Presentation hosted by GovLoop.com and facilitated by "Jobs That Matter" author Heather Krasna. Walks participants through the 3 motivations that help them decide where to work within the public sector.
How To Find the Right Gov Gig For You May 11, 2011 Brought to you by:
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HOW TO FIND THE RIGHT GOV GIG FOR YOUPresented byHeather Krasna, MS Author, Jobs That Matter: Find a Stable, Fulfilling Career in Public Service
What’s the Main Driver for Your Career?5 Mission or Cause Environmental policy Human services International development, etc. Job Function/Skills Policyanalysis/research Outreach and communications, etc. Values Work-lifebalance Job security, benefits, etc.
Which branch of government works on the issues you care about?7 Federal Agency State Agency Legislative Branch Local Gov Agency Tribal Government International Gov/ Multilateral Agency Judicial System Elected Official, City Manager’s Political Party Office School Board
Federal Agency Missions8 Percent of Federal Civilian Government Employment by Job Function, Total=2.7 million Space Research, Technology Housing & Communit y 1% Development Postal Service 1% Transport at ion 2% National defense Element ary & Secondary Social Insurance, Public Welf are Educat ion, Libraries 1% Hospitals & Health 3% Government Administrat ion Police, Correction, Judicial/Legal 6% Postal Service Ot her & Unallocable 27% Natural Resources & Parks 7% Other & Unallocable Nat ural Resources & Parks 8% Government Administration Police, Correction, Social Insurance, Public Welfare Judicial/ Legal 8% Transportation Hospit als & Healt h Nat ional def ense 11% 25% Space Research, Technology Housing & Community Development Elementary & Secondary Education, Libraries
State Government Missions9 Percent of State Government Employment by Function, total=5.13 million P arks & Recreatio n, Source: U.S. Census, 2006 Natural Reso urces 4% Elementary & Seco ndary Educatio n, Other & Unallo cable Other Ed. Higher Educatio n 4% 3% Transpo rtatio n, P o lice & Fire, Judicial, Legal, Transit, Infrastructure Co rrectio ns 6% Ho spitals & Health P ublic Welfare, So cial Insurance Go vernment A dministratio n 6% Higher Educatio n 46% P ublic Welfare, So cial Insurance Go vernment A dministratio n Transpo rtatio n, Transit, 7% Infrastructure Ho spitals & Health Other & Unallo cable 12% P arks & Recreatio n, Natural P o lice & Fire, Judicial, Reso urces Legal, Co rrectio ns Elementary & Seco ndary Educatio n, 12% Other Ed.
Local Government Missions10 Public Welfare 2% Local Government Employment Other & Unallocable Health 2% by Function, Total=14.2 million 2% Source: U.S. Census, 2006 Parks & Recreation, Natural Libraries Resources 1% 3% Housing & Community Elementary & Secondary Education Development Water, Sewer, Utilites Police & Fire, Judicial, Legal, Corrections 1% 4% Hospitals Government Administration 4% Transportation, Transit Higher Education Higher Education 4% Government Administration Transportation, Transit 4% Elementary & Secondary Water, Sew er, Utilites Education Hospitals Parks & Recreation, Natural Resources 55% 4% Other & Unallocable Public Welfare Police & Fire, Judicial, Legal, Health Corrections 14% Libraries Housing & Community Development
Research Resources: Finding the right agencies to pinpoint11 Federal: fedscope.opm.gov, usa.gov, govloop.com, local Federal Executive Board, blue pages of phone book, Partnership for Public Service, WheretheJobsAre.org State: State government websites, agency sites Local: International City Managers Association (ICMA), League of Cities, Conference of Mayors, local city websites, visiting your local city/county/town hall Elected officials: Your local political parties; Washington Post, Poll Call, The Hill, Hillzoo.com, networking
Thinking Outside the Box12 Care about the environment? Consider: Dept. of Interior Dept. of Agriculture Dept. of Defense owns significant public land Your state DNR Your local Department of Solid Waste or Public Utilities Care about education or human services? Dept. of Defense runs its own school system Social Security Admin Veteran’s Affairs Local school board, State Dept. of Education
Identify Your Skills14 public political relations policy analysis awareness management What skills have you grant management amassed in your professional career? budgets multitasking What have you been responsible for direct service expertise connection outside of work? s
The 6-Story Exercise15 Write out 6 stories of accomplishments you are most proud of, from work, school, hobbies: Problem Action Result Parse the stories for skills Interpersonal Communication Research Technical, etc.
