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Ohio's Small and Mid-Sized Legacy Cities

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Slides from an October 2016 webinar on Ohio's small and mid-sized legacy cities, how they compare to peer cities, and strategies for their revitalization.

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Ohio's Small and Mid-Sized Legacy Cities

  1. 1. ABOUT GREATER OHIO POLICY CENTER An outcome-oriented statewide non-profit that champions revitalization and sustainable redevelopment in Ohio: • Revitalize Ohio’s urban cores and metropolitan regions • Achieve sustainable land reuse and economic growth
  2. 2. Photo: Shane Wynn
  3. 3. SMALL AND MID-SIZED LEGACY CITIES DEFINITION  More than 20,000 residents in the city  Less than 1,000,000 residents in the surrounding metropolitan area  Industrial history  Lost population since peak  Not a college town or suburb of a larger city  Most are located in the Midwest and Northeast
  4. 4. WHAT DISTINGUISHES SMALLER LEGACY CITIES?  Similar challenges as larger cities, but less high profile.  Successful strategies for revitalization in large cities may not be transferrable or may need adjustment.  Less financial and human capital resources.  Greater impact of negative land use like vacant properties or brownfields.
  5. 5. Small legacy cities:  Remain significant regional and statewide economic drivers  Present opportunities for innovation  Are emblematic of national concerns about inequality. WHY SHOULD WE CARE ABOUT SMALL LEGACY CITIES?
  6. 6. FROM AKRON TO ZANESVILLE: OHIO’S SMALL AND MID-SIZED LEGACY CITIES  Ohio has 20 small and mid- sized legacy cities.  These cities and their regions account for nearly a third of the state’s population and a third of the state’s GDP.  Long been drivers of the state’s and regional economies
  7. 7. FROM AKRON TO ZANESVILLE: METHODOLOGY  Collected data on population change, economic health of residents and housing markets in 2000, 2009, and 2014.  Compiled condition and trend data by city-type to create averages for large, mid-size, and small legacy cities across the state.  Also collected and compiled data on the metropolitan statistical area to compare
  8. 8. OVERALL TRAJECTORY BY INDICATOR 2000-2014, ALL CITIES Columbus Large Legacy Cities Mid-Size Legacy Cities Small Legacy Cities State Population LaborForce Participation Unemploymen tReduction Household Income PerCapita Income Poverty Reduction Housing Vacancy Housing Values
  9. 9. -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 Columbus City Columbus Metro Large Legacy Cities Large Legacy Metros Mid-Sized Legacy Cities Mid-Sized Legacy Metros Small Legacy Cities Small Legacy Metros State RelativeGrowthorDecline(%) 2000-2009 2009-2014 RELATIVE CHANGE IN HOUSING VALUES PRE- AND POST-2009
  10. 10. 0.00% 20.00% 40.00% 60.00% 80.00% Columbus Large Legacy Cities Mid-Sized Cities Small Cities State POVERTY RATE CHANGE
  11. 11. 0.00% 50.00% 100.00% 150.00% 200.00% 250.00% Columbus Large Legacy Cities Mid-Sized Cities Small Cities State HOUSING VACANCY CHANGE
  12. 12. -6.00% -4.00% -2.00% 0.00% 2.00% 4.00% Columbus Large Legacy Cities Mid-Sized Cities Small Cities State LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION RATE CHANGE
  13. 13. 59.70% 61.40%61.40% 60.30% 58.50% 59.00% 59.50% 60.00% 60.50% 61.00% 61.50% 62.00% 2000 2014 Large Legacy Cities Mid-Sized Legacy Cities LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION IN LARGE AND MID-SIZED LEGACY CITIES, 2000 TO 2014
  14. 14. HOUSING VACANCY IN LARGE AND MID-SIZED LEGACY CITIES, 2000 TO 2014 3.40% 7.73% 2.53% 8.12% 0.00% 1.00% 2.00% 3.00% 4.00% 5.00% 6.00% 7.00% 8.00% 9.00% 2000 2014 Large Legacy Cities Mid-Sized Legacy Cities
