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Let the children play


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Let the children play

  1. 1. Lenguas Extranjeras Institutos Normales de Montevideo- C.F.E- reading 5 LET THE CHILDREN PLAY: Nature´s answer to Early Learning ( total marks 12) Name of the student: ………………………………… By Jane Hewes, PhD Chair of the Early Childhood Education Program, Grant MacEwan College Edmonton, Alberta, Canada ( adapted version) Play is a universal phenomenon with a pervasive and enduring presence in human history. Play has fascinated philosophers, painters, and poets for generations. Early childhood educators have long recognized the power of play. The significant contribution of play to young´s children development is well documented in child psychology, anthropology, sociology, and in the theoretical frameworks of education, recreation, and communications. Being able to play is one of the key developmental tasks of early childhood. Play is the leading source of development in the early years: it is essential to children´s optimal development. Ironically, play is persistently undervalued, and children´s opportunities for interrupted free play- both indoors and out- are under threat. Many children are spending substantial time in peer- group settings from a very young age. Many of these settings focus on structured educational and recreational activities, leaving little time for participation in open-ended, self-initiated free play. Children´s play advocates are concerned that access to outdoor play opportunities in natural environments in neighborhoods is vanishing. Technology, traffic, and urban land-use patterns have changed the natural play territory of childhood. Parents are increasingly concerned about safety and children find themselves in carefully constructed outdoor playgrounds that limit challenge in the name of safety. Prof. Mtra. Graciela Bilat
  2. 2. Lenguas Extranjeras Institutos Normales de Montevideo- C.F.E- reading 5 Almost any adult you meet can recall a pleasurable childhood play experience, often in rich and vivid detail. Play is a meaningful and important experience. It is also tremendously satisfying for children. Anyone who has spent any time watching children play knows they engage deeply and they take their play very seriously. Recent research emphasizes the importance of interpreting children´s pretend play within a social and cultural context. The sociocultural context is important in informing practice in diverse societies such as Canada. Cultures have different attitudes and values about play. Children find it difficult to engage in pretend play if the props and settings are unfamiliar. In a culturally sensitive context, play has the potential to bridge between cultures . It is important for adults to respond to children´s interpretations of diversity in their play. “ Young children learn the most important things not by being told but by constructing knowledge for themselves in interaction with the physical world and with other children-and Source: Jones, E., and Reynolds, G. ( 1992) The play ´s the thing: Teacher´s roles in children´s play, p.1 Prof. Mtra. Graciela Bilat the way they do this is by playing.” 1. Select the most appropriate title for each paragraph: a. PLAY IS AN IMPORTANT CHILDHOOD ACTIVITY. b. CHILDREN´S OPPORTUNITIES TO PLAY UNDER THREAT. c. PLAY AND DIVERSITY. d. PLAY IS ESSENTIAL FOR OPTIMAL DEVELOPMENT. 2marks( ½ each) 2. Explain and give your opinion about the quote at the end of the article. ( 3 marks) 3. Vocabulary:Match similar meaning ESSENTIAL INVESTIGATION UNDERVALUED DISSAPEARING VANISHING REMEMBER RECALL VERY IMPORTANT RESEARCH LESS IMPORTANT 3 maks ( 1/2 each)
  3. 3. Lenguas Extranjeras Institutos Normales de Montevideo- C.F.E- reading 5 4. Write T (TRUE) or F ( FALSE) a. Playing is essential for children´s development b. Educators must leave time to children to participate in play. c. Nowadays, children have less opportunities to play in a natural environment. d. Parents are very concerned about safety. 2 marks (1/2 each) 5. Think and write two questions that check reading comprehension 2 marks Prof. Mtra. Graciela Bilat