Examples of Agency Jobs: “Line16 Roles” “Line Roles”—specific to a mission area: Social Service (counselor, social worker) Scientific/technical specialist (biologist, forester, ecologist, research scientist, epidemiologist) Foreign Service Officer Intelligence Analyst Management & program analyst Policy analysis, research for specific policy areas Specific training, certification and education often needed
Examples of Jobs: “Support Roles”17 Support Roles - cross mission areas: Budget, contract management Information Technology Human resources Public affairs, constituent relations Policy analysis, research, performance audit Campaign work Easier transition back and forth to private and nonprofit sectors
Federal Occupations By Series Number18 http://www.opm.gov/fedclass/
Which Level of Gov?20 Federal Government: 2 million jobs with one employer Lots of variety, potential for growth Might have to relocate to advance Bird’s eye/funder’s view of policy State Gov: 5 million jobs, 50 employers Might have to move to state capitol Local Gov: 14 million jobs (mainly teachers, police and firefighters), 87,000+ employers See your impact in your own neighborhood May have limited career growth within 1 small city
Elected Officials, Political Parties, and Legislative Branch21 Partisan work (with an elected official, a political party) vs. nonpartisan work (legislative research, GAO, Congressional Research Service etc.) Executive branch (mayor, governor, president vs. legislative branch Issue driven or not (issue-specific committee) External to government (government relations, lobbying, advocacy)
Putting it All Together… And Doing the Research23
Your Ideal Target Position Is….24 A policy analyst position working on government accountability A program management position in a youth- services agency An intelligence analyst role working on national security issues An opportunity in city management in Oregon or Washington …Having a clear statement helps people help you!
Researching Your Best Environment: Networking 10125 Where? How? An alumni association • Get active in your issue A neighborhood coalition area A church, synagogue or • Find a buddy mosque • Set benchmarks of success A political campaign • Walk in the footsteps of A citywide cleanup effort others A local music ensemble • Don’t discount your The Junior League corporate contacts A sports team • Keep detailed notes A nonprofit board • Have a clear and concise A parent-teacher elevator speech association
Informational Interviews: Do’s &26 Don’ts Do’s Don’ts Introduce yourself to someone • Ask for a job. who may have a job opening • Disrespect the interviewee’s in the future. Learn more about the people time. who work at this agency. • Be unprepared. Receive direction and • Talk too much. guidance from someone once • Fail to listen. in your shoes. • Forget to be thankful. Learn a name to drop in your networking and personal connections. Audition some preliminary answers to obvious interview questions when a particular job isn’t on the line. Get tips on the hiring process.
Informational Interview Goals27 Research Referrals Read & Revise your Resume Be Remembered Positively --The Savvy Networker, Krannich
The Job Search Differs by Government Type28 Federal search: competitive, noncompetitive State and local: by civil service exam or not Elected officials: by networking and campaign work
Contact InformationHeather KrasnaDirector, Career Services, Evans School of Public Affairs,University of WashingtonAuthor, Jobs That Matter: Find a Stable, Fulfilling Career inPublic ServiceDirector, Candidate Services, Nonprofit Professionals AdvisoryGroupheather@heatherkrasna.comwww.heatherkrasna.com
Today’s SpeakersAndy KrzmarzickCommunity ManagerGovLoopKevin DubsYGL Career Services Program ManagerYoung Government LeadersHeather KrasnaAuthor“Jobs That Matter: Find a Stable,Fulfilling Career in Public Service”