By Grace Rudman
Rules and regulations in Table Tennis
In table tennis there are many rules and regulations that must be followed.
Firstly the table. The table must be 274 cm by 152.5cm. It can be made in any
material as long as it allows for the ball to bounce. The surface must be dark
coloured with white lines. The top of the net must be 15.25cm above the
playing surface. The ball must have a diameter of 40mm and has to weigh
exactly 2.7g. The ball must be made out of plastic or celluloid and be in the
colour white or orange. The racket can be any size or shape or weight.
However it must be flat and rigid and be made out of 85% natural wood.
Before the game you must let the umpire and the other opponent look at the
racket. After a Rally the point goes to the player who successfully ends a rally.
If the ball touches the table surface then it is declare in. if the ball touches
the side of the table, then it is declawed out. A player can not strike the ball
on the volley. In double the service must be diagonal from the right to the left.
After service the ball can be played where ever.
Scoring in Table Tennis
In table tennis a set is won when the player scores 11 points. If both players
are on 10 points a set can only be one if the player has a two point lead. A
full match can only be won when they win the best of any odd number of
sets. For example 3,5 or 7.
A point can be scored when:
oWhen a player fails to make a correct service
oWhen a player fails to return the ball
oIf the ball touches the opponents body
oIf the ball is struck twice
oIf the player touches the playing surface or net
oIf the doubles opponent strikes the ball out of sequence from the first
Table Tennis scenario 1
Description: It is the Australian open and it is Mizutani vs Combesque.
Incident that occurred: The player this the ball too far and does not
touch the opponents side of the table.
Action taken: the umpire calls a fault and awards a point to the
opponent and it is their turn to serve.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A4kJI61jtRk 20 seconds.
Table Tennis Scenario 2
Description: Usa are playing Japan. And USA serve.
Incident occurred: The receiver falls into the table as he goes for a
Result taken: Umpire awards a fault and the server receives a point and
it is there turn to serve again.
Skills and techniques of Table Tennis
Serve in Table tennis
A serve is used to start off a game. There are a few steps you should
follow to create the perfect serve. Firstly you want to hit the ball on
your own side of the table before it travels over the net and onto your
opponents side. It must hit your side of the table first. One you have a
consistent serve you then want to concentrate on serving behind the
base line of the table. If you serve in front of the line then it is seen as a
fault and you will lose a point. The last thing you need to work on is
throwing the ball up into the air. In table tennis is states that a ball
must be thrown at least six inches above the table.
Smash in Table tennis
The smash is used to create a high powered shot, that your opponent
cannot return. To perform a smash your body wants to be side on to
the table. When preparing you should swing your racket arm back
behind the path of the ball and your body should rotate. When hitting
the ball the racket should be at a high position so that it can come
down and strike the ball. This will help to increase power. You should
strike the ball at the highest position possible. As you hit the ball you
should transfer your weight onto your front foot. Once you have
followed through with the ball you should move back to a ‘ready’
Chop in Table Tennis
In table tennis there are two types of chop. A forehand and backhand
chop. To perform a forehand chop you should stand sideways towards
the table. You should transfer your weight onto your back foot. Bring
your arm back and rotate your body from the waist. When the ball has
dropped to table level rotate your waist and bring your forearm down.
You should then snap your wrist at the point of contact. At this point
the paddle should be open.
Alternatively a backhand chop can be performed by standing side onto
the table. Like the forehand bring the paddle up and wrist back whilst
rotating your waist. Transfer your weight onto your back foot. You
should then snap your wrist and follow through with the ball.
Spin shots in Table Tennis
Spin shots are used in table tennis to change the direction and speed of
the ball. There are three shots that can be performed. The first topspin.
To perform a topspin you should start your stroke below or just behind
the ball. You should then brush the ball upwards and in a forward
To perform a backspin you should start your stroke just above the ball.
You should then brush the ball in a downwards and forward motion.
Lastly a sidespin can be produced by brushing the ball in a sideways
motion. Depending on what way you move the racket it can impact
Tactics in Table Tennis
There are specific tactics that can be used to improve your performance In
One being varying the speed, spin and direction of your shots. Your shots
need to be varied. If your shots were the same each time then your
opponent will get used to them and manipulate the game. For example you
should not play all your shots in the same position or at the same speed. To
improve your overall game you should use different techniques. This will
throw your opponent and help you to create a lead.
There are also styles of play you can use. For example counter hitter.
Counter hitter will help throw your opponent though speed and
anticipation. It also allows you to take the ball early. However it is difficult
to change the pace and spin when using this technique.
Analysis of Top Spin
When looking at Adams top spin it is evident that he shows a
good technique. The first thing that you can notice is his
rotation. Adam has rotated his body through his waist. This will
allow him to get behind the ball and follow through. Another
evident technique that is shown is his position of his arm. His
arm is to the side of him so he is ready to receive the ball. His
forearm is also open which will allow his to create a good
When looking at Adam’s execution it is also evident
that he is creating a good topspin. His waist has now
rotated forward as he follows through with the ball.
This will allow him to return to ‘ready’ position. His
arm is also now bent and coming round to the other
side of the his body. This allows for him to create a
good topspin. His hand and paddle are now parallel to
Analysis of serve
When looking at Wills serve there are
some good skills he portrays. Firstly the
position of his body. Will’s body is side on
to the table, the gives him a good
position. Will is also at a good height from
the table and is at regulatory height. He
also has a good position when holding the
paddle and shows a good stance.
When looking at Will his position of his
hand is good. He hits the ball at a good
position and his body is rotated towards
the ball, allow for him to follow through.
My Self Analysis
When looking at my self analysis it showed that my technique varied. Firstly my serve was
good. It was consistent and my technique was good. To improve for next time I am going to
work on my advanced serves that will manipulate the athlete.
Secondly my smash. My smash was average and was not very consistent. It often landed off
of the table due to me over evaluation the length of the table. To improve I am going to
work on a drill:
You can start by serving to the backhand, forehand, or middle;
Your partner can push to any pre-set spot on the table - forehand, backhand, middle, or
even add some randomness by having the push go anywhere on the forehand or anywhere
on the backhand side.
You can loop to your partner's forehand instead of his backhand. But to keep the rally going
consistently, your first loop should go to the same spot each time.
Your partner blocks to another place on the table, and you move there to smash.
You can do this drill on the backhand side, with a backhand loop followed by a backhand
smash, both from the backhand side. (Ref:
My spin shot also needs improvement and to do this I am going to work on with a partner.
My chop was very poor and something I really need to work on as it reduces my overall
Lastly my reaction time is very good and does not need much improvement.