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Comm 250 presentation

  1. 1. Cyber Addiction: Effects of Cyber Gaming By: Grace Danis
  2. 2. Cyber Gaming Addiction: What is it?  Internet use that is excessive to the extent that social relationships and daily functions are affected.  Symptoms that characterize this addiction include withdrawal, tolerance, salience, and dependence (Young, 1996; Griffiths, 1998).  Based on the general concept of addiction, internet addiction is described as having the strong possibility of physical, social, and psychological problems.  These problems manifest themselves into very problematic symptoms that include the ability to control oneself when playing video games, suffering withdrawal when prevented from playing, as well as becoming overly dependent on the games (Young, 1996, Griffiths, 1998).
  3. 3. Why are Online Video Games so Addictive?  In a study on addictive disorders among Internet users, online (Internet) games are one of the most addictive activities on the internet.  Recent video games such as massively multi-user online games and social network games, have provided both game-playing as well as social interaction features such as chatting, item-trading and also information exchange (Kim & Jeong, 2005).  Online video games can provide players with a sense of community by offering virtual contacts that act as a subsitute for real, offline relationships. The attention received from other players by an individual provides social reinforcement, which is an important characteristic of the addictive properties of online games (Morahan-Martin, 2000).
  4. 4. Why are Online video Games so Addictive?  Studies indicate that both personal and social factors are associated with Internet addiction. Ex: People who lack confidence and/ or the opportunity to engage in social interactions are more vulnerable to internet addiction. The more isolated and depressed an individual becomes, the more he or she becomes immersed in the internet (Griffiths, 1998).  Those who are severely limited in terms of social activities or who are excessively cautious or self-defensive may become addicted to the internet, specifically games, as they pursue an alternative means of satisfying their unfulfilled psychological desires (Young, 1998; Davis, Flett, & Besser, 2002).  Accessibility affects users’ level of immersion in the Internet. This refers to the amount of opportunity that individuals have to engage in Internet use or play games, and also can be applied to the amount of time available to play games or the frequency with which they are played. The greater level of accessibility an individual has, the greater the likelihood that an individual will experience the negative affects of Internet gaming addiction.
  5. 5. Who Does Online Gaming Affect the Most?  Studies of Internet gaming addiction have reported those most affected are young, unmarried males. Excessive computer users are traditionally young, introverted, aim-oriented males who are skilled at handling computers (Young, 1996; Griffiths, 1999; Hall, 2001).  Given that Internet game addiction has been shown to be related to student’s engagement in social activities and adaption to school, it is likely that those with low GPAs exhibit a higher degree of game addiction than those who achieve better grades (Young, 1998, 1996).  Individuals with less social self-efficacy are less likely to have and maintain social relationships and are more likely to experience loneliness. Individuals who suffer from loneliness hold more negative perceptions about their competence in terms of social interaction than those who do not. Loneliness is strongly correlated with addictive internet use; social self-efficacy in real space can be expected to be negatively associated with the degree of game addiction.
  6. 6. Who Does Online Gaming Affect the Most?  Adolescents, specifically young boys are more likely to play online games. A recent study showed that young boys were more likely to play more video games than young girls. Male gamers spent much more time on games than female gamers.  In general, adolescents with a lower level of education spent more time on online video games than adolescents with a higher level of education.
  7. 7. Behavioral changes  Preoccupation: An individual who is addicted to computer, video, or internet gaming often exhibits a preoccupation with the game when he or she is away from it. The person may talk about the game almost constantly.  Lack of control: A person who is unable to control the amount of time he or she spends playing online games. HE or she may go online with the intent to play for only 20 – 30 minutes and lose track of time and find that several hours have passed.  Hiding from negative or uncomfortable feelings or situations: When confronted with situations or feelings that are uncomfortable (feeling sad, arguing with a friend, or getting a bad grade), the person may “hide” in the game as a method of avoidance  Defensiveness: When confronted or asked about the time spent gaming, a person may become defensive.  Mixed Feelings: As with any addiction, use of the "substance" – in this case, the video game – initially causes euphoric feelings, but that euphoria is quickly followed by guilt. Guilt may be felt either over what the person is doing while online or simply the amount of time he is spending at the computer.
  8. 8. Physical changes  Carpal tunnel syndrome  Migraines  Sleep disturbances  Backaches  Headaches  Eating irregularities  Poor personal hygiene
  9. 9. Treatment  An addiction to video or computer games should be treated in much the same way as any other addiction.  A therapist or treatment program that specializes in adolescents would be a first place to start. For example, a summer camp or wilderness program will get your child out of his or her normal environment and into a situation where he is forced to experience reality. His time will be filled with activities that are designed to instill confidence, develop healthy passions, and foster social skills.  Remove the computer from the individual’s household.  Push the individual to pursue other hobbies away from the computer such as exercising or volunteering.  However, because video game addiction is a recent phenomena there are limited outside resources available.