cikarang, West Java, Indonesia. The symptom is one until several leaves wilting with their branches. Some plants have the whole leaves wilting and showing rotten in the beginning of stem. The attack started early May 2008 and achieved 5 % from the area of 10 ha. The pathogen was isolated. The liquid of plant was poured to the selective media and added with antibiotic crystal violet, polymicin B sulfat, chlorampenicol and phenicilin, and was incubated at 28o C temperature. And the result showed that the pathogen is Ralstonia solanacearum . Some bactericida –Agrept, Prima BAPF and Biotriba- was trial to control the disease. But until July 2008 the diseases still attacked the Jatropa seed garden. In Agust 2008, ETF have been trying use Custom B5 and Custom GP. Temporary conclusion, the biological soil amendment can control the disease ---------------------------------------- *) Presented in poster at Kualalumpur Jatropha Summit, 12 th – 14 th Agust 2008 1) Sinar Mas Alternative Energy, Jakarta, Indonesia 2) Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan (ICERD) Bogor, Indonesia ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Presented in poster at International J. curcas Conference, Bogor,June 2008
  40. 46. Ralstonia solanacearum
  41. 47. Ralstonia solanacearum
  42. 48. sawah Ex-vitro Micro-cutting Bud-cutting Stek pucuk MASALAH BIBIT TERLALU TUA
  43. 49. Ex-vitro Micro-cutting Bud cutting Stek pucuk Pangkas di poly ??
  44. 50. Stek pucuk Biji
  45. 51. THE ADVANTAGES OF TOPPINGS OF PHYSIC NUT ( Jatropha curcas, L ) SEEDLING IN NURSERY *) Praptiningsih G.A 1 ), Roy Hendroko 2 ), and Zainal Mahmud 3 ) ABSTRAK The important strategy to increase productivity of physic nut is formation of the branch. Earlier pruning or toppings at the seedling stages is effective technique to stimulate primary branch of jatropha in the field, and the bud was cutting from the seedlings still useable as plant material. The aim was to compare the number of branch for toppings plant and without toppings plant, to compare growth performance of the plants from bud cutting and from seeds. It was found that toppings 2 week before transplanting of the 6 week old seedlings will produce 3 to 4 primary branch at 15 to 20 cm above soil surface. For without toppings, only 2 primary branche at 60 - 100 cm above soil surface. At the first flower appears, the pre-prunings plant can produce 6 to 8 secondary branche where 2th flower will be appears Bunched producing at the first flowering period is 3 – 4 and subsequent 6 – 8 at the 2th period for pre-pruning compare to only one and subsequent 2th flowering period for non toppings plant. Direct planting of the bud cutting from the seedlings in to polybag will be produced a new seedling with the same quality. Observation in Eka Tjipta Foundation (ETF) Jatropha Seed Garden at Cikarang, West Java, Indonesia shows that there is no different growth performance of the plants from bud cutting and from seeds. Observation also shows that even the root dry matter was not different, the number of roots produce of the bud cutting tend higher than from seeds. ---------------------------------------- *) Presented in poster at Kualalumpur Jatropha Summit, 12 th – 14 th Agust 2008 1 ) Universitas Merdeka Madiun, East Java, Indonesia 2 ) Sinar Mas Alternative Energy, Jakarta, Indonesia 3 ) Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan (ICERD) Bogor, Indonesia
  46. 52. TUNGAU Famili: Tarsonemidae Eriophyidae DAUN PUCUK MATI NORMAL Masalah : Hama
  47. 53. K utu bertepung putih Ferrissia virgata Cockerell
  48. 54. Bangka Sept 08 Trips Ulat Pengorok daun
  49. 55. SARAN <ul><li>PENINGKATAN RISET (kerja sama) </li></ul><ul><li>> “ PAMOR” & Promosi JARAK PAGAR </li></ul>
  50. 56. Danke schön Ang kêun Merci Kiitos Efcharisto Danyavad Gum xia Köszönöm Terima kasih Dekoju Eso Hvala Spasibo Ngiyabonga Wiyarrparlunpaju-yungu Tawdi Gracias Sha sha Giittus Maulanenga Añachaykin Dhannvaad Obrigado Grazie Thank You Qujanaq Xie xie Nodan mamomamo Shukran Arigato Ookini Gum xia מרסי mersi धन्यवाद Спасибо どうもありがとう。 جزاكم الله خيراً Teşekkür ederim SEMOGA ALLAH MEMBERKATI KARYA dan USAHA KITA

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