Ludvig van Beethoven was a
German composer and pianist.
He remains one of the most famous
and influential of all composers.
Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany,
on December 1770. He displayed his
musical talent at an early age and was
taught by his father Johann van
During his first 22 years in Bonn, Beethoven
intended to study with Wolfgang Amadeus
Mozart. Then he moved to Vienna in 1792 and
lived there until his death.
By 1793, he had established a reputation in
Vienna as a piano virtuoso. He got financial
success from his arranged compositions and
In about 1800 his hearing began to deteriorate, and
by the last decade of his life he was almost totally
deaf. He gave up conducting and performing in
public but continued to compose; many of his most
admired works come from this period.
In late 1801 he met a young countess, Julie
Guicciardi. He could not consider marrying her,
due to the class difference. Beethoven later
dedicated to her his Sonata No.14 which is
commonly known as Moonlight Sonata.
His best known compositions include
9 symphonies, 5 concertos for piano, 32
piano sonatas, and 16 string quartets.
Beethoven died on March, 1827 at the
age of 56. His funeral was attended by
20,000 Vienna citizens.
Composer = a person who writes music
Influential = having great influence
Intend = to have something to be done
Reputation = a favorable recognized name
Virtuoso = a person who has special skill
Deteriorate = to become worse
Attend = to take care