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Moonlight Student Book Advanced

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Moonlight Student Book Advanced

  1. 1. Index Unit 1 – Once upon a time ..................3 Unit 2 – What a wonderful world ........12 Unit 3 – Views of future ....................24 Unit 4 – Different lifestyles................32 Unit 5 – You are what you do..............45 Unit6 – No man is an island................56 Unit7 – Modern life................66 Extras ................83
  2. 2. • Have you ever heard about these creatures before? • Do you know their names in English? • Are you scared of them? Why? Why not? • Do you believe in them? • In your opinion, which creature is the most frightening? Why? • Which one do you like the most? Why? • Do you remember any other creatures? • Have you ever heard about “chupa cabra”? And “La Llorona”? Giving opinion It’s said that... It’s believed that... It’s thought that... It’s considered that... It’s generally accepted that... People tell that... People believe that... People say that... It takes place in...
  3. 3. Match the words with their meanings: ( ) Turn into A fraud, a non-real story, a deception ( ) Full moon To change or develop into something different ( ) Enchanted To live or dwell in a place. ( ) Spell a curse Affected by special magic powers. ( ) Folklore Absence of something. ( ) Being The moon when it looks like a complete circle. ( ) Ape The traditional beliefs, myths, tales and practices of a people, transmitted orally. ( ) Inhabit To use magic powers to make bad things happen to someone. ( ) Hoax A type of animal that is closely related to monkeys and humans. ( ) Lack A person or a thing that exists. Now, use the words from the exercise above to complete the sentences below. There’s one word missing 1) The werewolf tale tells that a ___________________ man ___________________ a werewolf under the ___________________. 2) Curupira is the first fantastic ___________________ documented in Brazilian ___________________. It is said that Curupira is an ___________________ creature that ___________________ in forests and protects them. 3) It is said that many tales are ___________________ due to their ___________________ of evidence. 1
  4. 4. Read the stories and complete with the creatures’ names: 2 In Algonquian folklore, _______________ is a cannibal monster or evil spirit native to the northern forests of the Atlantic Coast and Great Lakes Region of both the United States and Canada. __________ may appear as a monster with some characteristics of a human, or as a spirit who has possessed a human being and made them become monstrous. In folklore, ________________ is an aquatic being which reputedly inhabits in Scottish Highlands. It is similar to other supposed monsters in Scotland and elsewhere, although its description varies; it is described by most as large. Popular interest and belief in the creature has varied since it was brought to worldwide attention in 1933. There is a lack of physical evidence, but there are few, disputed photographs and sonar readings. _____________ (also known as Abominable Snowman) is an ape-like taller than an average human that is said to inhabit the Himalayan region of Nepal, Bhutan and Tibet. The names _________________ are commonly used by the indigenous people to the region, and are part of their history and mythology. Stories of ___________ first emerged as a facet of Western popular culture in the 19th century. The scientific community has generally regarded _____________ as a legend, given the lack of conclusive evidence, and it remains one of the most famous creatures. ___________(also known as Sasquatch) is the name given to a mythological simian, ape-like creature that is said to inhabit forests, mainly in the Pacific Northwest. In North American folklore, __________ is usually described as a large, hairy, and humanoid. Scientists discount the existence of ___________ and consider it to be a combination of folklore, misidentification, and hoax, rather than a living animal, because of the lack of physical evidence and the large numbers of creatures that would be necessary to maintain a breeding population. Occasional new reports of sightings sustain a small group of self-described investigators. Most reports of sightings are attributed to being various animals, particularly black bears. The Loch The Yeti The Big foot The Wendigo Ness Monster
  5. 5. • Have you ever heard about these tales? • Do you know any Brazilian popular tales? Try to explain in it. • Do you know any other tales? • Have you ever heard about a place called Transilvania? The Terrifying Truth About Dracula Vlad, or Dracula, was born in 1431 in Transylvania into a noble family. His father was called "Dracul," meaning "dragon" or "devil" in Romanian because he belonged to the Order of the Dragon, he had fought the Muslim Ottoman Empire. The name "Dracula" means "son of Dracul" in Romanian. Thus, young Vlad was "son of the dragon" or "son of the devil." At that moment, the legend Dracula the vampire was arising. Warrior in Chains Dracula had lived in a time of constant war. Transylvania was at the frontier of two great empires: the Ottoman Turks and the Austrian Hapsburgs. He was imprisoned, first by the Turks, who had ¹hauled him away in chains, and later by the Hungarians. Dracula's father was murdered, while his older brother, Mircea, was blinded with red-hot iron stakes and buried alive. Vlad the Impaler From 1448 until his death in 1476, Dracula had ruled Walachia and Transylvania, both part of Romania today. Twice he had lost and had reclaimed his throne, once by fighting his own brother, Radu. Although the Vatican once had 2praised him for defending Christianity, it disapproved of his methods, which soon became infamous. Dracula earned another nickname, "Vlad Tepes" (pronounced tsep- pesh), which means "Vlad the Impaler." Dracula's favorite method of torture was to 3impale people and leave them to 4writhe in agony, often for days. As a warning to others, the bodies would remain on rods as vultures and blackbirds nibbled the rotting flesh. During one battle, Dracula retreated into nearby mountains, impaling people as he went. The Turkish advance was 5halted because the sultan could not bear the stench from the 6decaying corpses. Another time, Some people had reported him to have eaten a meal on a table set up outside 7amidst hundreds of impaled victims. On another occasion he had been reported to have eaten bread dipped in blood. He was killed in December 1476 fighting the Turks near Bucharest, Romania. Dracula's head was cut off and displayed in Constantinople.
  6. 6. Vocabulary: Match the underlined words in the text to the definitions below. ( ) to move by twisting and turning, especially when you feel a lot of pain; ( ) to stop moving or doing something, or stop from happening; ( ) to push a sharp object through something, especially the body of an animal or person; ( ) rotting as a result of bacterial, fungal, or chemical action; decomposing; ( ) in the middle of or surrounded by; ( ) to express admiration or approval of the achievements or characteristics of a person or thing ( ) to take something or someone somewhere, especially by force; PAST TENSES Read the text again, analyze the sentences in bold. Write one sentence from the text to each definition below, and decide if it is Simple Past, Past Continuous or Past Perfect. It is an aspect of the verb that designates an action which has been completed before another past action. _____________________________________________________________________ It is used to talk about a completed action in a time before now. Duration is not important. The time of the action can be in the recent past or the distant past. _____________________________________________________________________ It expresses action at a particular moment in the past. The action started before that moment but has not finished at that moment. _____________________________________________________________________ 3
  7. 7. 1. Where had Donald and Elizabeth been driving before the car stopped? _____________________________________________________________________ 2. What did he see across the road? _____________________________________________________________________ 3. How long had Donald been working as a mechanic before he moved to the country? _____________________________________________________________________ 4. Who helped Donald fix the car? _____________________________________________________________________ 5. How long had Elizabeth been talking to the lady? _____________________________________________________________________ The Nice lady It was close to midnight when Donald and Elizabeth had been driving home before they stopped. They had been driving down a dirt road when they heard a strange noise. Donald stopped the car. He got out of the car. Then, he saw a lady across the road, she was wearing a long white dress, but when he looked again the lady had disappeared. Donald looked at the car. It had been going for an hour or so. He knew how to fix cars. He had been working as a mechanic for 5 years before he moved to the country. Donald got his tools. He looked under the hood. It seemed that the engine had been heating up. He crawled under the car. Elizabeth had been waiting for him inside the car, suddenly the woman appeared right beside her, and they started talking. Donald had been working on the car for a while when Jake parked beside him. Jake had been driving home when he saw Donald and Elizabeth on the side of the road. Jake helped Donald fix the car. He thanked Jake for the help and got in the car to go home. Elizabeth told him about the woman who had been talking to her for an hour, she was a nice lady, she said. David stared at her and said that there was no lady, they had been there all alone when Jake arrived.
  8. 8. COMPLETE WITH THE RIGHT ALTERNATIVE. 1. They _________________ for Peter for two hours before he finally came. ( ) had been waiting. ( ) waited ( ) had waiting 2. When they arrested him, they told him they __________ him for several months. ( ) were watching ( ) had been watching ( ) watched 3. We _______ for 20 minutes before it began to rain. ( ) had swimming ( ) swum ( ) had been swimming 4. I __________ hard, so I left very tired. ( ) had working ( ) had been working ( ) had been worked 5. He__________ at that company for four years when it went out of business. ( ) had been working ( ) has been working ( ) was been working 6. How long __________ to get on the train. ( ) was you been waiting ( ) you been waiting ( ) had you been waiting 4
  9. 9. Fill in the blanks with the right verb tense: I’m sorry I left without you last night, but I told you to meet me early because the show started at 8:00. I (try) _____________ to get tickets for that play for months, and I didn’t want to miss it. By the time I finally left the coffee shop where we were supposed to meet, I (have) __________ five cups of coffee and I (wait) _________ over an hour. I had to leave because I (arrange) _______ to meet Kathy in front of the theater. When I arrived at the theater, Kathy (pick, already)______ up the tickets and she was waiting for us near entrance. She was really angry because she (wait)______ for more than half an hour. She said she (give, almost)______ up and (go)_________into the theater without us. Kathy told me you (be)_____late several times in the past and that she would not make plans with you again in the future. She mentioned that she (miss)______ several movies because of your late arrivals. I think you owe her an apology. And in the future, I suggest you be on time! Listen to the conversation and mark true or false: ( ) The couple loved the movie. ( ) Emily enjoys scary movies. ( ) They met a friend on the street and gave her a ride. ( ) Emily has some bad childhood memories about movies. ( ) The hitchhiker wanted to go to the restaurant. ( ) The man in black coat was happy with the couple's help. Have you ever experienced something like that? Tell your story or tell some interesting tales that you know. 5 6
  10. 10. COMPLETE THE STATEMENTS WITH: Present Perfect / Past Perfect Present Perfect Continuous / Past Perfect Continuous 1. It is already 9:30 PM and I ________________(wait) here for over an hour. If John does not get here in the next five minutes, I am going to leave. 2. I was really angry at John yesterday. By the time he finally arrived, I _______________ (wait) for over an hour. I almost left without him. 3. Did you hear that Ben was fired last month? He _____________ (work) for that import company for more than ten years and he _______________(work) in almost every department. Nobody knew the company like he did. 4. I ________________ (see) many pictures of the pyramids before I went to Egypt. Pictures of the monuments are very misleading. The pyramids are actually quite small. 5. Sarah _______________ (climb) the Matterhorn, (sail) around the world, and _____________ (go) on safari in Kenya. She is such an adventurous person. 6. Sarah ____________ (climb) the Matterhorn, _____________ (sail) around the world and ____________ (go) on safari in Kenya by the time she turned twenty-five. She ____________ (experience) more by that age than most people do in their entire lives. 7. When Melanie came into the office yesterday, her eyes were red and watery. I think she _________________(cry) . 7
  11. 11. • What are people in the pictures doing? • Where are these people from? • Can you describe how the people are greeting each other? • Are these gestures common in Brazil? How do people greet in your culture? • Have you ever greeted people from another country? • Did you have any problems? • In your opinion, is it important to know other countries culture? • Do you know any different behavior that people from around the world usually do? Which one? • Do you know any interesting habits? Explain them. • Have you ever traveled abroad? Where? • Did you have any cultural issue there?
