Successfully reported this slideshow.
Mr HawthorneComes to LiverpoolNathaniel HawthorneUS ConsulJuly 1853 – October 1857
Nathaniel Hawthorne1802-1864๏   1802 – born Salem, Massachusetts๏   Salem a leading port for trade with the    orient๏   B...
Nathaniel Hawthorne1802-1865๏   William Hathorne came to America in    1630, became harsh judge in Salem๏   John Hathorne ...
Nathaniel HawthorneEarly Years๏   1836 - becomes a magazine editor๏   1839 - starts work at Boston Custom    House๏   1842...
Nathaniel HawthorneThe Scarlet Letter              ๏   1850 – The Scarlet Letter                  published              ๏...
Nathaniel HawthorneThe Scarlet LetterMajor Characters:๏Hester   Prynne๏Pearl๏Roger    Chillingworth๏Arthur   Dimmesdale
New World & The Old Wordin the 19 Century         th๏   Transatlantic voyages reinstated after end of    Napoleonic Wars i...
The US Consulate inLiverpool๏   Consulate set up in    Liverpool in 1790๏   First consul, James    Maury (1790-1829)
The Eagle            ๏   Eagle restored in 2008,                oppposite John Lewis                (nr Jamie’s)          ...
Nathaniel Hawthorne &Franklin Pierce๏   1852 Hawthorne writes    campaign biography for    Franklin Pierce๏   Pierce becom...
Mr Hawthorne comes to England                                   ๏   Comes to make his fortune                             ...
Washington Buildings               ๏   “a shabby and smoke-                   stained edifice…located                   at...
Rock Park๏   Main residence of Hawthorne family was Rock Park,    Rock Ferry (Wirral)๏   26 Rock Park – 12-room rented vil...
Nathaniel HawthorneLife as US Consul๏   Official representative of American on formal    engagements in the city๏   Presen...
Nathaniel HawthorneLife as US Consul๏   “I never desired to be    burdened with public    influence, and the official    b...
Nathaniel HawthorneLife after US Consul             ๏   Wrote extensively about time                 in Liverpool, includi...
American Life in LiverpoolThe Civil War Ends๏   The American Civil War    ends in Liverpool๏   November 1865, the    Shene...
End of the US Consulate        ๏   Decline in importance of            Liverpool as international port            after Se...
Nathaniel HawthorneFurther Reading๏   The Scarlet Letter๏   Twice-Told Tales๏   Tanglewood Tales๏   Young Goodman Brown (s...
Nathaniel Hawthorne"No man... can wear one face to himself andanother to the multitude, without finallygetting bewildered ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Mr Hawthorne Comes to Liverpool

1,113 views

Published on

A talk for Ignite Liverpool 9, based on the life of Nathaniel Hawthorne and his time as US Consul in Liverpool in the 1850s

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Mr Hawthorne Comes to Liverpool

