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SharePoint TechCon 2009 - 801


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SharePoint TechCon 2009 - 801

  1. 1. 801: BUILDING SCALABLE, HIGH-PERFORMANCE SHAREPOINTAPPLICATIONSSPTechCon2009-01-29, dynaTrace software IncAndreas Grabner, andreas.grabner@dynatrace.comTechnology Strategist
  2. 2. Agenda While the development of SharePoint-based services is relatively easy, making them perform and scale can be a real challenge. This class will show you code in the SharePoint Component Model, so you can learn about what the framework is doing under the hood when it is used by a WebPart or an external application. This insight is vital in order to build high- performing and scalable applications based on © 2008 dynaTrace software GmbH SharePoint LOTS OF DEMOS!!2 2
  3. 3. Agenda SharePoint Object Model • Considerations when working with lists • Differnt ways to access list content • Batch updating lists • Memory Considerations & Native Resources WebParts • Design Guidelines • Performance Considerations © 2008 dynaTrace software GmbH • How to debug/analyze/profile Tips & Tricks3 3
  4. 4. Working with SharePoint Lists (1) Do not treat SharePoint Lists as database tables • Use database tables for transient or transactional data. The 2000 Items per List Myth • What you read on blogs/articles/... • Consider the restriction of a maximum of 2000 items per list container in document libraries and lists • Create containers (folders) in your list to overcome the 2000 item limit • What I think • > 2000 is not a problem at all © 2008 dynaTrace software GmbH • If you only request those items in a list that the user needs in the particular use case • Use Row Limits, Paging, queries, ... to selectively retrieve list items Maximum number of items supported in a list with recursive containers (folders) is 5 million items4 4
  5. 5. Working with SharePoint Lists (2) Consider caching the contents of a list to a DataTable or DataSet if the list will be queried multiple times in your application Consider using PortalSiteMapProvider which implements a result cache based on SPQuery‘s Use Views to limit the number of columns that are retrieved © 2008 dynaTrace software GmbH5 5
  6. 6. Analyze List Usage Behavior Do not do pre-mature optimization Analyze Usage Patterns of Lists and Views Define Index Columns and modify views to improve query performance Analyze usage and performance of all lists in SharePoint Analyze usage and performance of all views in SharePoint © 2008 dynaTrace software GmbH6 6
  7. 7. Access SharePoint Lists from Code (1) Getting Item Count of a List DO NOT int noOfItems = SPContext.Current.List.Items.Count; ALL List Items are retrieved from the Database DO © 2008 dynaTrace software GmbH int noOfItems = SPContext.Current.List.ItemCount; Item Count is kept redundant in the AllUserData table and also kept in memory7 7
  8. 8. Access SharePoint Lists from Code (2) Iterating through List Items – THE WRONG WAY DO NOT for (int itemIx=0;itemIx< SPContext.Current.List.Items.Count;itemIx++) { SPListItem listItem = SPContext.Current.List.Items[itemIx]; // do something ... } Every access to Count and Items Property queries the whole SharePoint list © 2008 dynaTrace software GmbH We end up with 202 SQL Executions with a total exec time of > 1s8 8
  9. 9. Access SharePoint Lists from Code (3) Iterating through List Items – THE RIGHT WAY DO SPListItemCollection items = SPContext.Current.List.Items; foreach (SPListItem listItem in items) { // do something ... } Only first access to the collection queries the data © 2008 dynaTrace software GmbH9 9