  12. 12. What behavior is acceptable in your country and what is not? • You should be careful not to point the people ( ) • It’s acceptable not to tip cab drives. ( ) • Showing affection in public – holding hands and kissing is inappropriate. ( ) • You should try to keep your voice down in public. ( ) • You can offend someone not bowing or shaking hands when you meet.( ) • It’s rude to cut in line. ( ) • Having an argument in public is considered bad manners. ( ) • It’s customary to bargain with the street vendors to get something cheaper, but it’s not acceptable to do this in a store. ( ) • It’s impolite to walk to someone’s home without taking off your shoes. ( ) Listen and check true or false 1. Sakura’s favorite food is Kimbap ( ) 2. Sushi and Kimbap are made with rice, vegetables, raw fish and wrapped in dried seaweed. ( ) 3. In India people greet kissing elders’ feet. ( ) 4. In Japan people greet shaking hands. ( ) 5. Sapporo Ice Festival has sculptures carved out of ice ( ) 6. Kunik is also known as Eskimo kissing ( ) 7. Prañama is a Korean gesture ( ) 8. “Eskimo” kissing. It’s also known as “Kunik”. It’s the act of touching or pressing lips against another’s. ( ) • What’s your favorite traditional food? • How do you make your favorite traditional food? • How do you serve it? Hot or cold? • What do you usually have for lunch or dinner? • What is the most important folk Festival in your country? • What's the most important religious or national festivals? • What festivals do you celebrate? Do you like them? Why? • What special customs and traditions do you have? • What special food do you have? 1 2
  13. 13. Read the fragments and complete with the correct Festival:3 _____________________is a festival that is held in the Valencian town of Buñol, a town located in the East of Spain 30 km / 19 miles from the Mediterranean, in which participants throw tomatoes and get involved in a fight purely for entertainment purposes. Since 1945 It has been held on the last Wednesday of August, during the week of festivities of Buñol.. _______________ is a Mexican holiday celebrated throughout Mexico, in particular the Central and South regions, and by people of Mexican ancestry living in other places, especially the United States. It is acknowledged internationally in many other cultures. The multi-day holiday focuses on gatherings of family and friends to pray for and remember friends and family members who have died, and help support their spiritual journey. __________________is a festival in the Northern Italian city of Ivrea, which includes a tradition of throwing of oranges between organized groups. It is the largest food fight in Italy. _________________is a festival celebrated annually throughout southwestern Tai cultures, (Thailand, Laos, Shan, Tanintharyi, Kelantan, Kedah and Xishuangbanna). The name could be translated as "to float a basket", and comes from the tradition of making buoyant, decorated baskets, which are then floated on a river. _________________ takes place on the evening of the full moon of the 12th month in the traditional Thai lunar calendar; hence, the exact date of the festival changes every year. In the Western calendar this usually falls in the month of November. In 2015 it will be celebrated on November 25; in 2016 on November 15. The battle of Oranges Loi Krathong Día de muertos __________________is the world's largest Volksfest. Held annually in Munich, Bavaria, Germany. it is a 16-day folk festival running from mid or late September to the first weekend in October, with more than 6 million people from around the world attending the event every year. Locally, it is often called the Wiesn, after the colloquial name for the fairgrounds. ______________ is an important part of Bavarian culture, having been held since 1810. The Oktoberfest La tomatina
  14. 14. Match the words with their meanings: A. Fairground ( ) To offer devout petition, praise, thanks, etc., to (God or an object of worship). B. Buoyant ( ) An assembly of persons; a meeting. C. Throughout ( ) An open space used for a fair or exhibition. D. Ancestry ( ) To take part, to happen. E. Acknowledged ( ) In or to every part of. F. Gathering ( ) Able to float in or rise to the surface of a liquid. G. To Pray ( ) To propel through the air with a motion of the hand or arm. H. To Throw ( ) Widely recognized; generally accepted. I. To Be Held ( ) Ancestral descent; lineage. Look at this list of values and check the 5 most important to you. Respect for age patriotism Solidarity equal opportunities harmony freedom Religion good manners honesty respect for different opinions • How do you think people from other cultures and countries describe people from your country? • What aspects of your culture are you proud of? • What aspects of your culture are you ashamed of? How would you change it? • Do you think people stereotype others? How would you change that? Do you know people from different countries? How do we differ from them? Are our values different? Choose a country to talk about it! 4 5
  15. 15. Read the text above then answer the questions below: 1. What is an exchange student? __________________________________________________________________ 2. What is the aim of being an exchange student? __________________________________________________________________ 3. What is the kind of exchange that you get a temporary job? __________________________________________________________________ 4. Is the au pair considered a member of the host family? __________________________________________________________________ 5. Is it possible to live with more than one family in one year of an exchange program? __________________________________________________________________ Exchange Program Exchange students are usually students in high school or post- secondary systems of education who leave their home countries to spend anywhere between a few weeks and an entire year within a foreign country. During this time, most must attempt to learn a new language and thus experience the culture through the means of direct application Types of Exchange • An internship program An internship is a temporary job with an emphasis on the job training rather than merely employment, and it can be paid or unpaid. You also excel for getting fluency in other language. • Au Pair Program Au Pair child care is a unique opportunity to provide a family with full- time, live-in child care through a life-changing cultural exchange experience. As a pre-screened international young adult from the country that the family chooses, the Au Pair is a qualified care provider that they handpick to come and live with another family for up to two years. He or she becomes an extended member of the family and is personally invested in the happiness, well-being and success of the children. • Be a part of a host family Most of exchange students live in houses of one or more host families during the year. These people are expected to meet the exchange student’s basic needs by providing them food and shelter. The families are encouraged to treat the student like a child of their own – this means that exchange students are expected to follow the rules of their host family as long as they are fair and suit the regulations of the exchange organization. 6
  16. 16. • Do you know anyone that has already been in an exchange program? How was it? • Do you think that it is important to like kids to be an au pair? • If you could live abroad, which kind of program would you choose? Why? • What language and country would you choose? • If you need to choose a family you have to live with, what would be more important to you? (religion, size of the family, financial condition, job … ) Listen and write the name of countries, who’s talking about them, and complete the information about them. Country: ___________________ name: ___________________________ ___________ are __________ all over the world, but our country has some of the best and most valuable ___________________. Country:___________________ name: ________________ We’re known for our ______________, which is sold all over the world. If you’re really interested you should visit our ___________to learn about _______________________ and how it’s made. Country:__________________ name: ____________________ We have some beautiful _______________. A lot of them are ________________ and they are sold all over the world. Country: ___________________ name: ___________________________ The _______________________ here in ____________ is almost 40°C, so it’s too much ____________ to live ______________. It’ definitely something different for ____________. Comment with your classmates what are the most important products made in Brazil. What kind of products made in Brazil are exported all over the world? 7
  17. 17. American Classroom Customs If the teacher asks a question, you are expected to give an answer. If you don’t understand the question, you should raise your hand and ask the teacher to repeat the question. If you don’t know the answer, it is all right to tell the teacher that you do not know. Then he or she knows what you need to learn. There is no excuse for not doing your homework. If you are absent, you should call your teacher or someone who is in your class and ask for the assignment. It is your responsibility to find out what assignments you have missed. It is not the teacher's responsibility to remind you of missed assignments. You must not be absent on a test day. If you are seriously ill, call and let the teacher know you will not be there for the test. If your teacher allows make-up tests, you should take the test within one or two days after returning to class. Serious illness is the only reason for missing a test. Be on time! It is considered rude to be late. Also, it bothers other students. If you must come in late, be sure to do it quietly. Have your books and papers out of your bag before you come into the room. Then go to your seat and sit quietly. In the U.S. it is not necessary to knock before you enter the classroom. Most teachers will give you a low grade if you are often late. Have your book out and be ready to begin when class starts. Your teacher should not have to ask you every day to take out your book. Be sure you have a paper and a sharp pencil ready. In America, you should call your teacher by his or her last name, not "teacher". Also you should use Mr., Miss, Ms. or Mrs. before the last name (such as Mrs. Smith or Mr. Jones). This is considered polite. The teacher will tell you his or her preferred title. Be courteous to other students. If another student is answering a question, giving a report or an explanation, you should listen quietly and give them your attention. Everyone must be treated with the same respect you would like them to give to you. Also, the question they are asking may be something you need to know. It is considered impolite in the U.S. to eat, drink or chew gum during class. This is reserved for the break. Also, removing one's shoes in the classroom is not polite. Zero Conditional • Situations that are always true if something happens. • Used to speak about facts, habits or actions that always have the same outcome. If (present simple clause), (present simple clause) Ex.: If I am late, my father takes me to school. If the banana is yellow, it’s ready to be eaten!’ * Note: For the zero conditional, we can use ‘when’ instead of ‘if’.
