Lecture4 ancientart

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Lecture4 ancientart

  1. 1. ART 101: Introduction to Art Art and Cultural Mythologies James Greene | Visiting Assistant Professor | 1110 CAC | greenjam@gvsu.edu
  2. 2. Art & Cultural Mythology: Relief from he Parthenon Depicting The Balle of th Parthenon relief sculpture depicting The battle of the Lapiths and the Centaurs Marble 477-438 BC The myths we know today form a living link to the creation of the earth and the origins of humanity.
  3. 3. Some ancient myths still form the basis for living religions today, such as Hinduism. Art & Cultural Mythology: Myths an Religion The Creation of the Cosmic Oceans and the Elements, from The Shiva Purana, c. 1828
  4. 4. Mythic stories recur across more than one cultural tradition. Art & Cultural Mythology: Recurring Themes The story of the Great Flood appears in the Sumerian, Muslim and Christian myths.
  5. 5. ART 101: Introduction to Art Paleolithic Art James Greene | Visiting Assistant Professor | 1110 CAC | greenjam@gvsu.edu
  6. 6. Artist’s rendering of Earth during the last Ice Age. Art & Cultural Mythology: PALEOLITHIC ART
  7. 7. Europe during the last Ice Age (reaching maximum coverage c. 18,000 BC and retreating fully ca. 9,000 BC) Art & Cultural Mythology: PALEOLITHIC ART
  8. 8. Art & Cultural Mythology: PALEOLITHIC ART Detail of painted ceiling in Altamira Cave (Santander, Spain) c. 14,000-12,000 BC
  9. 9. Art & Cultural Mythology: PALEOLITHIC ART Bison, Altamira Cave (detail) c. 14,000-12,000 BC
  10. 10. Art & Cultural Mythology: PALEOLITHIC ART Dead bison, Altamira Cave (detail) c. 14,000-12,000 BC
  11. 11. Art & Cultural Mythology: PALEOLITHIC ART Hall of the Bulls (left wall) Lascaux, France c. 15,000-13,000 BC
  12. 12. “Chinese Horse” detail of right wall of Axial Gallery, Lascaux, France c. 15,000-13,000 BC, approx. 4’ 8” long Art & Cultural Mythology: PALEOLITHIC ART
  13. 13. Venus of Willendorf (Austria) c. 28,000-23,000 BC, limestone, approx. 4 ¼ “ high Art & Cultural Mythology: PALEOLITHIC ART
  14. 14. Venus of Willendorf (Austria) c. 28,000-23,000 BC, limestone, approx. 4 ¼ “ high Art & Cultural Mythology: PALEOLITHIC ART
  15. 15. ART 101: Introduction to Art Mesopotamia James Greene | Visiting Assistant Professor | 1110 CAC | greenjam@gvsu.edu
  16. 16. Art & Cultural Mythology: MESOPOTAMIA
  17. 17. Art & Cultural Mythology: MESOPOTAMIA – Sumerian Art Reconstruction of the sacred precinct of Ur, as it may have looked in 2100 BC.
  18. 18. Art & Cultural Mythology: MESOPOTAMIA – Sumerian Art Ziggurat, (southeastern facade with restored stairs), Ur, c. 2100 BC
  19. 19. Art & Cultural Mythology: MESOPOTAMIA – Sumerian Art Ziggurat, (view from the north), Ur, c. 2100 BC
  20. 20. Art & Cultural Mythology: MESOPOTAMIA – Sumerian Art U.S. Soldiers from the 17th Fires Brigade make their way up the reconstructed stairs of the Ziggurat of Ur, Iraq, near Contingency Operating Base Adder, May 18, 2010
  21. 21. Reconstruction of the city of Uruk, c. 4000 - 3100 BC Art & Cultural Mythology: MESOPOTAMIA – Sumerian Art
  22. 22. Example of clay tablet with cuneiform impressions, Uruk, Sumeria c. 2000 BC Art & Cultural Mythology: MESOPOTAMIA – Sumerian Art
  23. 23. Cuneiform tablet containing the story of Gilgamesh, Uruk, Sumeria c. 2500 BC Art & Cultural Mythology: MESOPOTAMIA – Sumerian Art
  24. 24. Art & Cultural Mythology: MESOPOTAMIA – Sumerian Art Modern-day site of the ancient city of Uruk, near As-Samawah, Iraq.
  25. 25. Art & Cultural Mythology: ASSYRIAN ART
  26. 26. Art & Cultural Mythology: ASSYRIAN ART Reconstruction of Ashurbanipal’s throne room, Nineveh, Iraq c. 669-633 B.C
  27. 27. Lion Hunt Scenes, Palace of Ashurbanipal, Nineveh, Iraq, bas relief panel, limestone c. 669-633 B.C. Art & Cultural Mythology: ASSYRIAN ART
  28. 28. Dying Lioness, Palace of Ashurbanipal, Nineveh, Iraq, bas relief panel, limestone c. 669-633 B.C. Art & Cultural Mythology: ASSYRIAN ART
  29. 29. Lion Hunt Scenes, Palace of Ashurbanipal, Nineveh, Iraq, bas relief panel, limestone c. 669-633 B.C. Art & Cultural Mythology: ASSYRIAN ART
  30. 30. Art & Cultural Mythology: ASSYRIAN ART Battle of Til-Tuba, Palace of Ashurbanipal, Nineveh, Iraq, bas relief panel, limestone c. 669-633 B.C.
  31. 31. Art & Cultural Mythology: ASSYRIAN ART Battle of Til-Tuba, Palace of Ashurbanipal, Nineveh, Iraq, bas relief panel, limestone c. 669-633 B.C.
  32. 32. Art & Cultural Mythology: ASSYRIAN ART Battle of Til-Tuba, Palace of Ashurbanipal, Nineveh, Iraq, bas relief panel, limestone c. 669-633 B.C.
  33. 33. Art & Cultural Mythology: ASSYRIAN ART After the Battle of Til-Tuba, Palace of Ashurbanipal, Nineveh, Iraq, bas relief panel, limestone c. 669-633 B.C.
