Arabic: An Endangered Language

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Arabic: An Endangered Language

  1. 1. © 2001-2015 Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved. Trade marks are property of their respective owners. Arabic: An Endangered Language
  2. 2. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 2 Spoken Arabic is becoming more widespread, but classical Arabic is at risk as it fails to modernize.
  3. 3. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 3 There is a big difference between the classical, written form of Arabic and the colloquial spoken dialects.
  4. 4. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 4 Classical Arabic is sometimes referred to as the Arabic used for literature. It is never used conversationally because each Arab country has its own dialect. We can even find different dialects within the same region. In Northern Africa, Berber is spoken in many parts of Algeria and Morocco and their Arabic is influenced by French colonization.
  5. 5. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 5 As a child, I had to learn Arabic and one other language, in order to join any school in Lebanon. All schools teach Arabic and one second language, French or English, in preschool and add a third language in middle school.
  6. 6. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 6 The new generation of Arabs struggle with the classical form of the language due to the educational system that delivers most of the curriculum in foreign languages.
  7. 7. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 7 History of the Arabic Language Arabic is a language spoken by over 300 million people in more than 22 countries. The language is native to the Arabian Peninsula. The word "Arab" means "nomad."
  8. 8. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 8 Source: www.willward1.com
  9. 9. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 9 In the seventh century it became the language of the Qur'an and the liturgical language of Islam. The territorial expansion of the Arab Empire in the Middle Ages, along with Islam, resulted in widespread use in the Middle East, North Africa and Europe (Iberian Peninsula, Sicily, Crete, Cyprus, and Malta).
  10. 10. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 10 The language has spread on several continents and extends to non-Arab people and is now one of the most spoken languages in the world. It is the official language of more than twenty countries and several international organizations, including one of the six official languages of the United Nations.
  11. 11. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 11 Emphasis on Grammar Literary Arabic is a written language, not spoken. Most Arab writers only manage to master it after the age of 40 because language proficiency requires more time than for European languages. The grammatical analysis is in fact the main problem of our language, because it is a barrier that exhausts teachers, while blocking the possibilities for mastery of reading and writing.
  12. 12. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 12
  13. 13. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 13 I started to learn Italian at the age of 15 when I arrived in Rome. My Italian teacher asked me to assist some of his friends who wanted to master Arabic.
  14. 14. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 14 After two years of studying Italian, I wrote well enough to have a biweekly column in one of the school newspapers. But, my students still struggled to learn to read Arabic. One of them said: "We taught you our language in two years and now you are able to write and speak it, but we have not yet succeeded in learning Arabic."
  15. 15. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 15 I was frustrated because my students were not young children and I taught them using the same method used in college. I thought about my experience and realized that we were losing time learning complicated grammar rules, including syntax, which only a minority of specialists can master.
  16. 16. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 16 Preserving Arabic in the UAE In Dubai, the Knowledge and Human Development Authority (KHDA), responsible for the growth, direction and quality of private education and learning, has put great emphasis on the Arabic language.
  17. 17. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 17 Experts blame many factors for the decline of the Arabic language, including: • Globalization • Use of the English language in these countries, especially on social media • Use of Arabizi (Roman characters and English numbers) in speech and text • Foreign, non-Arabic speaking workers out-numbering native Arabic speakers • Classical Arabic being replaced by local dialects among Emiratis • Inadequate Arabic language teachers
  18. 18. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 18 According to an article in The National, the government is preparing to introduce a law to protect the Arabic language.
  19. 19. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 19 In late 2014 a conference was organized in Dubai to discuss the problems of the Arabic Language. It was organized by the International Council for Arabic Language in cooperation with UNESCO, the Association of Arab Universities and the Arab Bureau of Education for the Gulf States.
  20. 20. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 20 Panelists discussed the state of the Arabic language in the Arab countries and agreed that the curriculum used for teaching needs major changes. The committee wants Arabic to be the official first language used for teaching in all institutions across the country.
  21. 21. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 21 One school administrator from Abu Dhabi voiced his concerns over the law: "What concerns me is the universities and colleges that would be forced to deliver their content in Arabic when the content was written in English and delivered by people who are not necessarily Arabic speakers." "I'm talking about engineering, architecture, law. Rather than bringing excellence you're driving people offshore if the first language is going to be in Arabic."
  22. 22. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 22 In contrast, The New York Times cites Patricia Ryan, an English teacher at Zayed University in Dubai with over 40 years of experience teaching in the Gulf, with believing that promoting Arabic in schools is a way to preserve written Arabic and may also lead to more original research in Arabic. She cautions, however, that this jump in instruction language is something that must happen slowly over time if it is to be beneficial.
  23. 23. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 23 The opinions on the matter are very controversial within the Arab world. Some, like Egyptian Philosopher Mustapha Safwan, argue that Classical Arabic is a dead language like Latin and Greek, while others see it as a tool for unifying the Arab world.
  24. 24. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 24 GPI's Approach to Arabic At Globalization Partner International we have been providing translation, desktop publishing, website localization and Arabic SEO, into and from Arabic for many of the world's top brands who operate in the region. We understand firsthand the challenges of working in the Arabic language. Working with numerous Arabic professionals, both in-house and freelance, we recruit, test and utilize only Arabic native speakers from many countries including Jordan, Iraq, Lebanon, UAE, Syria, Oman, Qatar, Kuwait, Saudi, Morocco and Egypt. These mixed teams with subject matter expertise in various fields are formed and utilize GPI's global collaboration tools such as our Translation Portal and Globalization Project Management Suite to globally collaborate in order to produce Arabic language content that engages with the Arabic speaking world.
  25. 25. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 25
  26. 26. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 26 Further Resources on Arabic Localization, Arabic Globalization and Arabic SEO (Search Engine Optimization) Globalization Partners International (GPI) has extensive experience localizing marketing materials, technical documents, and large, scalable websites into the Arabic language. Due to increased demand for projects in Arabic and other BiDi languages, like Farsi, we have posted a number of useful guides to best practices in this area. Feel free to review our blogs that are particularly relevant: Speaking the Languages of Online Marketing in UAE Multilingual Websites and Small Businesses in UAE Arabic SEO and Localization Providing Green Translation Services! Sustainability Initiatives in the UAE What Are the Differences Between Arabic Languages Arabic Website Translation Best Practices Please feel free to contact GPI at info@globalizationpartners.com with any questions about our language and technology services. Also let us know if you have any interesting blog topics you would like us to cover in our future blogs. You may request a complimentary Translation Quote for your projects as well.
  27. 27. Arabic: An Endangered Language © Globalization Partners International. All rights reserved.http://blog.globalizationpartners.com/ 27 Global Headquarter Washington, DC 1600 Tysons Blvd, 8th Floor McLean, VA 22102 Phone: +1 703-286-2193 Toll Free: +1 866-272-5874 Global Fax: +1 202-478-0956 E-mail: info@globalizationpartners.com Dubai, United Arab Emirates Dubai Media City, Business Centre 2 Building 8, Office Number 71 P.O. Box 502068, Dubai, UAE Phone: +971 501079810 Global Phone: +1 703-286-2193 E-mail: info@globalizationpartners.com Rosario, Argentina Av. Carlos Colombres 1799 Casa 1 2000 Rosario, Santa Fe, Argentina Phone: +54-9-341-3156370 E-mail: info@globalizationpartners.com Cairo, Egypt 17 Korash Street 6th District Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt Phone: +2 0100 128 0914 Global Phone: +1-703-286-2193 E-mail: info@globalizationpartners.com

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