Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

News Writing

52,189 views

Published on

News Writing for Campus Journalism

Presented by:
Mary Grace B. Arroyo
Professor
Lyceum of the Philippines University-Cavite

Published in: Education
  • Mike Cruickshank Profit Maximiser●●● http://t.cn/A6hP86vM
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

News Writing

  1. 1. NEWS WRITING PREPARED BY: Miss Gracey Campus Journalism Workshop | February 7, 2014 Lyceum of the Philippines University-Cavite
  2. 2. COVERAGE • What is News? • The News Writing • Elements of News • Sources of News • Kinds of News • Structure of News • Tips for Writing News
  3. 3. ICEBREAKER • GROUP ACTIVITY
  4. 4. What is NEWS? • Information about current events printed in newspapers or broadcast by media (Microsoft Encarta, 2009) • gives the reader information that will have an impact on them in some way • usually flows from most important to least important.
  5. 5. What is NEWS? • Recent information • Current events • Somebody or something interesting • Something previously unknown
  6. 6. The Elements of News • Timeliness • Proximity • Impact • Prominence • Oddity • Conflict • Human Interest
  7. 7. The Elements of News • Timeliness
  8. 8. The Elements of News • Proximity
  9. 9. The Elements of News • Impact
  10. 10. The Elements of News • Prominence
  11. 11. The Elements of News • Oddity
  12. 12. The Elements of News • Conflict
  13. 13. The Elements of News • Human Interest
  14. 14. Essential Qualities of News • Accuracy • Brevity • Clarity • Objectivity • Factual
  15. 15. Where to find News? • Daily newspapers • News magazines • Teen magazines • Education journals • Television • Internet • Open your eyes and ears
  16. 16. Qualities of a News Writer • Aware • Alert • Can do multitasking • Must have a nose for news • Must not be afraid of people • Must be able to finish the article on time
  17. 17. Kinds of News • Straight News • News Feature
  18. 18. Kinds of News • Straight News - consists of facts reported without elaboration
  19. 19. Kinds of News • News Feature - based on facts - writer may give his impressions, may describe and narrate without resorting to biased opinion
  20. 20. Structure of News • Inverted Pyramid - suggests that news be told in order of most interesting or important to least interesting or important
  21. 21. Structure of News
  22. 22. Structure of News
  23. 23. Structure of News: The LEAD • The first paragraph • Most important part of the article, summarizes the story • Arouses the interest of the reader • Answers 5 W’s and 1 H
  24. 24. The LEAD: Types • Straight Lead • Novelty Lead • Blind Lead
  25. 25. The LEAD: Types • Straight Lead - most traditional lead - uses the 5W’s and 1H Formula - Straight to the point
  26. 26. The LEAD: Types Let’s see these: • Many students in LPU-C are getting bald early. • The LPU-C Board had a meeting. • The meeting was held last night. • They ate chicharon during the meeting. • One of the causes of baldness might be the wearing of caps. • The board passed a resolution banning the wearing of hats in school • The board voted 9-1 in favor of the resolution.
  27. 27. The LEAD: Types There is one story but can have 6 POSSIBLE LEADS! • Who? – The LPU-C school board passed a resolution last night banning the wearing of caps in all school buildings. • What? – Cap wearing was banned in all school buildings last night after the school board passed a new resolution. • Where? – In LPU-Cavite last night, the school board passed a resolution to ban the wearing of cap in all school buildings.
  28. 28. The LEAD: Types There is one story but can have 6 POSSIBLE LEADS! • When? – Last night, the school board passed a resolution banning cap wearing in all school buildings. • How? – By a 9-1 margin last night, the school board passed a resolution banning cap wearing inside the school premises. • Why? – Citing a pattern of early-onset baldness in LPU-C students, the school board last night passed a resolution that restricts cap wearing in all school buildings.
  29. 29. The LEAD: Types Types of Novelty Lead: • Astonisher Lead – Better attend your classes on November 5. • Contrast Lead – “Twenty years ago, he was the school’s janitor. Now he came back to become the college dean. • Epigram Lead – verse, quotation eg. “Like father, like son.” • Picture Lead – describe a mental picture of a subject eg. “The new dean, although only his 30s, is already haired. • Background Lead – describes the setting eg. Decorated by colored lights, the quadrangle became a grand setting for a barrio fiesta as LPU-C celebrates…
