Ch 8, sec 2 b

1,077 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,077
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
38
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Ch 8, sec 2 b

  1. 1. Ch 8, Sec 2: How the Federal Government Works Main Idea: The United States government is divided into three branches with separate roles and responsibilities.
  2. 2. The Executive Branch <ul><li>Set up by Article II of the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>The President is the head of the Executive Branch, followed by the Vice-President and the Cabinet </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Executive Branch <ul><li>Roles of the President: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carry out the laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct foreign policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make treaties with other nations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appoint ambassadors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commander-in-Chief </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suggest new laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grant pardons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Call special sessions of Congress </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Executive Branch <ul><ul><li>Living Symbol: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Welcomes foreign leaders </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Makes speeches </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gives medals </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Executive Branch <ul><li>Electing the President: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requirements: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Age: 35 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Citizenship: natural born citizen/lives in the U.S. for at least 14 years </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 year term, no more then 2 terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Framers set up the electoral college to elect the president </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Executive Branch <ul><ul><li>The President can win the popular vote , but loose the election </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The Judicial Branch <ul><li>Called the Supreme Court, is at the top of the judicial system </li></ul><ul><li>Lower Courts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal cases start at a district court </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If the people are not happy with the decision, they can appeal , or ask that the decision be reviewed by a higher court. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second level of courts is a(n) appellate court </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The Judicial Branch <ul><li>Supreme Court: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Made up of a chief justice and 8 associate justices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The President appoints the justices and the Senate approves them. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Term: Life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Main job is as an appellate court </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hears more then 100 cases a year </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The Judicial Branch <ul><ul><li>Makes rulings by a majority vote, or at least 5 justices. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most important power: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interpret the Constitution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can rule actions of the President or laws made by Congress unconstitutional , or not allowed under the Constitution. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Checks and Balances <ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows the 3 branches to check or limit the power of the other branches </li></ul></ul><ul><li>President checks Congress by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vetoing Bills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rejecting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Congress checks the President by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overriding the veto: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Overruling </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Checks and Balances <ul><li>Supreme Court checks both by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Declaring laws unconstitutional </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ultimate check by Congress: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Impeach the President: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Starts in the House </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trial held by Senate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>President must leave office if 2/3 of the Senate vote to convict </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Checks and Balances <ul><ul><ul><li>2 Presidents have had this happen to them: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Andrew Johnson </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bill Clinton </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>

×