  34. 34. ART 101: Introduction to Art Ancient Egypt James Greene | Visiting Assistant Professor | 1110 CAC | greenjam@gvsu.edu
  35. 35. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT EGYPT
  36. 36. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT EGYPT A concern with death and the afterlife is characteristic of Ancient Egyptian culture throughout their multi-millennia run.
  37. 37. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT EGYPT “Nothing would be lacking that had been enjoyed on Earth.” Below: The Inventory of earthly belongings in the tomb of Tutankhamun.
  38. 38. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT EGYPT – Predynastic Period Palette of King Narmer (front and back) Hierakonpolis, Upper Egypt, c. 3000 BC, slate
  39. 39. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT EGYPT – Predynastic Period Palette of King Narmer (front and back) Hierakonpolis, Upper Egypt, c. 3000 BC, slate
  40. 40. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT EGYPT – Old Kingdom Great Pyramids of Gizeh. From left: Menkaure, c. 2525-2475; BC, Khafre, c. 2575-2525 BC; Khufu, c. 2600-2550 BC
  41. 41. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT EGYPT – Old Kingdom Great Pyramid of Khafre, c. 2575-2525 BC
  42. 42. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT EGYPT – Old Kingdom Cross-section of the Pyramid of Khufu, Gizeh.
  43. 43. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT EGYPT – Old Kingdom Pyramid complex facing Khafre & Khufu, Including causeway and Great Sphinx, Gizeh.
  44. 44. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT EGYPT – Old Kingdom Great Sphinx (with Pyramid of Khufu in the background) Gizeh, c. 2575-2525 BC approx. 65’ high, 240’ long
  45. 45. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT EGYPT – Old Kingdom Great Sphinx (with Pyramid of Khufu in the background) Gizeh, c. 2575-2525 BC; approx. 65’ high, 240’ long
  46. 46. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT EGYPT – Old Kingdom Jean-Léon Gérome General Bonaparte Before the Sphinx, oil on canvas, 1867-68
  47. 47. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT EGYPT – Old Kingdom Khafre (Left and right sides) from Gizeh, c. 2575-2525 BC. Diorite, approx. 5’6” high
  48. 48. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT EGYPT – Old Kingdom Menkaure and Khamerernebty From Gizeh, c. 2575-2525 BC Approx. 4’6” high Slate
  49. 49. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT EGYPT – New Kingdom Hypostyle Hall (exterior), Temple of Amen-Re, Karnak, Egypt, 1275-1225 BC
  50. 50. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT EGYPT – New Kingdom Hypostyle Hall (detail), Temple of Amen-Re, Karnak, Egypt, 1275-1225 BC
  51. 51. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT EGYPT – New Kingdom Temple of Ramses II, Abu Simbel, c. 1275-1225 BC. Colossi approx. 65’ high
  52. 52. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT EGYPT – New Kingdom Temple of Ramses II, Abu Simbel, c. 1275-1225 BC. Colossi approx. 65’ high
  53. 53. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT EGYPT – New Kingdom Pillar statue of Akhenaton from The temple of Amen-Re, Karnak, New Kingdom Sandstone, painted. c. 1356 BC
  54. 54. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT EGYPT – New Kingdom Queen Nefertiti From Tell-El-Amarna 1355-1335 BC Painted limestone Approx. 20” high
  55. 55. ART 101: Introduction to Art Ancient Greek Art James Greene | Visiting Assistant Professor | 1110 CAC | greenjam@gvsu.edu
  56. 56. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT GREECE – Early Agean Art
  57. 57. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT GREECE – Early Agean Art Cycladic Idol From Amorgos (front view) c. 2500-1100 BC
  58. 58. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT GREECE – Archaic Period Temple of Hera I, Paestum, c. 550 BC
  59. 59. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT GREECE A comparison on Greek column orders: Doric Ionic Corinthian
  60. 60. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT GREECE – Archaic Period Kouros Figure From Attica Greek (Archaic) marble c. 600 BC
  61. 61. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT GREECE – Archaic Period Kroisos From Aanavysos Greek (Archaic) marble c. 530 BC
  62. 62. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT GREECE – Early Classical Period Kritios Boy From the Acropolis, Athens marble c. 530 BC
  63. 63. Polykleitos Doryphoros (The Spearbearer) Roman marble copy of Greek bronze original 450-40 BC (original) The Principles of Design: PROPORTION
  64. 64. Art & Cultural Mythology: ANCIENT GREECE – Early Classical Period Riace Warrior (front and detail of torso) From the sea off Riace (Italy) Bronze c. 460-450 BC Approx. 6’6” high

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