  30. 30. The LEAD: Types Types of Novelty Lead: • Parody Lead - a parody of a well-known song or poem etc. eg. Never say never… This must be far away from the mind of a 45-year old man who killed himself... • Quotation Lead – eg. “Ignorance, not poverty, causes malnutrition.” Thus revealed former Cavite Governor Vic Nakamura to… • Punch Lead – short, forceful, explosive eg. God is dead! • Question Lead – eg. Who will be the next Cavite governor. The answer will be known on…
  31. 31. The LEAD: Types • Blind Lead - if the person concerned is not well known in the community, his/her name is less important than other salient facts that identify the person
  32. 32. The BRIDGE • The transition from the lead to the story, explains the blind lead, uses key words to provide transition from the lead to the chronological details of the body
  33. 33. The LEAD and BRIDGE
  34. 34. The LEAD and BRIDGE
  35. 35. The LEAD: Guidelines in Writing • Rarely use: Who, When and Where leads • Use often: How, Why, What leads • Use less than 30 words • Avoid using articles such as a, an, the • Don’t put unfamiliar names in the lead unless of well-known. • Be accurate.
  36. 36. The LEAD: Guidelines in Writing • Use active voice. • Ask, “Why should I care?”; “What do my readers need to know most?” • Sell the story. • Put attributions first.
  37. 37. Structure of News: The BODY • Contains the details of the lead • Arranged from the most important to the least important • One sentence, one paragraph • Sentences are generally less than 25 words • Include quotations whenever possible (direct and indirect)
  38. 38. Structure of News: DIRECT QUOTES • Should be linked to the paragraph before them. The quote should elaborate on the previous paragraph.
  39. 39. Structure of News: DIRECT QUOTES For example: Because of an anonymous $25,000 donation, students who ride a school bus to and from school will have access to the Internet during their commute starting March 1. “Giving free Wi-Fi to our students will enable them to do research, read the news or even watch educational videos each day,” Superintendent Kelli Putman said. “This change will have a positive impact on academic productivity.”
  40. 40. Structure of News: DIRECT QUOTES • Next Transition, Direct Quote Superintendent Putman first proposed this plan in November, but the district did not have the funding to go forward. The city newspaper published an article about the proposal, and the anonymous donation followed. “With the tight budget and tough economic times, I thought my Wi-Fi proposal was a pipe dream,” she said. “I want to thank the donor for being so generous.” and so on…
  41. 41. Structure of News: DIRECT QUOTES • Should not repeat the transition/lead before them. For example: Principal Jeanette Rother said that several teachers have been reluctant to give assignments that require Internet access. “Several of our teachers have been hesitant about giving homework assignments that would require the Internet,” Rother said..
  42. 42. Structure of News: DIRECT QUOTES • Can be longer than one sentence. • Should have attribution after the first sentence of the quote. • Attribution should be: Noun then verb. For example: Correct - senior Bob Rodriguez said. Incorrect - said senior Bob Rodriguez. (unless you have an unusually long title)
  43. 43. Structure of News: DIRECT QUOTES • Do not place two people’s direct quotes next to each other without a transition.
  44. 44. Structure of News: TRANSITION • Very, very important • Holds the story together
  45. 45. Structure of News: TRANSITION • Can be fact, indirect quote or a partial quote.
  46. 46. Structure of News: TRANSITION • FACT TRANSITION: (Lead) President Barack Obama will speak on Friday to seniors about getting involved in community service work. (Direct Quote)“Seniors will learn a lot about duty and commitment when they hear President Obama,” Principal Ike Sumter said. “We are so excited that he agreed to come.” (Fact Transition) Before becoming president, Obama worked as a community organizer in Chicago.
