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The JavaScript toolset for development on Ethereum


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Ethereum is the new global shared computing resource. Find out how to develop dapps on the Ethereum blockchain by using the Truffle Framework and web3.js.

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The JavaScript toolset for development on Ethereum

  1. 1. ETHEREUMF O R J AVA S C R I P T D E V E L O P E R S GreeceJS #21 @panosjee Panos Papadopoulos
 Founder GreeceJS
  2. 2. I am a software engineer that joined the other side of the Force I am a Partner at Marathon VC I was a founder at BugSense and Greece JS Hello! I Am Panos You can contact me at @panosjee
  3. 3. Ethereum aims to be the global, decentralised, unstoppable, uncensorable computer. (Using blockchain and ponies of course) ETHEREUM
  4. 4. I should have ICO’ed back then
  5. 5. The crazy 2017 Ethereum rally
  6. 6. THE BLOCKCHAINIn case you are living under a rock But way more complex in the case of Ethereum
  7. 7. Every 14 seconds the results of the programs execution are shared and verified across all the nodes of the network. The new state is written in the blockchain. Ethereum programs are called Smart Contracts and are usually written in Solidity, Viper and LLL. Smart Contracts can be accessed via the web thanks to web3.js Ethereum listens to other nodes and executes program that compile to Ethereum Virtual Machine Users run an Ethereum client, usually geth (the official client written in Go) Ethereum for dummies Nodes EVM Smart Contracts Ether Smart Contract execution and storage costs. The cost is called gas and can be purchased for Ether the native currency of the network
  8. 8. Enterprise Ethereum is an official effort to bring private Ethereum networks to the corporate world. Corporate friendly 14 seconds block generation makes for quick transactions and “fast” socially scalable programs. Fast Elliptical cryptography used for wallets, PoW to secure blockchain (might change to PoS) Secure Ethereum creates a computing platform that cannot be stopped or altered Uncensorable Ethereum is one the most well performing crypto- currencies of 2017. Asset Ethereum has a large enthusiastic community building blocks and dapps Community ETHEREUM CORE FEATURES
  9. 9. The Ether issuance model
  10. 10. What is the use case for smart contracts? Automate lawyers and trusted 3rd parties out of existence. Think processes that require trust: - Financial instruments - Voting - Tickets - Registries - Ballots - Marketplaces - Scams aka ICOs
  11. 11. The main toolset includes the official smart contract language solidity and web3.js npm install solc npm install web3 npm install solium npm install truffle npm install ethereumjs-testrpc Oh and Meteor is a thing for the Ethereum community. Tools A wallet stores your private & public keys that generate addresses and sign your transactions. At a minimum you need a wallet to store & send Ether, interact & deploy smart contracts. Holding your keys makes you sovereign. Popular wallets: - MyEtherWallet - Mist - Coinbase (exchange) Wallet Running your node is educational, useful and wasteful (good luck syncing). Geth is the official client Parity has f***d up several times. Implementations in Python, JS, C++, Java. Use at your own risk. Clients expose console, JSON- RPC, logs. Node (or not) WHAT YOU NEED TO START
  12. 12. ““Writing smart contracts on Ethereum is a pleasure and the tools are great” No one, 2017
  13. 13. LET’S ICO GreeceJS Pump Throw decentralisation buzz works Release whitepaper Dump Cash out Bro down
  14. 14. testrpc is a Node.js based Ethereum client for testing and development. It uses ethereumjs to simulate full client behavior and make developing Ethereum applications much faster. It also includes all popular RPC functions and features (like events) and can be run deterministically to make development a breeze. Sanity tip: use -db to keep accounts after restarts Tools: ethereum-jsonrpc Install, sync & run a full client is a hassle (but also the point)
  15. 15. This is probably the most portable and most convenient way to install Solidity locally. A platform-independent JavaScript library is provided by compiling the C++ source into JavaScript using Emscripten. It can be used in projects directly (such as Remix). Please refer to the solc-js repository for instructions. Tools: solc-js The fastest way to install the Solidity compiler
  16. 16. To make your app work on Ethereum, you can use the web3 object provided by the web3.js library. Under the hood it communicates to a local node through RPC calls. web3.js works with any Ethereum node, which exposes an RPC layer. Tools: web3.js The library that exposes Ethereum to rest of us web3 runs in the browser. If web3 is loaded and can access Ethereum keys then you can run any Dapp in your browser. The most common way to inject web3 into a window and be able to control an Ethereum wallet is the Metamask Chrome plugin.
  17. 17. MetaMask is a bridge that allows you to visit the distributed web of tomorrow in your browser today. It allows you to run Ethereum dApps right in your browser without running a full Ethereum node. (because Mist sucks) MetaMask includes a secure identity vault, providing a user interface (duh) to manage your identities on different sites and sign blockchain transactions. Bonus: IPFS Station Chrome plugin allows you to access IPFS urls seamlessly from your local IPFS node, and take a look at its stats. Tools: Metamask Make Chrome Ethereum-aware
  18. 18. Truffle is the most popular development framework for Ethereum. Truffle gives structure to your smart contract and help you compile, test, deploy and migrate. EthPM is the package manager for Smart Contracts B-E-W-A-R-E You can write tests in both JS and Solidity. When it comes to “trusted” computing you cannot escape tests! Tools: Truffle Let’s use some JS skills to manage Solidity dapps life cycle candy maple cake sugar pudding cream honey rich smooth crumble sweet treat
  19. 19. Version pragma: Solidity upgrades break things, make sure the target is right! Functions execute code internally or externally Function Modifiers aka decorators Events change the state, therefore you pay for their execution. Events are dispatched signals the smart contracts can fire. DApps, or anything connected to Ethereum JSON-RPC API, can listen to these events and act accordingly. Event can be indexed, so that the event history is searchable later. event Deposit(address from, uint value); Anatomy of a smart contract Demo Time!
  20. 20. Deploy a smart contract Choose a network (testrpc, testnets: [morden, ropsten, kovan, rinkeby], live) Have enough gas to pay for deployment When you deploy you become the owner of the contract unless if specified otherwise Contract is deployed at an address. App.contracts.GreeceJSToken.deployed().then ABI (Application Binary Interface) is generated without you cannot interact with web3.js. ENS (Ethereum Naming System) to the rescue. Store your web3.js at Swarm or IPFS
  21. 21. Tools: Remix
  22. 22. Tools: Etherscan Blockchain browser - Transaction explorer - Block explorer - Inspect smart contracts - Monitor addresses - See logs
  23. 23. Thanks! Let’s talk @panosjee Any questions?