  18. 18. Talk to your partner, then report to the class the Brazilian Classroom Customs. Discuss the differences. Which customs are best in your opinion? Now read the text again and identify the zero conditional cases on the text. Answer These Questions 1. When the teacher asks a question, you should ___. a. raise your hand. b. give an answer. c. repeat the question. 2. If you miss a class, what should you do to find out what assignment was given? a. call the teacher or a classmate. b. give an excuse. c. remind the teacher you were absent. If you must leave during class, do so quietly. There is no need to ask the teacher's permission. However, leaving the class for something other than an emergency is not acceptable. (Getting a drink or sharpening your pencil is not considered an emergency.) Copying another student's test or paper is never acceptable. It is called cheating. At most schools in the U.S., students who cheat are expelled (kicked out). Posters, bulletin boards, or any other thing hanging on the wall is considered property of the school and shouldn't be written on or removed without permission. (A sign-up sheet may be written on, but only put your name on it.) It is not acceptable to put up any sign, announcement or advertisement without first getting permission from the school office. Books, backpacks, lunches, anything that belongs to other people is considered private and should not be moved or tampered with. Entering a teacher's office or any office with a closed door without knocking first is not acceptable. Knock first, then wait to be invited in. It is not considered polite to yell at people to get their attention. When talking in a group, you should not speak so loudly as to disrupt others who are close by. Wearing a hat or cap in class is considered impolite by many teachers. Some teachers/programs may ignore it, but you should ask permission first. Available at: < http://a4esl.org/q/h/vm/classcust.html> 8
  19. 19. 3. When are you allowed to take a make-up test? a. when you are absent on a test day. b. when you are really sick and call the teacher justifying your absence. c. when there's a test two days after the previous one. 4. A synonym for bother is ___. a. please. b. worry. c. disturb. 5. Teachers in the USA should be called ___. a. by their preferred title plus their last name b. 'teacher'. c. by their first name. 6. A student is considered impolite when he/she ___. a. eats and drinks during the break. b. takes off his/her shoes in class. c. treats everyone with respect. 7. In most schools in the USA, cheating is considered ___. a. acceptable in some cases. b. a minor fault. c. a serious fault. 8. What are you not allowed to do without previous permission. a. speak quietly in a group. b. knock at the door before entering the teacher's office. c. put up an announcement. 9. To tamper means ___. a. to damage. b. to insult. c. to steal. 10. Wearing a hat in class is considered ___ by many teachers. a. indignified. b. rude. c. charming.
  20. 20. LET’S TALK! 1. What will you do if you meet a famous person on the street? 2. If a native English speaker asks you some information, what will you do? 3. What will you be able to do if you speak English fluently? 4. If you have the opportunity to go to another country, where will you go? 5. If you won the lottery, what would you do? 6. What car would you buy if you had money to buy a new one? 7. If you had the opportunity to live abroad, what country would you live? 8. If you met your favorite actor/actress, what would you ask him/her? 9. What would you do if you found a suitcase full of money? 10. Would you have chosen another profession if you had had the chance? 11. If you had lost an important interview, what would you have done to fix it? 12. If you had won the lottery ten years ago, how would you have spent the money? 13. If you didn’t sleep at night, what would you do? 14. If you have an important report to finish today, and your computer stops working, what will you do? 15. If you were in Paris, what tourist attraction would you visit first? 16. If you hadn’t been born in Brazil, where would you like to have been born in? 17. If you were rich, what would you do to help the poor? 18. What other language would you like to learn if you could? 19. If you were an animal, what animal would you like to be? Why? 20. If your life were a movie, what would be your soundtrack? 21. If you were locked in a toy store, what would you do there?
  21. 21. 22. If you had found out your best friend had been cheated, would you have told him/her? 23. If you find out your best friend has been cheated, will you tell him/her? 24. If you found out your best friend was being cheated, would you tell him/her? 25. What would you do if you saw a ghost? 26. If you could choose a different name, what name would it be? 27. If you had seen a car accident, what would you have done to help the victims? 28. If you are invited to go to the USA right now, will you go? 29. If you got some two tickets to go to California, who would you take with you? 30. If you knew you had six months to live, what would you do? 31. If you are granted three wishes, what will they be? 32. If your friend invites you to go to a Japanese restaurant, will you go with him/her? 33. If your best friend gets married in Australia, will you go there? 34. If you are on a desert island, what will you do to survive? 35. If you met an Indian, how would you greet him/her? 36. You are going to a trip on space; you can take only three objects with you, what would you take with you if you had to choose? 37. If you have the opportunity to study for one year abroad, where will you go? 38. If you had had the opportunity to learn English when you were a child, at what age would you have started studying? 39. You were in a restaurant, when you were paying the bill you realized you had forgotten your wallet at home, what would you have done if this had happened to you? 40. You have a date tonight and your boss asks you to write an important report for him ASAP, what will you do if he demands you to stay? 41. If you have an important interview and you don’t have a proper outfit, what will you do? 42. If you sneeze in the USA, what will you have to say? 43. If you were invisible, where would you like to be right now? 44. If you won one billion dollar, what would you do first? 45. If you were a Hollywood star, what movie would you like to star at? 46. If you had children, what would their names be? 47. If you were a hero, who would you like to be? 48. If you were a child, which super power would you like to have? 49. If you had had the chance to go back in time, what would you have done to change your past? 50. If you are in Egypt, how will you greet the people there? 51. If you could learn a musical instrument, which one would it be? 52. How would you have behaved if someone had bumped into you?
  22. 22. 10. Four Seasons Resort Bora Bora 9. Paterswoldse Meer Lake, Groningen, Netherlands 8. Tian Tan Buddha on Lantau Island, Hong Kong 7. Blue Caves, Zakynthos Island, Greece 6. Pulpit Rock, Preikestolen, Norway 5. Plitvice Lakes National Park, Croatia 4. Crystalline Turquoise Lake, Jiuzhaigou National Park, China 3. Benteng Chittorgarh, India 2. Capilano Suspension Bridge, Vancouver, British Columbia 1. The Gardens at Marqueyssac, Vézac, France The world is beautiful. It is full of wonderful places that most of us do not know they really exist. From majestic waterfalls, and lost cities, to mysterious landmarks and natural wonders, here there is a collection of some breathtaking places to visit and to fill your soul with something beautiful that will never be forgotten. These are the ten most amazing places on earth, you definitely want to see before it's all over. Everyone has their own opinion about the best places to visit in the world. http://www.wonderslist.com/10-most-amazing-places-on-earth/
  23. 23. ________________________ is a luxury resort located at Motu Tehotu, in the Society Islands of French Polynesia. The _______________ is a part of a Toronto-based hotel management company. The ________________________ lake is one of those places where you could skate in a natural setting, under a breathtaking environment. As part of the _________________ lakes, this is a favorite among visitors because of its unbelievable surroundings. ________________ one of the top must- go destinations for visitors to China. This statue, also known as the Big Buddha, is the world’s largest Buddha statue, by using bronze, it’s 34 meters tall and weighs 250 tons, completed in December 1993. It is a major center of Buddhism in Hong Kong. _______________________ is probably the best place to be, the largest islands in the Lonian sea. On the West cost offers one of its most stunning views: ___________. They are also known as ___________of Volimes, the picturesque village where they are located. The distinctive element of the ___________ is that they reflect the vibrating and striking blue color of the waters in them, which at the same time capture and reflect the shine of the limpid sky reflected on their surface. It is a secluded part of the island that has everything you are looking for. It’s an absolutely beautiful location with breathtaking views over the turquoise Lonian sea. ________________________ is one of the most visited natural tourist attractions in Norway. It is a steep and massive cliff 604 meters above Lysefjorden, opposite the Kjerag plateau, in Forsand, Ryfylke, Norway. The top of the cliff is approximately 25 by 25 meters and almost flat. It was visited by 150,000 – 200,000 people every year. The visitors took the 3.8 km hike to go there. Located in Jiuzhaigou Valley, part of the Min Mountains on the edge of the Tibetan Plateau, known for its many multi-level waterfalls, colorful lakes, and snow-capped peaks. The ________________________ is one of the main attractions of China. The lake gets its uniqueness from its crystal clear water which seems to be untouched by any living presence for decades. The lake is also known as the Five Flower Lake of China. A myriad of colors, such as turquoise, blue, green, yellow, and so on makes the Crystalline Lake exceedingly beautiful. Nearly 200, 000 people visit the Crystalline Turquoise Lake every year. Located in Rajasthan state of western India, this place has inspired travelers and historians from all over the world. As one of the largest forts in India, the ________________________ has the magnificent views and wonderful features. Apart being glorious, this place has a great past that will surely give visitors a lot of new knowledge on the India’s history and culture. In this fort, you can see grand palaces, historical temples, and beautiful towers. ________________________ is a simple suspension bridge on the Capilano River, located in Canada. With length of 140 meters and 70 meters high, the bridge is the most popular tourist attraction in the region. It is part of a private facility, with an admission fee, and draws over 800,000 visitors a year. The Dordogne region is home to one of the world’s most magnificent landscapes, the famed ________________. These stunningly sculptural landscapes wrap around the ________________ which was built during the 17th century. The bubbly, rounded forms of the garden are carefully manicured by active attendants, maintaining a design that was first developed over 300 years ago. Now complete the texts with the names of the places that are described:
