Materials & resources presentation(final version may 2012)


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Materials & resources presentation(final version may 2012)

  1. 1. Materials and Resources in LEED EB&OM Eng. Ruba Al-Foraih Eng. Fatma Al-Fahad Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research
  2. 2. Presentation Outline Introduction to LEED Introduction to LEED EB O&M Introduction to Materials & Resources Materials & Resources in Kuwait
  3. 3. LEED Rating Systems
  4. 4. Green Building Benefits Environmental benefits by Benefit community byreducing impacts of natural minimizing strain on local resource consumption infrastructures and improve quality of life Economic benefits byimproved operating costs Enhance occupant and increased comfort and health productivity.
  5. 5. Introduction to LEED Introduction to LEED EB O&MIntroduction to Materials & Resources Materials & Resources in Kuwait
  6. 6. The LEED for Existing Buildings Rating System helps building owners and operators measure operations, improvements and maintenance on a consistent scale, with the goal of maximizing operational efficiency while minimizing environmental impacts. LEED for Existing Buildings addresses whole-building cleaning and maintenance issues (including chemical use), recycling programs, exterior maintenance programs, and systems upgrades.
  7. 7. Productivity Benefits Improve occupant performance Reduce absenteeism and turnover. Providing a healthy workplace improves employee satisfaction Decreases productivity losses per year. In USA an estimated $29-168 billion in national productivity is lost per year.
  8. 8. • There is currently no LEED EB O&M certified building in Kuwait, there are currently two LEED EB O&M registered buildings.• There is currently one LEED EB O&M certified building in Dubai, which is also the only one in the Arab World.• There are only 12 LEED EB O&M certified buildings outside of the USA (based on 2010/2011 studies).• LEED EB O&M will transform the way buildings are operated enabling an environmentally and socially responsible, healthy and prosperous environment that improves the quality of
  9. 9. LEED EB O&M Points Scale
  10. 10. LEED EB O&M Distribution Points Sustainable Pre-requistes Points Category Sustainable Sites 0 26 Water Efficiency 1 14 Energy and 3 35 EfficiencyMaterials and Resources 2 10 Indoor Environmental Quality 3 15Innovation in Operation 0 6 Regional Priority 0 4
  11. 11. Minimum Program Requirements (MPR)1. Must comply with environmental laws.2. Must be a complete, permanent building or space.3. Must use a reasonable boundary.4. Must comply with minimum floor area requirements (93 m2 gross floor area)5. Must comply with minimum occupancy rates - Full time equivalent occupancy (FTE): 1 or more FTE - Minimum occupancy rate: 12 consecutive months6. Must commit to sharing whole-building water and energy usage data.7. Must comply with a minimum building area to site ratio (no less than 2%)
  12. 12. LEED EB O&M PhasesPhase 1 Feasibility Study Phase 2 Implementation Plan Phase 3 Performance Period Phase 4 Certification
  13. 13. Introduction to LEED Introduction to LEED EB O&MIntroduction to Materials & Resources Materials & Resources in Kuwait
  14. 14. Materials & Resources Distribution Points MRP1 Sustainable Purchasing Policy 0 Points MRP2 Solid Waste Management Policy 0 Point Materials MRC1 Sustainable Purchasing 1 Point & Ongoing Consumables Resources Sustainable Purchasing 2 MRC2 Point Durable Goods Sustainable Purchasing 1 MRC3 Point Facility Alterations & Additions Sustainable Purchasing 1 MRC4 Point Reduced Mercury in Lamps Sustainable Purchasing 1 MRC5 Point Food
  15. 15. Materials & Resources Distribution Points Solid Waste Management 1 MRC6 Point Waste Stream Audit Materials Solid Waste Management 1 MRC7 Point & Ongoing Consumables Resources Solid Waste Management 1 MRC8 Points Durable Goods Solid Waste Management 1 MRC9 Point Facility Alterations & Additions
  16. 16. Materials & Resources Credits Sustainable Solid Waste Purchases Management 5 Credits 4 Credits 6 Possible Possible Points Points
  17. 17. MR Role Towards Sustainable BuildingSelecting green Reducing Focusing on sustainable mercury Reducing waste reusing and materials by pollution by managing recycling materials adopting generated in waste solids. whenever possible. sustainable the building purchasing program.
  18. 18. Introduction to LEED Introduction to LEED EB O&MIntroduction to Materials & Resources Materials & Resources in Kuwait
  19. 19. 2 prerequisites• MRP1: SUSTAINABLE PURCHASING POLICY Recycled content option of Reduced packaging of the purchased goods when purchased materials available• MRP2: SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT POLICY
  20. 20. MRP1: Sustainable Purchasing Policy Intent: To reduce the Environmentally preferable environmental impacts of purchasing (EPP) policy shouldmaterials acquired for the use be designed to cover at leastin the operation, maintenance purchasing of ongoing and upgrades of the building. consumables.
