Cause-Event-Effect

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Cause-Event-Effect

  1. 1. Slavery Divides the Nation
  2. 2. I. Cotton Gin <ul><li>Cause </li></ul><ul><li>Eli Whitney hopes to end slavery by inventing a machine that cleans cotton. </li></ul><ul><li>Effect </li></ul><ul><li>Demand for cotton increases. </li></ul><ul><li>Cotton production increases. </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery increases. </li></ul><ul><li>Sectional Tensions! </li></ul>
  3. 3. II. Mexican Session <ul><li>Cause </li></ul><ul><li>Defeat of Mexico provides the U.S.A. with new territories in the West. </li></ul><ul><li>Effect </li></ul><ul><li>Questions about slavery in the territories arise. (Comp. Of 1850) </li></ul><ul><li>North says no! </li></ul><ul><li>South demands it! </li></ul><ul><li>Sectional Tension deepens! </li></ul>
  4. 4. III. Missouri Compromise <ul><li>Cause </li></ul><ul><li>Missouri seeks admittance to the Union. </li></ul><ul><li>Effect </li></ul><ul><li>Kept power in the Senate equal between slave and free states. </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery prohibited north of Miss. Comp. Line </li></ul><ul><li>Sectional Tensions! </li></ul>
  5. 5. IV. Compromise of 1850 <ul><li>Cause </li></ul><ul><li>California seeks admittance to the Union. </li></ul><ul><li>Effect </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed slavery north of 36 th parallel. NORTH ANGRY! </li></ul><ul><li>Passed a stricter fugitive slave law. </li></ul><ul><li>Sectional Tensions! </li></ul>
  6. 6. V. Uncle Tom’s Cabin <ul><li>Cause </li></ul><ul><li>Abolitionists oppose slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>Effect </li></ul><ul><li>Enraged and disgusted northerners. </li></ul><ul><li>Angered Southerners </li></ul><ul><li>Deepened sectional tensions. </li></ul>
  7. 7. VI. Kansas – Nebraska Act <ul><li>Cause </li></ul><ul><li>Southerners hope to see slavery in the new territories. </li></ul><ul><li>Missouri Compromise repealed. </li></ul><ul><li>Effect </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery in the territories left to residents (popular sovereignty). </li></ul><ul><li>Violence breaks out in Kansas between the pro-slavery & anti-slavery factions. </li></ul><ul><li>Sectional Tensions! </li></ul>
  8. 8. VII. Dred Scott Decision <ul><li>Cause </li></ul><ul><li>Scott wanted to be free. </li></ul><ul><li>Racism associated with Slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>Effect </li></ul><ul><li>Decision declared slaves did not have rights of citizens; Slaves = property. </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery is allowed in the territories. </li></ul><ul><li>Sectional tensions intensify. </li></ul>
  9. 9. IX. Lincoln-Douglass Debates <ul><li>Cause </li></ul><ul><li>1858 Senatorial Campaign. </li></ul><ul><li>Both are from mid-west; have a concern over slavery in the territories. </li></ul><ul><li>Effect </li></ul><ul><li>Douglass loses support of South. </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln’s political views are put on display. </li></ul>
  10. 10. X. John Brown’s Raid <ul><li>Cause </li></ul><ul><li>More people in the north and west oppose slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>Brown is an abolitionist </li></ul><ul><li>Effect </li></ul><ul><li>John Brown is hung for treason. </li></ul><ul><li>The North makes a hero out of him. </li></ul><ul><li>The South sees him as a villain. </li></ul><ul><li>Sectional Tensions! </li></ul>
  11. 11. John Brown, John Brown….
  12. 12. Harper’s Ferry, Virginia
  13. 13. XI. Election of 1860 <ul><li>Cause </li></ul><ul><li>Buchanan (PA) does not seek reelection. </li></ul><ul><li>Issue of Slavery has divided our nation. </li></ul><ul><li>Effect </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln Wins. </li></ul><ul><li>Southern States secede – feared losing slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>North prepares for war. </li></ul><ul><li>Sets stage for Ft. Sumter. </li></ul>
  14. 15. XII. Southern Secession <ul><li>Cause </li></ul><ul><li>Election of 1860. </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln & North’s view of slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>Effect </li></ul><ul><li>North would go to war to preserve the Union. </li></ul><ul><li>South would fight to stay out of the Union. </li></ul>
  15. 17. XIII. Fort Sumter <ul><li>Cause </li></ul><ul><li>Southern Secession </li></ul><ul><li>Sectional Controversy </li></ul><ul><li>Effect </li></ul><ul><li>First shots fired in the American Civil War. </li></ul><ul><li>Confederates claim an early victory over the Union. </li></ul>
  16. 20. VIII. Sectional Controversy <ul><li>Cause </li></ul><ul><li>Political, economic and social differences </li></ul><ul><li>EVERYTHING ELSE!! </li></ul><ul><li>Effect </li></ul><ul><li>Civil War! </li></ul>

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