  15. 15. 55 57 59 61 63 65 67 69 71 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 Columbus City Large Legacy Cities Mid-Sized Legacy Cities Small Legacy Cities State LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION RATES OVER TIME
  16. 16. OVERALL TRAJECTORY BY INDICATOR 2000-2014, ALL METROS Columbus Metro Large Legacy City Metros Mid-Size Legacy City Metros Small Legacy City Metros State Population Unemployment Reduction LaborForce Participation Household Income PerCapita Income Poverty Reduction Housing Vacancy HousingValues Jobs NewBusinesses
  17. 17. NATIONAL PEER STUDY
  18. 18. OVERALL TRAJECTORY BY INDICATOR 2000-2014, COMPARISON CITIES Population LaborForce Participation Unemploymen tReduction Household Income Poverty Reduction Housing Vacancy Housing Values Allentown Grand Rapids Hamilton, OH South Bend Syracuse Worcester
  19. 19. -70% -60% -50% -40% -30% -20% -10% 0% 10% 20% Gary Muncie SouthBend Flint GrandRapids Kalamazoo Pontiac Akron Dayton Hamilton Lima Youngstown Lowell Springfield Worcester Camden Albany Binghamton Syracuse Allentown Bethlehem Lancaster Scranton York Change Peak to 2000 Change 2000 to Today INDIANA MICHIGAN MASS.OHIOMICHIGAN PENNSYLVANIANJ GAIN OR LOSS OF PEAK POPULATION NEW YORK
  20. 20. -40% -20% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Gary Muncie SouthBend Flint GrandRapids Kalamazoo Pontiac Akron Dayton Hamilton Lima Youngstown Lowell Springfield Worcester Camden Albany Binghamton Syracuse Allentown Bethlehem Lancaster Scranton York CHANGE IN YOUNG PROFESSIONAL OHIOINDIANA MICHIGAN MASS. NJ NEW YORK PENNSYLVANIA
  21. 21. -50% 0% 50% 100% 150% 200% 250% Gary Muncie SouthBend Flint GrandRapids Kalamazoo Pontiac Akron Dayton Hamilton Lima Youngstown Lowell Springfield Worcester Camden Albany Binghamton Syracuse Allentown Bethlehem Lancaster Scranton CHANGE IN IMMIGRANT POPULATION INDIANA MICHIGAN OHIO MASS. NJ NEW YORK PENNSYLVANIA
  22. 22.  Vision for the future must be grounded in a realistic assessment of the present.  Cities should consider their “niche” in the global, national, or regional economy.  Sufficient civic capacity to carry out change is critical.  Cities are most likely to be successful by blending a long-term strategic vision and an incremental process of change. KEY FACTORS IN REPOSITIONING SMALLER LEGACY CITIES Photo Credit: Phil Kidd
  23. 23. FOCUS ON CIVIC CAPACITY AND BUILDING TALENT Strong cities have strong leaders in all sectors willing to “own the problem” of the city’s revitalization.
  24. 24. GROW HUMAN CAPITAL BY INVESTING IN LOW-INCOME RESIDENTS Strong cities are places of opportunity for residents of varying incomes and educational backgrounds. Photo Credit: Rowan Cabarrus Community College
  25. 25. Strong cities have neighborhood s of choice for people with a range of incomes. FOCUS ON SUSTAINING NEIGHBORHOODS Photo: Citiwide Development
  26. 26. Strong cities have a strong sense of place that encourages diverse people to live, work, and play there. DEPLOY CREATIVE PLACEMAKING FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT Photo: Better Block Foundation
  27. 27. Strong cities thrive when state policy is responsive to their specific needs. AVOID “ONE-SIZE FITS ALL” POLICY SOLUTIONS
  28. 28. March 7th & 8th, 2017 More information is available at: www.GreaterOhio.wix.com/2017-Summit The Westin Columbus 310 South High Street Columbus, Ohio 43215 Investing in Ohio's Future: Maximizing Growth in our Cities and Regions
  29. 29. Torey Hollingsworth, Researcher thollingsworth@greaterohio.o rg

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