Gowhar Bashir Ahangar R.GovindasamyM.Phil Research Scholar in Economics, Guest lecturer in Economics,Bharathiar University, Bharathiar University,Coimbatore. -46 . Coimbatore. -46
Since Independence India has made tremendous progresswith respect to food and the overall livelihood security.India has emerged as one of the leading producers of rice,wheat, pulses, fruits, vegetables, milk and othercommodities.The countrys population has almost tripled in the last fivedecades and its food grain production has more thanquadrupled.The share of agriculture in the GDP has declinedsubstantially from 55 per cent in the early 1950 to about 42per cent in the 1980 and further to 14.4 per cent in 2010-11.Presently horticulture contributes 28 percent ofagricultural GDP.Introduction
Worldwide HorticultureIn the world production of fruits, India is the biggestproducer of banana and mango. India is the secondlargest producer of lime. China is the other biggestproducer of these produce in the world.European countries are the leaders in grape productionwith India ranking sixteenth in the world. Brazil leads inthe production of orange and papaya and Thailand inpineapple.
Horticulture Crops in IndiaHorticulture development had not been a priority in Indiauntil recent years. In the period 1948-80, the main focus ofthe country was on Cereals. Much planned effort had notbeen made for horticulture development, except for sometechnical support and development efforts for specificcommodities like spices, coconut and potato. During 1980-92, there was consolidation of institutional support over aplanned process for the development of horticulture.It was in the post -1993 period that a focused attentionwas given to horticulture development through anenhancement of plan allocation and knowledge-basedtechnology.
Objective of The StudyTo analysis trend in Area and Production of Horticulturalcrops in in India during 1990-91 to 2004-05.To examine the trend in Quantity and Value of export ofhorticulture commodities in India during 1990-91 to 2004-05.
Data Collection and Methodology• Data on area, production and yield are taken fromvarious reports of the Indian Horticulture Database,published by the National Horticulture Board (NHB);Area and Production of Principal Crops in India, theDirectorate of Economics and Statistics, the Ministryof Agriculture, for the national level data.• The FAO statistics website of the Food andAgricultural Organization is used for theinternational data.
Result and DiscussionCommodities 1990-95 1995-2000 2000-04 1990-2004 % changein areaFruits 483 512 1095 2090 28.75Vegetables -258 915 506 1163 16.00Plantation 435 129 240 804 11.06Spices 211 284 2655 3150 43.33Flower 29 16 18 63 0.87Horticulture 900 1856 4514 7270 100.00Horticultural Crops area during the period 1990-2004 in India(Unit: 000’ hectares)
Average annual rate of growth in area and production of Fruitsand Vegetables in India during 1990-2004PeriodFruits VegetablesArea Production AreaProduction1990-95 3.28 9.43 -1.00 4.671995-00 2.58 1.62 3.15 6.222000-04 6.67 3.32 1.82 2.081990-04 3.38 3.06 2.10 3.95(Unit: per cent)
ConclusionIn the world economy, the horticulture crops are veryimportant in the high nutritional value supply of humanlife.The Indias most population is vegetarian, so thegovernment had given the focus attention in the post1993 period.The share of horticulture has also increased in theAgriculture GDP.