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Tips and tricks for organic vegetable gardeners slideshare

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Tips and tricks for organic vegetable gardeners slideshare

  1. 1. Tips and Tricks for Organic Vegetable Growers Presented by Miguel Braganza and Green Essentials
  2. 2. Growing summer vegetables in Goa. (while the summer allows a narrower range of vegetables to flourish, there’s still a lot to choose from)
  3. 3. Key growing stages • When/what to plant • Improving/preparing soil and beds • Preparing your garden plan • Sowing/preparing nurseries • Transplanting/spacing in the beds • Encouraging healthy growth • Preparing for harvest
  4. 4. Basic Organic Principles • Prevention is better than cure • No poisons and artificial inputs • Healthy soil leads to healthy plants • Interventions need to be timely • Observation is critical in organic • Learn to think/feel like your plants
  5. 5. 5 TIPS When/what to plant
  6. 6. #1 Last chance to plant your Cole crops. Cabbages, cauliflowers, broccoli need the cold to form heads. You have a 50-50 chance right now
  7. 7. #2 But you can still plant several other things. Lettuce should be planted right now, for better germination in the cooler weather.
  8. 8. #3 What’s really easy? Karela Amaranth Brinjal Cucumber Konkan dudhi Bamboo Spinach Snake Gourd Long Beans
  9. 9. #4 What’s a little difficult? Cherry tomato Basil Watermelon Spinach Cluster beans Tomato
  10. 10. #5 Things that have worked
  11. 11. 5 TIPS Improving/preparing soil and beds
  12. 12. #1 Don’t skimp on organic manure. It promotes strong plant growth and builds greater pest resistance. About 5kg per sq mtr.
  13. 13. #2 Root crops like lose soil, and it helps them grow. Tall crops like firm soil, and mounds.
  14. 14. #3 Young ones will need a lot of care. That’s why small nurseries may be better to manage your seedlings in the early stage.
  15. 15. #4 Plants get complacent or lazy too. Flowering and fruit production is induced by stress – water stress for mango and citrus?
  16. 16. #5 Its all about the microbes in the soil. Introducing and managing microbial activity in your soil is your primary task.
  17. 17. 5 TIPS Preparing your garden plan
  18. 18. ROOT CROP (Carrot, radish etc.) #1 Plant a variety of crops COLE CROP (Knol Kohl, cabbage etc.) FRUIT CROP (Tomato, capsicum etc) BEAN CROP (Cluster bean, french bean etc.) GOURD CROP (Bottle gourd etc.) HERB CROP (Celery, basil etc.) LEAF CROP (Spinach, lettuce etc.) Different families of crops to be planted in adjacent beds
  19. 19. #2 Companions belong together Corn and climbing beans Tomato and Basil Cabbage and Radish Brinjal and Spinach Brinjal and Spinach Lettuce and Beetroot Tomato and Lettuce Onions and Carrots
  20. 20. #3 Plant in succession 1st batch 2nd batch 3rd batch Planting date Planting interval NOVEMBER DECEMBER JANUARY Planting interval = Period of harvest / 2 = 3 weeks / 2 = 10 days Period of harvest
  21. 21. #4 Planning some Herbs? Herb spiral is elegant and functional Plants that need more water at the bottom
  22. 22. #5 Sun and shade plants? Tomato Capsicum Carrot Beans Bhendi Brinjals Cucumber Lettuce Basil Spinach Cabbage Coriander Beets Carrots Radish Rocket Haldi Ginger Mint Yam Pineapple SUNNY SEMI-SHADE POOR LIGHT
  23. 23. 5 TIPS Sowing/preparing nurseries
  24. 24. #1 Seed sowing depth Lettuce Broccoli Pea Corn Bean Broad Bean 0 cm 1 cm 2 cm 3 cm 4 cm
  25. 25. #2 Temperature and germination Optimum 20ºC Low 25ºC
  26. 26. #3 Choose varieties carefully
  27. 27. #4 Water regularly, not too much
  28. 28. #5 Do a germination test first
  29. 29. 5 TIPS Transplanting/spacing in the beds
  30. 30. #1 More space is less than less space Competition for food can lead to weak underproductive plants
  31. 31. #2 Treat saplings with trichoderma virde Fungal wilt is a common problem in solenaceous crops and can be transmitted by wet soils
  32. 32. #3 Plant companion plants in spaces Faster and slower crops work well in combination, cabbages and leafy greens
  33. 33. #4 Prevent transplant shock with water management Reduce watering in the week leading to transplant, no water for 48 hours, then just 20 mins before transplant
  34. 34. #5 Shade net in first week prevents shock in warm conditions Put this in place when you transplant and then remove once plants recover
  35. 35. 5 TIPS Encouraging healthy growth
  36. 36. #1 Use mulch to prevent excessive weeds Add paddy straw or leaf mulch on the beds after transplanting saplings
  37. 37. #2 Apply foliar spray of Panchagavya This is best done at 2-3 week intervals during the growing phase, especially during flowering and early fruiting
  38. 38. #3 Do not over water your plants Overwatering makes plants susceptible to fungal disease. Look out for moss on soil
  39. 39. #4 Some crops don’t like too much sun Use 50% shade net to prevent too much sun in the growing phase (especially for lettuce)
  40. 40. #5 Be very observant, look out for pests Pests can quickly affect your plants in this phase if they are not identified and dealt with
  41. 41. 5 TIPS Learn to think/feel like your plants
  42. 42. #1 Its easier than you think. Consistent watering, no overcrowding, planting with friends, room to grow
  43. 43. #2 Root crops like lose soil, and it helps them grow. Tall crops like firm soil, and mounds.
  44. 44. #3 Young ones will need a lot of care. That’s why small nurseries may be better to manage your seedlings in the early stage.
  45. 45. #4 Plants get complacent or lazy too. Flowering and fruit production is induced by stress – water stress for mango and citrus?
  46. 46. #5 Plants get complacent or lazy too. Flowering and fruit production is induced by stress – water stress for mango and citrus?
  47. 47. 5 TIPS Organic pest prevention
  48. 48. #1 Common organic inputs • Manure o Vermicompost or cow dung • Pest Management o Vikarsha, Cow urine, Neem oil, Trichogramma • Disease prevention o Trichoderma virde • Growth promoter o Vermiwash, Panchagavya
  49. 49. #2 Treating seeds and seedlings with Panchagavya • 3% solution of Panchagavya can be made in water o Germination of seeds can be improved by soaking the seeds in the 3% solution for 20 mins o Can be used to water nurseries 2 days prior to transplanting o It can be used to treat the seedlings by dipping just before transplanting o Soaking for 20 minutes is sufficient for most vegetable seedlings. Rhizomes of ginger turmeric etc can be soaked for 30 mins
  50. 50. #3 Treating seedlings with Trichoderma Virde • 1tbs Trichoderma in 1ltr water o It can be used to treat the seedlings by dipping before transplanting o Soaking for 10-20 minutes is sufficient for most vegetable seedlings. Rhizomes of ginger turmeric etc can be soaked for 30 mins o DO NOT use for bulbs (onions, lillies) or corms (gladioli, banana, Alu) as it may cause Green Mould disease
  51. 51. #4 Plant trap crops for pests Trap crops Regular crops
  52. 52. #5 Pick and flick (or squish)
  53. 53. Join our Groups Botanical Society of Goa (BSG) To Subscribe: bsg-goa-subscribe@yahoogroups.com To Post message: bsg-goa@yahoogroups.com All Goa Organic Gardeners To Subscribe: Write to yogitamehra@gmail.com To Vide/Post message: http://groups.google.com/group/GoaGardeners

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