Ch 6.5, Battle of Yorktown

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Ch 6.5, Battle of Yorktown

  1. 1. Ch 6, Sec 5: Winning the War in the South MAIN IDEA : After the British surrendered at Yorktown, Britain recognized the United States as an independent country
  2. 2. I. Fighting in the South <ul><li>Patriots versus Loyalists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Patriots and Loyalists launch raids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Patriot support grows as British attacks turn cruel </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. I. Fighting in the South <ul><li>Greene and Morgan help turn the tide </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greene uses knowledge of southern geography to wear out Cornwallis’ soldiers trying to catch him </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Morgan defeats British forces at Battle of Cowpens </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Francis Marion (“Swamp Fox”) uses guerrilla tactics to harass British </li></ul>
  4. 4. II. Victory at Yorktown <ul><li>Benedict Arnold, once a great American general, leads British troops in capture of Richmond </li></ul><ul><li>Washington trapped Cornwallis on Yorktown peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>The British surrendered on October 19, 1781 </li></ul>
  5. 5. III. The Peace Treaty <ul><li>Britain recognized United States as independent nation by signing the Treaty of Paris (1781) </li></ul><ul><li>Atlantic Ocean to Mississippi River, Great Lakes to Florida </li></ul>
  6. 6. IV. Why the Americans Won <ul><li>Geography (Americans knew the land; distance from Britain) </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign Help (France, La Fayette, von Steuben) </li></ul><ul><li>American’s growing patriotism (determination) </li></ul>

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