  10. 10. Access SharePoint Lists from Code (4) Limit Rows by using SPQuery • Accessing the SPList object always requests ALL items in the list • Use SPQuery and the RowLimit property to only query a certain amount of elements DO SPQuery query = new SPQuery(); query.RowLimit = 100; SPListItemCollection items = SPContext.Current.List.GetItems(query); for (int itemIx=0;itemIx<items.Count;itemIx++) { SPListItem listItem = items[itemIx]; // do something ... } © 2008 dynaTrace software GmbH SPQuery properties are taken into the generated SQL Statment. Only the first X rows are selected10 10
  11. 11. Access SharePoint Lists from Code (5) Limit Columns by using a View or SPQuery.ViewFields • Accessing SPList always returns ALL Fields • ONLY request the columns that you really need DO SPQuery query = new SPQuery(SPContext.Current.ViewContext.View); or DO SPQuery query = new SPQuery(); query.ViewFields = "<FieldRef Name=ID/><FieldRef Name=‘Text Field/><FieldRef Name=‘XYZ/>"; © 2008 dynaTrace software GmbH SELECT clause when accessing SPList SELECT clause when using a View or ViewFields11 11
  12. 12. Access SharePoint Lists from Code (6) Pagine through SPQuery Results • Process query results in batches or • Use this feature when implementing custom paging DO SPQuery query = new SPQuery(); query.RowLimit = 10; // Thats our page size do { SPListItemCollection items = SPContext.Current.List.GetItems(query); // do something with the first batch of items... query.ListItemCollectionPosition = items.ListItemCollectionPosition; } while (query.ListItemCollectionPosition != null) Individual SQL Statements are executed for each page of data © 2008 dynaTrace software GmbH ListItemCollectionPosition is used in WHERE clause12 12
  13. 13. Updating Data in SharePoint Lists (1) Use Batch Updates when updating multiple items at once DO NOT for (int itemIx=0;itemIx<newItems;itemIx++) { SPListItem newItem = items.Add(); // fill the individual fields newItem.Update(); } Every Update is done separately and requires a roundtrip to the DB © 2008 dynaTrace software GmbH13 13
  14. 14. Updating Data in SharePoint Lists (2) Construct a CAML Update Query and Execute it via SPWeb DO StringBuilder query = new StringBuilder(); for (int itemIx=0;itemIx<newItems;itemIx++) { query.AppendFormat("<Method ID=”{0}”>" + "<SetList>{1}</SetList>" + "<SetVar Name=“ID”>New</SetVar>" + "<SetVar Name=”Cmd”>Save</SetVar>" + "<SetVar Name=”{3}Title”>{2}</SetVar>" + "</Method>“, i, listGuid, someValue, "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office#"); } SPContext.Current.Web.ProcessBatchData("<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>" + "<ows:Batch OnError="Return">{0}</ows:Batch>", query.ToString()) © 2008 dynaTrace software GmbH CAML Query is processed in Batch by ProcessBatchData Without Batch Almost 2 seconds difference for inserting 100 items14 14
  15. 15. Updating Data in SharePoint Lists (3) Use the Web Service API as an alternative • DO StringBuilder query = new StringBuilder(); for (int itemIx=0;itemIx<newItems;itemIx++) { query.AppendFormat("<Method ID=”{0}”>" + "<SetList>{1}</SetList>" + "<SetVar Name=“ID”>New</SetVar>" + "<SetVar Name=”Cmd”>Save</SetVar>" + "<SetVar Name=”{3}Title”>{2}</SetVar>" + "</Method>“, i, listGuid, someValue, "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office#"); } System.Xml.XmlDocument xmlDoc = new System.Xml.XmlDocument(); System.Xml.XmlElement elBatch = xmlDoc.CreateElement("Batch"); © 2008 dynaTrace software GmbH elBatch.SetAttribute("OnError", "Return"); elBatch.InnerXml = methods.ToString(); localhost.Lists listService = new SPConsole.localhost.Lists(); listService.Credentials = System.Net.CredentialCache.DefaultCredentials; listService.UpdateListItems(listname, elBatch);15 15
  16. 16. Summary on SharePoint Object Model Count List Items • SPList.ItemCount instead of SPListItemCollection.Count Iterating through SPList • Store SPListItemCollection in variable instead of accessing List property in loop • Limit the number of Items retrieved by using SPQuery and RowLimit Limit Columns • Use a View or SPQuery to limit the number of columns and rows that will be retrieved Paging through data • Make use of SPQuery ListItemCollectionPosition feature to page through data • Use an appropriate RowLimit value to define the page size © 2008 dynaTrace software GmbH List Updates • Do batch updates via WebService Lists.UpdateListItems or SPWeb.ProcessBatchData List Item Collections • Store myList.Items in a SPListItemCollection variable when accessed multiple times16 16
