Bamboo Facts

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Interesting Facts about Bamboo

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Bamboo Facts

  1. 1. <ul><li>Interesting Facts About Bamboo </li></ul>www.bamboohouseindia.org
  2. 2. <ul><li>In 1854, Henricg Globel, a German watchmaker made the first true light bulb. He used a carbonized bamboo filament inside a glass bulb.   </li></ul>www.bamboohouseindia.org
  3. 3. <ul><li>Thomas Edison also used bamboo as rebar for the reinforcement of his swimming pool.  To this day, the pool has never leaked </li></ul>www.bamboohouseindia.org
  4. 4. <ul><li>The needle in Alexander Graham Bell’s first phonograph was made of bamboo. </li></ul>www.bamboohouseindia.org
  5. 5. <ul><li>Thomas Edison's first successful incandescent lamp (light bulb) used a filament made of carbonized bamboo. It was patented in 1880.  This light bulb still burns today in the Smithsonian Museum in Washington DC </li></ul>www.bamboohouseindia.org
  6. 6. <ul><li>The modern and glamorous game of polo owes its origins to Sagol Kangjei, a sport that originated in the Imphal valley of Manipur. To this day, Meitei riders astride sturdy Manipuri ponies play many-a-side polo, using rattan sticks and a ball fashioned from bamboo rhizome. The practice of using a ball made from bamboo rhizome continued for many years, to be replaced only well into the 20th century with balls made of hard plastic material. </li></ul>www.bamboohouseindia.org
  7. 7. <ul><li>Amidst death and destruction, bamboo survived the Hiroshima atomic blast closer to ground zero than any other living thing and provided the first re-greening in Hiroshima after the blast in 1945. </li></ul>www.bamboohouseindia.org
  8. 8. <ul><li>With a tensile strength superior to mild steel (withstands up to 52,000 Pounds of pressure psi) and a weight-to-strength ratio surpassing that of graphite, bamboo is the strongest growing woody plant on earth. </li></ul>www.bamboohouseindia.org
  9. 9. <ul><li>Bamboo is the fastest growing canopy for the re-greening of degraded lands, and its stands release 35% more oxygen than equivalent stands of trees. Some bamboo even sequester up to 12 tons of carbon dioxide from the air per hectare. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Bamboo can also lower light intensity and protects against ultraviolet rays. Traditional belief holds that being in a bamboo grove - the favorite dwelling place of Buddha - restores calmness to emotions and stimulates creativity. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Bamboo is one of the strongest building materials. Bamboo's tensile strength is 28,000 pounds per square inch versus 23,000 pounds per square inch for steel. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Bamboo is a high-yield renewable resource: &quot;bamboo ply&quot; is now being used for wall paneling and floor tiles; bamboo pulp for paper-making; briquettes for fuel, raw material for housing construction; and rebar for reinforced concrete beams. </li></ul>www.bamboohouseindia.org
  13. 13. <ul><li>There are 1500 species of bamboo on the earth. This diversity makes bamboo adaptable to many environments. It can be harvested in 3-5 years versus 10-20 years for most softwood. Bamboo tolerates extremes of precipitation, from 30-250 inches of annual rainfall. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Bamboo shoots provide nutrition for millions of people worldwide. In Japan, the antioxidant properties of pulverized bamboo skin can prevent bacterial growth, and it is used as a natural food preservative. </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan alone consumes 80,000 tons of bamboo shoots annually, constituting a $50 million industry </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Bamboo litter make fodder for animals and food for fish. </li></ul>www.bamboohouseindia.org
  16. 16. <ul><li>Bamboo leaves are normally utilized as fodder during scarcity. Young bamboo leaves and twigs are a favorite meal for elephants and the Panda. </li></ul>www.bamboohouseindia.org
  17. 17. <ul><li>Bamboo has for centuries been used in Ayurvedic medicine and Chinese herbal medicine. Tabasheer, the powdered, hardened Secretion from bamboo is used internally to treat asthma, coughs and can be used as an aphrodisiac. </li></ul>www.bamboohouseindia.org