  24. 24. • If you could travel to one of those places, which one would you rather go? • Do you usually prefer traveling to big city centers or to small cities in the countryside? • Do you consider yourself a “nature-lover” person? • How do you think our planet will be in 10 years from now? Do you think the nature will survive? • How concerned are you about these problems? What do you think will happen in the future? Drug trafficking Global warming Famine Government corruption Inflation Poverty Over population Match the nouns and definitions: a) Overbuilding _______ put something to a particular purpose too often; b) Overcrowding _______ too many people for a limited amount of food, housing, and materials available for them to live there; c) Overflowing ______ having too much of something to deal with; d) Overpopulation ______ having too many people or things to be contained; spilling over; e) Overuse _____ too many structures and homes in a certain area; f) Overburdened _____ too many people or things in a restricted area; Listen to the people discussing changes that will affect these areas in 2050? Write down the changes. Future Changes Global warming ________________________________________________________ Air pollution ___________________________________________________________ Ozone layer __________________________________________________________ Overpopulation _______________________________________________________ Poverty ______________________________________________________________ 1 2
  25. 25. • Is the world a safe place for animals and plants? Why or why not? • What animal do you know of that endangered or extinct? • Why do you think species are endangered? • What, if anything, happens when an animal or plant species become extinct? • How do you think this situation can be realistically improved? • Why should it be improved? Suggestion: watch the video COSMOS – The cosmic calendar (2015) • What are the primary ways in which species are endangered? • Society does not have the resources to save every species from human-caused extinction. How should we decide where to put our energy and resources in conserving species? • How do you think or feel about this ongoing global and potentially disastrous problem? • What does this mean for the future of our planet and future generations? • What facts or ideas made the biggest impression on you? Why?. • How can you help this cause in the future? EXTINCT AND ENDANGERED ANIMALS Extinction of the species has always been a natural part of evolution. The fossil records show that since life originated about four billion years ago, the vast majority of species that have existed are now extinct. Those species outnumber living ones by a factor of perhaps a thousand to one. Scientists have identified five extinction events in Earth’s history, with some so severe that more than 90 percent of all life forms were killed off. The last and most famous extinction was the Cretaceous-Tertiary event at about 63 million years ago that killed off the dinosaurs and allowed the rise of mammals. It is thought to have been caused by an asteroid hitting Earth. Today we are in the middle of a sixth extinction event that began about 50,000 years ago but is now accelerating in an alarming speed. This extinction event is not a natural event, but is caused directly or indirectly by humans. Most recent extinctions have been associated with European expansion in the 15th and 16th century. However, in some parts of the world some species are known to have become extinct before the arrival of the Europeans. For example, the Polynesians who colonized the Hawaiian Island in the 4th, 5th and 6th centuries may have been responsible for the loss of around 50 of the 100 or so species of endemic land birds in the period between their arrival and that of the Europeans. www.animalport.com
  26. 26. Have you ever watched theses movies? • Look at the pictures and guess the name of the movies; • Have you watched any of them? Which ones? • Which movie do you think it’s more likely to happen in the future? • Choose one you know to tell the plot to your partner. http://goo.gl/Y3Oid7 http://goo.gl/gNzPlO http://goo.gl/ItO3TD http://goo.gl/7BhlUh https://goo.gl/ztWgjX http://goo.gl/Xg4WoB What will life be like in the year 2100? James Burke predicts 4 October 2013 Last updated at 00:11 BST In 1973, the Radio Times asked BBC science presenter James Burke to predict the future. He got a lot right, foreseeing the proliferation of the computer in offices, schools and homes. Forty years on, BBC News asked him to predict the future again. He paints a world 80 to 100 years from now, in which the proliferation of 3D nanofabricators mean poverty and scarcity have become things of the past. http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-24331106
  27. 27. • In five years from now, what will you have done? • Where will you be living in ten years from now? • By 2030, what will you have accomplished in your life? Future tenses •Use: •Form: WILL - future GOING TO - future SIMPLE PRESENT - future PRESENT PROGRES SIVE - future FUTURE PROGRES SIVE FUTURE PERFECT Prediction; assumption; spontaneous action; Planned action in the future; prediction with evidence; Future action fixed (timetable); Planned action in the near future; Action will definitely be happening in the future; Something will have already happened before a certain time in the future; WILL - future GOING TO - future SIMPLE PRESENT - future PRESENT PROGRES SIVE - future FUTURE PROGRES SIVE FUTURE PERFECT He will buy an eco-car. She is going to change her car for a new one. The bus leaves at 6.45. I am having a meeting tomorrow morning. The water will be missing in 2030. They will have written a report by tomorrow.
  28. 28. August 23, 2025 Today a new chapter in space tourism was written. William Mark and his wife-to-be Lisa Mills arrived safely to the moon to spend 5 days as the first guests at the Starbright Hotel that was set up for this purpose two years ago. Not are they only the first hotel guests on the moon, they also set a new record for expensive accommodation since the price was US$ 3,7 million per night, per person. However, the exclusive transfer from earth to the hotel was included in the price. The hotel itself will probably have a tough time just to try to gain one star at any hotel rating system, since there is no room service, the guests have to do the cleaning of the room themselves and there is no bathroom in them. However, they have more stars than they need just outside their window. On August 24, Will and Lisa will get married through link by their local minister in San Diego, California at 9.00pm EST tonight, and the wedding will be broadcasted live by several major TV networks in a 1-hour special including the preparations for the trip. They were accompanied by six other astronauts that during the stay will set up further accommodations for the guests that have made reservations at the Starbright Hotel next year. The hotel has so far no employees, only temporary staff when guests. In twenty years’ time, adventurous holiday-maker will have run out of exciting things to do on earth. They will have already been everywhere and tried everything. They’ll be looking for new things to explore on the moon. Besides Starbright Hotel, another Hotel chain is planning to build a hotel on the moon, The Sky Walker Hotel. By the end of this year, the company will have finished its design for the Lunar Palace Hotel. Soon after that, they will be starting the building work. Organizations plan to put the first man on Mars by 2030, new trips to the moon will take place around 2015-2020. That combined with the increasing interest in space tourism in the next decade will open up to the possibility to make a reservation on the moon. <http://www.newsoffuture.com/first_hotel_on_the_moon_space_tourism.html;> Adapted
  29. 29. • How will the first permanent accommodations on the moon look like? • Will we be able to follow space flights live on TV, like today's reality shows? • What will a vacation on the moon be like, what would the exclusive attractions be apart from the view? Look at the timetable below, then complete the sentences with the right form of the future. 1. August 23, 2025, William Mark and Lisa Mills ______________________ to the moon. 2. William Mark and Lisa Mills ______________________________ their honeymoon on August 26, 2025. 3. By September 2025, Will and Lisa ____________________ about US$37 million both on the trip. 4. On August 24, 2025, Will and Lisa _________________________ at 9 p.m. 5. By 2031, organizations _______________________ the first man on Mars. 6. Some people _____________________________ to the moon in 2020. How often do you watch movies or read book about futuristic topics? Choose one book or movie with this topic, make a review and present it For next class click on the link: <http://www.newsoffuture.com/> Choose a piece of news from 2030 to 2050 and discuss with your partner about that. 3 1. Arrive safely to the moon _______________________Aug 2025 2. Spend their honeymoon _______________________Aug 26, 2025 3. Spend US$ 37 million _________________________ Sept 2025 4. Get married _________________________ At 9 p.m. Aug 2025 5. Send on Mars _______________________________by 2031 6. Travel to the moon ___________________________ in 2020
  30. 30. Think about some of the things you have done more lately – working, studying, or relaxing: • How much time do you spend working or studying? • How much time do you spend relaxing? • What do you do to relax? • Have you ever read a self-help book? If so, which one(s)? HOW RELAXED ARE YOU? How well do you know your partner? Read the quiz below and try to guess your partner’s answers, then ask each other and compare if you guessed right. Let’s find out who’s the most relaxed person in the class? 1 A I start worrying about Monday on Saturday night. B I easily forget work and relax on the weekend. 2 A I fidget all the time. B I easily keep still. The little book of calm is only 4 in. x 4 in. and it contains only 1,000 words but has sold over 3 million copies and has made its author into a multimillionaire.
  31. 31. 3 A When I go to someone’s house, I sit on the edge of the seat for the first hour. B When I go to someone’s house, I sit back and relax right away. 4 A I fiddle with something all the time. B I don’t need to have something in my hands. 5 A I bite my nails when I am anxious. B I never bite my nails, or almost never. 6 A I worry all the time, I’m always thinking about my problems. B If I have a problem, I deal with it. If I can’t do anything I don’t worry about it. 7 A When I make an appointment, I start worrying that I’m going to forget it. B When I make an appointment, I write it down on my cellphone. 8 A I hate waiting in lines. I’m too impatient. If I can, I cut in. B I wait in lines because it’s fair, while I’m waiting a read a book, or play with my cellphone. 9 A I always lose my temper at least two or three times a week. B I hardly ever lose my temper. 10 A I usually arrive at appointments too early or too late. B I usually arrive at appointments on time. The more B answers someone has, the more relaxed he/she is.