  17. 17. Interesting Links on SharePoint Lists SharePoint List Performance • • considerable-number-of-items-from-a-list-in-sharepoint.aspx • Link Collection about Performance • -planning-key-links-and-info.aspx © 2008 dynaTrace software GmbH Information about Row Limit and Paging • 17
  18. 18. SharePoint Object Model DEMO Whats going on „under the hood“ when using the SharePoint Object Model? How to improve SharePoint Data Access? © 2008 dynaTrace software GmbH18 18
  19. 19. INEFFICIENT use of RESOURCES SharePoint Object Model • SPSite and SPWeb hold references to native COM objects • Release SPSite & SPWeb in order to free native resources • Querying too much data results in high memory usage Reference • SPDisposeCheck tool nouncing-spdisposecheck-tool-for-sharepoint- developers.aspx © 2008 dynaTrace software GmbH • • us/library/aa973248.aspx#sharepointobjmodel_otherobject sthatrequire-disposal19 19
  20. 20. INEFFICIENT use of RESOURCES Monitor resources • Monitor Memory • Monitor Database connections • Monitor „critical“ SharePoint objects (SPSite, SPWeb) • Identify leaking responsible WebParts Identify „leaking“ object instancesMonitor SharePoint Memory -> Growing Heap? © 2008 dynaTrace software GmbH Identify who allocates those objects20 20
  21. 21. Data is REQUESTED in an INEFFICIENT way DEMO How to identify a SPSite/SPWeb Resource Leak? How to identify resource intensive WebParts? How to monitor SharePoint Memory Issues down to © 2008 dynaTrace software GmbH the Object Model‘s Data Access classes?21 21
  22. 22. Web Parts Design Guidelines Design Web Parts to perform only a single function in order to improve reuse Design Web Parts to be configurable or customizable by users Include a Web Part Manager in custom master pages that will be used by Web Part pages Consider using Web Part verbs to allow users to perform discrete actions Consider categorizing your properties to distinguish them from © 2008 dynaTrace software GmbH Web Part properties Dispose properly of any SharePoint objects and unmanaged resources that you create in your Web Parts • Many SharePoint Objects hold references to unmanaged objects22 22
  23. 23. WebPart Troubleshooting Attach to w3wp.exe process • Use Process Explorer to find correct w3wp (-ap parameter) Understand ASP.NET Page Execution LifeCycle • ASP.NET is the underlying technology • Understand where your custom code fits in Be careful with VIEWSTATE • Easy to use but comes with many side-effects Memory Management • Be careful with allocating too many small short living objects © 2008 dynaTrace software GmbH • Make sure to free references Resource Management • Dispose/Release objects • Hold on to resources only as long as you need it23 23
  24. 24. Tips & Tricks Turn on IIS-Compression • compression-colleague.html BLOB Caching • us/sharepointserver/HA101762841033.aspx Delay loading core.js © 2008 dynaTrace software GmbH • 24
  25. 25. Tips & Tricks Pre-Create Personal Site • UserProfile.CreatePersonalSite() • Can take several seconds per user • Do it up-front to avoid heavy load when releasing new SharePoint installation using (SPSite spSite = new SPSite(@“http://server“)) { ServerContext siteContext = ServerContext.GetContext(spSite); © 2008 dynaTrace software GmbH UserProfileManager pmManager = new UserProfileManager(siteContext); UserProfile spUser = pmManager.GetUserProfile(„domainusername“); spUser.CreatePersonalSite(); }25 25
  26. 26. References & Contact MS SharePoint Team Blog • • 9689.aspx Contact me for follow up • Andreas Grabner • Mail: • Blog: © 2008 dynaTrace software GmbH • Web: http://www.dynatrace.com26 26