  47. 47. Structure of News: TRANSITION • INDIRECT QUOTE TRANSITION: (Lead) President Barack Obama will speak on Friday to seniors about getting involved in community service work. (Direct Quote)“Seniors will learn a lot about duty and commitment when they hear President Obama,” Principal Ike Sumter said. “We are so excited that he agreed to come.” (IQ Transition) President Obama said he believes community service is more important than college in building character.
  48. 48. Structure of News: TRANSITION • PARTIAL QUOTE TRANSITION: (Lead) President Barack Obama will speak on Friday to seniors about getting involved in community service work. (Direct Quote)“Seniors will learn a lot about duty and commitment when they hear President Obama,” Principal Ike Sumter said. “We are so excited that he agreed to come.” (PQ Transition) President Obama said he believes community service is “extremely valuable lesson” for every teen to have.
  49. 49. Structure of News: TRANSITION • Use transitional words to help with the flow (as needed): After all, Also, Finally, In addition, However, Otherwise, Then For example: In addition to speaking about community service, Obama plans to talk to students about the importance of voting.
  50. 50. Structure of News: TRANSITION • Use parts of the direct quotes to create the transition. And then use the rest of the quote as direct quote.
  51. 51. The BODY: Tips in Writing • List down facts according to descending importance. • Highlight the most important data as the lead. • Names should be given in full when first mentioned. Thereafter, use Mr., Ms., or Mrs. Or appropriate title • Attribute authority or source of news. • Don’t start news with numerals, there is…, there are…, and avoid…; when possible, use articles (a, an, the) as beginning word.
  52. 52. The BODY: Tips in Writing • Make sure your facts are accurate. • Keep your sentences short. • Be specific. • Avoid long and complex words. • Avoid passive verbs, jargons and clichés.
  53. 53. The BODY: Tips in Writing • Use transitions. • Avoid redundancy and repetition. • Write in the third person. • Use adjectives sparingly. • Do not editorialize. • Numbers 1-9 spelled out, 10 and above figures
  54. 54. FACT vs. OPINION • FACTS - verifiable - attributable - objective
  55. 55. FACT vs. OPINION • OPINION - fleeting - moldable - subjective
  56. 56. FACT vs. OPINION • Why should opinions be left out of news?
  57. 57. FACT vs. OPINION • How do opinions in news stories impact a reporter’s credibility?
  58. 58. FACT vs. OPINION • Opinions belong on what page of a newspaper?
  59. 59. FACT vs. OPINION
  60. 60. WRITING SCHOOL NEWS
  61. 61. What are possible topics in the school? • Classroom story • Enrollment story • Meeting story • Program/ Party Story • Honor Roll • Awards story
  62. 62. What are possible topics in the school? • School Improvement story • Election Story • School Organization/ Club story • Out-of-school activity
  63. 63. Sources of News • Offices, departments, library • School calendar • Invitation and Memos • Different clubs and organizations • Sports teams • Student and teachers • Community
  64. 64. Checklist for News Stories • Are the most important and recent facts first? • Is the story accurate? Are the sources identified fully? • Are the paragraphs short? • Is the sentence structure varied in the story? • Is the story neat and double-spaced so that it is easy to read? • Does your story flow? Did you use the transition/quote formula? • Did you use active voice?
  65. 65. No-Nos for News Stories • Writing a feature lead • Adding facts • Putting attribution before the quote • Missing the news peg • Missing important information and people • Stacking quotes • Forgetting to use student quotes
  66. 66. What will Make a Difference? • Getting the news peg in the lead. • Using the T/Q formula. • Using the “correct” sources and quotes.
  67. 67. Pitfalls to Avoid • Editorializing • Using first and second person - Keep yourself out of the story. Common error: “our school” • Messy handwriting, poor grammar and spelling • Paragraphs too long • Misspelling names in the story • Trying to use all of the information
  68. 68. THE GOOD NEWS… • Lecture ends here…
  69. 69. THE BAD NEWS… • Workshop starts now! 
  70. 70. References: • Delgado, A. (2013). News Writing Handout. SJN Parish Formation Complex • Delgado, A. (2012). Campus Journalism Workshop Training Handout. General De Jesus College, Nueva Ecija • Harrower, T. (2011). Introduction to Journalism. Lindenwood University, USA

×