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National Green Growth Strategy in Cambodia


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Mr. Voun Vannarith,
Director of Administration and Finance Department
General Secretariat for Green Growth
National Council on Green Growth
Ministry of Environment

Published in: News & Politics
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National Green Growth Strategy in Cambodia

  1. 1. Ms. Victoria M. Cajandi Executive Officer Member of Regional Development Council RDC-IX, Phil.
  2. 2. What is FPIC ? •Free •Prior and •Informed •Consent
  3. 3. BASIS States shall consult and cooperate in good faith with the indigenous peoples concerned through their own representative institutions in order to obtain their free, prior and informed consent before adopting and implementing legislative or administrative measures that may affect them. Paragraph 19, United Nations Declaration on the Right of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP)
  4. 4. Why Free? • IP communities should be able to decide whether to give their consent to activities on their land without force, intimidati on or Timuay Anoy during one of the FPIC consultation called by the National Commission on Indigenous Poeples (NCIP) for the mining project of Canadian company TVI.
  5. 5. Why Prior? • Consent must be obtained before formal decisions are made (such as by the government or companies) about whether to allow the proposed development to go ahead.
  6. 6. • full and frank information and data on costs, benefits and impacts given in a timely fashion. • possible alternatives to development proposals that will allow IP’s to meet their needs and economic, political, social and cultural aspirations.
  7. 7. Consent Give or agree • Ensure consensus & documentation • Transparency Withhold or disagree • Ensure consensus & documentation • Prepare for request for reconsideration • Be firm and consistent
  8. 8. Potential Impacts When Consent is Given When Consent is Not Given Potential Impacts
  9. 9. Timuay Noval Lambo during inspection at the Canatuan Mining Site. Part of the mine is seen in the background “ I believe, we, Subanons, had been practicing a green economy since before but not for profit, for subsistence. Because of this we were excluded from the market because we could hardly produce goods for the market. I’m not familiar with growth but our tribe had survive for hundreds of years despite the assault to our lands and
  10. 10. “Green growth is new to me. What I can remember is when the government said it wants growth, they allowed mining into Mt. Canatuan, our sacred mountain. The mountain is not green anymore.” Timuay Jose Anoy, Chieftain, Siocon Ancestral Domain, Mindanao Philippines
  11. 11. 1. Republic Act No. 7076 – Peoples’ Small-Scale Mining Law of 1991, Section 7 2. Republic Act No. 7942 – Mining Act of 1995, Sec. 16 3. Republic Act No. 8371 – Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act (IPRA) of 1997, Section 3, g; Section 59. 4. NCIP Administrative Order No. 1, series of 1998, Sections – Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR) of IPRA, Part III, Section 1 to 9. 5. NCIP Administrative Order No. 3, series of 2006 –
  12. 12. Application Regional Office Pre-FBI Conference Preparation of WFP & Payment of FBI Fee FBI Proper Within 10 days CNO Pre-FPIC Conference First Meeting Payment of FPIC Fee Consensus Building Period Decision Meeting R N CR o C Request for Reconsideration MOA Drafting Validation & Signing Preparation of CP by RD E.R. Comm. Chairperson Not less than 10 days from 1st meeting Within 30 days Within 3 days For concurrence For confirmation Community Validation NO YES
  13. 13. FPIC can ensure that the growth the IPs want do not harm them, allows them to decide what direction they want, who will be their partners and how it will be done in their domains. FPIC in GIG
  14. 14. Victoria M. Cajandig First IP Representative to the government’s Regional Development Council of Region IX, a region claimed by the Subanens as their homeland. “We have green assets in our ancestral domains – land, water, forests, minerals, indigenous knowledge – and many more. We have a culture that promotes green development. We desire to be included. I think the biggest problem is the framework of the growth that we are talking. It brings a lot of dangers to our culture and territory. We also need to break the
  15. 15. • Poverty reduction through Farming. • Potential investments to come in to ancestral territories. • New knowledge and technologies can be made available. • Better infrastructure, education, social services, etc. • Access to markets • And the preparation to the next generation BENEFITS OF INCLUSION