  32. 32. Sally Sees Herself As She Really Is I was under the impression that I was quite a relaxed person until I watched the video of my sister’s wedding. As I watched myself, I realized that I am not the cool, calm, sophisticated woman I thought I was. In fact I’m the opposite. I fidget, I talk non-stop, fiddle with my hair, scratch my nose, wave my hands around like a lunatic, bite my nails, and I never sit back on a seat, I sit on the edge of it, ready to jump up and go somewhere else. So it was no surprise when a friend gave me The Little Book of Calm for my last birthday. I read the blurb on the back cover. ‘Feeling stressed?’ it asked. ‘Need some help to regain the balance in your life? The Little Book of Calm is full of advice to follow and thoughts to inspire. Open it at any page and you will find a path to inner peace.’ So I opened it at any page and read the advice: ‘Wear white.’ Wear white! I haven’t worn white since my first child was born. This is not good advice for someone who has to deal with young children and their dirty fingers every day. I turned to another page. ‘Take a lesson in calmness from children. Watch how children live every moment for the pleasure of the moment.’ Do you know my children? When one of them is screaming, ‘Aargh! He’s pulling my hair!’ and the other is screaming, ‘She’s taken my sweets!’, the feeling I get is not calmness. ‘Make an appointment with yourself to deal with worries at a specific time in the future.’ Make an appointment! I’ve already got too many appointments. I don’t need another appointment to worry about. ‘Get up early and watch the sun rise.’ Well that’s nothing new. I wake up at the crack of dawn every day, thanks to the children. I haven’t had a lie-in for years. ‘For every ninety minutes of work, take a twenty-minute break.’ Yes, I like that. But there’s a problem. Who’s going to tell my children ‘Don’t disturb Mummy now, she’s having a break.’? ‘Use a soft voice.’ With fighting children? I don’t think so. In fact, my voice is getting louder every day. I decided to try once more. ‘Rediscover milk.’ No problem. I love milk and I drink it all the time . . . with a shot of strong Italian espresso coffee in it, of course. Adapted from The Weekend Telegraph, November 15, 1997 http://static.tumblr.com/41ofmur/njtm8x4pa/crazymom.jpg
  33. 33. Match the words to the definitions: What’s your lifestyle? 1) What kind of milk do you drink? a)I don't have time to drink milk. Coffee is my fuel. b)I drink regular milk. Only soy milk. c)I prefer 0% fat milk. d)Whatever milk is on the fridge. 2) Where do you buy your clothes? a)Somebody does the shopping for me. b)I only buy clothes made with the best fabric, specially to work out. c)I wait for people to give me clothes on birthdays. d)I buy clothes on a few stores, but I modify them to my style. Regain To rub your skin with your nail Scratch To stay in bed later than usually. Fiddle with Arrangement to meet somebody at a specified time At the crack of dawn To get back something you lost, especially an ability or a mental state. Inner peace To keep making small quick movements with parts of your body because you’re bored, nervous or impatient. Fidget Extremely early in the morning. Appointment An act of touching, moving or changing something many times. Lie-in A feeling of worry or anxiety Stressed out Break the quiet of someone Disturb Achieving calmness and peace of mind 1 http://www.jaybeestock.com/StockLifestyles/Lifestyles6.jpg 2
  34. 34. 3) Where do you get your news? a)From the social networks. News that matter are all online now. b)I always read the newspaper before my morning walk. c)I know what's happening from the watercooler talk on the next day. d)I see them on TV, eventually. But I don't stop to watch the news. 4)Do you read as a hobby? a)I'm frequently at a bookstore buying something new. b)My hobby is making money. c)I get some e-books every now and then. d)Reading is too much effort. 5) Do you watch TV? a)I watch it on public places, like the gym or the bus. b)No way. Too many ads. Youtube and Netflix are my TV. c)All the time. TV is definitely my BFF. d)I watch Bloomberg during lunch hours. 6) What's your idea of a night out? a)A little stroll on the park. b)Going back home and resting after a long day. c)Maybe a poetry reading or a musical. d)Night out? I'd prefer to stay home and binge-watch a show. 7) How do you move around? a)I only use cars, taxis and Uber. b)I don't go out, unless I really have to. c)I have a bike and I go everywhere with it. d)I use public transportation if it's really far. If not, I'll just walk. 8) What kind of music do you listen to? a)I listen to the hits. They're always playing. b)I prefer listening to fast paced songs during exercises. c)I like the classics. I listen to music on the car when I'm going to work. d)I like a lot of bands, but you wouldn't know them. 9) How often do you lose your temper? a)Never. I'm really zen. b)Almost never. Unless you trash my favorite band. Then, we got a problem. c)I get angry sometimes. But that's normal, right? 4)Everyday I lose my grip. If you get in my way, I'll chop you down.
  35. 35. Count how many points you made, according to your answer: 1- a) 3 b) 1 c) 2 d) 0 2- a) 3 b) 2 c) 0 d) 1 3- a) 1 b) 2 c) 3 d) 0 4- a) 1 b) 3 c) 2 d) 0 5- a) 2 b) 1 c) 0 d) 3 6- a) 2 b) 3 c) 1 d) 0 7- a) 3 b) 0 c) 1 d) 2 8- a) 0 b) 2 c) 3 d) 1 9- a) 0 b) 1 c) 2 d) 3 Now check your answer: 0 to 6 points Slacker/Relaxed You are a very quiet and calm person. But you should be careful not to became a slacker. Others may see you as a lazy person, but deep down you know that's not true, right? 7 to 14 points Hipster/Alternative You have your own style. Others may try to mimic you, but they are just a bunch of fakers who got no personal style and attitude. Not like you, anyway. You're so cool. 15 to 22 points Healthy Your body is a temple and you take good care of it. You exercise and feed well. You're gonna live longer than many of us and lead a long and happy life. I guess. Nobody really knows this kind of thing. 23 to 27 points Workaholic Your life is full of events and your agenda is full. You work hard and are well rewarded for it. That's fair, right? Others might not understand, but working gets you up in the morning. It's not a weight, it's your joy and you prefer to be in the office than wasting time doing other things.
  36. 36. Look at the pictures and match the words in the box to the lifestyle. • What kind of lifestyle do you live? • Look at the pictures. Which ones are appealing to you and which aren’t? • Describe styles orally to the class. What do they usually wear? Relaxed hipster workaholic healthy 3
  37. 37. Which of these words do you identify yourself most? Number these words according with your personality from 0 to 10. (10) very relevant (0) irrelevant FAMOUS ICONS Look at the pictures below. Do you know them? Discuss with your classmates about these style icons. Describe each person’s image. • Which of these icons do you find most/least appealing? • Which other famous people or characters are often considered style icons? Who do you most admire? • Are there any famous people or character whose style you particularly dislike? • What is the last news you have heard about some famous people? How is lifestyle in the 21st century ? Research and present it for the class. Sophisticated Unconventional cluttered athletic stress free Scruffy vegan geek psychedelic Stressed minimalistic 4 5 http://goo.gl/axyHdy http://goo.gl/sWwvOm https://goo.gl/79pP0A http://goo.gl/HrDJZX http://goo.gl/HrDJZX http://goo.gl/jUCUNo
  38. 38. NEWS We use the passive voice: • To make the object more important; • When we do not know who performed the action; • When the subject is not important; • When the subject is well known; Active Voice Passive Voice Shakespeare wrote Romeo and Juliet. Romeo and Juliet was written by Shakespeare. The government is building many hospitals. Many hospitals are being built. Steven Spielberg directed E.T. . E.T. was directed by Steven Spielberg. The company has fired many employees. Many employees have been fired. The teachers made the books. The books were made by the teachers. Justin Timberlake Gets Slapped in the Face by Man at Golf Tournament in Nevada What was he thinking? A man was arrested after smacking Justin Timberlake in the face at a charity golf tournament in Lake Tahoe, Nevada, on Saturday, July 23. In a video posted by TMZ, the "Can't Stop the Feeling" singer can be seen walking through a crowd at the American Century Celebrity Golf Championship at Edgewood Tahoe Golf Course when a man reaches out and slaps him on the side of the face. Timberlake, 35, stops and turns around to confront the man, asking, "Bro, why would you do that?" After the singer walked away, security guards could be seen talking to the man who allegedly struck the singer. http://www.usmagazine.com/celebrity-news/news/justin-timberlake-gets-slapped-by-man-at-golf-tournament-w430914
  39. 39. Look at these excerpts from the news. What verb structure is in all the sentences? 1. Justin Timberlake Gets Slapped in the Face by Man at Golf Tournament in Nevada 2. A man was arrested after smacking Justin Timberlake in the face at a charity golf tournament in Lake Tahoe, Nevada, on Saturday, July 23. 3. In a video posted by TMZ, the "Can't Stop the Feeling" singer can be seen walking through a crowd at the American Century Celebrity Golf Championship. 4. After the singer walked away, security guards could be seen talking to the man who allegedly struck the singer. 5. The unidentified fan was filmed staring at her screen as Queen Bey performed just meters away. 6. A Beyoncé fan has caused outrage after she was caught playing Pokémon Go on her phone, while Queen Bey performed just meters in front of her. 7. The unidentified fan was filmed during Bey's Formation tour in Paris last week. Discuss these questions: How is the passive formed? 1. Only one of the sentences mentions the agent. Which one? 2. Which preposition is used with the agent? 3. What are the advantages of using the passive? Match the reasons to the sentences in exercise 1. The agent is unknown. The agent is obvious. It’s important to inform who performed the action. Beyoncé fan sparks outrage playing Pokémon Go during gig The unidentified fan was filmed staring at her screen as Queen Bey performed just meters away. A Beyoncé fan has caused outrage after she was caught playing Pokémon Go on her phone, while Queen Bey performed just meters in front of her. We never thought we'd have to say it, but Beyoncé trumps Pokémon, okay? The unidentified fan was filmed during Bey's Formation tour in Paris last week – much to the annoyance of a fellow concertgoer. “This b**** is playing Pokémon. This b**** is finding Pokémon when Beyoncé's singing! F***ing Pokémon. http://www.mirror.co.uk/3am/celebrity-news/beyonc-fan-sparks-outrage-playing-8494680 6 7
  40. 40. Complete the short news headlines above with the appropriate verbs from the box. Change the verbs to the passive voice. NEWS HEADLINES 1. ROBBERY ______________ BY KABAB SHOP OWNER WHEN HE IGNORED THE SUSPECT. __________________________________________________________________________ 2. NEVER-MELTING ICE CREAM _______________ BY FOOD EXPERT. __________________________________________________________________________ 3. A BANK ROBBERY _______________ BY A NOVEL WRITER EXACTLY LIKE IN ONE OF HIS BOOKS. __________________________________________________________________________ 4. A TELEVISION SET ________________ FROM A PHILADELPHIA POLICE STATION WHILE OFFICERS WERE OUT FIGHTING CRIME. __________________________________________________________________________ 5. FUGITIVE, WHO ESCAPED FROM JAIL IN 1975, _________________ IN TEXAS AFTER CALLING THE FBI TO CHECK IF HE WAS STILL ON ITS MOST- WANTED LIST. __________________________________________________________________________ 6. BURGLAR STEALS CONVENIENCE STORE, BUT IT ________________ BY ANOTHER BURGLAR ON THE STREET SECONDS LATER. __________________________________________________________________________ Find someone who: 1. Has been questioned by the police. ______________________________ 2. Has been stopped for speeding. _________________________________ 3. Has been photographed by a local newspaper. _____________________ 4. Has been mistaken for somebody else. ___________________________ 5. Has been stolen. _____________________________________________ 6. Has been interviewed on radio or television. _______________________ Arrest steal (2x) thwart carry invent 8 9
  41. 41. RUMORS SAID… GOSSIP DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH Simple Present He said, “I want to become a millionaire.” Simple Past He said (that) he wanted to become a millionare. Present Continuous She said, “I am working now, I can’t talk.” Past Continuous She said she was working at that moment, she couldn’t talk. Simple Past Louis said, “I flew to Rio de Janeiro last week.” Past Perfect Louis said he had flown to Rio de Janeiro the previous week. Present Perfect She said, “I have bought a new car.” Past Perfect She said she had bought a new car. Past Continuous They said, “We were playing soccer during the rain.” Past Perfect Continuous They said they had been playing soccer during the rain. ‘Will’ future She said, “I will learn at least three languages.” ‘would’ conditional She said she would learn at least three languages. Can Ben said, “I can speak four languages.” Could Ben said he could speak four languages. May Jerry said, “I may be late for the meeting.” Might Jerry said he might be late for the meeting. Must They said, “We must follow the rules.” Had They said they had to follow the rules. MAN QUITS JOB TO BECOME FULL-TIME POKÉMON GO TRAINER Syed Muktasid gave up his professional career to spend all his time chasing after little cartoon characters. Syed made the bold decision to give up his job in search of a dream: to become a pokémon trainer. He said: “My aim is to catch every Pokemon and make interesting videos about my journey.” But Syed admits that his family isn't happy with his big plan. “My friends, family and wife reluctantly approve for now, as they think that this journey will not last very long.”