  1. 1. Mr HawthorneComes to LiverpoolNathaniel HawthorneUS ConsulJuly 1853 – October 1857
  2. 2. Nathaniel Hawthorne1802-1864๏ 1802 – born Salem, Massachusetts๏ Salem a leading port for trade with the orient๏ Born on Independence Day, July 4th on Union Street๏ Parents Nathaniel & Elizabeth Hathorne๏ Father (sea captain) died of yellow fever when the young Nathaniel was 4 years old
  3. 3. Nathaniel Hawthorne1802-1865๏ William Hathorne came to America in 1630, became harsh judge in Salem๏ John Hathorne only judge not to repent of his actions at Salem witch trials 1692-1693๏ Nathanial Hathorne changes to Nathaniel Hawthorne after college graduation
  4. 4. Nathaniel HawthorneEarly Years๏ 1836 - becomes a magazine editor๏ 1839 - starts work at Boston Custom House๏ 1842 – Marries Sophia Peabody (both of them naturally reclusive throughout life)๏ 3 Children – 1844 (Una), 1846 (Julian), 1851 (Rose)
  5. 5. Nathaniel HawthorneThe Scarlet Letter ๏ 1850 – The Scarlet Letter published ๏ Set in Puritan New England of 1642-1649 ๏ Bestseller but doesn’t make much money ๏ Complete with introduction ‘The Custom House’ which upsets Salem residents
  6. 6. Nathaniel HawthorneThe Scarlet LetterMajor Characters:๏Hester Prynne๏Pearl๏Roger Chillingworth๏Arthur Dimmesdale
  7. 7. New World & The Old Wordin the 19 Century th๏ Transatlantic voyages reinstated after end of Napoleonic Wars in 1815๏ Regular passenger service between Liverpool & New York in 1816๏ Americans began to travel to the ‘Old Country’, travel to Europe becomes accessible.๏ Alexis de Toqueville (1835) Liverpool ‘destined to become the centre of English trade’๏ Common view of Liverpool was that it resembled New York and was like a displaced American City (Harriet Beecher Stowe & others)
  8. 8. The US Consulate inLiverpool๏ Consulate set up in Liverpool in 1790๏ First consul, James Maury (1790-1829)
  9. 9. The Eagle ๏ Eagle restored in 2008, oppposite John Lewis (nr Jamie’s) ๏ Restored by Conservation Centre at NML ๏ Weighs 200kg ๏ Became site of The Eagle Pub in Victorian times ๏ Shop currently closed
  10. 10. Nathaniel Hawthorne &Franklin Pierce๏ 1852 Hawthorne writes campaign biography for Franklin Pierce๏ Pierce becomes 14th President of the USA๏ Hawthorne offered consularship by Pierce, Hawthorne accepts, comes to Liverpool in 1853
  11. 11. Mr Hawthorne comes to England ๏ Comes to make his fortune (target $20,000 overall) ๏ July 1853 arrives in Liverpool with family ๏ ‘One of the best things about“It has vanished long since, butif there were boarding houses Liverpool, he thought, wasin paradise, I should certainly that is was so convenient toexpect it to be found again get away from.’ (Ron Jones)there” – Julian Hawthorne ๏ Stayed first at Waterloo Hotel, then Mrs Blodgett’s Boarding House (133-135 Duke St)
  12. 12. Washington Buildings ๏ “a shabby and smoke- stained edifice…located at the lower corner of Brunswick Street, contiguous to the Goree Arcade, and in the neighbourhood of some of the oldest docks.’” – Our Old Home, p1 ๏ “often thronged with…a set of beggarly and piractical looking scoundrels” – OOH p1
  13. 13. Rock Park๏ Main residence of Hawthorne family was Rock Park, Rock Ferry (Wirral)๏ 26 Rock Park – 12-room rented villa, annual rent of £160๏ Second year, Sophia, Una & Rose spent the winter in Lisbon rather than (damp) Merseyside๏ Nathaniel and Julian spent 8 months at Mrs Blodgett’s๏ Nathaniel missed wife and children, Mrs Blodgett looked after Julian๏ After wife and daughters returned, spent last year as Consul living in Southport
  14. 14. Nathaniel HawthorneLife as US Consul๏ Official representative of American on formal engagements in the city๏ Present at laying of foundations stone for Free Library & Museum, William Brown St, 1857๏ Sorting out problems of countrymen๏ “I have received and been civil to at least 10,000 visitors since I came to England; and I never wish to be civil to anyone again…” - Hawthorne
  15. 15. Nathaniel HawthorneLife as US Consul๏ “I never desired to be burdened with public influence, and the official business was irksome. When my successor arrived, I drew a long, delighted breath.” – Hawthorne๏ Lived in Rock Park & Southport largely to avoid social engagements
  16. 16. Nathaniel HawthorneLife after US Consul ๏ Wrote extensively about time in Liverpool, including travels to Leamington Spa, Warwick, Oxford, London ๏ Travelled with family around France and Italy ๏ Died in his sleep in 1864 while on a trip with Franklin Pierce ๏ 1864, Sophia and three children move back to England
  17. 17. American Life in LiverpoolThe Civil War Ends๏ The American Civil War ends in Liverpool๏ November 1865, the Shenendoah surrenders to authorities at Liverpool Town Hall, the final act of the war.๏ Rumford Place, unofficial confederate embassy during war.
  18. 18. End of the US Consulate ๏ Decline in importance of Liverpool as international port after Second World War ๏ Last well-known Consul (John S Service) retired in 1962 ๏ US Consulate closed soon after
  19. 19. Nathaniel HawthorneFurther Reading๏ The Scarlet Letter๏ Twice-Told Tales๏ Tanglewood Tales๏ Young Goodman Brown (short story)๏ Our Old Home๏ Passages From The English Notebooks๏ American Travellers in Liverpool (ed. David Seed)
  20. 20. Nathaniel Hawthorne"No man... can wear one face to himself andanother to the multitude, without finallygetting bewildered as to which one may betrue.”- Nathaniel Hawthorne

×