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Local Gov't Presentation to Constitutional Modernization Commission

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GOPC presented an overview of Ohio's local government terrain to the Eduation, Public Institutions and Miscellaneous and Local Government Committee of the Ohio Constitutional Modernization Commission on July 11, 2013.

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Local Gov't Presentation to Constitutional Modernization Commission

  1. 1. Ohio Constitutional Modernization Commission for the Education, Public Institutions, Miscellaneous and Local Government Committee July 11,2013 Alison D. Goebel Associate Director Greater Ohio Policy Center agoebel@greaterohio.org Lavea Brachman Executive Director Greater Ohio Policy Center lbrachman@greaterohio.org Overview of Local Government in Ohio
  2. 2. Greater Ohio Policy Center: “Think” and “Do” tank An outcome-oriented statewide non-profit organization that develops and implements policies and practices to: • revitalize Ohio’s urban cores and metropolitan regions • achieve sustainable land reuse and economic growth
  3. 3. Sustainable Growth and Local Government Ohio’s current local government structure impacts sustainable growth: • Communities and taxpayers face the legacy costs of a 19th century structure in a 21st century economy • Ohio’s population growth is stagnating • 45th in population growth, but 8th in land consumption • Fragmented and duplicative local governments prevent effective economic competition on world market
  4. 4. State of Local Government in Ohio How much does Ohio’s local government cost? How does Ohio compare nationally?
  5. 5. Cost of Ohio’s Local Government • 20th highest local tax burden in U.S. (2010) • 34th highest for state taxes, as a % of income (2012) • 45th in population growth, but 8th in land consumption
  6. 6. Cost of Ohio’s Local Government • 29% above peer state average (IN, MI, PA, KY, IL) in monthly local government payroll • ~2x national average for monthly local government payroll
  7. 7. Monthly payroll expenditures for local government in Ohio cost $1.8 billion in 2011 Monthly employment expenditures for local government are almost 3 times that of state government. $483,289,081 $597,895,507 $653,416,073 $2,054,318,446 $1,692,070,025 $1,817,460,033 $0 $500,000,000 $1,000,000,000 $1,500,000,000 $2,000,000,000 $2,500,000,000 $3,000,000,000 2003 2007 2011 state gov't payroll local gov't payroll
  8. 8. Greater Ohio Policy Center monthly payroll costs of key components of local gov’t, March 2011 Source: Greater Ohio Policy Center, Census of Governments; Government Organization, 2011 $0 $20,000,000 $40,000,000 $60,000,000 $80,000,000 $100,000,000 $120,000,000 $140,000,000 $160,000,000 fire protection total corrections local libraries judicial and legal police protection total health
  9. 9. Ohio is MIDDLE of the pack in per capita costs of local government payroll in the midwest and peer states state 2011 per capita cost of local government Indiana $130.71 Michigan $137.22 Pennsylvania $139.79 Wisconsin $153.49 Minnesota $156.19 Ohio $157.49 Illinois $176.30 New York $251.60 US Total $160.58
  10. 10. State of Local Government in Ohio How much local government does Ohio have? How does Ohio’s local government system compare nationally?
  11. 11. Ohio has over 3,600 local government jurisdictions Source: : U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 Census of Governments, Organization Component Preliminary Estimates2012 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 counties (88) municipalities (940) townships (1,308) traditional school districts (614) types and number of local governments
  12. 12. and over 4,000 special district governments Source: Greater Ohio Policy Center, Census of Governments; Government Organization, 2012, research by Randy Cole 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 metro. housing auth. (75) park districts (90) airports (97) joint fire or ambulance district (145) municipal & county courts (165) library districts (251) senior centers (450) examples of special district governments
  13. 13. Ohio ranks 7th nationally in raw numbers of local governments per state rank state # of local gov'ts 1Illinois 6,968 2Pennsylvania 4,905 3Texas 4,856 4California 4,350 5Kansas 3,806 6Missouri 3,752 7Ohio 3,702 8Minnesota 3,633 9New York 3,454 10Wisconsin 3,123 Source: Greater Ohio Policy Center, US Census of Governments, 2012
  14. 14. and 8th nationally in local governments per square mile Source: Greater Ohio Policy Center, US Census of Governments, 2012 rank state Size of state in square mile # of local govts govts/sq mi 1 New Jersey 8,214 1,344 0.164 2 Delaware 2,396 338 0.141 3 Illinois 57,914 6,968 0.120 4 Connecticut 5,543 644 0.116 5 Rhode Island 1,231 134 0.109 6 Pennsylvania 46,055 4,905 0.107 7 Massachusetts 9,240 852 0.092 8 Ohio 44,825 3,702 0.083 9 Vermont 9,614 728 0.076 10 Indiana 36,418 2,694 0.074
  15. 15. Source: Greater Ohio Policy Center, US Census of Governments, 2012 In 2012, we had 42.1 local governments per county compared to the national average of 29.4.
  16. 16. In Ohio, there are 410 municipalities with 1,000 or fewer residents * 2012 estimates will be available in fall 2013 Source: Greater Ohio Policy Center, Census of Governments; Government Organization, 2007 252 158 165 110 61 57 32 57 13 12 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 number of municipalities by 2005 population*
  17. 17. 224 townships with 1,000 or fewer residents and 30 with more than 20,000 residents Source: Greater Ohio Policy Center, Census of Governments; Government Organization, 2002 48 176 511 290 176 71 20 9 6 5 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 number of townships by 2006 population
  18. 18. Responsibilities and powers of local governments vary • Municipalities have home rule powers • Townships are a “creature of statute” but can have limited home rule powers • Counties are governed by general rules. Charter counties have home rule powers
  19. 19. Observations on local government efforts to collaborate and become more efficient State of Local Government in Ohio
  20. 20. Successful collaborations and efforts to become more efficient often require a leader or steward. Finding #1 from GOPC white papers
  21. 21. Stewards often have the highest levels of capacity and resources to lead collaboration efforts. Examples include: • Metropolitan Planning Organizations • Education Service Centers • County Engineers • County Executive or County Commissioners • Major cities Stewarding collaboration and efficiency efforts
  22. 22. Collaboration and efficiency efforts are often prompted by economic changes Local governments have begun to “right-size” equipment and staff so resources are maximally utilized Finding #2 from GOPC white papers
  23. 23. Comparing local governments and measuring efficiency can be difficult • Ohio has no set standard reporting instrument for a detailed breakdown of local government expenditures • Local governments are assessing themselves and soliciting third party inventories to better understand their efficiency opportunities Finding #3 from GOPC white papers
  24. 24. 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1952 1962 1972 1982 1992 1997 2002 Numbers and Types of Local Government in Ohio County Municipal Townships School Districts Special Districts Consolidations and mergers are not new for Ohio
  25. 25. Results of intergovermental collaboration • economies of scale • improved local government accountability • equalization of service quantity and quality • coordinated economic competitiveness • ability to retain local community character and flavor
  26. 26. Visit our website: http://greaterohio.org/ Greater Ohio blog: http://greaterohio.org/blog Follow us on Twitter: @GreaterOhio Like Greater Ohio Policy Center on Facebook QUESTIONS?

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