  42. 42. Change the excerpts from the news above to the reported speech: 1. He said: “My aim is to catch every Pokemon and make interesting videos about my journey.” __________________________________________________________________ 2. He admits “My friends, family and wife reluctantly approve for now, as they think that this journey will not last very long.” __________________________________________________________________ 3. Actress Melissa Mccarthy said she is behind Jennifer one hundred billion percent. __________________________________________________________________ 4. Jennifer said: “I'm not pregnant. I'm tired of all this.” __________________________________________________________________ Change the excerpts from the news above to the direct speech: 1. The Atlantic said that Jennifer body-shamed the tabloids. __________________________________________________________________ 2. The Guardian said that she is fed up, and millions of women know exactly how she feels. __________________________________________________________________ Listen to the theories and answer true or false: 1. Avril Lavigne was abducted by Aliens. ( ) True ( ) False 2. Avril Lavigne died and another woman pretends to be her. ( ) True ( ) False 3. The real Avril Lavigne is not Canadian. ( ) True ( ) False 4. Paul McCartney was shot by a fan in 1966. ( ) True ( ) False 5. John Lennon tried to fight Paul McCartney, but he missed him. ( ) True ( ) False 6. John Lennon says he misses McCartney, because he passed away. ( ) True ( ) False 7. The show host has no idea why famous people pretend to die. ( ) True ( ) False 8. Sometimes stars pretend they died for reasons that are unknown. ( ) True ( ) False JENNIFER ANISTON'S BATTLE CRY AGAINST THE MEDIA Jennifer Aniston published an article criticizing tabloid media for constant speculation over her looks, weight and whether or not she is pregnant. The Atlantic said that Jennifer body shamed the tabloids, while the Guardian said that she is fed up, and millions of women know exactly how she feels. Actress Melissa Mccarthy said she is behind Jennifer one hundred billion percent. Jennifer said: “I'm not pregnant. I'm tired of all this.” 10 11 12
  43. 43. Based on the video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m8pbmbfeoHs Discuss the following questions: • What is culture? What does it mean? • Does culture influence in what we are? How? • Do you agree with this saying “You are what you do?” • How does it influence in our lives? • How does the internet impact on our lives? • Does it also impact on our culture and tastes? • Do you agree with the people on the video and their opinion? Why? • What have influenced you to be who you are today? How does culture influence our lives? Culture influences people’s lives in a myriad of ways, including what they do, their perception of education, their behaviors, their language, their accent, what they read or what they do for entertainment. In addition to that, culture has a huge impact on human lives, regarding to what people wear, say or enjoy. Culture also affects how the human brain responds to different situations. Culture refers to the characteristics of a particular group of people, for example food, social habits, religion, music and arts. It is related to people’s way of life and style. It is completely common when there are different groups of people, they have their own ways of doing things. Nevertheless, through culture, people develop a sense of belonging, personal growth and the capacity to empathize and associate with others.
  44. 44. Is the Internet changing our lifestyle? Nowadays, with the popularization of the network, the online life is not just for those computer geeks. One of the most obvious advantage of the Internet is resource sharing. Also, computers and networks are widely used by people all over the world. More and more people are used to use the Internet to find resources. It doesn’t matter what difficulties people find, the immediate reaction is always to ask Google or Wikipedia . According to Michael Hart's opinion which was pointed out in the book named A Brief History of the Internet, "for the first time we actually have the opportunity for a whole world's population to share not only air or water, but also to share the world of ideas, of art or of music and other sounds…anything that can be digitilized” (Pg.10, Hart, Michael and Fuller, Maxwell , In 1995). That’s why some people are concerned that the Internet is changing our minds. Are we heavily influenced by the Internet ? In fact, life online is unavoidable nowadays, mainly in our globalized society. With the Internet we get access to real time updated information. For instance, you can read the newest newspaper and books online for free instead of buying a new one. This is very attractive to Netizen ('Netizen', which means net citizen) ,especially for students. After all, times are changing, science and technology are developing faster and faster, so it is necessary to keep up feeding our minds and update ourselves with changes to come. Disadvantages of the Internet Every story has two sides, the Internet is no exception. Today, the Internet is a widespread information medium of communication. Internet might be a bitter-sweet tool, because not only brings convenience to mankind, but it also may cause a great deal of potential problems too. - How to deal with Internet crime? - How to protect the netizens Internet security? - How to correctly guide the young people to proper use the network ? Many studies have concluded that young Internet users are psychologically affected by spending too much time online. Hence, technology brings new lifestyle to people, whereas how to make the best use of it has become an urgent issue, if the internet is misused it might undermine the quality of our lives and even threaten the mental health of young students.
  45. 45. • Do you like reading? • How often do you read a book? • Do you think it’s important? • How does it influence in our lives? • Think about this saying: “We are what we read” do you agree with it? • What was the last book you read? • Where do you like reading? Based on the text about the influence of internet on our lives, draw your own conclusions: ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ Now, let’s discuss about everybody’s points of view:
  46. 46. How do the books we read influence our lives? When we are reading a book, we are feeding our brain. And this is how that food nourishes us in whole: 1.It improves language: The books we read create the language in which we converse. So the better kind of books we read, the better and more refined our thoughts and activities become. Our communication becomes more clarified as we are able to pick up the right word to express ourselves. 2.Widens our mental horizons: Haven't we all heard the adage that “the world of a man is as big as his head”? When we read more books we travel mentally. We explore places, vistas and emotions through words that authors have put into fine print. We learn more about places, individuals, customs, traditions, laws, and a lot more of characters. The more we read, the more things we know. The more things we know, we try to achieve more out of life. It is a fact that all great personalities at some point of time in their lives have drawn inspiration from books. 3.Improves our character: Reading is like exercise for your brain. It makes you think creatively. You draw up visuals and imagine scenes from lines of words written in a prose. And most often, whether we like it or not, we compare ourselves to the characters in a book. So be assured a good book with virtuous characters is going to turn you into a better person sooner or later. 4.Converse with the author: Each time we read a book it is the author himself who is speaking to us through his words. For a creative mind it might even be possible to imagine the voice of the author whispering the lines from the books as we read along. Even years, decades and centuries after their deaths they still continue to live and teach lessons of life through their writings. Books are immortal. They survive the tests of time to enlighten our minds. 5. Makes us feel good: Books are the source of knowledge. With knowledge comes confidence. And so reading makes us feel more confident. We feel expertise in a subject from continuous reading. It doesn't matter if you have read only novels or short stories. Your grammar and vocabulary would have improved even without your knowledge. https://www.quora.com/How-do-the-books-we-read-influence-our-lives
  47. 47. Look at the pictures below and discuss with your friend about them. What do you think they mean? Do you agree with them? Why? 1 How Does the Media Influence the Way People Behave? The influence of media is growing stronger and stronger as time passes. Because of this, the competition among producers and advertisers gets tougher as they try to come up with new ways to catch people attention through their newspapers, magazines, movies, shows, and commercials. If you have noticed, the speed at which news travels around the world has become faster with the development and advancement in technology. Everything is evolving depending on the demand of people. Media indeed can influence people in different ways but the pressing question is this: how does the media influence the way people behave? Watching movies and programs on the television as we relax takes us away into this different reality. There are parts in our being that feels we are the ones in the movie and sometimes we even feel what they are feeling as we get caught in the emotional excitement. The effect of media does not stop when the movie or program ends. And this lingering effect might just be the cause of behavioral changes in people. With action films, children tend to emulate the movie hero, engaging them into violent acts thinking that it is acceptable because his hero became successful in the end. With cartoon programs, not everything is good-natured. There are those that show subtle acts of violence and deceitful acts against others (some even more vulgar). In return, children tend to copy the characters and think that deceiving other people is a way to confront their problems. They learn to transfer these ill behaviors to friends.