  21. 21. Issues to Consider in Designing (EPP) Resource use reduction Reduction Waste of gas reduction emissions and prevention Issues to consider in designing (EPP) Growth of Occupants sustainable health and economy safety
  22. 22. Challenges Faced In KuwaitLimited choices of sustainablematerials in the local market. Limited number of vendors locally or in the Gulf region. Lack of cooperation with vendors
  23. 23. MR P2: Solid Waste Management PolicyIntent: To facilitate the reduction ofwaste generated by building occupantsthat is hauled to and disposed in landfillsor incineration facilities
  24. 24. To Manage Solid Waste in a Manner That Will:Protect the environment and public healthConserve natural resourcesMinimize land filling and/or incineration and reduce toxicity
  25. 25. Challenges Faced In KuwaitDifficulty is faced when developing a solidwaste management policy for the buildingas this is a relatively new procedure inKuwait. This should be done with complete cooperation and commitment with staff for disposal of waste. Difficult to locate local companies that will recycle or dispose of waste in a responsible manner.
  26. 26. MRC1: Sustainable Purchasing-Ongoing ConsumablesIntent: to reduce the environmental and air qualityimpacts of the materials acquired for use in the operationsand maintenance of building.Requirement: to maintain sustainable purchasing programcovering consumable materials(papers, notebooks, envelopes, toner cartridges, batteriesand desk accessories) where sustainable purchases are ofat least 60% of the total purchases.
  27. 27. MRC 1 – Sustainable Purchasing:Ongoing Consumables Materials harvested and processed or Post- extracted and consumer processed within materials (800 KM) of the and/or post- FSC project. certified industrial materials. paper Sustainable Purchasing- Rechargeable Ongoing Rapidly Batteries. consumables renewable material.
  28. 28. Challenges Faced in KuwaitLimited ( if none) availability of locally producedsustainable ongoing consumables. Limited number of vendors supplying sustainable consumable goods in the local market. Possibility to obtain materials containing pre or post consumer materials but not with the specified percentages mentioned in LEED. Lack of cooperation with some potential suppliers of sustainable consumable goods. Awareness and understanding of the building owner to buy sustainable materials with relatively higher cost.
  29. 29. MRC 2 – Sustainable Purchasing :Durable GoodsIntent: To reduce environmental and air qualityimpacts of the materials acquired for use in theoperations and maintenance of buildings.Requirements :To maintain sustainable purchasingprogram covering durable goods (electric-poweredequipment & furniture) 40% by cost.The sustainable criteria for electrical equipment isenergy star qualified.
  30. 30. Challenges Faced in Kuwait Although energy star qualified equipment are available in the local market, not all the types of electrical equipment used are energy star qualified. The qualified equipment are higher in cost.
  31. 31. MRC 2.2 – Sustainable Purchasing:Furniture Materials harvested and processed or extracted and Post- processed within consumer (800 KM) of the materials project. FSC and/or post- certified industrial wood. materials. Material Criteria for salvaged sustainable from off- purchases Rapidly site or on- renewable site. material.
  32. 32. Challenges Faced in KuwaitVery limited number of vendors supplying suchsustainable furniture. Need to request relatively large quantities of furniture to be able to order the furniture from reliable vendors located out of Kuwait. High cost of sustainable furniture, which needs cooperation and dedication of the building owner to purchase at high costs. Limited number of designs and colors
  33. 33. MR C3: Sustainable Purchasing- Facility Alterations and AdditionsIntent : This credit is to select building materials that will decrease theemission of harmful gases (VOCs) to the environment therefore improvingthe general quality of surrounding air. 1 point is earned for this credit.During the performance period the cost of sustainable purchases shouldbe 50% of the cost of the total purchases.An additional exemplary point can be earned if sustainable purchases forfacility alterations is 95% of the total purchases.
  34. 34. Health Effects of VOC Exposure Psychologically, staff will not be comfortable working in anKey signs or symptoms associated environment that may cause any of with exposure to VOCs include these symptoms and productivity will be low. Conjunctival irritation Nose and throat discomfort Headache Allergic skin reaction Shortness of breath which may lead to asthma & cardiac disorders Nausea Fatigue Dizziness
  35. 35. Challenges Faced In KuwaitKuwait is a relative new market for LEED certifiedmaterials, therefore difficulty is faced locating LEEDmaterials required for this credit available locally. LEED certified materials will be more expensive therefore difficulty is faced is persuading upper management to purchase the more expensive item. Many LEED certified materials do not have a local supplier, problems are faced with upper management acceptance when requesting items with no locally supplier. If and when the material is located locally, there will be a limited variety of designs and colors.
  36. 36. MR C4: Sustainable PurchasingReduced Mercury in Lamps Intent:To reduce the amount of mercury brought on-site through purchased lamps. This is achieved through developing lighting purchasing plan that specifies maximum levels of mercury permitted in lamps including lamps for both indoor and outdoor fixtures.1 point is earned for this credit.
  37. 37. Facility managers should take a list ofexisting lamps, and teams should work withan official lighting supplier to determinewhich products are acceptable forcompliance with this credit. Keep technicalspecs for all lamps that include their lifeexpectancy, light output and mercurycontent. Provide training and specialrecycling program for lamps. No obstacles were faced but lamps should be purchased from an authorized dealer to obtain reliable technical specifications showing mercury content in the lamps. Buildings constructed before 1995 may have installed lamps with high mercury content.
