H2 storage mfg presentation rambach-8 11-2011 v7 general

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H2 storage mfg presentation rambach-8 11-2011 v7 general

  1. 1. Hydrogen Storage Technologies Long-term commercialization approach with first products first Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies Manufacturing R&D Workshop Washington, DC Glenn Rambach August 11, 2011
  2. 2. Objective• Perspective from providers of small, portable PEM fuel cell power systems• Relationship between successes in small fuel cell system markets and the enhancement of future, more challenging markets for larger systems.• How this can be aided by DOE supported R&D in hydrogen storage systems, combined with the market-driven maturation of system components.
  3. 3. First-markets-first premise• Hydrogen will be a key element in a long-term, secure, sustainable energy economy.• Small fuel cell systems can accelerate the commercialization of component technologies that will be needed for automotive and larger applications.• Early revenue from selling products with 1cm2, 100 cm2, 1000cm2 of MEAs and bipolar plates will necessarily improve component performance, cost and service life, in turn benefiting future automotive and larger applications requiring 200,000cm2 each.• Energy supply is critical to success of small fuel cell systems, and as such any improvement in hydrogen storage technologies can have a corresponding increase in market growth for the systems.
  4. 4. Paths of least Early markets and startup companiesneed to find lowest resistance paths toprofitability.Lowering the difficulty in providing newfuel cell products helps in defining earlyproducts and applications.
  5. 5. Potential market area for fuel cells (orother power plants).Defined by peak power vs. cost per unitpower capacity (W vs. $/kW) for typicalapplications currently satisfied by legacytechnologies.
  6. 6. Transit Auto bus Telecom Fork backupLess difficult (smaller units) lift 2-cycle scooter Portable generator Wheelchair Strategic portable Educational device Less difficult (cost tolerant market) Retail A
  7. 7. Range of all application sizes Transit and specific costs that can be bus Auto Telecom commercially satisfied with fuel Fork backupLess difficult (smaller units) lift cells and hydrogen. Many 2-cycle scooter Portable applications omitted for clarity. generator Wheelchair Strategic portable Educational device Less difficult (cost tolerant market) Retail A
  8. 8. Power vs. cost per unit power helpsshow the market space for fuel cellpower plants. Less difficult (cost tolerant market)
  9. 9. Power vs. cost per unit power helpsshow the market space for fuel cellpower plants. Gas/diesel in generator Propane in generatorEnergy vs. cost per unit energy can helpshow the potential market space forBA55 series batterieshydrogen storage/delivery systems. AA battery
  10. 10. Auto – energy at wheelsLess difficult (smaller units) $2.50 - $5.00/gal at pump 10 – 25 gal tank Auto 2:1 efficiency ratio, FC:ICE Gas/diesel in generator Propane in generator Strategic portable BA55 series batteries Less difficult (cost tolerant market) AA battery
  11. 11. Auto Develop and commercialize high-cost/low-power hydrogenGas/diesel in fuel cell systems early. generator Propane in generator Strategic portable BA55 series batteries AA battery
  12. 12. Auto Develop and commercialize high-cost/low-power hydrogenGas/diesel in fuel cell systems early. generator Propane in generator Strategic portableMove up market by combiningcommercial maturation with BA55 seriesgovernment-funded development batteries AA battery
  13. 13. Auto DOE R&D can help industry by enabling new technology choices and improving onDOE R&D can develop technologies hydrogen sources for current,that compete in the very challenging revenue producing products.areas of cost, density, service life,codes and standards, temperature, BA55 seriesinfrastructure, etc. batteries AA battery
  14. 14. For applications below, there are hydrogen storage technologies with energy density, specific Auto energy, cost and availability good enough for early markets. DOE R&D can help industry by enabling new technology choices and improving onDOE R&D can develop technologies hydrogen sources for current,that compete in the very challenging revenue producing products.areas of cost, density, service life,codes and standards, temperature, BA55 seriesinfrastructure, etc. batteries AA battery
  15. 15. Energy quantity and cost per kWh of electricity from: • Generator – 20-25% efficient, $2.50 to $5.00/gallonLess difficult (smaller units) • Battery wholesale prices Auto • fuel cell system – 45% efficient, mfg cost + margin Strategic portable Gas/diesel in generator Propane in generator BA55 series batteries Less difficult (cost tolerant market) AA battery
  16. 16. Hydrogen mass and cost per kg to replace legacy uses: • Generator – 20-25% efficient, $2.50 to $5.00/gallon • Battery wholesale prices • fuel cell system – 45% efficient, mfg cost + margin Auto Strategic portableGas/diesel in generator Propane in generator BA55 series batteries AA battery
  17. 17. Hydrogen storage that’s good enough for commercialization For small fuel cell systems• Properties good enough for commercial sales, given the right market.• Early revenue• Packageable• Supply chain• Engineerable cartridge!• Improveable• Solid chemical hydride• New, better technology Chemical can expand market hydride
  18. 18. DOE support needed for small fuel cell systems and hydrogen storage• Resource SME and data bank for industry access to most current and relevant C&S, safety practices, safety technologies.• Accelerate the availability of cost effective hydrogen safety components.
  19. 19. Thank you.

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