  48. 48. Check the bold words in the text and find the meaning: 1.tougher ( ) a feeling of eager enthusiasm 2.development ( ) pictures, photographs 3.excitement ( ) imitate the function 4.lingering ( ) harder, more complicated 5.behavioral ( ) a sequence of actions that keep repeating 6.emulate ( ) To fix an idea or belief firmly in someone's mind 7.deceiving ( ) kept in mind 8.attempt ( ) the domain ruled by a king or a queen 9.mislead ( ) short times between periods 10.instances ( ) guide someone in the wrong direction 11.sinful ( ) lasting a long time 12.realm ( ) an occurrence of something 13.embedded ( ) to act improperly 14.recesses ( ) to try to do something 15.inculcating ( ) change, growth, improvement 16.imageries ( ) having committed unrighteous acts 17.deemed ( ) manner of acting or reaction 18.misbehavior ( ) to be considered 19.vicious cycle ( ) be false to someone There are some television shows and movies that attempt to create an atmosphere to change the view of people towards social issues such as racial discrimination. These shows provoke criticism and tend to mislead the picture of reality. In the minds of other people, the effect can be for the better, but some unfortunately for the worse. There had been instances in the past that teens commit suicide imitating her favorite actress. There was also a case where somebody set a subway ticket booth on fire just like the way he saw it in his favorite film. These are just some examples of the disturbing influence of media on people behavior. An explanation to these sinful acts is that these people could not distinguish fantasy from reality. They get caught up in the realm of what they had been watching and the images and scenes get embedded in their minds. What makes these people pull these images and scenes from the recesses of their minds and turn them into reality is a psychological case. So to answer the pressing question earlier, does the media influence the way people behave? Yes, it does. If we analyze fully and look at things in a bigger picture, the media is largely responsible for inculcating the minds of people with false notions and morbid imageries. They feed the minds of innocent young people with violence and other disturbing issues. They inform people on how to do acts that are deemed controversial to the society. These lead to misbehavior against other people, which can create a vicious cycle among individuals as they attempt to do the same or even worse things to others. http://influence.bafree.net/how-does-the-media-influence-the-way-people-behave.php 2
  49. 49. Work environment • Do you know this company? • Do you know any others companies like this? • Do you think the workplace is important for work quality? • Why do you think this company has built an amazing workplace for their employees? • Do you imagine yourself working in a company like this? • What kind of Google tools do you usually use? Google Ireland opens the doors to its thriving new campus: Four buildings located in the heart of Dublin’s historic docklands district. With over 47’000 m2 of unique office space designed by Camenzind Evolution the campus represents an amazing workplace for Google’s ever growing sales, marketing, finance and engineering teams, coming from more than 65 countries and speaking over 45 languages. http://www.urdesign.it/index.php/2013/06/13/google-dublin-campus-by-camenzind-evolution/ http://www.urdesign.it/index.php/2013/06/13/google-dublin-campus-by-camenzind-evolution/
  50. 50. Listen to the perks and check true or false, then complete what is missing: _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ In your opinion, what does a company need to be a dream company? _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ Do you think that it is possible in Brazil? Why? _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 3 • Free snacks during the Day ( ) • Free Cigarettes ( ) • Free breakfast foods on a regular, daily basis ( ) • Pet shop ( ) • Car wash ( ) • Barber Shop ( ) • Dry cleaning ( ) • Subsidized public transportation( ) • Spanish Classes ( ) • Free airplane tickets ( ) • Free alcoholic beverages during the day ( ) • Subsidized lunch on a regular, daily basis ( ) • Personal concierge service ( ) • Massage therapy ( ) • Fitness classes ( ) • Swimming pool ( ) • Weight watchers meetings ( ) • Vehicle maintenance ( ) • Banking ( ) • Baby sitting lounge ( ) 4 5
  51. 51. WISH FULFILLMENT 1. Look at this list of song titles with wish in them. Have you heard of any of songs or artists? Which title do you like the best? Which is the most romantic title? Which is the saddest title? TITLE ARTIST I Wish Every Day Could be Like Christmas Bon Jovi I Wish We Could be Alone Laura Branigan I Wish I Didn’t Love You So Kd Lang I Wish It Would rain? The Temptations I Wish That I Could Fall in Love Today Barbara Mandrell I Wish that I Could Tell You Reba McEntire I Wish The Phone Would Ring Expose I Wish You Could be Here The Seekers I Wish You Love Paul Young I Wish You Peace The Eagles I Wish You Well Tom Cochrane King of Wishful Thinking Go West My Wish Came True Elvis Presley You Can Make a Wish Mica Paris Wish Fulfillment Sonic Youth Wish List Pearl Jam Wish You Were Here Pink Floyd Wishing Well Black Sabbath
  52. 52. Work with a partner. Look through the list again and answer these questions: a) What part of speech is wish and the words formed from it in each title? b) Find two adjectives formed from the root wish. What nouns do they form an expression with? c) The noun wish is used to describe other nouns. Find two examples. d) Find an example of each of these patterns: I wish + clause I wish you + adverb I wish you + noun Complete each of these questions with an appropriate verb and discuss them with your partner. a) In the U.S. it is traditional to __________ a wish when you blow out candles on a birthday cake. Do you have the same, or a similar, tradition in your country? b) If you could __________ three wishes now, what would they be? c) Have any of your wishes ever _________ true? Write 5 sentences about you using wish or If only _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Imagine that you can create your own company how you wish it will be? Create it and present to the class 7 8 9
  53. 53. Complete the questions with the words in the box. 1. Do you work in an ____________________? 2. Do you work ____________________? 3. Do you wear special ____________________ for your work? 4. Do you have many ____________________ at work? 5. Is your job ____________________? 6. Do you usually ____________________ to work? 7. Do you ____________________ a lot of money? 8. Is your ____________________ a strict person? Now ask the questions from exercise 1 to a classmate. Read the following questions and try to answer them. Now, discuss with your friend your answers. 1. Do you save money? 2. Would you go to a different country to work and save some extra money? 3. What place would you go to? 4. What kind of job do you think you would find? 5. How long would you stay abroad for work? 6. How would you keep in touch with family and friends? Three friends are talking in a pub. Listen to their conversation and mark true or false ( ) Working in Japan is easy. ( ) There aren't many job opportunities in England. ( ) If you speak English, you can easily find a job wherever you go. ( ) If you want to save more money, you should work fulltime. ( ) Using technology to keep in touch with people is not a good idea. 10 11 12 earn – travel – dangerous – office – boss – outside – colleagues – clothes
  54. 54. • Discuss with your partners about the things you’ve learned in your life, chiefly the ones you learned when you were a child at school or with your parents. • Tell the class the things you still remember your mother / father used to say to you: • Tell the class the things you used to do, the game you used to play, etc…
  55. 55. Read the text again and find the meaning of the underlined phrasal verbs: _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ Write down some sentences from the text that you consider important to be learned in kindergarten: _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ Some of the most important things we learn are not found in books. (Shirley Zeiberg) MOST OF WHAT I REALLY NEED TO KNOW about to live, and what to do, and how to be, I learned in kindergarten. Wisdom was not at the top of the graduate school mountain, but there in the sandbox at nursery school. These are the things I learned. Share everything. Play fair. Don’t hit people. Put things back where you found them. Clean up your own mess. Don’t take things that aren’t yours. Say you’re sorry when you hurt somebody. Wash your hands before you eat. Flush. Warm cookies and cold milk are good for you. Live a balanced life. Learn some and think some and draw and paint and sing and dance and play and work every day some. Take a nap every afternoon. When you go out into the world, watch for traffic, hold hands and stick together. Be aware of wonder. Remember the little seed in the plastic cup. The roots go down and the plant goes up and nobody really knows how or why, but we are all like that. Goldfish and hamsters and white mice and even the little seed in the plastic cup - they all die. So do we. And then remember the book about Dick and Jane* and the first word you learned, the biggest word of all: LOOK. Everything you need to know is in there somewhere. The Golden Rule and love and basic sanitation. Ecology and politics and sane living. Think of what a better world it would be if we all – the whole world – had cookies and milk about 3 o’clock every afternoon and then lay down with our blankets for a nap. Or if we had a basic policy in our nation and other nations to always put things back where we found them and cleaned up our own messes. And it is still true, no matter how old you are, when you go out into the world, it is best to hold hands and stick together. *Dick and Jane are the main characters in popular basal readers written by William S. Gray and Zerna Sharp and published by Scott Foresman, that were used to teach children to read from the 1930s through to the 1970s in the United States. 1 2
  56. 56. • What memories do you have about your childhood ? • Write down the names of three people who are important to you: a friend, a best friend and a relative: • Do you have many friends? • How often do you see them? • Do you still have friends from your childhood? • Do you have a BFF, what’s his/her name? • Do you believe in friendship between women and men? • Do you have a pen pal? Not just friends By Bud E. Freund Most of us have very few "best friends". These are friends who stand by us through thick and thin. They are people who accept us completely (warts and all) who know our most secret thoughts. But our lives crisscross with many others whose relationships with us may be less deep but are still important. What would our lives be without these acquaintances, buddies and dear old friends? ACQUAINTANCES: These are people whose paths often cross ours. We attend the same school committee meetings or share a car pool with them. Acquaintances may exchange favors easily. The neighbor who borrows your chairs for a big party or the colleague who waters your plants while you’re on vacation fit this category. But we usually don't get too intimate with them. One woman commented: "Our next-door neighbor, who car pools with us, is very nice. But we don't have anything in common. We never get together for anything but car pool." BUDDIES: A lot of people have a friend who shares a particular activity or interest. These usually aren't close relationships, but they're important ones that keep us connected to our interests and hobbies. Because they're based on activities rather than feelings it’s relatively easy to make a new buddy. One foreign exchange student reported: "For the first two months, I didn't have any real friend. My table-tennis partner, who’s from Beijing, was my only social contact. We couldn't communicate in English very well but we had a good time anyway. Without him, I would have been completely isolated." OLD FRIENDS: "Delores knew me when I worked in the mailroom", "recalls an advertising executive". I'Il never forget this day. The vice president who promoted me called me for an interview. I didn't have the right clothes, and Delores was the one who came with me to buy my first business suit. "We all have old friends who knew us "back when". They keep us in touch with parts of ourselves which are easy to lose as we move through life. “Whenever I go home, I always visit Delores", recalls the executive. "We look through old albums and talk about experiences that have helped form us. She always reminds me how shy I used to be. I agree with George Herbert, who said that the best mirror is an old friend.