  38. 38. MR C5: Sustainable Purchasing-FoodIntent: The aim of this credit is to reduce theenvironmental and transportation impactsassociated with food production and distribution. 1point is earned for this credit.This requires maintaining a sustainable foodpurchasing program that satisfies purchasing of atleast 25% of total combined food and beveragepurchases (by cost) during the projects performanceperiod of a project.
  39. 39. Challenges Faced In KuwaitDifficult to find available in Kuwait foods and beverages thatbear one or more of the following certifications, and iffound they will be very expensive.• United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Organic• Food Alliance Certified• Rainforest Alliance Certified• Protected Harvest Certified• Fair Trade• Marine Stewardship Councils Blue Eco- Label
  40. 40. Due to Kuwait covering a small area, therequirement that at least 25% food and beveragespurchases by cost are produced within a 100 miles radius(160 km) can be easily achieved, therefore this point is gained easily by using food and beverages produced locally.
  41. 41. MRC 6 – Solid Waste Management:Waste Stream AuditIntent: To facilitate the reduction of ongoing wasteand toxins generated by building occupants andbuilding operations going to landfills or incinerationfacilities.Requirements: To conduct a waste stream audit ofthe building entire ongoing consumables wastestream during the performance period (durablegoods waste and construction waste are notincluded).
  42. 42. Challenges Faced in Kuwait Awareness and cooperation of building occupants with the audit team which requires sorting of the generated waste during the whole time of the audit period. Commitment of the recycling party with audit team.
  43. 43. MRC 7- Solid Waste Management:Ongoing ConsumablesIntent:To facilitate the reduction of waste and toxins generated from the useof ongoing consumables by building occupants and building operations goingto landfills or incineration facilities.Maintain a waste reduction and recycling program for low cost materialsincluding paper, toner cartridge, glass, plastic, cardboard food waste andmetals.Reuse, recycle or compost 50% of ongoing consumable waste stream byweight or volume.Have battery recycling program for at least 80% of discarded batteries.
  44. 44. Challenges Faced in KuwaitCooperation of building occupants in sortingwastes and dropping waste at the specifiedwaste container. Commitment of cleaning staff to transfer waste continuously from collection points in the building to the recycling area. Acceptance of building occupants to minimize waste as possible, as well as work or use recycled materials. Continuous monitoring to the recycling program of solid waste stream.
  45. 45. MR C8: Solid Waste Management-Durable GoodsIntent: To reduce durable goods waste from building occupantsgoing to landfills or incinerators. 1 point is earned for this credit.Maintain a waste reduction and recycling program for durablegoods includingcomputers, monitors, copiers, printers, scanners, televisions.etc.Reuse or recycle 75% of the durable goods waste stream byweight, volume or replacement value during the performanceperiod of a project. In Kuwait recycling is usually done by volume.
  46. 46. Challenges Faced In KuwaitGaining cooperation from occupants, staffand cleaning staff to dispose of durablegoods in the correct allocated waste binsand to commit to it. Convincing occupants and staff to set up a formal reuse program for furniture and electronics. Difficulty is faced establishing a method to track and calculate all landfilled and diverted durable goods.
  47. 47. MR C9-Solid Waste Management FacilityAlterations and Additions Intent: To keep construction and demolition waste out of landfills by reusing appropriate materials. To divert at least 70% of waste by volume generated by facility alteration and additions. This is applied only on base building elements. 1 point is earned for this credit.
  48. 48. It Will be Challenging to Implement All of the Following:Creating and using a waste managementstrategy for construction materials.Qualifying materials include those that areremoved and reused. Designing with standard-sized materials. Avoid waste from cutting materials to odd sizes. Designing spaces with easy deconstruction, such as using bolts in place of glue. Minimizing waste on the site, such as by over packing. Creating a tracking program for all waste to ensure uncontrolled waste is not leaving the job site.
  49. 49. Challenges Faced in KuwaitGaining complete cooperation fromcontractors Finding and Working with a waste hauler who is willing to establish a system for managing and tracking construction waste. To Implement LEED we have to change the general mindset, awareness and dedication of the public.
  50. 50. For LEED to Be ImplementedSuccessfully in Kuwait• There has to be complete building management and building occupant cooperation.• All people involved with the building have to be dedicated to making a change.• As mentioned in the previous slide, the general mindset and awareness of the public has to change to make more people care.
  51. 51. On a Final Note• The Kuwait Green Building Council was established in March 2012. One of their main objectives is working to ensure Green certified materials and products will be readily available in the Kuwaiti market.• Their vision is to encourage and engage both public and private sectors to adopt sustainable measures in the development sector in Kuwait.• We applaud their efforts and hard work.
  52. 52. Finally; This is The World We Would Like For Our Children
  53. 53. If you think in terms of a year, plant a seed; if in terms of ten years, plant trees; if in terms of 100 years, teach the people. Confucius Chinese Ethical Teacher, Philosopher