  18. 18. <ul><li>In China, ingredients from the root of the black bamboo help treat kidney disease. Roots and leaves have also been used to treat venereal disease and cancer. Sap is said to reduce fever, and ash will cure prickly heat. </li></ul>www.bamboohouseindia.org
  19. 19. <ul><li>A village in Indonesia reports that the water form within the culm is used to treat broken bones effectively and that the tabasheer is used to promote fertility in their cows. Current research points to bamboo's potential in a number of medicinal uses. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Bamboo is a mystical plant: a symbol of strength, flexibility, tenacity, and endurance. Throughout Asia, bamboo has for centuries been integral to religious ceremonies, art, music, and daily life. It can be found in the paper, the brush, and the inspiration for poems and paintings. Some of the earliest historical records form the 2nd century B.C. were written on green bamboo strips. </li></ul>www.bamboohouseindia.org
  21. 21. <ul><li>In the tropics it is possible to plant and 'grow your own home;. in Costa Rica, 1000 houses of bamboo are built annually with material coming only from a 60 hectare bamboo plantation. If an equivalent project used timber, it would require 500 hectares of our diminishing tropical rainforests. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Using bamboo to replace timber saves the rainforests. With a 10-30% annual increase in biomass versus 2 to 5% for trees, bamboo creates greater yields of raw material for use. One clump can produce 200 poles in the three to five years. Bamboo generates a crop every year. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Bamboo is a peerless erosion control agent, it's net like root system create an effective mechanism for watershed protection, stitching the soil together along fragile riverbanks, deforested areas, and in places prone to earthquakes and mud slides. Because of their wide-spreading root system, uniquely shaped leaves, and dense litter on the forest floor, the sum of stem flow rate and canopy intercept of bamboo is 25% which means that bamboo greatly reduces rain run off, preventing massive soil erosion and keeping up to twice as much water in the watershed. </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Bamboo is a pioneering plant and can be grown in soil damaged by overgrazing and poor agricultural techniques. Unlike with most trees proper harvesting does not kill the bamboo plant so topsoil is held in place. </li></ul>
  25. 25. One of the enduring images of India’s freedom struggle is of Mahatma Gandhi setting out on the Salt March in 1931, a 140 kilometer odyssey from Ahmedabad to Dandi. As always, he carried little else but his conviction - and a bamboo stave.
  26. 26. A suspension bridge on the river in China is 250 yard long, 9 foot wide and rests entirely on bamboo cables fastened over the water. It doesn't have a single nail or piece of iron in it. www.bamboohouseindia.org
  27. 27. Bamboo grows at phenomenal rates, up to a foot in a single day! www.bamboohouseindia.org
  28. 28. A mature 100’x100’ patch of clumping bamboo can produce enough construction materials to frame an entire house every year. www.bamboohouseindia.org
  29. 29. Bamboo has one of the highest rates of photosynthesis of any plant species www.bamboohouseindia.org
  30. 30. A sixty-foot tree cut for market takes 60 years to replace. A sixty-foot bamboo cut for market takes 59 days to replace. www.bamboohouseindia.org
  31. 31. Over one billion people in the world live in bamboo houses www.bamboohouseindia.org
  32. 32. Bamboo absorbs 2/3 more carbon dioxide and releases 2/3 more oxygen than any other plant on earth. www.bamboohouseindia.org
  33. 33. A single bamboo clump can produce up to 15 kilometers of usable pole (up to 30 cm in diameter) in its lifetime. www.bamboohouseindia.org
  34. 34. Bamboo will not negatively impact our environment. In fact, Bamboo plants produce highly oxygenated air and balanced humidity. www.bamboohouseindia.org
  35. 35. Bamboo stabilizes the earth with its erosion control and prevention, and restores the health of soil by sequestering excess nitrogen. www.bamboohouseindia.org
  36. 36. The Bamboo plant is used for watershed protection, and soil remediation. It retains water in the watershed, reduces runoff, sustains riverbanks and helps mitigate water pollution due to its high nitrogen consumption. www.bamboohouseindia.org
  37. 37. Thank You www.bamboohouseindia.org www.greenlivelihoods.org Hyderabad

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