  57. 57. Match the words to the definition3 1. Shy ( ) a person that you have met but do not know well. 2. To fit ( ) every or any time. 3. Car pool ( ) to bring the memory of a past event into your mind, and often to give a description of what you remember. 4. Crisscross ( ) You always support or stay with them, even if there are problems or difficulties. 5. Remind ( ) to read something quickly. 6. Acquaintances ( ) describing or including all the bad qualities in a person's character, with no attempt to hide them. 7. Warts and all ( ) nervous and uncomfortable with other people. 8. To look through ( ) to make someone think of something they have forgotten or might have forgotten. 9. Whenever ( ) to be the right size or shape for someone or something. 10. Through thick and thin ( ) to move or exist in a pattern of crossing lines. 11. To recall ( ) an arrangement in which a group of people take turns driving each other or their children to and from work or school.
  58. 58. Look the underlined words in the text and find what these words are related to, then draw an arrow: Look at the proverbs below and discuss with your partner the meaning of them and if it’s possible try to find an equivalent in Portuguese: 1. "Books and friends should be few but good." 2. "A friend in need is a friend indeed." 3. "A good friend is my nearest relation." 4. "A hedge between keeps friendship green." 5. "God defend me from my friends; from my enemies I can defend myself." 6. "Love is blind; friendship closes its eyes." 7. "The best of friends must part." 8. "To have a friend, be a friend." 9. "The best mirror is an old friend." 10. "A cheerful friend is like a sunny day spreading brightness all around." 11. "The only unsinkable ship is FRIENDSHIP." 12. "It is better to be in chains with friends, than to be in a garden with strangers.” “Good friends are hard to find, harder to leave and impossible to forget.” Do you agree with this statement? Why? Talk to your partner: • Have you ever shared a place with a friend? • Did you have a close friend in college/school and drifted apart? • What do you think is more important making money even if you don’t like what you’re doing, or having personal satisfaction even not earning much? 4 5 6 https://goo.gl/FxyzoB http://goo.gl/nNLfji
  59. 59. I’ll always be there for you Jack and Jill first met when they were studying at the same university, they shared an apartment and lived together for five years. Four years later their lives have changed a lot, even though, they have been friends since then. Read the text and find out what happened to them: Jill I first met Jack when I was looking for someone to share an apartment I was renting. I put an ad in the local student newspaper and he was interested in it. When we met, we hit it off immediately and I asked him if he could move in straightaway. I had a great time living with Jack. We soon found out that we had a lot in common and quickly became close friends. We always discussed about everything that was important to us at the time: politics, the environment, books, movies and other less important things. We enjoyed the same music and that's important when you're sharing a place. We fell out a couple of times about the housework chores. Jack thinks I’m untidy but I think life's too short to worry about things like that. When we graduated four years ago, we went our separate ways and since then our lives have been very different. l went back to my home town and got a job as a production assistant for art exhibitions. I like my job because I'm helping young people to get involved in the arts. I still live with my parents because I'm not making much money. Jack thinks I'm nuts because money is more important to him than personal satisfaction, unlike me, I do give more importance to personal satisfaction and l get a lot from my job. He's earning a lot of money, but he doesn't have quality time to spend with his family and his friends. I hardly see him now. When he drops by for the weekend we laugh a lot, but our lifestyles are so different now that we don't have very much to talk about. Jack Jill and I got on very well together at university. When we first met, we clicked straightaway and we ended up sharing a place for nearly four years. We had the same attitude to the important things in life and the only thing we had some arguments about was the housework. I’m very tidy whereas Jill's the opposite. I don't think she ever found out where we kept the vacuum cleaner! When l left university, I moved to New York and got a job in a finance company. I have to work long hours and I don't really enjoy what I'm doing but I make very good money. I'm very ambitious and I want to get to the top of my career. I enjoy spending money on the latest cell phones, clothes, a nice car and going out to good restaurants. Jill's working really hard as well, but she's not earning much. I don't understand why she's doing it. I think she's just having a good time - it seems very idealistic to me. Anyway, as our lifestyles are very different now, we've drifted apart. We haven't fallen out or anything. We still keep in touch and when l go down to see her, we have a wonderful time and laugh a lot. l know she'll always be there for me.
  60. 60. Find the words in the text that have these meanings: 1. An expression meaning “We had similar interests”. _____________________________________________________________________ 2. Two expressions meaning “We argued”. _____________________________________________________________________ 3. Two expressions meaning “We became more distant from each other”. _____________________________________________________________________ 4. Two expressions meaning “We liked each other immediately”. _____________________________________________________________________ 5. An expression meaning “I know I can count on her when I need a friend”. _____________________________________________________________________ 6. An expression meaning “We enjoyed each other’s company”. _____________________________________________________________________ 7. An expression meaning “We got to know each other very well”. _____________________________________________________________________ • Do you have a boyfriend/girlfriend, husband/wife? • How did you meet him/her? • Where were you when you first met him/her? • Do you have many things in common? • How was your first date? • Did you have a sweetheart in school? There are many relationships dercribed in fiction (books, movies, series, etc) .Choose your favorite couple from fiction, then present them to your classmates how is this couple realitonship and why do you like them? http://goo.gl/sqXObs http://goo.gl/vycdFd 7
  61. 61. Match the meaning with the phrasal verbs below: 1- LOOK UP TO 4- MAKE UP 2- FALL FOR 5- PUT DOWN 3- FALL OUT 6- PUT UP WITH ( ) To start having strong, romantic feelings about someone. ( ) To tolerate; to accept an unpleasant situation, although you do not like it. ( ) To respect and admire someone. ( ) To argue with someone and stop being friendly with them. ( ) To say bad things about someone; to insult. ( ) To become friends with someone after a fight or an argument. Now choose the correct phrasal verbs to complete each sentence: 1- It makes me angry when she _______________ in front of my friends. 2- She's always _________________ her mother. She wants to be just like her. 3- I'm _____________ the new man in my office, he's so handsome. 4- I can't _____________ loud music from my neighbors. 5- She __________ with her sister after her sister borrowed her camera then lost it. 6- I fight with my brother all the time, but we always __________ soon afterwards. 7- I really ____________ my big sister. She has an amazing job and balances it really well with her family life. 8- I finally _____________ with my boyfriend last night, we hadn't been talking for a few days. 9- I can't _____________ her anymore, she's driving me crazy. 10 – I think I am _______________ my boss... it's awful, relationships in the workplace never end well. 11 – Alex really _____________ He said I have become a really bad friend since I started dating Richard. I'm so upset. 12- Eleonor has _______________ with mom because she forgot to tell her she was going to be late home. 8 9
  62. 62. Look at some phrasal verbs with the verb get. Find the correct definitions for each one. _____________: To have a good relationship with someone. __ ____________: To cause someone to feel depressed or sad. _________________: To recover from something/someone. __________________: To join or meet up with someone. __________________: To take revenge. ___ ________________: To become interested in an activity or subject, or start being involved in an activity. Read the sentences and choose what’s the best definition for the phrasal verb in bold. 1. I’m so excited! Lucas finally asked me out tonight. We’re going to the cinema I think. ( ) To respect and admire someone. ( ) To become friends with someone after a fight or argument. ( ) To invite someone on a date. 2.I’m feeling terrible. I didn’t want to break up with Angela, but I just don’t love her anymore. ( ) To start having strong, romantic feelings about someone. ( ) To end a relationship. ( ) To say bad things about someone; to insult. 3.We were at park when we bumped into your mother. She’s so sweet. ( ) To meet by accident. ( ) To tolerate; to accept an unpleasant situation, although you do not like it. ( ) To join, meet up with, gather. 4.I think She’s falling for her best friend again. Can you believe that? ( ) To have a bad relationship. ( ) To start having strong, romantic feelings about someone. ( ) To start living in the same home. 5. I miss my old friend Mike, but I think he just gave me up. He has never called me since he got married. ( ) To stop having a friendship with someone. ( ) To stop being angry with someone, to apologize after a fight or argument. ( ) To say bad things about someone; to insult. 10 11
  63. 63. Listen to the conversation and complete the pick up lines: 20- I know where they give out free drinks.[Where?] My _____________! 19- Is your name __________? Because I’m really feeling a connection. 18- Are you a ____________? ‘Cause you looked a little thirsty when you looked at me. 17- The letter “X” scares me [Why?] Because I never want to be yours. 16- Is your dad a _____________? ‘Cause girl, you're a blessing. 15- If you were a ____________you’d be a cute-cumber. 14- I’m not a ______________, but I can picture us together. 13- She: I'm in a relationship/ You: Let's talk about how we can get you out of that. 12- I'm no organ donor but I'd be happy to give you my _____________. 11-There's only one thing I want to change about you. Your ____________. 10- Is your father a __________? Because he’s got treasure hidden at home. 9-Are you my appendix because I don’t understand how you work, but this feeling in my _______________makes me want to take you out. 8- Do you have a map? ‘Cause I’m lost in the shine of your ___________. 7- Hey girl! Feel my ____________. Do you know what it’s made of? Boyfriend material. 6- I know all 21 letters in the _____________. [There are 26!] Oh! I always forget U, R, A, Q, T 5- I think you’re suffering from a lack of vitamin ME. 4- Are you a parking ____________? ‘Cause you’ got fine written all over you. 3- There’s something wrong with my _____________. I doesn’t have your number on it 2- Are you Google? Because you have everything I’m _______________for. 1- Good thing I brought my _________________card, because I’m checking you out! • Have you ever used pick up lines? Which one? Did it work out? • How do you usually flirt? Where? • Have you ever had an online date? And a blind date? If so, did you like it? • Have you ever heard about “speed date”? 12

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